Questions tagged [agamas]

The term Agamas literally means tradition or "that which has come down"

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121 views

What is the distinction between yoga as Astika vs Nastika?

There are 6 orthodox (astikas) darshanas, very good explained in Keshav question here. At same time, yoga is based mostly on agamas or tantras, and other kind of writtings: Trika philosophy have ...
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Kailāshpati Mahādeva is not the destroyer (one among Trinity)?

There are many planes of existence, grouped into hierarchies. Everything which is inside of human being is fated to be manifested outside ( or vice versa) is the reason of existence of worlds. ...
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232 views

How come Vyasa rejected Panchratra Agamas in Vedanta Sutras yet referred back to Bhagavad Gita which is also considered to be a Panchratra scripture?

Badrayana/Vyasa refuted the Bhagavata view yet Mahabharata contains Pancharatra tradition passing down, as well as a Pancharatra scripture, Vyasa refers back to Bhagavad Gita too, which is also ...
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What scriptures describe the fifth state called Turiyatita?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they are actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here ...
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1answer
292 views

How does Prana and Apana fuse outside the body?

In the Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, Lord Bhairava states: वायुद्वयस्य सम्घट्टाद् अन्तर् वा बहिरन्ततः । योगी समत्वविज्ञानसमुद्गमनभाजनम् ।। From the fusion of both Vayus (Prana and Apana), inside ...
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2answers
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What are the prerequisites to get initiated in Shaiva or Shakta Agamas?

I wanted to know the qualifications or qualities one should possess to get initiation in Shiva or Shakta agamas?
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1answer
503 views

What is the theory of creation of the universe as per agama/tantra section of Hinduism

Can anyone tell with reference? Would be helpful .
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Who thinks the supreme Shiva's only forms are Nataraja, Dakshinamurthi, and Ardhanarishvara?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
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What are the four forms of Vishnu mentioned by Krishna in the Drona Parva?

On the 12th day of the Mahabharata war, Narakasura's son Bhagadatta, who was fighting on the Kaurava side, launched the Vaishnavastra or weapon of Vishnu at Arjuna, but Krishna covered Arjuna and ...
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What is the philosophical comparison between non-dualism of Vedanta and Agama?

Vedanta holds an important place in the philosophies of Hinduism. However, some of the lesser known philosophies of Agama too subscribe to non-dualism or advaitavAda. If so what are the main ...
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Why does the Todala Tantra describe worshiping Nilakantha as sinful?

Just like Vaishnavas follow Pancharatra Agamas and Shaivites follow Shaiva Agamas, Shakta follow Shakta Agamas, aka Shakta Tantras. (I discuss an exception which proves the rule here.) One such ...
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1answer
835 views

What are the letter of alphabets (varnas) associated with each of the Seven Chakras?

Body consists of mainly Seven chakras as I discuss here. In the Netra Tantra book I have; in the introductory preface part it is written: Muladhara, Swadhisthana, Manipura, Anahat, Shakini and Ajna ...
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What are the arguments given by non Sri Vaishnava schools that the Pancharatra Agamas are non-Vedic?

Please give arguments from any school. Please also cite from scholarly works.
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What are the Shaivite/Shakta arguments for gestures as a Pramana?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What are the commentaries available on LalitA SahasranAma?

One of the most popular hymns of the goddess is Sri Lalita Sahasranama. What are the major commentaries available on it? (apart from the Saubhagya Bhaskara by Sri Bhaskara raya)
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Do any of the Vaishnava Agamas recommend any Vedantic philosophies like Vishishtha Advaita or any other?

Do any authentic Vaishnava Agama texts directly or explicitly recommend any Vedantic philosophies like the Advaita philosophy or any other?
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What are the granthas written by Sri SomAnanda nAtha?

Sri Somananda was main guru in the kashmir agamic tradition. What are the main texts attributed to him ? And also if some minor texts or commentaries if available.
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What scriptures describe Durvasa having three sons who promulgated Agamas?

Generally, Vaishnavas follow the Pancharatra Agamas, Shaivites follow the Shaiva Agamas, and Shaktas follow the Shaiva Agamas. But long ago, there was a group of people in Kashmir who followed the ...
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Are the one lakh+ slokas of the KulArnava Tantram really lost or are they still extant under some other titles?

I have the book KulArnava Tantram, which is a ShAkta Agama. It is comprised of 17 chapters (each chapter is called an UllAsha here; so Saptadasha UllAsaha is the last chapter). Each chapter is again ...
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What are the major schools of Kashmir Shaivism?

One of the nondual Agamic traditions is the Kashmir Shaiva agama. What are the major schools of this tradition?
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What are the doctrines of Pratyabhijna school?

One of the major part of kashmir shvia tradition is pratyabhijna or ishwara pratyabhijna. What are its fundamental principles?
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Which Shaiva Agamas does Appayya Dikshitar consider anti-Vedic?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Which scriptures describe the concept of “Shadjanma Pashu”?

While reading the article "Ahimsha and Vegetarianism in Kashmir Shaivaism" on the Kamakotimandali, i came across the concept of "Shadjanma Pashu" ( Shad=six; Janma=birth; Pashu=an animal). It is ...
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Who is Ratri devi? Is she same or different from Devi Kaali?

Here is Ratri Suktam from Rig Veda CXXVII 1.WITH all her eyes the Goddess Night looks forth approaching many a spot: She hath put all her glories on. 2 Immortal. she hath filled the waste, ...
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Queries on Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti

As per Sri Lalita Sahasranaam Phalsruti: [13] & [14] The supreme punya which results from a repetition of a single name of the secret Sahasranama. The accumulated sins, of him who ...
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In which agamas/Puranas the 10 mahavidyas are mentioned? [duplicate]

The 10 mahavidyas are- 1)kali-The ultimate form of Brahman 2)Tara-The Goddess as Guide and Protector 3)tripura sundari-The Goddess Who is "Beautiful in the Three Worlds 4)Bhuvaneshwari-The Goddess ...
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What does Lord Shiva mean by saying that in Shaiva traditions Gurus are three?

