Questions tagged [agamas]

The term Agamas literally means tradition or "that which has come down"

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What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
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What does Lord Shiva mean when he says there are 5 gurus in Vaishnava tradition?

In Kularnava Tantra. Chapter 13, Lord Shiva talks about guru and his characteristics. He says following verse : śaive gurutrayaṃ proktaṃ vaiṣṇave guru pañcakaṃ vedaśāstreṣu sataso gururekaṃ ...
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188 views

Which Tantric scripture classifies the Agamas into SAttvic, RAjasic and TAmasic categories?

It is a well known fact that the PurAnas have a classification based on the TriGunAs (Sattva, Rajas and Tamah). That is, there are SAttvic PurAnas, RAjasic PurAnas and TAmasic PurAnas. Now, for the ...
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135 views

Which scriptures describe the concept of “Shadjanma Pashu”?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
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637 views

What are the four forms of Vishnu mentioned by Krishna in the Drona Parva?

On the 12th day of the Mahabharata war, Narakasura's son Bhagadatta, who was fighting on the Kaurava side, launched the Vaishnavastra or weapon of Vishnu at Arjuna, but Krishna covered Arjuna and ...
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167 views

What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
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81 views

What is the reason behind closing the village/street/agrahara temple in case of a death in the nearby area?

I have seen this several times, that temples are closed if there is a death in the houses in the vicinity. To clarify, vicinity has a variable scope here; sometimes it's a street, sometimes an ...
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132 views

What are the age limits for an Agamic initiation? Can a very old person be initiated as well?

For the Vedic initiation (the Upanayana) the prescribed ages(when to perform the initiation) are given in various scriptures like the Manu Smriti etc. And, the age limits till which the disciples can ...
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505 views

Why should temples be closed during an eclipse?

Any reference in the Hindu scriptures (Vedas, Agamas, shastras, etc.) on why temples should remain closed during an eclipse (grahana)?
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133 views

Which scriptures describe swayambhu linga lakshanas (signs) and what are those?

I have a small book called Shiva Tattva PradipikA which discusses the various facts associated with Lord Shiva by quoting from scriptures like Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Agamas. In it we find the ...
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Kailāshpati Mahādeva is not the destroyer (one among Trinity)?

There are many planes of existence, grouped into hierarchies. Everything which is inside of human being is fated to be manifested outside ( or vice versa) is the reason of existence of worlds. ...
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387 views

Which Shaiva Agamas does Appayya Dikshitar consider anti-Vedic?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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136 views

What is the location of Vishnu's sacred place of Mallakupa?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
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316 views

What does the meaning of “Vishnu” have to do with the word “Prabhu”?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. My ...
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64 views

Do Agama shastras prescribe rules regarding parivara-devatas?

Are they deities who are relatives/associates of the main deity at a temple? do agama shastras prescribe how their idols should be installed?
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320 views

What are the characteristics of kerala mAntrikam?

It is lesser known fact that the tantra flourished in southern India in the state of Kerala. Like that of Kashmir and Bengal. Kerela tantrism is also specialised and is called as kerala mantrikam or ...
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120 views

What is the distinction between yoga as Astika vs Nastika?

There are 6 orthodox (astikas) darshanas, very good explained in Keshav question here. At same time, yoga is based mostly on agamas or tantras, and other kind of writtings: Trika philosophy have ...
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257 views

What scriptures describe Durvasa having three sons who promulgated Agamas?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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471 views

What are the Pratishthasara and Vijnanalalita Agamas of Vaishnavism?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
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Which of these Bhairava shruti texts / Tantras are lost?

The following is a list from the Shrikanthi Samhita of the 64 Bhairava Tantras and their 8 classifications: Yamalasataka - BrahmayAmala, VishnuyAmala, Rudra-yAmala, Swacanda yAmala, AtharvanayAmala, ...
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What is the agama being followed by the Sri Nataraja temple in Chidambaram and why is it different from other Shiva temples?

Shaiva agamas form the basis of worship in temples dedicated to Lord Shiva. However, it seems like the Sri Nataraja temple in the town of Chidambaram, Tamilnadu is not built and/or not follows the ...
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Do any of the Vaishnava Agamas recommend any Vedantic philosophies like Vishishtha Advaita or any other?

Do any authentic Vaishnava Agama texts directly or explicitly recommend any Vedantic philosophies like the Advaita philosophy or any other?
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Why does the Todala Tantra describe worshiping Nilakantha as sinful?

Just like Vaishnavas follow Pancharatra Agamas and Shaivites follow Shaiva Agamas, Shakta follow Shakta Agamas, aka Shakta Tantras. (I discuss an exception which proves the rule here.) One such ...
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Difference between Vaishnava agamas and tantra

There are two main agamas according to which Vishnu temple puja is performed, namely, Vaikhanasa agama and Pancharatra agama. In addition to these modes of worship, Vishnu temples in the West coast, ...
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Is Dwarapalaga in Shiva temples is Nataraja?

In certain Shiva temples I have seen Nataraja posture idol as Dwarapalaga at entrace of Shiva linga sannadhi. Is it Nataraja being Dwarapalaga or is it just a posture? What Shaiva agama says about ...
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Do Agama shastras say anything about how small/big temples can be?

