Questions tagged [advaita]

Literally non-duality; a school of the Vedanta philosophy that declares the oneness of God, soul, and the universe.

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Is the Sattva-Rajas-Tamas classification considered important in Advaita?

Since the Advaitic Brahman has no qualities - it must be that all these Gunas are obstructions to achieving Samadhi. Are there Advaitic statements that one must transcend all three Gunas?
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Do Shaktas and Shaivas have independent sects or they think themselves to be under Advaita?

I have seen that Vaishnavas are opposed to Advaita siddhanta. Are there Advaita Vaishnava sampradayas also? Also I want to know whether Shaivas and Shaktas think themselves as part of Advaita's ...
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Can someone explain the philosophy of avibhagadvaita?

How is it different from advaita and vishistadvaita, and how does it reconcile yoga and Sankhya with vedanta?
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In which scriptures are the verses ''aham brahmasmi" and ''shivoham'' found?

In which scripture are the following verses found: Aham brahmasmi Meaning: I am Brahma Shivoham Meaning: I am Shiva
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How does Vishishtadvaita interpret "Brahma Ved Brahmaiva Bhavati"?

From Mundaka Upanishad, Mundaka-3, Khanda-2 Verse-9: स यो ह वै तत् परमं ब्रह्म वेद ब्रह्मैव भवति नास्याब्रह्मवित्कुले भवति । तरति शोकं तरति पाप्मानं गुहाग्रन्थिभ्यो विमुक्तोऽमृतो भवति ॥ ९॥ ...
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Special attributes of Brahman in Vishishtadvaita?

The key difference between Advaita and Visishtadvaita is the latter's teaching that the Brahman has special attributes compared to the Atman. What are these attributes? Are there any other differences ...
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What exactly is the concept of Manonasha in Advaita?

What is the meaning and concept of Manonasha according to Advaita. It seems to imply destruction of the mind and sookshma shareera, as sookshma shareera is made of mind. Please answer with citations ...
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If the nature of consciousness is permanent how can there be sleep and conflicting emotions?

How can there be dreamless sleep and differing emotions and sensations if consciousness is the self and is permanent like in Advaita Vedanta and Kashmiri shaivism?
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Why do Atma and Parmatma split if they are one after all?

As per Advaita philosophy, the ultimate goal of an Atma is to merge into its source, the Parmatma just like drops of water merge into the ocean but my question is how and why do Atma and Parmatma ...
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Can Moksha be achieved through Bhakti towards a physical object?

I am looking for any scriptural sources relating to whether Bhakti towards a lover, a king, a country, or a physical idol can lead to Moksha by itself, or does one need to have Bhakti for the formless ...
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How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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What is Vishnu's body made of according to Vaishnavism and Advaita?

What is Vishnu's body made up of? What are the bodies made of when he incarnates as Rama, Krishna, Narasimha? Is Vishnu soul or the body? When he incarnates does he enter other avatars bodies? I want ...
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Deadlock in Sankara's views?

In Sankara's Manīṣā panchakam we find the following excerpt - If a person has attained the firm knowledge that he is not an object of perception, but is that pure consciousness which shines clearly ...
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If our true nature is satchidananda/atman, then why is there rebirth

Why is rebirth there if all of us are atman. Why should atma gnana be learnt for liberation. What does learning advaita do that prevents us from getting a new birth?
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According to Advaita, if everything is unreal or “in me” then why make an effort to help others?

Sanakaracharya inspite of being an enlightened being went about refuting other paths to enlightenment. Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna set up organisations like Ramakrishna mission, etc. to spread the ...
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How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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According to vedanta from where does jivaatma originates?

Origin and end of jivatma?? Is it created or can the atma divide? what happens to atma in nirvana or moksha, how did it come to be, how can it be eternally fragmented from the supreme? How did the ...
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Does Govardhana Mutt accept the authenticity of Bharati Krishna Tirthaji's "Vedic Mathematics"?

"Vedic Mathematics" is a book by Bharati Krishna Tirthaji, who served as the Shankaracharya of Sringeri Mutt from 1921-1925, and as the Shankaracharya of Govardhana Mutt from 1925 until his death in ...
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Why jivan mukthas won't do dharma with mental effort only?

This question should be answered based on Advaitha only. There are many jivan mukthas across scriptures who carried out their profession: Rama, Krishna, Vasishta, Vyasa, Suka, Vishwamitra, Lila, ...
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Acceptance of Mahavakyas in Shankara's time

The Vakyas 2 & 4 of four MahaVakyas clearly identify the Self with Brahman... as a Vedic tradition. Non-duality had always been a well established fact of Sanatana Dharma... right? Then why did ...
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Who is Isvara? Is it just another name of Saguna Brahman? Or he is different from both Saguna and Nirguna Brahman?

I understand the difference between Nirguna and Saguna Brahman. But I am confused about Isvara. Who is Isvara? Is it just another name of Saguna Brahman? Or he is different from both Saguna and ...
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Truth in Advaita

To which theory of truth does the advaita vedanta relate? The correspondance theory, the coherence theory, or another one? If truth, in Adi Shankara's comprehension, is understood as the ...
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On the doctrine of two truths in advaita (and hinduism) [duplicate]

In hinduism, advaita propounds the doctrine of two truths - vyavahArika satya and paramArthika satya. However, long before Shankara (8th - 9th century CE) , the foremost exponent of advaita, the ...
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To whom is the advaita guru parampara shloka attributed to?

