Questions tagged [agamas]

The term Agamas literally means tradition or "that which has come down"

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19
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4answers
2k views

What are the Agama scriptures? Are they related to Shruti/Vedas?

I know that Hindu scriptures classified as Shruti and Smriti but don't know much about Aagama. I would like to know about Agama Scripture: What are the Agama Scriptures? Are they related to Vedas? ...
16
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2answers
513 views

What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
15
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1answer
339 views

Which scriptures state Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples?

In many questions asked on this site, I frequently see a line about Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples: Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to ...
12
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3answers
620 views

Is there temple worship in the Vedas?

Do Vedas talk of temples? Were there any temples in the Vedic era? If yes what are some of the references? If no then is temple worship a post Vedic concept?
10
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2answers
597 views

What are the principle texts/Scriptures of Trika or Kashmir Shaivism?

Kashmir Shaivism is an Advaita (nondualist) Shaiva tradition from Kashmir based on Shaiva Agamas. One important scripture i am aware is Shiva Sutra by Vasgupta, in addition to Shivabheda Agamas (as ...
10
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2answers
925 views

What is Sri Vidya?

In many books, TV shows, and discourses there are various definitions and explanations of Sri Vidya. So what exactly is Sri Vidya?
10
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2answers
323 views

Is there a curse associated with misuse of Tantra?

I have heard that Tantra has a curse associated with it; that any misuse will lead to Naraka. rauravaM cha pade pade "In every step you take a very great hell by the name raurava awaits the ...
9
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2answers
1k views

What are the three Shivalingas ( Itara, Bana and Swayambhu) mentioned in some Agama texts?

In Agamas, we find the mention of three Jyotirlingas or Shiva lingas known by the names Itaralinga, BAnalinga and Swayambhu linga. For example in KulArnava Tantram Lord Shiva says: ...
9
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0answers
71 views

What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
8
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1answer
185 views

Does Tantra say cow is sacred animal?

In Tantra, is there any mention of "cows being sacred"? Also, does Kaulācāra Tantra explicitly talk about it?
8
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1answer
365 views

Does Shaiva or Shakta Agama believe the Dashavatar of lord Vishnu

Does Shaiva or Shakta Agamas believe on Dashavatar of lord Vishnu? If yes is there any difference in references? If Yes what all differences are there? My question rises because according to Agama ...
8
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1answer
687 views

how can I start Tantra sAdhnA? which all are the scriptures I need to study to have in-depth knowledge?

I am new here and have many questions. I am interested in Tantric sAdhnA and first I need to study the Tantric scriptures in details. I have studied yogA-VedAnta and Buddhism in detail also mahAmUdrA ...
8
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1answer
485 views

Do any non-Vaishnava Agamas trace their origins to a Vedic Shakha?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
7
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4answers
554 views

Is there a Darshana/Philosophy based on Agamas?

We know that Hindu philosophy refers to Shad Darshana viz. Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa and Vedanta. These Darshan/philosophies are based on various Darshan Sutras witten by Rishis. The ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Who is Ratri devi? Is she same or different from Devi Kaali?

Here is Ratri Suktam from Rig Veda CXXVII 1.WITH all her eyes the Goddess Night looks forth approaching many a spot: She hath put all her glories on. 2 Immortal. she hath filled the waste, ...
7
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1answer
486 views

What is the theory of creation of the universe as per agama/tantra section of Hinduism

Can anyone tell with reference? Would be helpful .
7
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2answers
323 views

What are Bhuvanas?

In Shiva Sutra, it is mentioned that the Kalaa are divided into 5 types Nivrtti, Pratishtha, Vidya, Shanti , Santyatita . Each Kalaa has set of Bhuvanas, for example Pratishtha Kalaa has 56 Bhuvanas, ...
7
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1answer
2k views

What are the symbols and weapons in the hand of Sadashiva?

Sadashiva is described as being eternal form of Lord Shiva. He is represented with Five-faces and ten hands. The five heads of Sadashiva are known as Sadyojata [West facing], Vamadeva [North facing], ...
7
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0answers
163 views

What does Lord Shiva mean when he says there are 5 gurus in Vaishnava tradition?

In Kularnava Tantra. Chapter 13, Lord Shiva talks about guru and his characteristics. He says following verse : śaive gurutrayaṃ proktaṃ vaiṣṇave guru pañcakaṃ vedaśāstreṣu sataso gururekaṃ ...
7
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0answers
188 views

Which Tantric scripture classifies the Agamas into SAttvic, RAjasic and TAmasic categories?

It is a well known fact that the PurAnas have a classification based on the TriGunAs (Sattva, Rajas and Tamah). That is, there are SAttvic PurAnas, RAjasic PurAnas and TAmasic PurAnas. Now, for the ...
7
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0answers
135 views

Which scriptures describe the concept of “Shadjanma Pashu”?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
7
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637 views

What are the four forms of Vishnu mentioned by Krishna in the Drona Parva?

On the 12th day of the Mahabharata war, Narakasura's son Bhagadatta, who was fighting on the Kaurava side, launched the Vaishnavastra or weapon of Vishnu at Arjuna, but Krishna covered Arjuna and ...
7
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167 views

What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
6
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1answer
839 views

What is Vigyana Bhairava Tantra?

Can any one explain what does "Vigyan Bhairava Tantra" mean? What does "Vigyan" i.e Science here refer to?
6
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1answer
323 views

Six aspects of surrender mentioned in Pancharatra texts?

Recently while exploring the topic of Devotion or Bhakti , I came across the info. that there are six aspects of surrender to the Lord , mentioned in Pancharatra texts. So my question is - What are ...
6
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2answers
387 views

What are the prerequisites to get initiated in Shaiva or Shakta Agamas?

