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Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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How do advaitins defend argument against scriptural eternity?

Advaitins believe that scriptures teach monism. Are they real or unreal? The first cannot be, for it would be imply duality. The second also can't be, for it would imply that scriptures were ...
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103 views

Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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134 views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
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How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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193 views

How does advaita defend against this argument?

An instructor of monism can't possibly exist. Does he know the truth or not? The first can't be, for knowing the truth there is no second soul for him, there would be no student for him. The ...
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108 views

Why Gaudiya Vaishnavas don't accept Advaita when Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted Sridhara Svami?

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu declared that Śrīdhara Svāmī is the authoritative commentator on Bhāgavatam: prabhu hāsi’ kahe,“svāmī nā māne yei jana | veśyār bhitare tāre kariye gaṇana” || eta kahi’ ...
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164 views

Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists then why do saints like Shankaracharyas and others strive to realise Brahman and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman ...
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703 views

World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...
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71 views

According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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200 views

Do Advaitin Sannyasis bathe daily?

Do Advaitin Sannyasis who have renounced rituals bathe daily?
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68 views

How could Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath accept Advaita Vedanta being in the Ramanandi-sect?

Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath, a renowned saint from Bengal was from the Ramanuja-Ramananda Sect. He used tilaka as per Ramanuja-Ramananda sect and was revered by many saints from all sects and religions ...
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Hiranyakashipu told everyone to worship himself as God, was he correct according to advaita?

Main tenets of Advaita is to realize that you are God, But Hiranyakashipu did the same, Was he correct according to Advaita? He had acquired Astama siddhi because of which he is able to travel to ...
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Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita

As we know that (and Keshav Srinivasan has written many times): The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school And there are sub schools of Vedanta which are graphically shown ...
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On the existence of the gods and the relevance of prayer [duplicate]

I am a European philosophically convinced by Hindu metaphysics (more particularly by advaita vedanta in the tradition of Adi Shankara that I discovered via René Guénon). I say this to explain that I ...
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131 views

Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita?

Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita with a direct statement anywhere?
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155 views

How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
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How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
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206 views

Is Brahman androgynous?

If Nirguna Brahman is really genderless, then why it's shakti (maya) is considered feminine, while the non-shakti part is considered masculine? Doesn't that make IT an androgynous being? It is ...
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What does Adi Shankara mean with “reflection”

I'm trying to wrap my head around the Advaita teaching that Ishvara is the "reflection" (abhasavada) of Brahman in Maya. I first thought that this means Ishvara is a kind of illusion, ontologically ...
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Can Moksha be achieved through Bhakti towards a physical object?

I am looking for any scriptural sources relating to whether Bhakti towards a lover, a king, a country, or a physical idol can lead to Moksha by itself, or does one need to have Bhakti for the formless ...
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Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
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What exactly are the 3 level Satya of Advaita? [duplicate]

Advaita explains PratibhAsika satya, VyavhArika satya and ParamArthika satya. What are these and how can one reach the ParamArthika satya ?
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How does Shri Shankar's Advaita answer Shri Ramanuja's Tirodhan-Anuppatti? [duplicate]

The second argument of Shri Ramanuja over Shri Shankar's Advaita is Tirodhan-Anuppatti. How does Avidya Maya, who is dependent on Brahman, envelope Brahman. Advaitains say that Maya is dependent on ...
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Does the incident of Shankara meeting a Chandala prove that Shankara never had realization?

According to Advaita Vedanta, things like caste, gotra, etc, will cease to exist after realization. But when Adi Shankara met a Chandala in Varanasi, he asked the Chandala to move away from his path. ...
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How does Advaita answer the Seven-Anuppatti of Ramanujacharya [duplicate]

What answer is given by Advaitins as reply to Ramanuja's seven-questions over Advaita such as, Aashraya, Tirodhan-Anuppatti, etc.
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According to Advaita, what is the difference between Ishwara and Brahman?

I would like to know the difference between Ishwara and Brahman. If Ishwara is saguna rupa of Brahman then is it real or maya?
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How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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120 views

What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya?

Gaudiya Vaishnava Vedanta uses a term "achintya" (inconceivable). Advaita Vedanta uses a term "anirvachaniya" (inexplicable). What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya? In what situations ...
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How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
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Sankaracharya's philosophical 'Sarvagnapeetha' event at Kashmir

What historically authenticated records of this Adi-Sankarācharya's event exist now ? i.e., before he established Shankara Mutt at KedarNath? When was it conducted, who were the organizers and ...
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147 views

Are Advaita and Karma theory completely contradictory?

