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Questions tagged [agamas]

The term Agamas literally means tradition or "that which has come down"

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What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
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Which scriptures describe the concept of “Shadjanma Pashu”?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
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What are the four forms of Vishnu mentioned by Krishna in the Drona Parva?

On the 12th day of the Mahabharata war, Narakasura's son Bhagadatta, who was fighting on the Kaurava side, launched the Vaishnavastra or weapon of Vishnu at Arjuna, but Krishna covered Arjuna and ...
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What is the reason behind closing the village/street/agrahara temple in case of a death in the nearby area?

I have seen this several times, that temples are closed if there is a death in the houses in the vicinity. To clarify, vicinity has a variable scope here; sometimes it's a street, sometimes an ...
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What does Lord Shiva mean when he says there are 5 gurus in Vaishnava tradition?

In Kularnava Tantra. Chapter 13, Lord Shiva talks about guru and his characteristics. He says following verse : śaive gurutrayaṃ proktaṃ vaiṣṇave guru pañcakaṃ vedaśāstreṣu sataso gururekaṃ ...
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Is there temple worship in the Vedas?

Do Vedas talk of temples? Were there any temples in the Vedic era? If yes what are some of the references? If no then is temple worship a post Vedic concept?
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Which scriptures describe swayambhu linga lakshanas (signs) and what are those?

I have a small book called Shiva Tattva PradipikA which discusses the various facts associated with Lord Shiva by quoting from scriptures like Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Agamas. In it we find the ...
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What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
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Kailāshpati Mahādeva is not the destroyer (one among Trinity)?

There are many planes of existence, grouped into hierarchies. Everything which is inside of human being is fated to be manifested outside ( or vice versa) is the reason of existence of worlds. ...
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Which Shaiva Agamas does Appayya Dikshitar consider anti-Vedic?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What is the location of Vishnu's sacred place of Mallakupa?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
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What does the meaning of “Vishnu” have to do with the word “Prabhu”?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. My ...
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Do Agama shastras prescribe rules regarding parivara-devatas?

Are they deities who are relatives/associates of the main deity at a temple? do agama shastras prescribe how their idols should be installed?
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Which Tantric scripture classifies the Agamas into SAttvic, RAjasic and TAmasic categories?

It is a well known fact that the PurAnas have a classification based on the TriGunAs (Sattva, Rajas and Tamah). That is, there are SAttvic PurAnas, RAjasic PurAnas and TAmasic PurAnas. Now, for the ...
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What scriptures describe Durvasa having three sons who promulgated Agamas?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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What is the agama being followed by the Sri Nataraja temple in Chidambaram and why is it different from other Shiva temples?

Shaiva agamas form the basis of worship in temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. However, it seems like the Sri Nataraja temple in the town of Chidambaram, Tamilnadu is not built and/or not follows the ...
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What are the age limits for an Agamic initiation? Can a very old person be initiated as well?

For the Vedic initiation (the Upanayana) the prescribed ages (when to perform the initiation) are given in various scriptures like the Manu Smriti etc. And, the age limits till which the disciples can ...
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What are the characteristics of kerala mAntrikam?

It is lesser known fact that the tantra flourished in southern India in the state of Kerala. Like that of Kashmir and Bengal. Kerela tantrism is also specialised and is called as kerala mantrikam or ...
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What is the distinction between yoga as Astika vs Nastika?

There are 6 orthodox (astikas) darshanas, very good explained in Keshav question here. At same time, yoga is based mostly on agamas or tantras, and other kind of writtings: Trika philosophy have ...
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Do any of the Vaishnava Agamas recommend any Vedantic philosophies like Vishishtha Advaita or any other?

Do any authentic Vaishnava Agama texts directly or explicitly recommend any Vedantic philosophies like the Advaita philosophy or any other?
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Why does the Todala Tantra describe worshiping Nilakantha as sinful?

Just like Vaishnavas follow Pancharatra Agamas and Shaivites follow Shaiva Agamas, Shakta follow Shakta Agamas, aka Shakta Tantras. (I discuss an exception which proves the rule here.) One such ...
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What are the Pratishthasara and Vijnanalalita Agamas of Vaishnavism?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
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Is Dwarapalaga in Shiva temples is Nataraja?

In certain Shiva temples I have seen Nataraja posture idol as Dwarapalaga at entrace of Shiva linga sannadhi. Is it Nataraja being Dwarapalaga or is it just a posture? What Shaiva agama says about ...
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Do Agama shastras say anything about how small/big temples can be?

From website qz.com, Angkor Wat could potentially lose its status as the world’s largest religious monument to a $78 million upstart being conceived in the backlands of Bihar, one of India’s most ...
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What are the commentaries available on LalitA SahasranAma?

One of the most popular hymns of the goddess is Sri Lalita Sahasranama. What are the major commentaries available on it? (apart from the Saubhagya Bhaskara by Sri Bhaskara raya)
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Are the one lakh+ slokas of the KulArnava Tantram really lost or are they still extant under some other titles?

