Questions tagged [agamas]

The term Agamas literally means tradition or "that which has come down"

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23
votes
5answers
3k views

What are the Agama scriptures? Are they related to Shruti/Vedas?

I know that Hindu scriptures classified as Shruti and Smriti but don't know much about Aagama. I would like to know about Agama Scripture: What are the Agama Scriptures? Are they related to Vedas? ...
18
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2answers
676 views

What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
16
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1answer
383 views

Which scriptures state Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples?

In many questions asked on this site, I frequently see a line about Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples: Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to ...
13
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3answers
940 views

Is there temple worship in the Vedas?

Do Vedas talk of temples? Were there any temples in the Vedic era? If yes what are some of the references? If no then is temple worship a post Vedic concept?
11
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2answers
825 views

What are the principle texts/Scriptures of Trika or Kashmir Shaivism?

Kashmir Shaivism is an Advaita (nondualist) Shaiva tradition from Kashmir based on Shaiva Agamas. One important scripture i am aware is Shiva Sutra by Vasgupta, in addition to Shivabheda Agamas (as ...
11
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2answers
2k views

What are the three Shivalingas ( Itara, Bana and Swayambhu) mentioned in some Agama texts?

In Agamas, we find the mention of three Jyotirlingas or Shiva lingas known by the names Itaralinga, BAnalinga and Swayambhu linga. For example in KulArnava Tantram Lord Shiva says: ...
10
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1answer
230 views

Does Tantra say cow is sacred animal?

In Tantra, is there any mention of "cows being sacred"? Also, does Kaulācāra Tantra explicitly talk about it?
10
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1answer
473 views

Does Shaiva or Shakta Agama believe the Dashavatar of lord Vishnu

Does Shaiva or Shakta Agamas believe on Dashavatar of lord Vishnu? If yes is there any difference in references? If Yes what all differences are there? My question rises because according to Agama ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What is Sri Vidya?

In many books, TV shows, and discourses there are various definitions and explanations of Sri Vidya. So what exactly is Sri Vidya?
10
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2answers
411 views

Is there a curse associated with misuse of Tantra?

I have heard that Tantra has a curse associated with it; that any misuse will lead to Naraka. rauravaM cha pade pade "In every step you take a very great hell by the name raurava awaits the ...
9
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4answers
662 views

Is there a Darshana/Philosophy based on Agamas?

We know that Hindu philosophy refers to Shad Darshana viz. Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa and Vedanta. These Darshan/philosophies are based on various Darshan Sutras witten by Rishis. The ...
9
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1answer
1k views

how can I start Tantra sAdhnA? which all are the scriptures I need to study to have in-depth knowledge?

I am new here and have many questions. I am interested in Tantric sAdhnA and first I need to study the Tantric scriptures in details. I have studied yogA-VedAnta and Buddhism in detail also mahAmUdrA ...
9
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1answer
124 views

Do photographs or paintings of Gods undergo prana pratishthana?

As I understand from this question , through prana pratishthana ritual God comes and resides in the murti. And if not mistaken, the idols have to be sculpted in line with what is mentioned in Agamas ...
9
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0answers
80 views

What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
9
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0answers
264 views

Which Tantric scripture classifies the Agamas into SAttvic, RAjasic and TAmasic categories?

It is a well known fact that the PurAnas have a classification based on the TriGunAs (Sattva, Rajas and Tamah). That is, there are SAttvic PurAnas, RAjasic PurAnas and TAmasic PurAnas. Now, for the ...
8
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1answer
617 views

What is the theory of creation of the universe as per agama/tantra section of Hinduism

Can anyone tell with reference? Would be helpful .
8
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1answer
2k views

What are the symbols and weapons in the hand of Sadashiva?

Sadashiva is described as being eternal form of Lord Shiva. He is represented with Five-faces and ten hands. The five heads of Sadashiva are known as Sadyojata [West facing], Vamadeva [North facing], ...
8
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1answer
246 views

What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
8
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1answer
569 views

Do any non-Vaishnava Agamas trace their origins to a Vedic Shakha?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
8
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0answers
512 views

Why should temples be closed during an eclipse?

