Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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1answer
2k views

How does Advaita explain analogy of two birds on the tree(body)?

A well known analogy of two birds seating on the tree appears in Mundaka Upanishad.(Similar verse also appears in Svetâsvatara Upanishad) Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree. ...
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145 views

How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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Why should one do his duty?

I am studying Advaita Vedanta. According to Advaita Vedanta, this world is an illusion. It suggests one to do his duty with detachment. What I do not understand is why should one even do his duty when ...
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177 views

Do migrated brahmin person children will Become brahmin or non-brahmin?

Do migrated brahmin person children will Become brahmin or non-brahmin ? For example Vishwamitra became kashriya but vishwamitra children became brahmin Do shudra came brahmin when that shudra ...
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Do Advaitin Sannyasis bathe daily?

Do Advaitin Sannyasis who have renounced rituals bathe daily?
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What are Avidya, Maya and Ignorance according to Advaita?

According to Advaita, I want to get a clear understanding of the following terms: Avidya Maya Ignorance What are Avidya, Maya and Ignorance? And what is the difference/relationship between them? In ...
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How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
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How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta?

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta as equivalent to traditional Vedanta? Have any of the Shankaracharya heads of these Peethams said anything regarding Neo-...
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What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya accept equality of 5 major gods in his works?

I want to know if Adi Shankaracharya said that the five Panchatayana deities (Shiva, Surya, Vishnu, Durga, Ganesh) are Saguna Brahman from his works. Did he differentiate between them or said all ...
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How is Nirguna Brahman Nirguna if he is Sachidananda?

We know that Nirguna Brahman is Sat, Chit and Ananda. Are not Sat, Chit and Anandas themselves gunas? As they are qualities. Reference, Tattva Bodha of Shri Shankaracharya.
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What are the philosophical differences between the Vivarana and Bhamati schools of Advaita Vedanta?

It seems that from this question that the Advaita Vedanta school of Adi Shankaracharya has two philosophical divisions within their Sampradaya- the Vivarana school of Prakasatman and the Bhamati ...
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What does the Vivarana school of Advaita believe about the nature of Avidya?

It's well known that the Sri Vaishnava sect, which subscribes to the Visishtadvaita philosophy of Ramanujacharya, is divided into two sects, the Thenkalais and Vadakalais as I discuss here. Less well-...
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Why did Adi Sankaracharya compare the color of Ishwara's eyes to that of monkey's nates?

While commenting on the verse "tasya yatha kapyasam pundarikamevamakshini" in his bhashya on the Chandogya Upanishad, Shankara describes the eyes of Ishwara as: eyes of that golden Purusha are like ...
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Where do I find this Advait (non dual) philosophical quote by Nammalvar?

Alvars were devotees of Lord Vishnu who propagated Vishnu devotion in ancient India. One of the Alvar named Nammalvar said the following (found from Teachings' of Ramana Maharshi book) - In ...
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In Advaita, is jiva the same as subtle body?

Followers of advaita like Pradip or Milind would say that when the universal Atman is being encapsulated or embodied, it is known as jiva. Or when Atman is limited by upadhis like mind, ego etc. its ...
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Why does Sri Ramakrishna say that Saguna Brahman is real despite being an Advaitin?

Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa is known to have taught Advaita Vedanta to His devotees. However, in one of well-known quotes, He says both Nirguna Brahman and Saguna Brahman: It's enough to have faith ...
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When Devi Bhagavatam says Gods as doers of karma and that they are sinners, how they can remove my sin?

According to the following chapters of Devi Bhagavatam, Lord Krishna, Lord Vishnu and lord Rudra are doers of karma and thus sinners. • Devi bhagavatam: 4 book: 2 chapter: 8-9 • Devi bhagavatam: 6 ...
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Who is the earliest Advaitin to mention six Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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How does Advaita interpret the devatas to the Isha Upanishad mantras?

Advaita is a non dual philosophy which says there is no distinction between Jivatma and Paramatma (Brahman). There is only one soul which is Brahman. In the Isha Upanishad or Ishavasyopanishad which ...
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How does Vishishtadvaita interpret "Brahma Ved Brahmaiva Bhavati"?

From Mundaka Upanishad, Mundaka-3, Khanda-2 Verse-9: स यो ह वै तत् परमं ब्रह्म वेद ब्रह्मैव भवति नास्याब्रह्मवित्कुले भवति । तरति शोकं तरति पाप्मानं गुहाग्रन्थिभ्यो विमुक्तोऽमृतो भवति ॥ ९॥ ...
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Was advaita scholar Sri Vidyaranya defeated by Sri Akshobhya Tirtha?

It is said that a debate took place between Sri Vidyaranya of Sankara tradition and Sri Akshobhya Teertha of Madhwa sampradaya and Sri Vedanta Desikan declared Sri Akshobhya as a winner. Is it true ?...
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What is the basis for the classification of scriptures as vyava harika pramanya and tattvika pramanya?

It is commonly posited in advaita that scriptures referring to omniscience and other perfections of Brahman have only relative validity (vyava harika pramanya) whilst those speaking of non-dualism ...
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Advaitins,is the Self only static/changeless and' one' when we speak of its subtle ''material'' substance?how can the self be static?