To whom the following shloka is attributed to? sadasiva samarambham sankaracarya madhyamam asmad acarya paryantam vande guru paramparam" Who is the author of this shloka?
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What is the earliest reference of three truths doctrines found among Advaitin's literature? [duplicate]

As of today, almost all Advaita VedAntins espousing three truths theory using below terms prAtibhAsika satya vyAvahArika satya (Relative truth) pAramArthika satya (Absolute reality) Does any Adi ...
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What are various subsects of Shankara Advaita school?

What are different sub sects of AdiShankaracharya's Advaita school?
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Did Vedanta Desikan perform Samashrayanam for Vidyaranya?

The famous 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan was childhood friends with the Advaita philosopher Vidyaranya, who served as the Shankaracharya of Sringeri and chief advisor of the ...
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What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
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Do any sects that do not subscribe to advaita believe in the concept of Maya?

Instead of the popular meaning illusion, I like the definition from http://vedantastudent.blogspot.com/p/maya.html "Maya creates apparent multiplicity in a universe where only Brahman really exists."...
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Why does Gaudapada say the Uttarakurus cannot be proven by perception or inference?

As I discuss in this question, in Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or scriptural testimony....
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Jeevatma and Paramatma according to Advaita philosophy [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the difference between Jeevatma and paramatma. I have gone through several articles but still not clear.I have read the explanation here - What is difference between Aatma, ...
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Jivatma and Paramatma are totally seperate [closed]

Sri Sri Vijayeendra Tirtha (Paramaguru of Sri Raghavendra Tirtha) Explains through a simple analogy or Upamaanam. Â Mahan Sri Vijayeendra Tirthar jestingly asks: Â "Will a mother willingly and ...
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Who are the pseudo-advaitins referred to by Shringeri Acharya? Does Adi Shankara state characteristics of true advaitins?

Sri Sringeri Sharadha Peetham has a free ebook to download here. In that book, the following statement is made by the then Shakaracharya, H.H Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswami. In the page 556 of the ...
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what is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, advita or dvaita?

What is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, weather it is dvaita, dualistic and the world is real. Or it is advita, non dualistic and the world is an illusion.
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Are there advaitic verses in bhagavatam? [closed]

Bhagavatam is a Vaishnava text. Are there any advaitic verses in it? If yes, what are they? Verse and translation please.
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Was advaita scholar Sri Vidyaranya defeated by Sri Akshobhya Tirtha?

It is said that a debate took place between Sri Vidyaranya of Sankara tradition and Sri Akshobhya Teertha of Madhwa sampradaya and Sri Vedanta Desikan declared Sri Akshobhya as a winner. Is it true ?...
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Is paramAtma/brahman just consciousness (awareness) OR is both, consciousness plus sentience (ability to perceive & feel)?

The current understanding is that that brahman/paramAtma/bhagawAn is that universal, inter-galactic & inter-multiverse consciousness. But is sentience ALSO an attribute of that paramAtam/brahman/...
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Would Narayana listen if someone were to chant his name without going to a temple?

This probably sounds like a dumb question, but I am unable to visit any temples as I don't live in India. That being said, any effort is probably better than none at all. Would Nama jap of Narayana (...
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Did samakhys refuted the advaita vedanta's claim, existence of Brahman?

Since samkhya is a atheistic school, they reject God(Brahman) . But advaita vedanta believe in a God that is Brahman so did any Samkhya philosopher ever refuted advaita vedanta on existence of Brahman?...
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Does Gita 9.7 contradict the advaita vedanta's monism philosophy?

BG 9.7-8: At the end of one kalp, all living beings merge into My primordial material energy. At the beginning of the next creation, O son of Kunti, I manifest them again. Presiding over My material ...
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Nondualism. There is One only. Why teach?

In Kashmir Shaivism and Advaita philosophy this entire, infinite universe is the manifestation of the one supreme God. To awaken is to discover oneself as Lord Shiva Himself, and wherever one looks ...
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Are saguna deities part of Maya in Advaita?

There is the notion of Krama Mukti - going towards nirguna Brahman in stages - but once the veil of Maya is pierced, does Advaita say the deities are no longer real?
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Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita?

Did Swami Prabhupada reject Advaita with a direct statement anywhere?
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According to Advaita, what is the difference between Ishwara and Brahman?

I would like to know the difference between Ishwara and Brahman. If Ishwara is saguna rupa of Brahman then is it real or maya?
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What exactly is dehi according to advaita and vaishnava school?

People of Advaita sect believe that Atman never remains locked or trapped IN the body. The same thing has been said by many hindoos in quora as well. (They are followers of advaita). If what the ...
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Why should one do his duty?

I am studying Advaita Vedanta. According to Advaita Vedanta, this world is an illusion. It suggests one to do his duty with detachment. What I do not understand is why should one even do his duty when ...
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What exactly is Abhinava Anyatha Khyati of Madhwas?

Khyativada is the theory of error in Hindu an Indic philosophies There are eight other Khyatis (Refer for detailed information) Atma-Khyati A-Khyati Sadasat-khyati Anirvachniya-khyati Asat-Khyati ...
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What kind of knowledge is required to attain Moksha according to advaita vedanta?

According to this answer, advaita vedanta goes for the path of knowledge. What kind of knowledge is required to attain Moksha? Is it scientific or spiritual knowledge.
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What Advaita tells about Mlechha, Caste system, Varna Sanskara?

What Advaita tells about Mleccha can change religion to Hinduism? (Yes means which varna they will come. No means explanation of why they should not change religion) Please answer this question ...
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With respect to the concept of Advaita, why is there separate Karma for different people?

According to the concept of Advaita, we say that 'Turiya', the supreme observer illuminates all the 3 forms the waker, dreamer, and deep sleep form of a human being. And also that every living being ...

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