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Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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2 answers
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Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
Aby's user avatar
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23 votes
2 answers
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Are we really God?

If we are God, then why are we, the human race, so corrupt, violent and confused? It seems that, if we all were God, we would not be so destructive and brute beings such as you see on this planet. If ...
eliyah's user avatar
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19 votes
2 answers
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What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
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19 votes
1 answer
3k views

What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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19 votes
1 answer
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How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
17 votes
5 answers
6k views

Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

I want to learn & study the Advaita Vedanta. So, which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta? In other words which are the major text/scripture related to Advaita Vedanta. I know ...
Pandya's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
39k views

Help me to find out the verse : "Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah"

According to wikipedia, The Famous verse from Vivek Chudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) is: Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah Translation: Brahman is the only truth, the world is unreal, and ...
Pandya's user avatar
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17 votes
6 answers
8k views

Why is it said in Vedanta that you are not the doer of any action?

In my study of Advaita Vedanta, I have come across many references to the point that one is not the doer of any action. See for example these two verses धर्माधर्मौ सुखं दुखं मानसानि न ते विभो। ...
Lokesh's user avatar
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17 votes
4 answers
7k views

According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe "unreal" or "unworthy"?

Recently I came across one of the key quote, which sums up Adi ShankarAchArya's Advaita philosophy: The Brahman of the Upanishads is the only Reality, and everything else—this world of manifoldness—...
iammilind's user avatar
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17 votes
1 answer
7k views

Difference between Smartas and Advaitins?

What is the difference between a Smarta and an Advaitin? Both are the followers of Adi Sankaracharya only. People who worship Lord Shiva are called Shaivite and those who worship Lord Vishnu are ...
user12458's user avatar
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17 votes
2 answers
1k views

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
Tezz's user avatar
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16 votes
6 answers
16k views

Was Adi Shankaracharya a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? What were his views on Shiva and Vishnu?

Adi Shankaracharya taught Advaita philosophy. What was his belief on how one should see Shiva and Vishnu? Was he a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? Are Shiva and Vishnu same as per Him?
abhay vajpayee's user avatar
16 votes
3 answers
981 views

Why self realization doesn't imply omniscience?

Why one is not omniscient even after self realization as in self realization one knows he is no other than Brahm. But Brahm is omniscient as well, then why one is not omniscient even after self ...
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
15 votes
7 answers
5k views

Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are "deceitful demons"?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
Jaikrishnan's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is Maya superior to Brahman as per Advaita philosophy?

As per Advaita school of Vedanta; living entity is identical to supreme brahman. Advaitins generally interpret 'Aham Brahmasmi' as 'I'm supreme Brahman'(please correct me if i'm wrong). We are ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
14 votes
4 answers
4k views

What are Vivartavada and Ajatavada?

In some text relating to advaita I've found two Vada(वाद) i.e doctrine/thesis: Vivartavada (विवर्तवाद) Ajatavada (अजातवाद) I also found some mention Advaita Vedanta as Vivartavada. So, I want to ...
Pandya's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
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Was Adi Shankaracharya’s Parakaya Pravesha to learn Kamashastra Dharmic?

Adi Shankaracharya traveled all around India engaging scholars in religious debate. During one such debate, Bharati, wife of scholar Madana Mishra, attempted to defeat Adi Shankara in the topic of ...
mano's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
30k views

Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita

As we know that (and Keshav Srinivasan has written many times): The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school And there are sub schools of Vedanta which are graphically shown ...
Pandya's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the mystery of Hari Sankara Stotra composed by Adi Shankara?

Shankara Digvijaya states that when Adi Shankara reached temple of Hari Shankara then he composed such verses with ambiguous meaning which could praise for both Shiva and Vishnu at the same time. It ...
Tezz's user avatar
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13 votes
1 answer
2k views

Which scriptures defines the three levels of reality?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (परमार्थिक) Vyāvahārika (व्यवहारिक) Prāthibhāsika (प्रतिभासिक) The wikipedia article on Advaita Vedanta says that: ...
Pandya's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
8k views

Was Ubhaya Bharati right in asking a question related to Kama Sutra?

I would like to split question into two parts: 1) Ubhaya Bharati was appointed the judge between Adi Shankaracharya and Mandana Mishra. After Mandana accepts defeat from Shankaracharya, why was ...
abhishek's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
461 views

What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
Tamela's user avatar
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11 votes
5 answers
5k views

I want scripture-based explanation for "God is Everywhere"

Most dominant philosophy in Hinduism is that God is everywhere and in everything. I want to understand this in more detail. As per science we know that around us there are two distinct things: Space-...
TruthSeeker9's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
19k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya lose a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu?

This website, of dubious reliability, claims that Adi Shankaracharya lost in a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu: Towards the end of his short life, defeated in debate by the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
8 answers
12k views

Why did Adi Shankara promote idol worship?

Today Adi Shankaracarya's Adavaitvaad is a prominent philosophy in Hinduism but if we go through his life, we see that he not only preserved the idol worship practices across India but actively ...
gaj's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
276 views

How to establish myself in the knowledge of the true self (Advaita)?

There are times when I feel that I have got it whereas there are days when I feel that I don’t understand anything. Now I know I am always the unchanging self and it’s my mind that keeps going in and ...
P Jai's user avatar
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11 votes
3 answers
1k views

What exactly is meant in Saṅkara (Advaita) Vedānta when it declares that Brahman is Nirguṇa (attributeless)?