In KulArnava Tantram's 13th chapter, Lord Shiva discusses about Guru and its signs in great details. In that context he says the following verse: Shaive Gurutrayam Proktam Vaishnave Gurupanchakam | ...
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842 views

What is Vigyana Bhairava Tantra?

Can any one explain what does "Vigyan Bhairava Tantra" mean? What does "Vigyan" i.e Science here refer to?
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Is there a Darshana/Philosophy based on Agamas?

We know that Hindu philosophy refers to Shad Darshana viz. Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa and Vedanta. These Darshan/philosophies are based on various Darshan Sutras witten by Rishis. The ...
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What are the symbolisms behind Lord Shiva speaking tantras and agamas to Devi?

Those who are acquainted with Shakta Tantras and Agamas will find that the common feature in all these scriptures is that they are mostly spoken by Lord Shiva upon requests made by His consort or Devi ...
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Who are the “Pauranikas” who believed in 30 Tattvas and 8 Pramanas?

As I discuss in this question, one of the most popular forms of Shiva worshipped in South India is the young sage Dakshinamurthi, whose name literally means "the South-facing form". The Advaita ...
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1answer
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What are the beeja mantras and what is their significance in meditation?

What are the beeja mantras and what are petal mantras, and what is their relationship with Om/Aum? In what ways are they helpful in meditation. If anyone is going to start on meditation, from ...
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Do any of Vaikhanasa text associate itself with Vedanta philosophy?

As I had posted a question on popular philosophies of Hinduism. In one of the answer it is mentioned that Vaikhanasa is associated to Vishishthadvaita vedanta. But when Vaikhanasa itself is called as ...
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2answers
334 views

What is scriptural source of the verse whose translation is “ Your head can be given, ..but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given”?

There is a famous saying associated with Sri Vidya which goes like this: "Your head can be given, your soul can be given but the Shodashi Vidya of the Devi can not be given" Here reference is to ...
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What is the significance of Sri Suktam which is part of Rigveda?

Sri Suktam of RigVeda describes the nama, rupa, swaroopa, greatness etc. of Goddess Sri, who is Vishnu patni (wife of Lord Vishnu). Now, the question is what is the significance and how should it be ...
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Which scriptures state Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples?

In many questions asked on this site, I frequently see a line about Vishnu teaching principles of Vaishnavism to his four disciples: Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to ...
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270 views

Which Vishisthadvaita acharyas belonged to shakha of Shukla Yajurveda?

In some answers, I read that Pancharatra agama originated from some of the shakha of Shukla Yajurveda which is extinct today. So my question is which are the acharyas of their sri vaishnava ...
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What are the three Shivalingas ( Itara, Bana and Swayambhu) mentioned in some Agama texts?

In Agamas, we find the mention of three Jyotirlingas or Shiva lingas known by the names Itaralinga, BAnalinga and Swayambhu linga. For example in KulArnava Tantram Lord Shiva says: ...
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Which scriptures describe swayambhu linga lakshanas (signs) and what are those?

I have a small book called Shiva Tattva PradipikA which discusses the various facts associated with Lord Shiva by quoting from scriptures like Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, Agamas. In it we find the ...
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What scriptures describe the phenomenon of Fire Eclipses?

Just like Vaishnavas follow Pancharatra Agamas and Shaivites follow Shaiva Agamas, Shakta follow Shakta Agamas, aka Shakta Tantras. (I discuss an exception that proves the rule here.) One such Shakta ...
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1answer
362 views

Why Shiva created the universe for Kshetrajñahah?

We find It has been ascertained that the earth and other objects are the created ones (they are basically products) and ascertained that the creator of all these products is Isvara. Since that ...
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568 views

What Shaivite sects are classified as the ingroup of Shaiva Siddhanta?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
6
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0answers
137 views

What is the location of Vishnu's sacred place of Mallakupa?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. ...
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How to position nandi statue in Hanuman temple? [closed]

In a Hanuman temple near our house there is a nandi statue. Temple is very old . Nandi statue is now coming near the road. I want that it should be placed some where away from road. Hanuman temple is ...
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Is it true that a person can only become Vaikhanasa by birth and not by Samskara?

To follow Vaikhanasa one must belong to the family lineage of Vaikhanasa tradition unlike the pancha ratra in which anyone can adopt it by deeksha. is this notion true ? If so then is it not ...
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1answer
397 views

What scriptures describe Vishnu's body being blackened by Vasuki?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. One ...
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What does the meaning of “Vishnu” have to do with the word “Prabhu”?

As I discuss in this answer, the Pancharatra Agamas are the foundational texts of Vaishnavism. Similarly, the foundational texts of Shaivism are known as the Shaiva Agamas, aka the Shaiva Tantras. My ...
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500 views

Do any non-Vaishnava Agamas trace their origins to a Vedic Shakha?

As I discuss in this answer, Hindu scripture is made up of two categories, Shruti or that which is heard from the gods, and Smriti or that which is composed by humans authors and passed down from ...
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Which Vaishnava Sects consider Vaishnava Agama Sruti and which don't?

Do any Vaishnava sects consider Vaishnava agamas as "Sruti" by their own internal sectarian definition of "Sruti"?
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What are the symbols and weapons in the hand of Sadashiva?

Sadashiva is described as being eternal form of Lord Shiva. He is represented with Five-faces and ten hands. The five heads of Sadashiva are known as Sadyojata [West facing], Vamadeva [North facing], ...