Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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What were the questions of Shri Vidya Manya Theertharu?

Pre Script: Despite the heavy controversial nature of this question, this question is out of curiosity as to what were the questions which were in a way a cause for the whole incident. I request ...
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How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
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Is there any non-Advaita interpretation of Yoga Vasistha?

Yoga Vasistha is usually considered an advaitic text but is there any non-advatic interpretation of this holy text?
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Who is the first person to quote verses from Uttara Khanda of Padma Purana targeting Shankara and his philosophy?

Uttara khanda, chapter 236 of Padma Purana classifies Puranas into three categories and attacks Shankara's Advaita by saying Shiva incarnated as Shankara to preach a doctrine that resembles Vedas but ...
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Currently how many types of peethas are there in India?

In India how many different types of peethas such as shakti peethas, Advaita peethas etc., are there now?
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Does Swami Vivekananda belong to Shankara parampara?

Recently I listened to Swami Sarvapriyananda saying his "last name" is Puri, what about Swami Vivekananda? Does he belong to Adi Shankara parampara? And what about other modern swamis like Sivananda ...
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What are sattva, rajas and tamas?

What are these three gunas that are discussed in advaita? How are these stopping us from realizing god? How does a person attain these gunas? If the gunas are not good, does that mean we all are not ...
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What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
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Questions on thoughts of Jealousy, Lust and Anger…do they ever stop and where are they stored?

I am more inclined towards Advaita which says that for any person pursuing freedom, these qualities are necessary: Viveka Vairagya Sat-Sampatti - control of senses, mind, etc Mumukshutva So my ...
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Does Shankara teach to renounce one's own duties?

Padma Purana 6.236: The doctrine of illusion (Mayavada) is an impious, wicked belief and against all the conclusions of the Vedas. It is only covered Buddhism. My dear Parvati, in Kali-Yuga I ...
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What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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What is the earliest reference of three truths doctrines found among Advaitin's literature?

As of today, almost all Advaita VedAntins espousing three truths theory using below terms prAtibhAsika satya vyAvahArika satya (Relative truth) pAramArthika satya (Absolute reality) Does any Adi ...
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Advaita Epistemology

Can someone please recommend books on advaita epistemology. Suggestion of both classical and academic works would be equally helpful.
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What is the story of Rishi Shakti?

Shakti is the father of Parashara and son of Vashishtha. Vashistha is well-known sage, Guru of Sri Rama, seer (द्रष्टा) of Vedic hymns and is among one of Shaptarshi. Parasara is also well-known sage ...
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Is Advaita Vedanta the teaching of Advait Mat?

I want to know what are the teachings of Shri Swarupanand Ji Maharaj who is second Guru of Advaita Mat lineage. Is it the same as Advaita Vedanta taught by Shri Shankracharya or different?
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...
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Is there an English translation of Shri Vidyaranya's Sarvadarshana sangraha online?

I know that there is a Sanskrit version of this book, which seems to cover all philosophy of the Indian subcontinent. So if any of you have the link to the English version online please post it here....
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How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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Apart from the Padma Purana, does any other Purana say that Adi Shankaracharya will teach mayavadi philosophy?

In the Padma Purana, Uttara Khanda, Chapter 236, Lord Shiva says to Parvati that He would incarnate as Adi Shankaracharya to teach the mayavadi philosophy: mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam ...
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Which scriptures defines the three levels of reality?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (परमार्थिक) Vyāvahārika (व्यवहारिक) Prāthibhāsika (प्रतिभासिक) The wikipedia article on Advaita Vedanta says that: ...
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Is there any English translation of Vivekachudamani bhashya by Shri Chandrashekara Mahaswamigal?

Here is the link for the sanskrit work https://archive.org/details/VivekChudamaniBhashyaChandrasekharaBharati Is there an English translation of the work? If so please provide the link
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How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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How do Advaitins explain the meaning of the verse “naikātmatāṁ me spṛhayanti” in Srimad Bhagvatam 3.25.34?

Could someone kindly explain the advaitic interpreation of the verse नैकात्मतां मे स्पृहयन्ति केचिन्मत्पादसेवाभिरता मदीहाः | येऽन्योन्यतो भागवताः प्रसज्य सभाजयन्ते मम पौरुषाणि ॥ ३.२५.३४ ॥ ...
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Is spiritual realization of advaitin real?

