Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
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Are there any popular works attributed to Govinda Bhagvatpada?

Govind Bhagvatpada was Guru (teacher) of Adi Shankaracharya who has preached Advaita (one of the most popular philosophy/doctrine of Vedanta). According to Advaita Guruparampara, he was Shisya (...
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How does Vedanta Desikan interpret Ramanujacharya’s statement about Brihaspati’s brother Samvarta?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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Do any Vaishnav sect believe in Jivan Mukti?

I used to believe that JivanMukti; a state of liberation while still in this body was something that was specific to advaita Vedant sect only. But I recently came across a quote by Gaudiya Vaishnav ...
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Why is the rishi of the Gayatri Panjara hymn listed as “So 'ham” - “I am That”?

The Gayatri Panjara, AKA the Savitri Panjara, is a hymn to Gayatri, five-headed wife of Brahma and goddess of the Vedas. Here is the preamble to the hymn given in this excerpt from the Narada Purana: ...
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
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What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta?

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta as equivalent to traditional Vedanta? Have any of the Shankaracharya heads of these Peethams said anything regarding Neo-...
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What are the differences in teachings between Yoga Vasista, Ashtavakra Gita, and Vivekachudamani?

Yoga Vasistha (योग-वासिष्ठ), Ashtavakra Gita (अष्टावक्रगीता), and Vivekachudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) are teachings about Enlightenment and (Moh)Maya. What are the Philosophical differences between these ...
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What scriptures describe Kapila, Panchashikha, and Durvasa carrying Sanyasi staffs?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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What is the story of Rishi Shakti?

Shakti is the father of Parashara and son of Vashishtha. Vashistha is well-known sage, Guru of Sri Rama, seer (द्रष्टा) of Vedic hymns and is among one of Shaptarshi. Parasara is also well-known sage ...
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Need clarification on the analogy of dream in Advaita

My background is in Vishistadvaita and I have always had a few challenges in understanding some of the concepts from Advaita and have wondered if later acharyas in the Advaita sampradaya have provided ...
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Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
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What is the earliest reference of three truths doctrines found among Advaitin's literature?

As of today, almost all Advaita VedAntins espousing three truths theory using below terms prAtibhAsika satya vyAvahArika satya (Relative truth) pAramArthika satya (Absolute reality) Does any Adi ...
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According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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What does scriptures say about dealing with family conflicts from an Advaitic point of view?

We do not have control over the family that we are born in. But by gods grace, past Karma, etc. if an individual is somehow able to develop deeper understanding about his true self. Then how would ...
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Why do some people see Sankhya as the highest truth?

Some people believe Sankhya to be the highest truth. They neglect Advaita. What are their main points for believing like this? Isn't it generally understood and accepted that Advaita is the highest ...
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How does Advaita interpret the devatas to the Isha Upanishad mantras?

Advaita is a non dual philosophy which says there is no distinction between Jivatma and Paramatma (Brahman). There is only one soul which is Brahman. In the Isha Upanishad or Ishavasyopanishad which ...
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Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Looking for the source scripture for the verse “Slokardhena pravakshyami”

My previous question was : Help me to find out the verse : “Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah”. In which I knew that in the Brahmajnanavalimala of Adi Shankaracharya, The verse is: ...
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To whom is the advaita guru parampara shloka attributed to?

To whom the following shloka is attributed to? sadasiva samarambham sankaracarya madhyamam asmad acarya paryantam vande guru paramparam" Who is the author of this shloka?
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What are various subsects of Shankara Advaita school?

What are different sub sects of AdiShankaracharya's Advaita school?
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Did Vedanta Desikan perform Samashrayanam for Vidyaranya?

The famous 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan was childhood friends with the Advaita philosopher Vidyaranya, who served as the Shankaracharya of Sringeri and chief advisor of the ...
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What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
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Do any sects that do not subscribe to advaita believe in the concept of Maya?

Instead of the popular meaning illusion, I like the definition from http://vedantastudent.blogspot.com/p/maya.html "Maya creates apparent multiplicity in a universe where only Brahman really exists."...
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How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
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Why does Gaudapada say the Uttarakurus cannot be proven by perception or inference?

As I discuss in this question, in Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or scriptural testimony....
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Have there been any responses to Adi Shankaracharya's Purva Mimamsa Sutras interpretation?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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does all three bodies cease to exist in turiya?

does all three bodies cease to exist/merge with brahman in turiya state? If so, is it not possible for astral travel or projection since subtle body no longer exists, but merges with brahman?
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How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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What is the view of shankara vedantins on kundalini yoga?

