Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
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Are there any popular works attributed to Govinda Bhagvatpada?

Govind Bhagvatpada was Guru (teacher) of Adi Shankaracharya who has preached Advaita (one of the most popular philosophy/doctrine of Vedanta). According to Advaita Guruparampara, he was Shisya (...
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Why is the rishi of the Gayatri Panjara hymn listed as "So 'ham" - "I am That"?

The Gayatri Panjara, AKA the Savitri Panjara, is a hymn to Gayatri, five-headed wife of Brahma and goddess of the Vedas. Here is the preamble to the hymn given in this excerpt from the Narada Purana: ...
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What is the validity of the claim that Gaudiya Vaishnavism is superior to Advaita Vedanta?

According to the Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition, when Sri Chaitanya was in Varanasi, he defeated Prakashananda Saraswati, the famous Vedantin. Showing this event, Vaishnavas claim that their philosophy ...
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How does Vedanta Desikan interpret Ramanujacharya’s statement about Brihaspati’s brother Samvarta?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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What works currently attributable to Adi Shankara are actually authored by Abhinava Shankara?

The Kanchi Kamakoti mutt has given ample proof of Adi Shankara belonging to the 5th - 6th century BCE. There are many other historical evidences from different phases of his life, in support of such a ...
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Brahman (ब्रह्म) Tarapanam - meaning?

I am currently reading Sadhanas From the Ribhu Gita by Swami Shantananda. In chapter 5 (Page 34 of http://swamishantanandapurimaharaj.org/publications/Sadhanas-from-Ribhu-Gita.pdf), have come across ...
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Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta?

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta as equivalent to traditional Vedanta? Have any of the Shankaracharya heads of these Peethams said anything regarding Neo-...
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What are the differences in teachings between Yoga Vasista, Ashtavakra Gita, and Vivekachudamani?

Yoga Vasistha (योग-वासिष्ठ), Ashtavakra Gita (अष्टावक्रगीता), and Vivekachudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) are teachings about Enlightenment and (Moh)Maya. What are the Philosophical differences between these ...
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Anandamaya Kosha and Anand in Sat-chit-Ananda in advita vedanta

The word Anand in Sanskrit and other Indian languages (e.g. Hindi) translates to bliss. In vedanta philosophy there is a discussion of 5 koshas where the innermost kosha is Anandmaya kosha. So firstly ...
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According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
5
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107 views

What scriptures describe Kapila, Panchashikha, and Durvasa carrying Sanyasi staffs?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
5
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Need clarification on the analogy of dream in Advaita

My background is in Vishistadvaita and I have always had a few challenges in understanding some of the concepts from Advaita and have wondered if later acharyas in the Advaita sampradaya have provided ...
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Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
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Anandamaya kosha versus karana shareera

In advaita vedanta, they describe the body as being composed of 5 koshas :- Annamaya, Pranamaya , Manomaya , vigyanamaya, and Anandamaya There is another division into:- Sthula shareera, Sukshma ...
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God present in impurities?

According to Advaita Vedanta God is present in wood, air, and other things. It's in all the movable and immovable things God present in evrywhere. Is god present in impurities like urine, semen, stool ...
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Need help on Gita chapter 13 verse 22

It is mentioned in Gita ch. 13 verse 22, that the supreme purusha (paramatma) is a upadrashta (witness), anumanta (permitter), bharta (supporter) and bhokta (experiencer). I agree that It is a witness,...
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What does scriptures say about dealing with family conflicts from an Advaitic point of view?

We do not have control over the family that we are born in. But by gods grace, past Karma, etc. if an individual is somehow able to develop deeper understanding about his true self. Then how would ...
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Why do some people see Sankhya as the highest truth?

Some people believe Sankhya to be the highest truth. They neglect Advaita. What are their main points for believing like this? Isn't it generally understood and accepted that Advaita is the highest ...
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How does Advaita interpret the devatas to the Isha Upanishad mantras?

Advaita is a non dual philosophy which says there is no distinction between Jivatma and Paramatma (Brahman). There is only one soul which is Brahman. In the Isha Upanishad or Ishavasyopanishad which ...
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Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Have there been any responses to Adi Shankaracharya's Purva Mimamsa Sutras interpretation?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Looking for the source scripture for the verse "Slokardhena pravakshyami"

My previous question was : Help me to find out the verse : “Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah”. In which I knew that in the Brahmajnanavalimala of Adi Shankaracharya, The verse is: ...
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Does Patibhakti lead to Moksha?

Pati is a jivatma, not paramatma. What systems of thought say that having bhakti for jivatmas is a valid way to Moksha? Could Swamibhakti, patibhakti, or bhakti for characters like Bharat, etc lead to ...
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Does Karana Sahareera belong to Sookshma Shareera or Karana Shareera?

I thought that Anandamaya Kosha belongs to Karana Shareera, infact I thought Anandamaya Shareera itself is Karana Shareera because it is said in Tattva Bodha, which is traditionally considered a work ...
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Why jivan mukthas won't do dharma with mental effort only?

