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Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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Difference between Smartas and Advaitins?

What is the difference between a Smarta and an Advaitin? Both are the followers of Adi Sankaracharya only. People who worship Lord Shiva are called Shaivite and those who worship Lord Vishnu are ...
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24 votes
2 answers
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Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
Aby's user avatar
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17 votes
4 answers
7k views

According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe "unreal" or "unworthy"?

Recently I came across one of the key quote, which sums up Adi ShankarAchArya's Advaita philosophy: The Brahman of the Upanishads is the only Reality, and everything else—this world of manifoldness—...
iammilind's user avatar
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14 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is Maya superior to Brahman as per Advaita philosophy?

As per Advaita school of Vedanta; living entity is identical to supreme brahman. Advaitins generally interpret 'Aham Brahmasmi' as 'I'm supreme Brahman'(please correct me if i'm wrong). We are ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
5k views

I want scripture-based explanation for "God is Everywhere"

Most dominant philosophy in Hinduism is that God is everywhere and in everything. I want to understand this in more detail. As per science we know that around us there are two distinct things: Space-...
TruthSeeker9's user avatar
13 votes
2 answers
30k views

Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita

As we know that (and Keshav Srinivasan has written many times): The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school And there are sub schools of Vedanta which are graphically shown ...
Pandya's user avatar
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23 votes
2 answers
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Are we really God?

If we are God, then why are we, the human race, so corrupt, violent and confused? It seems that, if we all were God, we would not be so destructive and brute beings such as you see on this planet. If ...
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19 votes
1 answer
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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3 votes
0 answers
1k views

Does Madhvacharya correctly attribute the Mandukya Upanishad and Gaudapada's commentary to Varuna and Brahma?

The shortest of all the Upanishads is known as the Mandukya Upanishad. It's only twelve verses long, and it isn't mentioned much in Hindu scripture, but it grew into prominence after Gaudapada, the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
17 votes
5 answers
6k views

Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

I want to learn & study the Advaita Vedanta. So, which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta? In other words which are the major text/scripture related to Advaita Vedanta. I know ...
Pandya's user avatar
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Was Adi Shankaracharya a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? What were his views on Shiva and Vishnu?

Adi Shankaracharya taught Advaita philosophy. What was his belief on how one should see Shiva and Vishnu? Was he a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? Are Shiva and Vishnu same as per Him?
abhay vajpayee's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
797 views

What will happen when all atmans get moksha? [duplicate]

In Vedanta philosophy, the different schools of thought like Vishishta-Advatia, Advaita, Dwaita etc. agree upon the following facts: 1. There are constant numbers of jeevatman in the universe/Samsara ...
Yogi's user avatar
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14 votes
4 answers
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What are Vivartavada and Ajatavada?

In some text relating to advaita I've found two Vada(वाद) i.e doctrine/thesis: Vivartavada (विवर्तवाद) Ajatavada (अजातवाद) I also found some mention Advaita Vedanta as Vivartavada. So, I want to ...
Pandya's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
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Which scriptures defines the three levels of reality?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (परमार्थिक) Vyāvahārika (व्यवहारिक) Prāthibhāsika (प्रतिभासिक) The wikipedia article on Advaita Vedanta says that: ...
Pandya's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
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Was Adi Shankaracharya’s Parakaya Pravesha to learn Kamashastra Dharmic?

Adi Shankaracharya traveled all around India engaging scholars in religious debate. During one such debate, Bharati, wife of scholar Madana Mishra, attempted to defeat Adi Shankara in the topic of ...
mano's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
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How does Adishankaracharya Advaita explain concept of Avatar?

In Chapter 33 of book Autobiography of a Yogi, Yogananda says that Babaji is Mahaavatar (great incarnation). Sri Mahavatar Babaji is believed to be avatar of Shiva who is still teaching Kriya Yoga to ...
The Destroyer's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
784 views

Do all Vedantic philosophies agree on the number of Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer
2k views

How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
1k views

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
Tezz's user avatar
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17 votes
6 answers
8k views

Why is it said in Vedanta that you are not the doer of any action?

In my study of Advaita Vedanta, I have come across many references to the point that one is not the doer of any action. See for example these two verses धर्माधर्मौ सुखं दुखं मानसानि न ते विभो। ...
Lokesh's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
39k views

Help me to find out the verse : "Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah"

According to wikipedia, The Famous verse from Vivek Chudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) is: Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah Translation: Brahman is the only truth, the world is unreal, and ...
Pandya's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
895 views

What is the Advaita argument for why causes can't have real existence?

The Khandana Khanda Khadya is a work by the 12th century Advaitin philosopher Shri Harsha which seeks to demonstrate that all supposed means of knowledge are invalid. As I discuss in this question, ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
5k views

Apart from the Padma Purana, does any other Purana say that Adi Shankaracharya will teach mayavadi philosophy?

In the Padma Purana, Uttara Khanda, Chapter 236, Lord Shiva says to Parvati that He would incarnate as Adi Shankaracharya to teach the mayavadi philosophy: mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam ...
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10 votes
2 answers
2k views

Debate between Maṇḍana Miśra and Ādi Śankara

I have read that there was a debate between Maṇḍana Miśra, an exponent of Mīmāmsā, and Ādi Śankara, an exponent of Advaita, in which Maṇḍana Miśra's wife was the judge. Ādi Śankara won the debate and ...
Bharat's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
965 views

Why does Adi Shankaracharya use "going to Brahman" metaphor in discussing why Brahman cannot be gone to?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why does the Universe exist?

