Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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Why does Brahman appear as Maya?

What is the need for Brahman to differentiate into Maya and allow sentient beings to exist and contemplate the meaning of itself. If Brahman is eternal consciousness, reality and bliss, doesn't it ...
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How does one go from unrealised paramatma or Brahman to atma and body?

This might be a classical question and it might be interpreted as an argument against vedanta but I'll put my thoughts here and invite you to discuss: My awareness is limited to my personal body. I ...
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Is there a second to me? Are you (seperate from me) real?

Atma is one no doubt, but the people around me also have the same athma and the rest of individuality left in them is jada. Does the person reading this question have any separate existence from ME? ...
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....
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On the doctrine of two truths in advaita (and hinduism)

In hinduism, advaita propounds the doctrine of two truths - vyavahArika satya and paramArthika satya. However, long before Shankara (8th - 9th century CE) , the foremost exponent of advaita, the ...
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How advait is mayavad as per Vaishnav ideology?

I know the argument is that it leads to impersonal idea of God but where does Maya comes into the play as per their theology ? https://youtu.be/hN9KpDg9X0g
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Why ,when and how did the Atman acquire body consciousness?

I know Atman is self aware but I don't know why that Atman lost his self awareness that he is unlimited and beginningless and instead acquiring limited body awareness Even though I am a Muslim ,...
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Who are the pseudo-advaitins referred to by Shringeri Acharya? Does Adi Shankara state characteristics of true advaitins?

Sri Sringeri Sharadha Peetham has a free ebook to download here. In that book, the following statement is made by the then Shakaracharya, H.H Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswami. In the page 556 of the ...
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The Anandamaya and the Causal Body [closed]

Hello … I have two questions that perhaps you can help me with …. From my understanding, the Anandamaya Kosha forms the Causal Body (Karana-Sarira or Karana-Deha) and we experience Deep/Dreamless ...
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Do Hindus believe that one can see god after death as per Advaitha?

Can we see god after death as per Advaitha. Advaitha says that we can see the god when we went into deep medidation state, then what about death? so as death is not that deep meditation state, then ...
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How widespread are “advaita vedanta” followers among modern Hindus? [closed]

How widespread are secular beliefs based on advaita vedanta among the modern Sanatan dharma population? I was under the impression this was a major movement, but I seem to hear hints otherwise.
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What is the story of Rishi Shakti?

Shakti is the father of Parashara and son of Vashishtha. Vashistha is well-known sage, Guru of Sri Rama, seer (द्रष्टा) of Vedic hymns and is among one of Shaptarshi. Parasara is also well-known sage ...
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How does advaita defend against this argument?

An instructor of monism can't possibly exist. Does he know the truth or not? The first can't be, for knowing the truth there is no second soul for him, there would be no student for him. The ...
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What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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Advaita vedanta and stoicism ; are they compatible with each other?

I always think that Advaita vedanta and stoicism are perfectly compatible with one another. Can some expand on this?
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What are the different sub schools of Advaitha?

I have heard that there are three subschools of Advaitha Vedanta. They are 1. Varthika 2. Vivarana 3. Bhamathi Are there more sub schools? Can you briefly summarize the main ...
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How can dualists belong to dashanami Sampradaya?

The title is the question. The question arises with Vijayindra Tirtha and Sri Vadiraja Tirtha. It was Shankara who created the dashanami Sampradaya, right? He wanted to propagate the advaita vedanta ...
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How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
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Is there an English translation of Shri Vidyaranya's Sarva darshana sangraha online?

I know that there is a Sanskrit version of this book, which seems to cover all philosophy of the Indian subcontinent. So if any of you have the link to the English version online please post it here....
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Why is jagat mithya as per advaita?

why is universe is illusion as per adhvaita. If it is illusion then how can all of us are seeing the same universe. For ex: if I am seeing an object in front of me so that does not mean that I am ...
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What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
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To whom is the advaita guru parampara shloka attributed to?

To whom the following shloka is attributed to? sadasiva samarambham sankaracarya madhyamam asmad acarya paryantam vande guru paramparam" Who is the author of this shloka?
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Currently how many types of peethas are there in India?

In India how many different types of peethas such as shakti peethas, Advaita peethas etc., are there now?
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What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
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Please help me understand the below passage from Rig veda

I found the passage on Wikipedia page of Samkhya(sankhya) Philosophy. Seven to the one-wheeled chariot yoke the Courser; bearing seven names the single Courser draws it. Three-naved the ...
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Who is the first person to quote verses from Uttara Khanda of Padma Purana targeting Shankara and his philosophy?