As per Karma theory, certain events of my current life are the fruits of my actions in one or more earlier births. Whose action's fruits am I facing in this birth? Given that it cannot be my current ...
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The difference between the mind and the Atman in Advaita Vedanta

It is emphasised in Advaita Vedanta that "I am neither the mind nor the body, I am the Atman which is in fact the same as Brahman" (not a quote but my understanding). I would like to know in what ...
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83 views

How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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448 views

Were Gaudapada's views closer to Madhyamaka Buddhism?

Sankara’s doctrine of maya has been one of the principle reasons that he has been accused of being a closet Buddhist. Yet it was actually Sankara’s parama-guru, Gaudapada who posited the idea of maya ...
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How do non-advaitians interpret Bhagavata Purana 12.5.11?

This verse 12.5.11-12 is found in the final teachings of Sukadeva Goswami. It seems Advaitic in its meaning and essence. Suka instructs King Parikshit: अहं ब्रह्म परं धाम ब्रह्माहं परं पदम् एवं समी...
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How do Advaitins interpret Bhagavad Gita 7.24?

Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 7.24 states: avyaktaḿ vyaktim āpannaḿ manyante mām abuddhayaḥ paraḿ bhāvam ajānanto mamāvyayam anuttamam Unintelligent men, who do not know Me ...
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What are the outcomes of Kaivalya and Sayujya mokshas according to Gaudiya Vaishnavas?

As discussed here, the Upanishads describe the state of Kaivalya as the detachment/seperation of the Self from Prakriti. According to Advaitins, Kaivalya is said to be the ultimate state/moksha ...
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Is everything fixed and I (as a limited individual) am not the doer in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty? [duplicate]

Is everything fixed in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty and the so called 'doer-ship of limited individuals'? Is there free-will or is life just a movie that we are forced to watch?
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Did Adi Shankaracharya accept equality of 5 major gods in his works?

I want to know if Adi Shankaracharya said that the five Panchatayana deities (Shiva, Surya, Vishnu, Durga, Ganesh) are Saguna Brahman from his works. Did he differentiate between them or said all ...
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I want scripture-based explanation for “God is Everywhere”

Most dominant philosophy in Hinduism is that God is everywhere and in everything. I want to understand this in more detail. As per science we know that around us there are two distinct things: Space-...
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How does Vedanta Desikan interpret Ramanujacharya’s statement about Brihaspati’s brother Samvarta?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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How does Advaita explain analogy of two birds on the tree(body)?

A well known analogy of two birds seating on the tree appears in Mundaka Upanishad.(Similar verse also appears in Svetâsvatara Upanishad) Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree. ...
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806 views

Was advaita scholar Sri Vidyaranya defeated by Sri Akshobhya Tirtha?

It is said that a debate took place between Sri Vidyaranya of Sankara tradition and Sri Akshobhya Teertha of Madhwa sampradaya and Sri Vedanta Desikan declared Sri Akshobhya as a winner. Is it true ?...
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Will the scriptural statements about continuous creation be falsified upon liberation of all as per Advaita?

According to Advaita Vedanta, this world is just an illusory perception because of avidya of jiva. When jiva realizes that he is brahman, then nothing else exists for him. If all the jivas in the ...
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Madhusudana Saraswati on Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Madhusudhan Saraswati, the author of the famous work, Advaitasiddhi was a Vaishnava belonging to the Shankarite sect. A great devotee of Shri Krishna, he is said to have been initially against Advaita ...
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143 views

What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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208 views

According to ISKCON, what is the difference between Brahmavada and Mayavada?

As it is well known, ISKCON (and other Vaishnavas for that matter) strongly criticize philosophy of Advaita. Srila Prabhupada himself criticized Mayavada in his various commentaries on Vaishnava ...
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46 views

does all three bodies cease to exist in turiya?

does all three bodies cease to exist/merge with brahman in turiya state? If so, is it not possible for astral travel or projection since subtle body no longer exists, but merges with brahman?
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Why do people perform rites and meditate if its a hindrance?

According to the īśā Upaniṣad and the latter Śrī Śaṅkarācārya (of Advaita) commentary: अन्धं तमः प्रविशन्ति येऽविद्यामुपासते । ततो भूय इव ते तमो य उ विद्यायां रताः ॥ andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ...
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356 views

What are the different sampradayams (traditions) followed by the mutts established by Adi Shankara?

In his lifetime, Adi Shankara established four amnaya peethams in four directions of India and appointed his chief disciples as the pontiffs. (Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham is also established by Adi ...