Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
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Are there any popular works attributed to Govinda Bhagvatpada?

Govind Bhagvatpada was Guru (teacher) of Adi Shankaracharya who has preached Advaita (one of the most popular philosophy/doctrine of Vedanta). According to Advaita Guruparampara, he was Shisya (...
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
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How does Vedanta Desikan interpret Ramanujacharya’s statement about Brihaspati’s brother Samvarta?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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Why is the rishi of the Gayatri Panjara hymn listed as “So 'ham” - “I am That”?

The Gayatri Panjara, AKA the Savitri Panjara, is a hymn to Gayatri, five-headed wife of Brahma and goddess of the Vedas. Here is the preamble to the hymn given in this excerpt from the Narada Purana: ...
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Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta?

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta as equivalent to traditional Vedanta? Have any of the Shankaracharya heads of these Peethams said anything regarding Neo-...
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What are the differences in teachings between Yoga Vasista, Ashtavakra Gita, and Vivekachudamani?

Yoga Vasistha (योग-वासिष्ठ), Ashtavakra Gita (अष्टावक्रगीता), and Vivekachudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) are teachings about Enlightenment and (Moh)Maya. What are the Philosophical differences between these ...
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According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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198 views

What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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What scriptures describe Kapila, Panchashikha, and Durvasa carrying Sanyasi staffs?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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155 views

Need clarification on the analogy of dream in Advaita

My background is in Vishistadvaita and I have always had a few challenges in understanding some of the concepts from Advaita and have wondered if later acharyas in the Advaita sampradaya have provided ...
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382 views

Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
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How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
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What does scriptures say about dealing with family conflicts from an Advaitic point of view?

We do not have control over the family that we are born in. But by gods grace, past Karma, etc. if an individual is somehow able to develop deeper understanding about his true self. Then how would ...
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Why do some people see Sankhya as the highest truth?

Some people believe Sankhya to be the highest truth. They neglect Advaita. What are their main points for believing like this? Isn't it generally understood and accepted that Advaita is the highest ...
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How does Advaita interpret the devatas to the Isha Upanishad mantras?

Advaita is a non dual philosophy which says there is no distinction between Jivatma and Paramatma (Brahman). There is only one soul which is Brahman. In the Isha Upanishad or Ishavasyopanishad which ...
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Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Have there been any responses to Adi Shankaracharya's Purva Mimamsa Sutras interpretation?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Looking for the source scripture for the verse “Slokardhena pravakshyami”

My previous question was : Help me to find out the verse : “Brahma satyam jagat mithya, jivo brahmaiva naparah”. In which I knew that in the Brahmajnanavalimala of Adi Shankaracharya, The verse is: ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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Truth in Advaita

To which theory of truth does the advaita vedanta relate? The correspondance theory, the coherence theory, or another one? If truth, in Adi Shankara's comprehension, is understood as the ...
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Need help on Gita chapter 13 verse 22

It is mentioned in Gita ch. 13 verse 22, that the supreme purusha (paramatma) is a upadrashta (witness), anumanta (permitter), bharta (supporter) and bhokta (experiencer). I agree that It is a witness,...
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To whom is the advaita guru parampara shloka attributed to?

To whom the following shloka is attributed to? sadasiva samarambham sankaracarya madhyamam asmad acarya paryantam vande guru paramparam" Who is the author of this shloka?
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What are various subsects of Shankara Advaita school?

What are different sub sects of AdiShankaracharya's Advaita school?
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286 views

Did Vedanta Desikan perform Samashrayanam for Vidyaranya?

The famous 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan was childhood friends with the Advaita philosopher Vidyaranya, who served as the Shankaracharya of Sringeri and chief advisor of the ...
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What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
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Do any sects that do not subscribe to advaita believe in the concept of Maya?

Instead of the popular meaning illusion, I like the definition from http://vedantastudent.blogspot.com/p/maya.html "Maya creates apparent multiplicity in a universe where only Brahman really exists."...
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Why does Gaudapada say the Uttarakurus cannot be proven by perception or inference?

As I discuss in this question, in Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or scriptural testimony....
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For Advaitins, what is the point of vedic chants?

Most nominal advaitins I know (and especially brahmin followers of the various Shankara maths) hold that chanting of vedic hymns is valuable. What's the point? I believe even the math gurus hold vedic ...
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Vedanta and prayer

Is praying, and asking a God for things, useful/beneficial in advaita védanta? Since Isvara is considered to be only conceptually true, and ultimately non-existent, can he really be helpful?
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Is it true that Jivan Mukta has capability to nullify his/her karma?

