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Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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Are we really God?

If we are God, then why are we, the human race, so corrupt, violent and confused? It seems that, if we all were God, we would not be so destructive and brute beings such as you see on this planet. If ...
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Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
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What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
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Why isn't there one Absolute Reality?

This is just to elicit opinion/discussion. There is no ''answer" to it really. You can choose to close it. But it is something that I always wondered about. In the annals of Sanaatana Dharma why isn'...
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Difference between Smartas and Advaitins?

What is the difference between a Smarta and an Advaitin? Both are the followers of Adi Sankaracharya only. People who worship Lord Shiva are called Shaivite and those who worship Lord Vishnu are ...
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Which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta?

I want to learn & study the Advaita Vedanta. So, which are the principle texts/scriptures of Advaita Vedanta? In other words which are the major text/scripture related to Advaita Vedanta. I know ...
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Was Ubhaya Bharati right in asking a question related to Kama Sutra?

I would like to split question into two parts: 1) Ubhaya Bharati was appointed the judge between Adi Shankaracharya and Mandana Mishra. After Mandana accepts defeat from Shankaracharya, why was ...
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Was Adi Shankaracharya’s Parakaya Pravesha to learn Kamashastra Dharmic?

Adi Shankaracharya traveled all around India engaging scholars in religious debate. During one such debate, Bharati, wife of scholar Madana Mishra, attempted to defeat Adi Shankara in the topic of ...
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Is Maya superior to Brahman as per Advaita philosophy?

As per Advaita school of Vedanta; living entity is identical to supreme brahman. Advaitins generally interpret 'Aham Brahmasmi' as 'I'm supreme Brahman'(please correct me if i'm wrong). We are ...
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Which scriptures defines the three levels of reality?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (परमार्थिक) Vyāvahārika (व्यवहारिक) Prāthibhāsika (प्रतिभासिक) The wikipedia article on Advaita Vedanta says that: ...
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How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
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Was Adi Shankaracharya a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? What were his views on Shiva and Vishnu?

Adi Shankaracharya taught Advaita philosophy. What was his belief on how one should see Shiva and Vishnu? Was he a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? Are Shiva and Vishnu same as per Him?
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According to ShankarAchArya in Advaita, is the universe “unreal” or “unworthy”?

Recently I came across one of the key quote, which sums up Adi ShankarAchArya's Advaita philosophy: The Brahman of the Upanishads is the only Reality, and everything else—this world of manifoldness—...
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Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita

As we know that (and Keshav Srinivasan has written many times): The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school And there are sub schools of Vedanta which are graphically shown ...
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How to establish myself in the knowledge of the true self (Advaita)?

There are times when I feel that I have got it whereas there are days when I feel that I don’t understand anything. Now I know I am always the unchanging self and it’s my mind that keeps going in and ...
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Why is it said in Vedanta that you are not the doer of any action?

In my study of Advaita Vedanta, I have come across many references to the point that one is not the doer of any action. See for example these two verses धर्माधर्मौ सुखं दुखं मानसानि न ते विभो। ...
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What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world ...
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How do non-Advaitin defend Advaitin argument that difference need not be taught in scripture?

It is daily experience that we all are different beings , therefore scriptures will be purposeless if they taught that is very obvious. Hence, the actual meaning of scripture must be some unknown ...
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How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
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I want scripture-based explanation for “God is Everywhere”

Most dominant philosophy in Hinduism is that God is everywhere and in everything. I want to understand this in more detail. As per science we know that around us there are two distinct things: Space-...
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Help me to find out the verse : “Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah”

According to wikipedia, The Famous verse from Vivek Chudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) is: Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah Translation: Brahman is the only truth, the world is unreal, ...
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Debate between Maṇḍana Miśra and Ādi Śankara

I have read that there was a debate between Maṇḍana Miśra, an exponent of Mīmāmsā, and Ādi Śankara, an exponent of Advaita, in which Maṇḍana Miśra's wife was the judge. Ādi Śankara won the debate and ...
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Why did Adi Shankara promote idol worship?

Today Adi Shankaracarya's Adavaitvaad is a prominent philosophy in Hinduism but if we go through his life, we see that he not only preserved the idol worship practices across India but actively ...
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Why self realization doesn't imply omniscience?

Why one is not omniscient even after self realization as in self realization one knows he is no other than Brahm. But Brahm is omniscient as well, then why one is not omniscient even after self ...
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Body is un-real and only atma is real in Hinduism?

Almost all concepts in non-dualism(advaita-siddhanta), it is believed that Human body is unreal or "maya" and only atma is real. Their claim is that without atma body is nothing. In my personal ...
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Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are “deceitful demons”?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
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What are Vivartavada and Ajatavada?

In some text relating to advaita I've found two Vada(वाद) i.e doctrine/thesis: Vivartavada (विवर्तवाद) Ajatavada (अजातवाद) I also found some mention Advaita Vedanta as Vivartavada. So, I want to ...
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What is the Advaita argument for why causes can't have real existence?