If I am Brahman as Shankara states: I am other than name, form and action. My nature is ever free! I am Self, the supreme unconditioned Brahman. I am pure Awareness, always non-dual. — Adi ...
Alex Douglas's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
368 views

Is there a second to me? Are you (separate from me) real?

Atma is one no doubt, but the people around me also have the same atma and the rest of individuality left in them is jada. My question is Does the person reading this question have any separate ...
Sai Baikampadi's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
571 views

Has any Advaita Acharya or scholar resolved/answered/refuted Sapta Vidha Anupapatti?

As, I've mentioned in previous question, Sapta Vidha Aupapatti, also called seven untenables are said to be an objection raised against the concept of Avidya of Advaita Vedanta. I want to know has ...
Pandya's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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0 votes
1 answer
440 views

Do Advaitin Sannyasis bathe daily?

Do Advaitin Sannyasis who have renounced rituals bathe daily?
Ikshvaku's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the mystery of Hari Sankara Stotra composed by Adi Shankara?

Shankara Digvijaya states that when Adi Shankara reached temple of Hari Shankara then he composed such verses with ambiguous meaning which could praise for both Shiva and Vishnu at the same time. It ...
Tezz's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
578 views

How can one know their dharma?

Living one's dharma seems to be paramount, but first I must discover what my dharma is. I was born and reared in the West, so how can I discover my dharma? I have read the Gita and it helped me ...
Rubellite Yakṣī's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
15k views

How many mutts did Adi shankaracharya establish in his lifetime?

Adi Shankaracharya is an advaita philosopher and wrote commentaries to the prasthāna trayi and composed many stotras on different deities.. It is believed that he established four mutts(denoting four ...
Sarvabhouma's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why is jagat mithya as per advaita?

why is universe is illusion as per adhvaita. If it is illusion then how can all of us are seeing the same universe. For ex: if I am seeing an object in front of me so that does not mean that I am ...
user2225190's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
935 views

How can Brahman/consciousness be all pervading including living and non living things?

Brahman is defined as Existance,Consiouness and Bliss(Satchitananda). Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3 says Brahman is consciousness and pure awareness. Isa Upanishad 1 says its all pervading. 1)But how can ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
342 views

If nobody is really suffering, does that mean we can harm anyone?

Somebody said --> Nobody is really suffering. Nobody is really ignorant or anything. It is just a movie. We suffer because we think it is real. The moment we realize the Truth, we are happy and always ...
user3750229's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
726 views

What are sattva, rajas and tamas?

What are these three gunas that are discussed in advaita? How are these stopping us from realizing god? How does a person attain these gunas? If the gunas are not good, does that mean we all are not ...
user2225190's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
225 views

According Advaita philosophy, can the formless Absolute Brahman see, speak, hear and smell? [duplicate]

In the Kena Upanishad following is said about the Absolute Brahman(not Atma...if Atma and Brahman are same then probably I have asked this question before. But in my opinion Absolute Brahman is a ...
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
15 votes
7 answers
5k views

Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are "deceitful demons"?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
Jaikrishnan's user avatar
11 votes
8 answers
12k views

Why did Adi Shankara promote idol worship?

Today Adi Shankaracarya's Adavaitvaad is a prominent philosophy in Hinduism but if we go through his life, we see that he not only preserved the idol worship practices across India but actively ...
gaj's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
372 views

What causes eternal soul to get embodied into a body and come into material world at all?

Soul is eternal and either part of God(Madhava) or Brahma itself(Advaita).why it comes to this world? According to Christians -original sin and apple story. But according to Hinduism- Avidya or ...
Vikram Thakur's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
667 views

Why is the rishi of the Gayatri Panjara hymn listed as "So 'ham" - "I am That"?

The Gayatri Panjara, AKA the Savitri Panjara, is a hymn to Gayatri, five-headed wife of Brahma and goddess of the Vedas. Here is the preamble to the hymn given in this excerpt from the Narada Purana: ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
917 views

How do non-advaitians interpret Bhagavata Purana 12.5.11?

This verse 12.5.11-12 is found in the final teachings of Sukadeva Goswami. It seems Advaitic in its meaning and essence. Suka instructs King Parikshit: अहं ब्रह्म परं धाम ब्रह्माहं परं पदम् एवं समी...
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8 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the relation between Viraj, Hiranyagarbha, Brahma, and Saguna Brahman in Advaita terminology?

In this chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells his disciple king Janaka about the levels of bliss among beings in different Lokas: Now a hundred of these human blessings ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Which is right varna based on birth or varna based on Guna and karma?

Which is right varna is based on birth or varna is based On guna and karma ? In view of advaita followers The kamakoti peetham tell that varNa is by guNa but guNa is by birth But vaishanvas tells that ...
Pasham Vishnu Vardhan Goud's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhism?

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhist monks? I'm interested in the core of the arguments he used against Buddhists. Is there any advantage to Advaita against Buddhism ...
dark_prince's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
2k views

How does Advaita explain analogy of two birds on the tree(body)?

A well known analogy of two birds seating on the tree appears in Mundaka Upanishad.(Similar verse also appears in Svetâsvatara Upanishad) Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree. ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does Adi Shankaracharya equate Brahman with the causal body in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar