Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
6
votes
1answer
238 views

How does Brahman or Atman witness?

When Krishna says in Gita that Atman, the universal consciousness only witnesses but performs no action, what exactly did he mean by it? Does Atman needs to have a mind/body to witness everything or ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

For Advaitins, what is the point of vedic chants?

Most nominal advaitins I know (and especially brahmin followers of the various Shankara maths) hold that chanting of vedic hymns is valuable. What's the point? I believe even the math gurus hold vedic ...
6
votes
1answer
925 views

What do we mean by pure consciousness when we address Brahman?

After going through so many online articles i'm still not sure what exactly is Brahman as per advaita. Yes it can't be grasped by our limited senses but those who did describe "IT" has said the ...
6
votes
1answer
251 views

Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists then why do saints like Shankaracharyas and others strive to realise Brahman and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman ...
6
votes
1answer
299 views

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
6
votes
0answers
100 views

What works currently attributable to Adi Shankara are actually authored by Abhinava Shankara?

The Kanchi Kamakoti mutt has given ample proof of Adi Shankara belonging to the 5th - 6th century BCE. There are many other historical evidences from different phases of his life, in support of such a ...
6
votes
0answers
57 views

Brahman (ब्रह्म) Tarapanam - meaning?

I am currently reading Sadhanas From the Ribhu Gita by Swami Shantananda. In chapter 5 (Page 34 of http://swamishantanandapurimaharaj.org/publications/Sadhanas-from-Ribhu-Gita.pdf), have come across ...
6
votes
0answers
147 views

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta?

Do the official Shankaracharya Peethams recognize the validity of Neo-Vedanta as equivalent to traditional Vedanta? Have any of the Shankaracharya heads of these Peethams said anything regarding Neo-...
6
votes
0answers
237 views

What are the differences in teachings between Yoga Vasista, Ashtavakra Gita, and Vivekachudamani?

Yoga Vasistha (योग-वासिष्ठ), Ashtavakra Gita (अष्टावक्रगीता), and Vivekachudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) are teachings about Enlightenment and (Moh)Maya. What are the Philosophical differences between these ...
5
votes
3answers
186 views

Clarification on one of Ramana Maharshi's quote is requested

"The Ordainer controls the fate of souls in accordance with their past deeds - their prarabdha karma. Whatever is destined not to happen will not happen, try hard how you may. Whatever is ...
5
votes
2answers
296 views

If nobody is really suffering, does that mean we can harm anyone?

Somebody said --> Nobody is really suffering. Nobody is really ignorant or anything. It is just a movie. We suffer because we think it is real. The moment we realize the Truth, we are happy and always ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Is Adi Shankaracharya's Kena Upanishad Vakya Bhashya available in English?

Generally the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya has only given one Bhashya or commentary for each of the Mukhya or primary Upanishads. But in the case of the Kena Upanishad, he composed two ...
5
votes
4answers
223 views

If God alone exist(advaita) then what's wrong with following materialistic desire?

According to advaita only God exists and every thing is the manifestation of God(Brahman) so even materialistic desire should be God's manifestation. So if one goes for lust(kama) which by default is ...
5
votes
3answers
270 views

Questions on thoughts of Jealousy, Lust and Anger.......do they ever stop and where are they stored?

I am more inclined towards Advaita which says that for any person pursuing freedom, these qualities are necessary: Viveka Vairagya Sat-Sampatti - control of senses, mind, etc Mumukshutva So my ...
5
votes
4answers
393 views

How can Brahman/consciousness be all pervading including living and non living things?

Brahman is defined as Existance,Consiouness and Bliss(Satchitananda). Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3 says Brahman is consciousness and pure awareness. Isa Upanishad 1 says its all pervading. 1)But how can ...
5
votes
7answers
929 views

Why, when and how did the Atman acquire body consciousness?

I know Atman is self aware but I don't know why that Atman lost his self awareness that he is unlimited and beginning-less and instead acquiring limited body awareness. Even though I am a Muslim, ...
5
votes
3answers
320 views

In Advaita, is jiva the same as subtle body?

Followers of advaita like Pradip or Milind would say that when the universal Atman is being encapsulated or embodied, it is known as jiva. Or when Atman is limited by upadhis like mind, ego etc. its ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

Where do I find this Advait (non dual) philosophical quote by Nammalvar?

Alvars were devotees of Lord Vishnu who propagated Vishnu devotion in ancient India. One of the Alvar named Nammalvar said the following (found from Teachings' of Ramana Maharshi book) - In ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Was Gaudapada a guru or grand-guru of Adi Shankarachrya?

We know that Adi Shankara's guru was Govinda Bhagavatpada and Govinda Bhagavatpada's guru was Gaudapada. This way Gaudapada was grand-guru of Shankaracharya. We can find the following lines in Adi ...
5
votes
2answers
242 views

How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
5
votes
5answers
307 views

Why must the universe be unreal because it is not perceived in deep sleep?

Adi Shankaracharya taught: If the universe be true, let it then be perceived in the state of deep sleep also. As it is not at all perceived, it must be unreal and false, like dreams. - ...
5
votes
3answers
591 views

What are the different sub schools of Advaitha?

I have heard that there are three subschools of Advaitha Vedanta. They are 1. Varthika 2. Vivarana 3. Bhamathi Are there more sub schools? Can you briefly summarize the main ...
5
votes
3answers
526 views

Why does nirguna brahman manifest only in 5 forms?