Uttara khanda, chapter 236 of Padma Purana classifies Puranas into three categories and attacks Shankara's Advaita by saying Shiva incarnated as Shankara to preach a doctrine that resembles Vedas but ...
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Does Swami Vivekananda belong to Shankara parampara?

Recently I listened to Swami Sarvapriyananda saying his "last name" is Puri, what about Swami Vivekananda? Does he belong to Adi Shankara parampara? And what about other modern swamis like Sivananda ...
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What are sattva, rajas and tamas?

What are these three gunas that are discussed in advaita? How are these stopping us from realizing god? How does a person attain these gunas? If the gunas are not good, does that mean we all are not ...
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Questions on thoughts of Jealousy, Lust and Anger…do they ever stop and where are they stored?

I am more inclined towards Advaita which says that for any person pursuing freedom, these qualities are necessary: Viveka Vairagya Sat-Sampatti - control of senses, mind, etc Mumukshutva So my ...
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Does Shankara teach to renounce one's own duties?

Padma Purana 6.236: The doctrine of illusion (Mayavada) is an impious, wicked belief and against all the conclusions of the Vedas. It is only covered Buddhism. My dear Parvati, in Kali-Yuga I ...
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What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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What is the earliest reference of three truths doctrines found among Advaitin's literature? [duplicate]

As of today, almost all Advaita VedAntins espousing three truths theory using below terms prAtibhAsika satya vyAvahArika satya (Relative truth) pAramArthika satya (Absolute reality) Does any Adi ...
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Advaita Epistemology

Can someone please recommend books on advaita epistemology. Suggestion of both classical and academic works would be equally helpful.
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Is Advaita Vedanta the teaching of Advait Mat?

I want to know what are the teachings of Shri Swarupanand Ji Maharaj who is second Guru of Advaita Mat lineage. Is it the same as Advaita Vedanta taught by Shri Shankracharya or different?
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...
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How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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Apart from the Padma Purana, does any other Purana say that Adi Shankaracharya will teach mayavadi philosophy?

In the Padma Purana, Uttara Khanda, Chapter 236, Lord Shiva says to Parvati that He would incarnate as Adi Shankaracharya to teach the mayavadi philosophy: mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam ...
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Which scriptures defines the three levels of reality?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (परमार्थिक) Vyāvahārika (व्यवहारिक) Prāthibhāsika (प्रतिभासिक) The wikipedia article on Advaita Vedanta says that: ...
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Is there any English translation of Vivekachudamani bhashya by Shri Chandrashekara Mahaswamigal?

Here is the link for the sanskrit work https://archive.org/details/VivekChudamaniBhashyaChandrasekharaBharati Is there an English translation of the work? If so please provide the link
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How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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How do Advaitins explain the meaning of the verse “naikātmatāṁ me spṛhayanti” in Srimad Bhagvatam 3.25.34?

Could someone kindly explain the advaitic interpreation of the verse नैकात्मतां मे स्पृहयन्ति केचिन्मत्पादसेवाभिरता मदीहाः | येऽन्योन्यतो भागवताः प्रसज्य सभाजयन्ते मम पौरुषाणि ॥ ३.२५.३४ ॥ ...
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Is spiritual realization of advaitin real?

Is the realization of an advaitin real? If it is real, it implies duality. Else, what remains? He can't be followed as teacher. As far as I know Gaudapada says there is no realization at all. What ...
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Can realized advaitins be called atheists?

According to Gaudapada Karika on Mandukya Upanishad 2.32: न निरोधो न चोत्पत्तिर्न बद्धो न च साधकः । न मुमुक्षुर्न वै मुक्त इत्येषा परमार्थता ॥ ३२ ॥ na nirodho na cotpattirna baddho na ca ...
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How do advaitins defend argument against scriptural eternity?

Advaitins believe that scriptures teach monism. Are they real or unreal? The first cannot be, for it would be imply duality. The second also can't be, for it would imply that scriptures were ...
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Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
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Why Gaudiya Vaishnavas don't accept Advaita when Chaitanya Mahaprabhu accepted Sridhara Svami?

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu declared that Śrīdhara Svāmī is the authoritative commentator on Bhāgavatam: prabhu hāsi’ kahe,“svāmī nā māne yei jana | veśyār bhitare tāre kariye gaṇana” || eta kahi’ ...
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Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists then why do saints like Shankaracharyas and others strive to realise Brahman and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman ...