Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [agamas]

The term Agamas literally means tradition or "that which has come down"

17
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the Agama scriptures? Are they related to Shruti/Vedas?

I know that Hindu scriptures classified as Shruti and Smriti but don't know much about Aagama. I would like to know about Agama Scripture: What are the Agama Scriptures? Are they related to Vedas? ...
15
votes
2answers
385 views

What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
13
votes
1answer
276 views

Which scriptures state Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples?

In many questions asked on this site, I frequently see a line about Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples: Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to ...
10
votes
2answers
330 views

What are the principle texts/Scriptures of Trika or Kashmir Shaivism?

Kashmir Shaivism is an Advaita (nondualist) Shaiva tradition from Kashmir based on Shaiva Agamas. One important scripture i am aware is Shiva Sutra by Vasgupta, in addition to Shivabheda Agamas (as ...
10
votes
2answers
677 views

What is Sri Vidya?

In many books, TV shows, and discourses there are various definitions and explanations of Sri Vidya. So what exactly is Sri Vidya?
10
votes
2answers
225 views

Is there a curse associated with misuse of Tantra?

I have heard that Tantra has a curse associated with it; that any misuse will lead to Naraka. rauravaM cha pade pade "In every step you take a very great hell by the name raurava awaits the ...
9
votes
2answers
852 views

What are the three Shivalingas ( Itara, Bana and Swayambhu) mentioned in some Agama texts?

In Agamas, we find the mention of three Jyotirlingas or Shiva lingas known by the names Itaralinga, BAnalinga and Swayambhu linga. For example in KulArnava Tantram Lord Shiva says: ...
8
votes
1answer
249 views

Does Shaiva or Shakta Agama believe the Dashavatar of lord Vishnu

Does Shaiva or Shakta Agamas believe on Dashavatar of lord Vishnu? If yes is there any difference in references? If Yes what all differences are there? My question rises because according to Agama ...
7
votes
4answers
432 views

Is there a Darshana/Philosophy based on Agamas?

We know that Hindu philosophy refers to Shad Darshana viz. Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa and Vedanta. These Darshan/philosophies are based on various Darshan Sutras witten by Rishis. The ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Who is Ratri devi? Is she same or different from Devi Kaali?

Here is Ratri Suktam from Rig Veda CXXVII 1.WITH all her eyes the Goddess Night looks forth approaching many a spot: She hath put all her glories on. 2 Immortal. she hath filled the waste, ...
7
votes
1answer
241 views

how can I start Tantra sAdhnA? which all are the scriptures I need to study to have in-depth knowledge?

I am new here and have many questions. I am interested in Tantric sAdhnA and first I need to study the Tantric scriptures in details. I have studied yogA-VedAnta and Buddhism in detail also mahAmUdrA ...
7
votes
2answers
164 views

What are Bhuvanas?

In Shiva Sutra, it is mentioned that the Kalaa are divided into 5 types Nivrtti, Pratishtha, Vidya, Shanti , Santyatita . Each Kalaa has set of Bhuvanas, for example Pratishtha Kalaa has 56 Bhuvanas, ...
7
votes
1answer
413 views

What are the Vaishnava sampradAyas that are based on vAmAchara?

It is less known fact that the vamachara paddhati is also prevalent in vaishnava tradition but not known to common public. As per the kamakoti website article- Adhikara Bheda: It is a ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the symbols and weapons in the hand of Sadashiva?

Sadashiva is described as being eternal form of Lord Shiva. He is represented with Five-faces and ten hands. The five heads of Sadashiva are known as Sadyojata [West facing], Vamadeva [North facing], ...
7
votes
1answer
389 views

Do any non-Vaishnava Agamas trace their origins to a Vedic Shakha?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
7
votes
0answers
53 views

What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
7
votes
0answers
115 views

Which scriptures describe the concept of “Shadjanma Pashu”?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
7
votes
0answers
299 views

What are the four forms of Vishnu mentioned by Krishna in the Drona Parva?

On the 12th day of the Mahabharata war, Narakasura's son Bhagadatta, who was fighting on the Kaurava side, launched the Vaishnavastra or weapon of Vishnu at Arjuna, but Krishna covered Arjuna and ...
6
votes
1answer
724 views

What is Vigyana Bhairava Tantra?

Can any one explain what does "Vigyan Bhairava Tantra" mean? What does "Vigyan" i.e Science here refer to?
6
votes
1answer
182 views

Six aspects of surrender mentioned in Pancharatra texts?

Recently while exploring the topic of Devotion or Bhakti , I came across the info. that there are six aspects of surrender to the Lord , mentioned in Pancharatra texts. So my question is - What are ...
6
votes
2answers
215 views

What are the prerequisites to get initiated in Shaiva or Shakta Agamas?

I wanted to know the qualifications or qualities one should possess to get initiation in Shiva or Shakta agamas?
6
votes
1answer
339 views

What is the theory of creation of the universe as per agama/tantra section of Hinduism

Can anyone tell with reference? Would be helpful .
6
votes
2answers
13k views

What is the significance of Sri Suktam which is part of Rigveda?

Sri Suktam of RigVeda describes the nama, rupa, swaroopa, greatness etc. of Goddess Sri, who is Vishnu patni (wife of Lord Vishnu). Now, the question is what is the significance and how should it be ...
6
votes
1answer
531 views

Queries on Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti

As per Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti: [13] & [14] The supreme punya which results from a repetition of a single name of the secret Sahasranama. The accumulated sins, of him who ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

What is “twelve fingers” in Pranavayu?

In Shiva Sutra, III.4 it is mentioned about Pranavayu that this is a way of meditation to concentrate on Prana i.e. on the expiration and inspiration of breath from the centre of the body upto a ...
6
votes
1answer
84 views

Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
6
votes
1answer
158 views

How does Prana and Apana fuse outside the body?

In the Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, Lord Bhairava states: वायुद्वयस्य सम्घट्टाद् अन्तर् वा बहिरन्ततः । योगी समत्वविज्ञानसमुद्गमनभाजनम् ।। From the fusion of both Vayus (Prana and Apana), inside ...
6
votes
0answers
59 views

What is the reason behind closing the village/street/agrahara temple in case of a death in the nearby area?

I have seen this several times, that temples are closed if there is a death in the houses in the vicinity. To clarify, vicinity has a variable scope here; sometimes it's a street, sometimes an ...
6
votes
0answers
124 views

What does Lord Shiva mean when he says there are 5 gurus in Vaishnava tradition?

In Kularnava Tantra. Chapter 13, Lord Shiva talks about guru and his characteristics. He says following verse : śaive gurutrayaṃ proktaṃ vaiṣṇave guru pañcakaṃ vedaśāstreṣu sataso gururekaṃ ...
6
votes
0answers
252 views

Is there temple worship in the Vedas?

Do Vedas talk of temples? Were there any temples in the Vedic era? If yes what are some of the references? If no then is temple worship a post Vedic concept?
6
votes
0answers
110 views

Which scriptures describe swayambhu linga lakshanas (signs) and what are those?

I have a small book called Shiva Tattva PradipikA which discusses the various facts associated with Lord Shiva by quoting from scriptures like Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Agamas. In it we find the ...
6
votes
0answers
138 views

What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
6
votes
0answers
165 views

Kailāshpati Mahādeva is not the destroyer (one among Trinity)?

There are many planes of existence, grouped into hierarchies. Everything which is inside of human being is fated to be manifested outside ( or vice versa) is the reason of existence of worlds. ...
6
votes
0answers
324 views

Which Shaiva Agamas does Appayya Dikshitar consider anti-Vedic?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6
votes
0answers
123 views

What is the location of Vishnu's sacred place of Mallakupa?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
6
votes
0answers
271 views

What does the meaning of “Vishnu” have to do with the word “Prabhu”?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. My ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

Scriptural sources for different classification & types of mantra and their science

In which all scriptures (Vedas, Tantras, Agamas, etc.) is the science of mantra and the types of mantras mentioned? To be specific, the answer can be on the lines of following sub-questions: Where ...
5
votes
2answers
286 views

What is scriptural source of the verse whose translation is “ Your head can be given, ..but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given”?

There is a famous saying associated with Sri Vidya which goes like this: "Your head can be given, your soul can be given but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given" Here reference is to ...
5
votes
2answers
305 views

What are the shodashAdhAras the first six of which are the shatchakras?

Here is a mention of the shodahAdhAras or the sixteen adharas ( adhara means base). ShadadvAnam ShadAdhAram ShodasAdhAranirnayam | Yo JAnAthi VidhAnena Sa Guruh Kathitha Priye || [Lord Shiva ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Who is Parmeshvara, Ishwara & VAsudeva? What is the difference among them?

In 18th Chapter of BG, we find following verses - The Lord abides in the hearts of all beings, O Arjuna, causing all of them to revolve by His power as if they were mounted on a machine. 61 Run ...
5
votes
0answers
46 views

Do Agama shastras prescribe rules regarding parivara-devatas?

Are they deities who are relatives/associates of the main deity at a temple? do agama shastras prescribe how their idols should be installed?
5
votes
0answers
98 views

Which Tantric scripture classifies the Agamas into SAttvic, RAjasic and TAmasic categories?

It is a well known fact that the PurAnas have a classification based on the TriGunAs (Sattva, Rajas and Tamah). That is, there are SAttvic PurAnas, RAjasic PurAnas and TAmasic PurAnas. Now, for the ...
5
votes
1answer
439 views

According to Hindu scriptures, why temples should be closed during eclipse?

Any reference in the Hindu scriptures (Vedas, Agamas , shastras, etc ) why temples remain closed during eclipse(grahana') ?
5
votes
0answers
184 views

What scriptures describe Durvasa having three sons who promulgated Agamas?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

How can agama be treated as shruti?

Agamas as shruti : Hindpedia says Sruti, the eternal word, is said to be of two forms – Nigama (Veda) and Agama Also, Sri Vaishnava Acharya Yamunacharya (who was Ramanujacharya's guru's guru) ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Where does Devi Bhagavatam say followers of Vaishnava Agamas go to hell?

In my question here Why does Devi Bhagavatam say some Agamas as tamasic? A user commented Devi Bhagavatam talks against many other Tantras too .. Like Vaishnava Agama is also criticized as ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

What is the agama being followed by the Sri Nataraja temple in Chidambaram and why is it different from other Shiva temples?

Shaiva agamas form the basis of worship in temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. However, it seems like the Sri Nataraja temple in the town of Chidambaram, Tamilnadu is not built and/or not follows the ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

What are the age limits for an Agamic initiation? Can a very old person be initiated as well?

For the Vedic initiation (the Upanayana) the prescribed ages (when to perform the initiation) are given in various scriptures like the Manu Smriti etc. And, the age limits till which the disciples can ...
4
votes
0answers
168 views

What are the characteristics of kerala mAntrikam?

It is lesser known fact that the tantra flourished in southern India in the state of Kerala. Like that of Kashmir and Bengal. Kerela tantrism is also specialised and is called as kerala mantrikam or ...
4
votes
0answers
98 views

What is the distinction between yoga as Astika vs Nastika?

There are 6 orthodox (astikas) darshanas, very good explained in Keshav question here. At same time, yoga is based mostly on agamas or tantras, and other kind of writtings: Trika philosophy have ...