If the atman of a person is static in nature and unaffected by anything and it was identical to the mind, the mind also would have to be static and not affected by anything. You could never feel ...
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Advaita vedanta texts recommendations

Can you please recommend some high quality texts on pure Advaita philosophy from an academic standpoint which are complete and exhaustive by themselves? Academic works like that of P. S. Roodurmum (...
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Is spiritual realization of advaitin real?

Is the realization of an advaitin real? If it is real, it implies duality. Else, what remains? He can't be followed as teacher. As far as I know Gaudapada says there is no realization at all. What ...
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Are there any answers from the School of Advaita to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana?

Does any Advaitin has answered or has answers to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana? MAYAVADA KHANDANA (Refer ESSENTIALS OF DASAPRAKARANA translated by Prof. K.T. Pandurangi) ...
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Is Advaita moksha different from attaining Vaikuntha?

Is Advaita moksha different from attaining Vaikuntha? If yes, why and is this why Advaita is often frowned upon by most Vaishnavas?
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How can Advaita Vedanta's Nirguna Brahman even exist? [duplicate]

According to Shankaracharya, Ishvara, the world, and Saguna Brahman, are ultimately unreal. Only Nirguna Brahman is real. But what does it mean to be Nirguna or "without qualities"? Something that ...
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What is Sankara Vedànta explanation of Sarvam Khalvidam Brahm?

The meaning of this Mahàkàvya is All that is Brahm alone. Now question arises what All that is here in the eyes of Sankara Vedàntin? As we know that world is mere a mirage in Sankara Vedànta, then ...
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What are the outcomes of Kaivalya and Sayujya mokshas according to Gaudiya Vaishnavas?

As discussed here, the Upanishads describe the state of Kaivalya as the detachment/seperation of the Self from Prakriti. According to Advaitins, Kaivalya is said to be the ultimate state/moksha ...
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Common interpretation of Shiva purana concerning: Who is the greatest Brahma, Vishnu, or Shiva?

Is there a consensus between Followers of Vishnu, Followers of Shiva, Followers of Brahma, And adherents of Advaita Vedanta Concerning the conclusion from the quarrel between Vishu and Brahma ...
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The difference between the mind and the Atman in Advaita Vedanta

It is emphasised in Advaita Vedanta that "I am neither the mind nor the body, I am the Atman which is in fact the same as Brahman" (not a quote but my understanding). I would like to know in what ...
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What works currently attributable to Adi Shankara are actually authored by Abhinava Shankara?

The Kanchi Kamakoti mutt has given ample proof of Adi Shankara belonging to the 5th - 6th century BCE. There are many other historical evidences from different phases of his life, in support of such a ...
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According to Advaita philosophy,what are the conditions for attaining Moksha?

Suppose I wish to attain Moksha then,according to Advaita Philosophy, what conditions I must fulfill in order to achieve Moksha?
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What are the different sub schools of Advaitha?

I have heard that there are three subschools of Advaitha Vedanta. They are 1. Varthika 2. Vivarana 3. Bhamathi Are there more sub schools? Can you briefly summarize the main ...
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What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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What work of Vyasa says the Vedas were taught to Brahma through the heart?

Vidyaranya, aka Madhavacharya (not to be confused with the Dvaita philosopher Madhvacharya), was a famous Advaitin philosopher who was the Shankaracharya of Sringeri and the brother of Sayana, the ...
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Everything is a thought then why does this present moment feel so real?

I was listening to one of the YouTube lectures on Advaita(forget which one it was). It states that “past, present and future - all is just a thought in your brain. The only reason this very moment ...
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Have there been any responses to Adi Shankaracharya's Purva Mimamsa Sutras interpretation?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why jivan mukthas won't do dharma with mental effort only?

This question should be answered based on Advaitha only. There are many jivan mukthas across scriptures who carried out their profession: Rama, Krishna, Vasishta, Vyasa, Suka, Vishwamitra, Lila, ...
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Is the Sattva-Rajas-Tamas classification considered important in Advaita?

Since the Advaitic Brahman has no qualities - it must be that all these Gunas are obstructions to achieving Samadhi. Are there Advaitic statements that one must transcend all three Gunas?
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What's the difference between reflection and reflecting medium in advaita?

I know that the reflecting mediums are the upadhis called mind or ego, also called subtle body or antahkarana, which is like a mirror where the cosmic Atman shines. This reflecting medium or subtle ...
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Why was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu an eka-dandi sanyasi despite being a Gaudiya Vaishnava?

Advaitins Sanyasis are usually eka-dandi sanyasis while Vaishnava Sanyasis (including Gaudiya Vaishnava Sanyasis) are usually tri-dandi sanyasis. However, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu was a Gaudiya Vaishnava ...
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What is the relationship between cause and effect according to Nyaya Sutras?

Nyaya Sutra, written by Maharishi Gautama, is the foundational text of the Nyaya school of thought, one of the Shad-Darshanas in Hinduism. Amongst other things, this text talks about the theory of ...
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What is the view of shankara vedantins on kundalini yoga?

There is a book which deals with spiritual pursuit of one of the pontiff of the sringeri sankara mutt He has discussed his experiences on various subjects including kundalini yoga in this book http:/...
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what is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, advita or dvaita?

What is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, weather it is dvaita, dualistic and the world is real. Or it is advita, non dualistic and the world is an illusion.