I am asking the question for all sects that do believe in Jivan Muktha especially Advaita. According to Advaita, a jivan muktha is also a Brahman. So, it is clear that she can nullify her karma. Am I ...
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What is Parbrahman? Is it any different from Nirgun Brahman?

I've heard words like brahman, nirgun brahman, sagun brahman, parbrahman etc. Though I've got a fair idea of what nirgun and sagun brahman is, I still am not acquainted with Parbrahman. Does it refer ...
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Is the universe a manifestation of one's own soul?

We are living in a universe and each one may have different interpretations towards the universe and all the aspects of the universe. Is the universe (we are living in) is a manifestation of our own ...
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Madhyamika and Ajativada and anuttara of advaita vedanta and kashmir shaivism

Is the madhyamika deconstruction of reality that nothing arises and nothing ceases the same as ajativada of gaudapada and anuttara of abhinavagupta? in madhyamika production is never established and ...
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Do mentally ill people get karmaphala?

Is thinking that the body is the self a form of mental illness/disorder ? If a Psychopath(alex) killed people but in his mind he thought that he actually helped the victims from some mysterious ...
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(Kashmiri Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta) one self in comparison to many permanent selves?

How do we enjoin one permanent self over many permanent selves like in the jonang/yogacara school of Buddhism? one way I think is the fact that people can perceive the same things simultaneously, ...
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does all three bodies cease to exist in turiya?

does all three bodies cease to exist/merge with brahman in turiya state? If so, is it not possible for astral travel or projection since subtle body no longer exists, but merges with brahman?
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How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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What is the view of shankara vedantins on kundalini yoga?

There is a book which deals with spiritual pursuit of one of the pontiff of the sringeri sankara mutt He has discussed his experiences on various subjects including kundalini yoga in this book http:/...
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What are the similarities between Svabhavika Bhedabheda Vedanta and Advaita Vedanta philosophies?

As some of you might be knowing, the renowned Sri Vaishnava acharya, Ramanujacharya before becoming a Sri Vaishnava, was a disciple of a Vaishnavite named Yadava Prakasha who propounded the Svabhavika ...
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According to advaita vedanta how can a formless entity/god do Lila?

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. How can a formless entity enjoy Lila? Doesn't it sound too nihilistic? (Note: Lila can also be ...
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Why was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu an eka-dandi sanyasi despite being a Gaudiya Vaishnava?

Advaitins Sanyasis are usually eka-dandi sanyasis while Vaishnava Sanyasis (including Gaudiya Vaishnava Sanyasis) are usually tri-dandi sanyasis. However, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was a Gaudiya Vaishnava ...
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What is the relation between Akasha(आकाश) and Kālá(काल) in Advaita Vedanta?

What is the exact nature of their relationship? Does one arise from the other? I have an operational hypothesis that Kālá is an emanation of Akasha - unfortunately, my hunt to gain clarity on the ...
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What is the relationship between cause and effect according to Nyaya Sutras?

Nyaya Sutra, written by Maharishi Gautama, is the foundational text of the Nyaya school of thought, one of the Shad-Darshanas in Hinduism. Amongst other things, this text talks about the theory of ...
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Does Madhvacharya correctly attribute the Mandukya Upanishad and Gaudapada's commentary to Varuna and Brahma?

The shortest of all the Upanishads is known as the Mandukya Upanishad. It's only twelve verses long, and it isn't mentioned much in Hindu scripture, but it grew into prominence after Gaudapada, the ...
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Which is right varna based on birth or varna based on Guna and karma?

Which is right varna is based on birth or varna is based On guna and karma ? In view of advaita followers The kamakoti peetham tell that varNa is by guNa but guNa is by birth But vaishanvas tells that ...
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Do Vedas support Advaitic Philosophy?

Which Verses in VedaSamhitas,Brahmanas,Aryanyakas) speak of ultimate reality as Brahman and knowing Brahman alone is purpose of life and by realizing thus-the world becomes illusion ?
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Where are the tatastha lakshana and svarupa lakshana defined?

Which scripture defines tatastha lakshana and svarupa lakshana and where these terms are mentioned by Shankaracharya?
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What subcommentaries on Adi Shankaracharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya are available online in English?

The oldest surviving commentary on the Bhagavad Gita is the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya. Now the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya’s Bhagavad Gita Bhashya has ...
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....