Is the realization of an advaitin real? If it is real, it implies duality. Else, what remains? He can't be followed as teacher. As far as I know Gaudapada says there is no realization at all. What ...
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Can realized advaitins be called atheists?

According to Gaudapada Karika on Mandukya Upanishad 2.32: न निरोधो न चोत्पत्तिर्न बद्धो न च साधकः । न मुमुक्षुर्न वै मुक्त इत्येषा परमार्थता ॥ ३२ ॥ na nirodho na cotpattirna baddho na ca ...
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Does Hindus believe that one can see god after death as per Advaitha?

Can we see god after death as per Advaitha. Advaitha says that we can see the god when we went into deep medidation state, then what about death? so as death is not that deep meditation state, then ...
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How do advaitins defend argument against scriptural eternity?

Advaitins believe that scriptures teach monism. Are they real or unreal? The first cannot be, for it would be imply duality. The second also can't be, for it would imply that scriptures were ...
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Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
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How does advaita defend against this argument?

An instructor of monism can't possibly exist. Does he know the truth or not? The first can't be, for knowing the truth there is no second soul for him, there would be no student for him. The ...
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Why Gaudiya Vaishnavas don't accept Advaita when Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted Sridhara Svami?

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu declared that Śrīdhara Svāmī is the authoritative commentator on Bhāgavatam: prabhu hāsi’ kahe,“svāmī nā māne yei jana | veśyār bhitare tāre kariye gaṇana” || eta kahi’ ...
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Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists then why do saints like Shankaracharyas and others strive to realise Brahman and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman ...
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World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...
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According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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Do Advaitin Sannyasis bathe daily?

Do Advaitin Sannyasis who have renounced rituals bathe daily?
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How could Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath accept Advaita Vedanta being in the Ramanandi-sect?

Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath, a renowned saint from Bengal was from the Ramanuja-Ramananda Sect. He used tilaka as per Ramanuja-Ramananda sect and was revered by many saints from all sects and religions ...
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Hiranyakashipu told everyone to worship himself as God, was he correct according to advaita?

Main tenets of Advaita is to realize that you are God, But Hiranyakashipu did the same, Was he correct according to Advaita? He had acquired Astama siddhi because of which he is able to travel to ...
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Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita

As we know that (and Keshav Srinivasan has written many times): The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school And there are sub schools of Vedanta which are graphically shown ...
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On the existence of the gods and the relevance of prayer [duplicate]

I am a European philosophically convinced by Hindu metaphysics (more particularly by advaita vedanta in the tradition of Adi Shankara that I discovered via René Guénon). I say this to explain that I ...
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Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita?

Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita with a direct statement anywhere?
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How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
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Is Brahman androgynous?

If Nirguna Brahman is really genderless, then why it's shakti (maya) is considered feminine, while the non-shakti part is considered masculine? Doesn't that make IT an androgynous being? It is ...
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What does Adi Shankara mean with “reflection” [duplicate]

I'm trying to wrap my head around the Advaita teaching that Ishvara is the "reflection" (abhasavada) of Brahman in Maya. I first thought that this means Ishvara is a kind of illusion, ontologically ...
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Can Moksha be achieved through Bhakti towards a physical object?

I am looking for any scriptural sources relating to whether Bhakti towards a lover, a king, a country, or a physical idol can lead to Moksha by itself, or does one need to have Bhakti for the formless ...
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Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
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What exactly are the 3 level Satya of Advaita? [duplicate]

Advaita explains PratibhAsika satya, VyavhArika satya and ParamArthika satya. What are these and how can one reach the ParamArthika satya ?
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How does Shri Shankar's Advaita answer Shri Ramanuja's Tirodhan-Anuppatti? [duplicate]

The second argument of Shri Ramanuja over Shri Shankar's Advaita is Tirodhan-Anuppatti. How does Avidya Maya, who is dependent on Brahman, envelope Brahman. Advaitains say that Maya is dependent on ...
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Does the incident of Shankara meeting a Chandala prove that Shankara never had realization?

According to Advaita Vedanta, things like caste, gotra, etc, will cease to exist after realization. But when Adi Shankara met a Chandala in Varanasi, he asked the Chandala to move away from his path. ...