Any reference in the Hindu scriptures (Vedas, Agamas, shastras, etc.) on why temples should remain closed during an eclipse (grahana)?
7
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3answers
3k views

Who is Ratri devi? Is she same or different from Devi Kaali?

Here is Ratri Suktam from Rig Veda CXXVII 1.WITH all her eyes the Goddess Night looks forth approaching many a spot: She hath put all her glories on. 2 Immortal. she hath filled the waste, ...
7
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2answers
548 views

What are the prerequisites to get initiated in Shaiva or Shakta Agamas?

I wanted to know the qualifications or qualities one should possess to get initiation in Shiva or Shakta agamas?
7
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2answers
442 views

What are Bhuvanas?

In Shiva Sutra, it is mentioned that the Kalaa are divided into 5 types Nivrtti, Pratishtha, Vidya, Shanti , Santyatita . Each Kalaa has set of Bhuvanas, for example Pratishtha Kalaa has 56 Bhuvanas, ...
7
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0answers
155 views

What are the age limits for an Agamic initiation? Can a very old person be initiated as well?

For the Vedic initiation (the Upanayana) the prescribed ages(when to perform the initiation) are given in various scriptures like the Manu Smriti etc. And, the age limits till which the disciples can ...
7
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0answers
182 views

What does Lord Shiva mean when he says there are 5 gurus in Vaishnava tradition?

In Kularnava Tantra. Chapter 13, Lord Shiva talks about guru and his characteristics. He says following verse : śaive gurutrayaṃ proktaṃ vaiṣṇave guru pañcakaṃ vedaśāstreṣu sataso gururekaṃ ...
7
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0answers
162 views

Which scriptures describe the concept of “Shadjanma Pashu”?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
7
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0answers
811 views

What are the four forms of Vishnu mentioned by Krishna in the Drona Parva?

On the 12th day of the Mahabharata war, Narakasura's son Bhagadatta, who was fighting on the Kaurava side, launched the Vaishnavastra or weapon of Vishnu at Arjuna, but Krishna covered Arjuna and ...
7
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0answers
147 views

Which scriptures describe swayambhu linga lakshanas (signs) and what are those?

I have a small book called Shiva Tattva PradipikA which discusses the various facts associated with Lord Shiva by quoting from scriptures like Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Agamas. In it we find the ...
6
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1answer
896 views

What is Vigyana Bhairava Tantra?

Can any one explain what does "Vigyan Bhairava Tantra" mean? What does "Vigyan" i.e Science here refer to?
6
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1answer
513 views

Six aspects of surrender mentioned in Pancharatra texts?

Recently while exploring the topic of Devotion or Bhakti , I came across the info. that there are six aspects of surrender to the Lord , mentioned in Pancharatra texts. So my question is - What are ...
6
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2answers
379 views

What is scriptural source of the verse whose translation is “ Your head can be given, ..but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given”?

There is a famous saying associated with Sri Vidya which goes like this: "Your head can be given, your soul can be given but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given" Here reference is to ...
6
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2answers
16k views

What is the significance of Sri Suktam which is part of Rigveda?

Sri Suktam of RigVeda describes the nama, rupa, swaroopa, greatness etc. of Goddess Sri, who is Vishnu patni (wife of Lord Vishnu). Now, the question is what is the significance and how should it be ...
6
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2answers
586 views

Worshipping Lord Sharabha in Tantra

According to Shiva Puran, Lord Shiva had to take avatar of Sharabha to stop Lord Narasimha from destroying whole universe out of anger after killing Hiranyakshipu. His power is intolerable for a ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What are the Vaishnava sampradAyas that are based on vAmAchara?

It is less known fact that the vamachara paddhati is also prevalent in vaishnava tradition but not known to common public. As per the kamakoti website article- Adhikara Bheda: It is a ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Queries on Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti

As per Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti: [13] & [14] The supreme punya which results from a repetition of a single name of the secret Sahasranama. The accumulated sins, of him who ...
6
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1answer
210 views

What is “twelve fingers” in Pranavayu?

In Shiva Sutra, III.4 it is mentioned about Pranavayu that this is a way of meditation to concentrate on Prana i.e. on the expiration and inspiration of breath from the centre of the body upto a ...
6
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1answer
144 views

What do Shastra say about building Temples outside of India?

I want to build a Temple in Europe. Which Shastra would I refer to? Vastu, Agama or something else? Moreover I want to know what every geographical places carry as Karma Veda and if and how that ...
6
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1answer
334 views

How does Prana and Apana fuse outside the body?

In the Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, Lord Bhairava states: वायुद्वयस्य सम्घट्टाद् अन्तर् वा बहिरन्ततः । योगी समत्वविज्ञानसमुद्गमनभाजनम् ।। From the fusion of both Vayus (Prana and Apana), inside ...
6
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0answers
88 views

What is the reason behind closing the village/street/agrahara temple in case of a death in the nearby area?

I have seen this several times, that temples are closed if there is a death in the houses in the vicinity. To clarify, vicinity has a variable scope here; sometimes it's a street, sometimes an ...
6
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0answers
222 views

Kailāshpati Mahādeva is not the destroyer (one among Trinity)?

There are many planes of existence, grouped into hierarchies. Everything which is inside of human being is fated to be manifested outside ( or vice versa) is the reason of existence of worlds. ...
6
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0answers
448 views

Which Shaiva Agamas does Appayya Dikshitar consider anti-Vedic?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6
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0answers
140 views

What is the location of Vishnu's sacred place of Mallakupa?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
6
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0answers
338 views

What does the meaning of “Vishnu” have to do with the word “Prabhu”?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. My ...
5
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2answers
453 views

Scriptural sources for different classification & types of mantra and their science

In which all scriptures (Vedas, Tantras, Agamas, etc.) is the science of mantra and the types of mantras mentioned? To be specific, the answer can be on the lines of following sub-questions: Where ...
5
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2answers
746 views

What are the shodashAdhAras the first six of which are the shatchakras?

Here is a mention of the shodahAdhAras or the sixteen adharas ( adhara means base). ShadadvAnam ShadAdhAram ShodasAdhAranirnayam | Yo JAnAthi VidhAnena Sa Guruh Kathitha Priye || [Lord Shiva ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What are the letter of alphabets (varnas) associated with each of the Seven Chakras?

Body consists of mainly Seven chakras as I discuss here. In the Netra Tantra book I have; in the introductory preface part it is written: Muladhara, Swadhisthana, Manipura, Anahat, Shakini and Ajna ...
5
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1answer
633 views

Who is Parmeshvara, Ishwara & VAsudeva? What is the difference among them?

In 18th Chapter of BG, we find following verses - The Lord abides in the hearts of all beings, O Arjuna, causing all of them to revolve by His power as if they were mounted on a machine. 61 Run ...
5
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1answer
253 views

Where does Devi Bhagavatam say followers of Vaishnava Agamas go to hell?

In my question here Why does Devi Bhagavatam say some Agamas as tamasic? A user commented Devi Bhagavatam talks against many other Tantras too .. Like Vaishnava Agama is also criticized as ...
5
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1answer
69 views

Is there any original detailed treatise on the rituals (Kalpa Vedanga) of the Vedas other than the Kalpa Sutras and who is the propagating Rishi?

Understanding Scriptures - Part 2 Summary: The questions are right at the end indicated in big bold letters. One can get a summarised view by reading the question section. The logic and reason of ...
5
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1answer
442 views

Difference between srIvidyA upAsanA in Vedanta and in Tantra?

Recently I came to know from one of my friend that srIvidyA upAsanA is also done in Vedanta. While I am aware that srIvidyA is Tantrik upAsanA. I was unaware of Vedantic one. Also as far as I know, ...