From website qz.com, Angkor Wat could potentially lose its status as the world’s largest religious monument to a $78 million upstart being conceived in the backlands of Bihar, one of India’s most ...
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64 views

What are the commentaries available on LalitA SahasranAma?

One of the most popular hymns of the goddess is Sri Lalita Sahasranama. What are the major commentaries available on it? (apart from the Saubhagya Bhaskara by Sri Bhaskara raya)
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Are the one lakh+ slokas of the KulArnava Tantram really lost or are they still extant under some other titles?

I have the book KulArnava Tantram, which is a ShAkta Agama. It is comprised of 17 chapters (each chapter is called an UllAsha here; so Saptadasha UllAsaha is the last chapter). Each chapter is again ...
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296 views

Who wrote the Shiva Stuti Sukta Malika, and does it still exist?

The Narayana Shabda Sadhararanyam is a work by the 16th century Advaita philosopher Govinda Nayaka which argues that the word Narayana refers to Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. This work was refuted by an ...
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171 views

What are the Shaivite/Shakta arguments for gestures as a Pramana?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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121 views

Do any of Vaikhanasa text associate itself with Vedanta philosophy?

As I had posted a question on popular philosophies of Hinduism. In one of the answer it is mentioned that Vaikhanasa is associated to Vishishthadvaita vedanta. But when Vaikhanasa itself is called as ...
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263 views

Which Vishisthadvaita acharyas belonged to shakha of Shukla Yajurveda?

In some answers, I read that Pancharatra agama originated from some of the shakha of Shukla Yajurveda which is extinct today. So my question is which are the acharyas of their sri vaishnava ...
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388 views

Who thinks the supreme Shiva's only forms are Nataraja, Dakshinamurthi, and Ardhanarishvara?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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Which Vaishnava Sects consider Vaishnava Agama Sruti and which don't?

Do any Vaishnava sects consider Vaishnava agamas as "Sruti" by their own internal sectarian definition of "Sruti"?
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When did Vishnu's bird Garuda try to kill Vishnu's serpent Adiseshan?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
3
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318 views

How do Shaivite philosophers interpret the Brahma Sutras' criticism of the Shaiva Agamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Agamas that talk about Veerashaivism: help me make a list

Namskara: I have made a list of the Agamas that talk about Veerashaivism (Lingayatism). Can someone kindly tell me if I am missing any? Those with the *mark are available online in English translation....
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Is it SPECIFICALLY mentioned in the Vedas, Agamas, Itihasa or Puranas that left-handed men are inherently evil?

Scriptures say that our left hand is not to be used for eating, drinking and puja rituals like feeding idols. Some cultures say its bad to eat, drink or do auspicious things by using the left hand. ...
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Where can I read Shakta Agamas online in English?

I'm searching for Shakta Agamas online in English. Can anybody provide me the relevant links or PDFs to read these Agamas? P.S. So far, I could only find Kularnavara Tantra. You can read it here.
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What is the agama/tantra being followed at the Sri Krishna temple at Guruvayur in Kerala?

When were the rituals in Sri Krishna temple at Guruvayur, Kerala standardized to current form? Who was responsible for that? Which agamas/tantras are followed in the temple while performing rituals to ...
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124 views

Agama and Purana cosmology

I have read about cosmology in Puranas as well as Agamas to an extent. What is the main difference between Puranic and Agamic cosmology? Is there any difference at all?
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What are the arguments given by non Sri Vaishnava schools that the Pancharatra Agamas are non-Vedic?

Please give arguments from any school. Please also cite from scholarly works.
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151 views

Who are the “Pauranikas” who believed in 30 Tattvas and 8 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, one of the most popular forms of Shiva worshipped in South India is the young sage Dakshinamurthi, whose name literally means "the South-facing form". The Advaita ...
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555 views

What Shaivite sects are classified as the ingroup of Shaiva Siddhanta?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
2
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0answers
200 views

What scriptures describe the phenomenon of Fire Eclipses?

Just like Vaishnavas follow Pancharatra Agamas and Shaivites follow Shaiva Agamas, Shakta follow Shakta Agamas, aka Shakta Tantras. (I discuss an exception that proves the rule here.) One such Shakta ...
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148 views

Is it true that a person can only become Vaikhanasa by birth and not by Samskara?

To follow Vaikhanasa one must belong to the family lineage of Vaikhanasa tradition unlike the pancha ratra in which anyone can adopt it by deeksha. is this notion true ? If so then is it not ...
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596 views

What form of Shiva is Shambhu in the Shakta worldview?

Sri Vidya is a Shakta sect which believes that the goddess Lalita Tripurasundari is supreme. Now the Varivasya Rahasya is a work by the 18th-century Sri Vidya philosopher Bhaskararaya explaining the ...
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References of Santatita Kala

Where is the exact reference about Santatita Kala in the Saivagamas? Please provide scriptural references.
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50 views

Are persons from lower castes allowed inside temples according to agama shastras?

In the pre partitioned era some temples placed ban on lower castes entering temples. Is there any basis for this prohibition in the agama shastras?
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What kind of scripture is the Naradiyakalpam?

What kind of scripture is the Naradiyakalpam? Medieval Sri Vaishnava scholar Vedanta Desika cites this scripture in support of the view that the pranava in the secret Ashtakshara mantra important in ...