This question should be answered based on Advaitha only. There are many jivan mukthas across scriptures who carried out their profession: Rama, Krishna, Vasishta, Vyasa, Suka, Vishwamitra, Lila, ...
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Acceptance of Mahavakyas in Shankara's time

The Vakyas 2 & 4 of four MahaVakyas clearly identify the Self with Brahman... as a Vedic tradition. Non-duality had always been a well established fact of Sanatana Dharma... right? Then why did ...
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Who is Isvara? Is it just another name of Saguna Brahman? Or he is different from both Saguna and Nirguna Brahman?

I understand the difference between Nirguna and Saguna Brahman. But I am confused about Isvara. Who is Isvara? Is it just another name of Saguna Brahman? Or he is different from both Saguna and ...
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Truth in Advaita

To which theory of truth does the advaita vedanta relate? The correspondance theory, the coherence theory, or another one? If truth, in Adi Shankara's comprehension, is understood as the ...
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To whom is the advaita guru parampara shloka attributed to?

To whom the following shloka is attributed to? sadasiva samarambham sankaracarya madhyamam asmad acarya paryantam vande guru paramparam" Who is the author of this shloka?
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What are various subsects of Shankara Advaita school?

What are different sub sects of AdiShankaracharya's Advaita school?
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Did Vedanta Desikan perform Samashrayanam for Vidyaranya?

The famous 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan was childhood friends with the Advaita philosopher Vidyaranya, who served as the Shankaracharya of Sringeri and chief advisor of the ...
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What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
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Do any sects that do not subscribe to advaita believe in the concept of Maya?

Instead of the popular meaning illusion, I like the definition from http://vedantastudent.blogspot.com/p/maya.html "Maya creates apparent multiplicity in a universe where only Brahman really exists."...
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Why does Gaudapada say the Uttarakurus cannot be proven by perception or inference?

As I discuss in this question, in Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or scriptural testimony....
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Did any Advaitin claim that Sayanacharya interpreted Vedas wrongly in his commentaries?

Sayanacharya wrote Bhashyas/commentaries on Vedas. Did any Advaita Acharya or any Advaitins ever claim that Sayanacharya's Bhashyas have errors?
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What does the following slokha says about human soul and parabrahman?

Consider the following verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam bhidyate hṛdaya-granthiś chidyante sarva-saṁśayāḥ kṣīyante cāsya karmāṇi dṛṣṭa evātmanīśvare Thus the knot in the heart is pierced, and all ...
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Do any advaita vedanta Sutra discribe heaven?

Do any advaita vedanta Sutra describes heaven and it pleasure? Do advaita vedanta believes that heaven is a state of mind or do they believe that heaven is a physical place some were in the universe ....
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Does popular worship of Lord Shiva in Northern India comes under any Shaiva sect or is it Advatic/Smartha by nature?

We know Saiva Siddhanta,(a dualistic Shaiva sect) and Veer Shaiva,(another dualistic Shaiva sect) exists in south, I don't think there are any such sects in north India. Except maybe Kashmir Shaivism, ...
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How can these two lines from Mahopanishad be reconciled?

SOURCE I-1-4. Then we shall expound the Mahopanishad. They say Narayana was alone. There were not Brahma, Shiva, Waters, Fire and Soma, Heaven and Earth, Stars, Sun and Moon. He could not be happy. ...
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Modern contribution to Scriptures

I would like to find out what, modern contribution to Hindu scriptures are? Something akin to Brahmagupta or those insights of great Rishis. Today, we are not endowed with ‘aparushya’ visions. However ...
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Gargi’s question to Yajnavalkya Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

In Janaka’s court Sage Yajnavalkya was questioned by his wife and student Gargi, but she refers to him by his name, Yajnavalkya, while asking the question. Is it not vedic custom to give respect and ...
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Vedanta and prayer

Is praying, and asking a God for things, useful/beneficial in advaita védanta? Since Isvara is considered to be only conceptually true, and ultimately non-existent, can he really be helpful?
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Do Vedas support Advaitic Philosophy?

Which Verses in VedaSamhitas,Brahmanas,Aryanyakas) speak of ultimate reality as Brahman and knowing Brahman alone is purpose of life and by realizing thus-the world becomes illusion ?
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Madhyamika and Ajativada and anuttara of advaita vedanta and kashmir shaivism

Is the madhyamika deconstruction of reality that nothing arises and nothing ceases the same as ajativada of gaudapada and anuttara of abhinavagupta? in madhyamika production is never established and ...
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What subcommentaries on Adi Shankaracharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya are available online in English?

The oldest surviving commentary on the Bhagavad Gita is the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya. Now the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya has ...
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Do mentally ill people get karmaphala?

Is thinking that the body is the self a form of mental illness/disorder ? If a Psychopath(alex) killed people but in his mind he thought that he actually helped the victims from some mysterious ...
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(Kashmiri Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta) one self in comparison to many permanent selves?

How do we enjoin one permanent self over many permanent selves like in the jonang/yogacara school of Buddhism? one way I think is the fact that people can perceive the same things simultaneously, ...