I have the book KulArnava Tantram, which is a ShAkta Agama. It is comprised of 17 chapters (each chapter is called an UllAsha here; so Saptadasha UllAsaha is the last chapter). Each chapter is again ...
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Who wrote the Shiva Stuti Sukta Malika, and does it still exist?

The Narayana Shabda Sadhararanyam is a work by the 16th century Advaita philosopher Govinda Nayaka which argues that the word Narayana refers to Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. This work was refuted by an ...
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What are the Shaivite/Shakta arguments for gestures as a Pramana?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Do any of Vaikhanasa text associate itself with Vedanta philosophy?

As I had posted a question on popular philosophies of Hinduism. In one of the answer it is mentioned that Vaikhanasa is associated to Vishishthadvaita vedanta. But when Vaikhanasa itself is called as ...
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Which Vishisthadvaita acharyas belonged to shakha of Shukla Yajurveda?

In some answers, I read that Pancharatra agama originated from some of the shakha of Shukla Yajurveda which is extinct today. So my question is which are the acharyas of their sri vaishnava ...
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Who thinks the supreme Shiva's only forms are Nataraja, Dakshinamurthi, and Ardhanarishvara?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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What form of Shiva is Shambhu in the Shakta worldview?

Sri Vidya is a Shakta sect which believes that the goddess Lalita Tripurasundari is supreme. Now the Varivasya Rahasya is a work by the 18th-century Sri Vidya philosopher Bhaskararaya explaining the ...
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Which Vaishnava Sects consider Vaishnava Agama Sruti and which don't?

Do any Vaishnava sects consider Vaishnava agamas as "Sruti" by their own internal sectarian definition of "Sruti"?
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When did Vishnu's bird Garuda try to kill Vishnu's serpent Adiseshan?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
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How do Shaivite philosophers interpret the Brahma Sutras' criticism of the Shaiva Agamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Where can I read Shakta Agamas online in English?

I'm searching for Shakta Agamas online in English. Can anybody provide me the relevant links or PDFs to read these Agamas? P.S. So far, I could only find Kularnavara Tantra. You can read it here.
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What is the agama/tantra being followed at the Sri Krishna temple at Guruvayur in Kerala?

When were the rituals in Sri Krishna temple at Guruvayur, Kerala standardized to current form? Who was responsible for that? Which agamas/tantras are followed in the temple while performing rituals to ...
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Agama and Purana cosmology

I have read about cosmology in Puranas as well as Agamas to an extent. What is the main difference between Puranic and Agamic cosmology? Is there any difference at all?
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What are the arguments given by non Sri Vaishnava schools that the Pancharatra Agamas are non-Vedic?

Please give arguments from any school. Please also cite from scholarly works.
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Who are the “Pauranikas” who believed in 30 Tattvas and 8 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, one of the most popular forms of Shiva worshipped in South India is the young sage Dakshinamurthi, whose name literally means "the South-facing form". The Advaita ...
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What Shaivite sects are classified as the ingroup of Shaiva Siddhanta?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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What scriptures describe the phenomenon of Fire Eclipses?

Just like Vaishnavas follow Pancharatra Agamas and Shaivites follow Shaiva Agamas, Shakta follow Shakta Agamas, aka Shakta Tantras. (I discuss an exception that proves the rule here.) One such Shakta ...
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What kind of scripture is the Naradiyakalpam?

What kind of scripture is the Naradiyakalpam? Medieval Sri Vaishnava scholar Vedanta Desika cites this scripture in support of the view that the pranava in the secret Ashtakshara mantra important in ...
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Do shastras sanction displaying idols of Hindu Gods as landscaping?

This Tripadvisor link shows idols of Lord Shiva & Goddess Parvati used as landscaping at a Swaminarayan Temple. (This photo of Shree Swaminarayan Temple Bhuj is courtesy of TripAdvisor) A ...
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Are pancharatra agamas followed outside the South (not counting Southern transplants)?

I am not even sure temples outside the South not run by Southern transplants follow ANY agamas.
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Sect which holds only a particular hymns of Vedas as canonical, rest as not Then whether that sect is fully valid hindu/sanatani sect?

Question 1) There is a sect X in India, which is more of sankhya/yogic practices sect. This sect revers only vedas and patanjali yoga sutras as revered texts, but it does not hold it(esp. vedas) as ...
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What are the granthas written by Sri SomAnanda nAtha?

Sri Somananda was main guru in the kashmir agamic tradition. What are the main texts attributed to him ? And also if some minor texts or commentaries if available.
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What are the doctrines of Pratyabhijna school?

One of the major part of kashmir shvia tradition is pratyabhijna or ishwara pratyabhijna. What are its fundamental principles?
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Is it true that a person can only become Vaikhanasa by birth and not by Samskara?

To follow Vaikhanasa one must belong to the family lineage of Vaikhanasa tradition unlike the pancha ratra in which anyone can adopt it by deeksha. is this notion true ? If so then is it not ...