From this answer where it explains about Brahman being Nirguṇa & Guṇas (attributes) appearing due to Avidyā, the ācārya writes, तदेवमविद्यात्मकोपाधिपरिच्छेदापेक्षमेवेश्वरस्येश्वरत्वं सर्वज्ञत्वं ...
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
892 views

What is the Advaita argument for why causes can't have real existence?

The Khandana Khanda Khadya is a work by the 12th century Advaitin philosopher Shri Harsha which seeks to demonstrate that all supposed means of knowledge are invalid. As I discuss in this question, ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

How does Nirguna Brahman manifests into Saguna Brahman?

We all know that it's Saguna Brahman that does the job of creation but I would like to know, how Nirguna Brahman becomes Saguna Brahman in the first place. I know you guys would probably say that when ...
The Crimson Universe's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
575 views

How can one know their dharma?

Living one's dharma seems to be paramount, but first I must discover what my dharma is. I was born and reared in the West, so how can I discover my dharma? I have read the Gita and it helped me ...
Rubellite Yakṣī's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
5k views

Apart from the Padma Purana, does any other Purana say that Adi Shankaracharya will teach mayavadi philosophy?

In the Padma Purana, Uttara Khanda, Chapter 236, Lord Shiva says to Parvati that He would incarnate as Adi Shankaracharya to teach the mayavadi philosophy: mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam ...
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11 votes
1 answer
134 views

Are there any popular works attributed to Govinda Bhagvatpada?

Govind Bhagvatpada was Guru (teacher) of Adi Shankaracharya who has preached Advaita (one of the most popular philosophy/doctrine of Vedanta). According to Advaita Guruparampara, he was Shisya (...
Pandya's user avatar
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11 votes
0 answers
875 views

How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
7 answers
4k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya accept equality of 5 major gods in his works?

I want to know if Adi Shankaracharya said that the five Panchatayana deities (Shiva, Surya, Vishnu, Durga, Ganesh) are Saguna Brahman from his works. Did he differentiate between them or said all ...
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10 votes
2 answers
2k views

Debate between Maṇḍana Miśra and Ādi Śankara

I have read that there was a debate between Maṇḍana Miśra, an exponent of Mīmāmsā, and Ādi Śankara, an exponent of Advaita, in which Maṇḍana Miśra's wife was the judge. Ādi Śankara won the debate and ...
Bharat's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
3k views

How does Adishankaracharya Advaita explain concept of Avatar?

In Chapter 33 of book Autobiography of a Yogi, Yogananda says that Babaji is Mahaavatar (great incarnation). Sri Mahavatar Babaji is believed to be avatar of Shiva who is still teaching Kriya Yoga to ...
The Destroyer's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
2k views

Is Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta philosophy compatible with Vaishnavism?

There are many schools of thought like VisistAdvaita, Achintya Bheda Abheda and Dvaita which are followed by different sects of Vaishnavites. Most of these Vaishnava sects seem to be very critical of ...
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10 votes
5 answers
1k views

Were Gaudapada's views closer to Madhyamaka Buddhism?

Sankara’s doctrine of maya has been one of the principle reasons that he has been accused of being a closet Buddhist. Yet it was actually Sankara’s parama-guru, Gaudapada who posited the idea of maya ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
276 views

Does Shankara teach to renounce one's own duties?

Padma Purana 6.236: The doctrine of illusion (Mayavada) is an impious, wicked belief and against all the conclusions of the Vedas. It is only covered Buddhism. My dear Parvati, in Kali-Yuga I ...
Spark Sunshine's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to "Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah"?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world is ...
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10 votes
1 answer
993 views

Is Advaita moksha different from attaining Vaikuntha?

Is Advaita moksha different from attaining Vaikuntha? If yes, why and is this why Advaita is often frowned upon by most Vaishnavas?
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10 votes
2 answers
371 views

What causes eternal soul to get embodied into a body and come into material world at all?

Soul is eternal and either part of God(Madhava) or Brahma itself(Advaita).why it comes to this world? According to Christians -original sin and apple story. But according to Hinduism- Avidya or ...
Vikram Thakur's user avatar
10 votes
4 answers
567 views

How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
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10 votes
1 answer
768 views

How can Advaita Vedanta's Nirguna Brahman even exist? [duplicate]

According to Shankaracharya, Ishvara, the world, and Saguna Brahman, are ultimately unreal. Only Nirguna Brahman is real. But what does it mean to be Nirguna or "without qualities"? Something that ...
Ikshvaku's user avatar
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10 votes
1 answer
796 views

What will happen when all atmans get moksha? [duplicate]

In Vedanta philosophy, the different schools of thought like Vishishta-Advatia, Advaita, Dwaita etc. agree upon the following facts: 1. There are constant numbers of jeevatman in the universe/Samsara ...
Yogi's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
2k views

World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

How did Advaitins Defend Attributeless brahman from Ramanuja's arguments?

As per Advaita Vedanta of Adi Shankara, The Supreme reality i.e. Brahman is without any attributes. Advaita philosophy says that we perceive the world only owing to maya(ignorance).i.e. This world ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why does Advaita insists on 'non-dualism' and not 'monism'?

What is the difference between non-dualism and monism? Advaita texts stresses on the non-dual aspect of things (probably as a negation to dvaita schools) over calling things monistic. Why is it so? ...
Vineet Menon's user avatar
  • 7,656
9 votes
3 answers
15k views

How many mutts did Adi shankaracharya establish in his lifetime?

Adi Shankaracharya is an advaita philosopher and wrote commentaries to the prasthāna trayi and composed many stotras on different deities.. It is believed that he established four mutts(denoting four ...
Sarvabhouma's user avatar
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