I wanted to know the qualifications or qualities one should possess to get initiation in Shiva or Shakta agamas?
6
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2answers
16k views

What is the significance of Sri Suktam which is part of Rigveda?

Sri Suktam of RigVeda describes the nama, rupa, swaroopa, greatness etc. of Goddess Sri, who is Vishnu patni (wife of Lord Vishnu). Now, the question is what is the significance and how should it be ...
6
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2answers
446 views

Worshipping Lord Sharabha in Tantra

According to Shiva Puran, Lord Shiva had to take avatar of Sharabha to stop Lord Narasimha from destroying whole universe out of anger after killing Hiranyakshipu. His power is intolerable for a ...
6
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2answers
939 views

What are the Vaishnava sampradAyas that are based on vAmAchara?

It is less known fact that the vamachara paddhati is also prevalent in vaishnava tradition but not known to common public. As per the kamakoti website article- Adhikara Bheda: It is a ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Queries on Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti

As per Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti: [13] & [14] The supreme punya which results from a repetition of a single name of the secret Sahasranama. The accumulated sins, of him who ...
6
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1answer
170 views

What is “twelve fingers” in Pranavayu?

In Shiva Sutra, III.4 it is mentioned about Pranavayu that this is a way of meditation to concentrate on Prana i.e. on the expiration and inspiration of breath from the centre of the body upto a ...
6
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1answer
282 views

How does Prana and Apana fuse outside the body?

In the Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, Lord Bhairava states: वायुद्वयस्य सम्घट्टाद् अन्तर् वा बहिरन्ततः । योगी समत्वविज्ञानसमुद्गमनभाजनम् ।। From the fusion of both Vayus (Prana and Apana), inside ...
6
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0answers
81 views

What is the reason behind closing the village/street/agrahara temple in case of a death in the nearby area?

I have seen this several times, that temples are closed if there is a death in the houses in the vicinity. To clarify, vicinity has a variable scope here; sometimes it's a street, sometimes an ...
6
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0answers
132 views

What are the age limits for an Agamic initiation? Can a very old person be initiated as well?

For the Vedic initiation (the Upanayana) the prescribed ages(when to perform the initiation) are given in various scriptures like the Manu Smriti etc. And, the age limits till which the disciples can ...
6
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0answers
505 views

Why should temples be closed during an eclipse?

Any reference in the Hindu scriptures (Vedas, Agamas, shastras, etc.) on why temples should remain closed during an eclipse (grahana)?
6
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0answers
133 views

Which scriptures describe swayambhu linga lakshanas (signs) and what are those?

I have a small book called Shiva Tattva PradipikA which discusses the various facts associated with Lord Shiva by quoting from scriptures like Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Agamas. In it we find the ...
6
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0answers
195 views

Kailāshpati Mahādeva is not the destroyer (one among Trinity)?

There are many planes of existence, grouped into hierarchies. Everything which is inside of human being is fated to be manifested outside ( or vice versa) is the reason of existence of worlds. ...
6
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0answers
387 views

Which Shaiva Agamas does Appayya Dikshitar consider anti-Vedic?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6
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0answers
136 views

What is the location of Vishnu's sacred place of Mallakupa?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
6
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0answers
316 views

What does the meaning of “Vishnu” have to do with the word “Prabhu”?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. My ...
5
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2answers
347 views

Scriptural sources for different classification & types of mantra and their science

In which all scriptures (Vedas, Tantras, Agamas, etc.) is the science of mantra and the types of mantras mentioned? To be specific, the answer can be on the lines of following sub-questions: Where ...
5
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2answers
328 views

What is scriptural source of the verse whose translation is “ Your head can be given, ..but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given”?

There is a famous saying associated with Sri Vidya which goes like this: "Your head can be given, your soul can be given but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given" Here reference is to ...
5
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2answers
488 views

What are the shodashAdhAras the first six of which are the shatchakras?

Here is a mention of the shodahAdhAras or the sixteen adharas ( adhara means base). ShadadvAnam ShadAdhAram ShodasAdhAranirnayam | Yo JAnAthi VidhAnena Sa Guruh Kathitha Priye || [Lord Shiva ...
5
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1answer
524 views

Who is Parmeshvara, Ishwara & VAsudeva? What is the difference among them?

In 18th Chapter of BG, we find following verses - The Lord abides in the hearts of all beings, O Arjuna, causing all of them to revolve by His power as if they were mounted on a machine. 61 Run ...
5
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1answer
195 views

Where does Devi Bhagavatam say followers of Vaishnava Agamas go to hell?

In my question here Why does Devi Bhagavatam say some Agamas as tamasic? A user commented Devi Bhagavatam talks against many other Tantras too .. Like Vaishnava Agama is also criticized as ...
5
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1answer
296 views

Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...
5
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0answers
64 views

Do Agama shastras prescribe rules regarding parivara-devatas?

Are they deities who are relatives/associates of the main deity at a temple? do agama shastras prescribe how their idols should be installed?
5
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0answers
320 views

What are the characteristics of kerala mAntrikam?

It is lesser known fact that the tantra flourished in southern India in the state of Kerala. Like that of Kashmir and Bengal. Kerela tantrism is also specialised and is called as kerala mantrikam or ...
5
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0answers
120 views

What is the distinction between yoga as Astika vs Nastika?

There are 6 orthodox (astikas) darshanas, very good explained in Keshav question here. At same time, yoga is based mostly on agamas or tantras, and other kind of writtings: Trika philosophy have ...
5
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0answers
257 views

What scriptures describe Durvasa having three sons who promulgated Agamas?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...