I know that Shiva, Durga, Vishnu, Surya and Ganesha are counted as manifestations of Nirguna brahman. Or in other way when nirguna brahman is seen through lens of maya, it is seen in 5 different ways. ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Phrases like "Reflection of the real self" and "Space inside the pot", are they simply theories?

Are they simply theories or are they actually mentioned in the upanishads? ... When it comes to the example of the two birds sitting on a tree, is it mentioned anywhere in the mundaka & ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

How does Advaita explain analogy of two birds on the tree(body)?

A well known analogy of two birds seating on the tree appears in Mundaka Upanishad.(Similar verse also appears in Svetâsvatara Upanishad) Two birds, inseparable friends, cling to the same tree. ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Translation and significance of sanskrit shloka---Shloka-Ardhena Pravakshyämi Yad-uktam Granthakotibhih

What is the translation of the following Sanskrit Shloka ? Shloka- Ardhena Pravakshyämi Yad-uktam Granthakotibhih | Brahma Satyam Jagan-mithyä Jivo Brahmaiva Näparah || What is the significance of ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

regarding permanence of matter and earthly life

I am reading God Talks With Arjuna by Sri Sri Paramahansa Yogananda. In chapter 2 verse 20, I came across the following line in the interpretation: This stanza expresses the profound truth of the ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Why can't or why won't a jivan muktha change niyathi according to advaitha?

This question should be and can be answered using Advaitha only. According to advaitha, a person can become Jivan Muktha while she is living in her human body only. After becoming Jivan Muktha, she ...
5
votes
1answer
611 views

What scriptures describe sage Vamadeva attaining Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
5
votes
3answers
375 views

What are sattva, rajas and tamas?

What are these three gunas that are discussed in advaita? How are these stopping us from realizing god? How does a person attain these gunas? If the gunas are not good, does that mean we all are not ...
5
votes
1answer
423 views

What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya?

Gaudiya Vaishnava Vedanta uses a term "achintya" (inconceivable). Advaita Vedanta uses a term "anirvachaniya" (inexplicable). What is difference between achintya and anirvachaniya? In what situations ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Why do people perform rites and meditate if its a hindrance?

According to the īśā Upaniṣad and the latter Śrī Śaṅkarācārya (of Advaita) commentary: अन्धं तमः प्रविशन्ति येऽविद्यामुपासते । ततो भूय इव ते तमो य उ विद्यायां रताः ॥ andhaṃ tamaḥ praviśanti ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do some Advaitins wear an Urdhva Pundra made of ash?

Originally, most Advaitins had Vishnu as their Ishta Devata, but nowadays most Advaitins have Shiva as their Ishta Devata. Kanchi Mahaperiava, the former Shankaracharya of the Kanchipuram, explains ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
5
votes
1answer
218 views

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
5
votes
1answer
498 views

Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
5
votes
1answer
560 views

What is the story of Rishi Shakti?

Shakti is the father of Parashara and son of Vashishtha. Vashistha is well-known sage, Guru of Sri Rama, seer (द्रष्टा) of Vedic hymns and is among one of Shaptarshi. Parasara is also well-known sage ...
5
votes
3answers
230 views

In non-dualism does Atman reincarnate or transmigrate?

I've read that a small portion of the infinite spirit Brahman, becomes embodied. This embodied portion is called Atman. So does Atman reincarnate or goes from one body to another? Again, if Brahman ...
5
votes
0answers
75 views

Anandamaya Kosha and Anand in Sat-chit-Ananda in advita vedanta

The word Anand in Sanskrit and other Indian languages (e.g. Hindi) translates to bliss. In vedanta philosophy there is a discussion of 5 koshas where the innermost kosha is Anandmaya kosha. So firstly ...
5
votes
0answers
102 views

According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
5
votes
0answers
213 views

What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
5
votes
0answers
107 views

What scriptures describe Kapila, Panchashikha, and Durvasa carrying Sanyasi staffs?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
5
votes
0answers
172 views

Need clarification on the analogy of dream in Advaita

My background is in Vishistadvaita and I have always had a few challenges in understanding some of the concepts from Advaita and have wondered if later acharyas in the Advaita sampradaya have provided ...
5
votes
0answers
424 views

Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
5
votes
2answers
376 views

How/Why did the omnipotent soul get stuck in the body? [duplicate]

The Atma/soul is be believed to be infinite, opmipotent, omnipresent, pure, divine and perfect. How/Why (in the first place) did it get stuck in the finite body and forgot its reality?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
4
votes
2answers
972 views

Why does Sri Ramakrishna say that Saguna Brahman is real despite being an Advaitin?

Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa is known to have taught Advaita Vedanta to His devotees. However, in one of well-known quotes, He says both Nirguna Brahman and Saguna Brahman: It's enough to have faith ...
4
votes
1answer
355 views

Everything is a thought then why does this present moment feel so real?

I was listening to one of the YouTube lectures on Advaita(forget which one it was). It states that “past, present and future - all is just a thought in your brain. The only reason this very moment ...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

Shankara's Gita Bhasya says that the Self transmigrates. Is this true?

Advaitins mostly believe that the Self doesn't transmigrate and that it's the subtle body (known as jiva/jivatma) that actually does. But then in Shankara's Gita bhasya it is mentioned that the self ...

1 2
3
4 5
8