There is a book which deals with spiritual pursuit of one of the pontiff of the sringeri sankara mutt He has discussed his experiences on various subjects including kundalini yoga in this book http:/...
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What are the similarities between Svabhavika Bhedabheda Vedanta and Advaita Vedanta philosophies?

As some of you might be knowing, the renowned Sri Vaishnava acharya, Ramanujacharya before becoming a Sri Vaishnava, was a disciple of a Vaishnavite named Yadava Prakasha who propounded the Svabhavika ...
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According to advaita vedanta how can a formless entity/god do Lila?

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. How can a formless entity enjoy Lila? Doesn't it sound too nihilistic? (Note: Lila can also be ...
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Why was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu an eka-dandi sanyasi despite being a Gaudiya Vaishnava?

Advaitins Sanyasis are usually eka-dandi sanyasis while Vaishnava Sanyasis (including Gaudiya Vaishnava Sanyasis) are usually tri-dandi sanyasis. However, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was a Gaudiya Vaishnava ...
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What is the relation between Akasha(आकाश) and Kālá(काल) in Advaita Vedanta?

What is the exact nature of their relationship? Does one arise from the other? I have an operational hypothesis that Kālá is an emanation of Akasha - unfortunately, my hunt to gain clarity on the ...
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What is the relationship between cause and effect according to Nyaya Sutras?

Nyaya Sutra, written by Maharishi Gautama, is the foundational text of the Nyaya school of thought, one of the Shad-Darshanas in Hinduism. Amongst other things, this text talks about the theory of ...
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Does Madhvacharya correctly attribute the Mandukya Upanishad and Gaudapada's commentary to Varuna and Brahma?

The shortest of all the Upanishads is known as the Mandukya Upanishad. It's only twelve verses long, and it isn't mentioned much in Hindu scripture, but it grew into prominence after Gaudapada, the ...
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...
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Hiranyakashipu told everyone to worship himself as God, was he correct according to advaita?

Main tenets of Advaita is to realize that you are God, But Hiranyakashipu did the same, Was he correct according to Advaita? He had acquired Astama siddhi because of which he is able to travel to ...
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Sankaracharya's philosophical 'Sarvagnapeetha' event at Kashmir

What historically authenticated records of this Adi-Sankarācharya's event exist now ? i.e., before he established Shankara Mutt at KedarNath? When was it conducted, who were the organizers and ...
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What were similarities and differences between Shankara and Madhusudhana saraswati Advaita?

I heard somewhere that Madhusudhana saraswati Advaita is not same as Shankaracharya's. Did Madhusudhana saraswati subscribe to Shankaracharya's school? What were similarities and differences between ...
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Where can I read the works of Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu online?

Bellamkonda Ramaraya Kavindrulu was a Vishishtadvaitin turned Advaitin and he is said to have refuted the interpretations of Sri Bhashyam of Ramanujacharya especially in his works "Sankara Sankara ...
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Ethics of Advaita Vedanta

How is the problem of metaphysical, natural and moral evil resolved within traditional Advaita Vedanta?
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Are there any references to Niralambopanishat and SukaRahasyopanishat prior to Adi Shankaracharya?

Among Vedantins; Advait is a widely followed philosophy. The famous quote of Shree Adi Shankaracharya goes: Brahma Satya, Jagat Mithya. Now many Advaitins have mentioned that the verse was not ...
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What is the basis for the classification of scriptures as vyava harika pramanya and tattvika pramanya?

It is commonly posited in advaita that scriptures referring to omniscience and other perfections of Brahman have only relative validity (vyava harika pramanya) whilst those speaking of non-dualism ...
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Which commentator interprets Gaudapada's word Chitta as Chaitanya?

In this lecture, Swami Paramarthananda, an Advaitin, discusses Adi Shankaracharya's refutation of Yogachara Buddhism in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. He says that Yogachara Buddhism and Advaita may seem ...
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Madhusudana Saraswati on Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Madhusudhan Saraswati, the author of the famous work, Advaitasiddhi was a Vaishnava belonging to the Shankarite sect. A great devotee of Shri Krishna, he is said to have been initially against Advaita ...
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How can dualists belong to dashanami Sampradaya?

The title is the question. The question arises with Vijayindra Tirtha and Sri Vadiraja Tirtha. It was Shankara who created the dashanami Sampradaya, right? He wanted to propagate the advaita vedanta ...
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Does Hindus believe that one can see god after death as per Advaitha?

Can we see god after death as per Advaitha. Advaitha says that we can see the god when we went into deep medidation state, then what about death? so as death is not that deep meditation state, then ...
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What does the term embodied mean?

I know some of you will say that embodied one is the jiva or sookshma sharira, but that's not the answer i'm looking for. I want to know the definition of the term embodied when applied to gita verse ...