The Khandana Khanda Khadya is a work by the 12th century Advaitin philosopher Shri Harsha which seeks to demonstrate that all supposed means of knowledge are invalid. As I discuss in this question, ...
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Apart from the Padma Purana, does any other Purana say that Adi Shankaracharya will teach mayavadi philosophy?

In the Padma Purana, Uttara Khanda, Chapter 236, Lord Shiva says to Parvati that He would incarnate as Adi Shankaracharya to teach the mayavadi philosophy: mayavadam asac chastram pracchannam ...
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What causes eternal soul to get embodied into a body and come into material world at all?

Soul is eternal and either part of God(Madhava) or Brahma itself(Advaita).why it comes to this world? According to Christians -original sin and apple story. But according to Hinduism- Avidya or ...
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How can Advaita Vedanta's Nirguna Brahman even exist? [duplicate]

According to Shankaracharya, Ishvara, the world, and Saguna Brahman, are ultimately unreal. Only Nirguna Brahman is real. But what does it mean to be Nirguna or "without qualities"? Something that ...
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What will happen when all atmans get moksha? [duplicate]

In Vedanta philosophy, the different schools of thought like Vishishta-Advatia, Advaita, Dwaita etc. agree upon the following facts: 1. There are constant numbers of jeevatman in the universe/Samsara ...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya lose a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu?

This website, of dubious reliability, claims that Adi Shankaracharya lost in a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu: Towards the end of his short life, defeated in debate by the ...
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What is Sankara Vedànta explanation of Sarvam Khalvidam Brahm?

The meaning of this Mahàkàvya is All that is Brahm alone. Now question arises what All that is here in the eyes of Sankara Vedàntin? As we know that world is mere a mirage in Sankara Vedànta, then ...
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What is the mystery of Hari Sankara Stotra composed by Adi Shankara?

Shankara Digvijaya states that when Adi Shankara reached temple of Hari Shankara then he composed such verses with ambiguous meaning which could praise for both Shiva and Vishnu at the same time. It ...
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How do non-advaitians interpret Bhagavata Purana 12.5.11?

This verse 12.5.11-12 is found in the final teachings of Sukadeva Goswami. It seems Advaitic in its meaning and essence. Suka instructs King Parikshit: अहं ब्रह्म परं धाम ब्रह्माहं परं पदम् एवं समी...
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How did Advaitins Defend Attributeless brahman from Ramanuja's arguments?

As per Advaita Vedanta of Adi Shankara, The Supreme reality i.e. Brahman is without any attributes. Advaita philosophy says that we perceive the world only owing to maya(ignorance).i.e. This world ...
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Is Advaita moksha different from attaining Vaikuntha?

Is Advaita moksha different from attaining Vaikuntha? If yes, why and is this why Advaita is often frowned upon by most Vaishnavas?
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How can one know their dharma?

Living one's dharma seems to be paramount, but first I must discover what my dharma is. I was born and reared in the West, so how can I discover my dharma? I have read the Gita and it helped me ...
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How does Nirguna Brahman manifests into Saguna Brahman?

We all know that it's Saguna Brahman that does the job of creation but I would like to know, how Nirguna Brahman becomes Saguna Brahman in the first place. I know you guys would probably say that when ...
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Are there any popular works attributed to Govinda Bhagvatpada?

Govind Bhagvatpada was Guru (teacher) of Adi Shankaracharya who has preached Advaita (one of the most popular philosophy/doctrine of Vedanta). According to Advaita Guruparampara, he was Shisya (...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya accept equality of 5 major gods in his works?

I want to know if Adi Shankaracharya said that the five Panchatayana deities (Shiva, Surya, Vishnu, Durga, Ganesh) are Saguna Brahman from his works. Did he differentiate between them or said all ...
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How does Adishankaracharya Advaita explain concept of Avatar?

In Chapter 33 of book Autobiography of a Yogi, Yogananda says that Babaji is Mahaavatar (great incarnation). Sri Mahavatar Babaji is believed to be avatar of Shiva who is still teaching Kriya Yoga to ...
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Why does Adi shankaracharya think that self cannot perceive a relation between itself and avidya?

Adi Shankara's doctrine of Maya is very widely known specially among the Vedantins; according to which all the dualities are perceived by self owing to ignorance(avidya) and that self is one without a ...
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How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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To whom does the illusion belong?

According to the great Adi Shankaracharya, the waking world is an illusion (or as unreal as dream if not an illusion). My question is, who imagines this waking world? Is it result of your desires or ...
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Are name and form sat or asat?

Bhagavad gita 2.16 says नासतो विद्यते भावो नाभावो विद्यते सतः। उभयोरपि दृष्टोऽन्तस्त्वनयोस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः।।2.16।। Following is Bhagavadpad Adi Shankracharya's commentary: न हि शीतोष्णादि ...
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World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...