Questions tagged [atma]

Atma or Atman means our soul (Jivatma) or the supreme soul (Paramatma)

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Soul never dies as per Gita. So does the memory always remain with the soul or it gets wiped out when a person dies?

So as per most of the Hindu scriptures, a soul never dies with the death of the body. Now a lot of memory, karma, bonding, etc has been accumulated by the body and soul during the tenure as a living ...
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Does Atman in Turiya or Nirguna Brahman know itself or is aware of itself through subtle cognition state?

Advaitins say that Turiya is not a separate state that is found in isolation of three states (awake, dream, deep sleep) but it is the reality that is underlying all those. But this only caters to a ...
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Does the story of Madhavrao Peshva contradict the BhavaghadGita? [duplicate]

I would like to hear ideas on whether the story of Madhavrao Peshva (a brahmin-born who performed the duty of a warrior) contradicts the Gita's teaching that one should perform their own duty (and ...
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Why do Atma and Parmatma split if they are one after all?

As per Advaita philosophy, the ultimate goal of an Atma is to merge into its source, the Parmatma just like drops of water merge into the ocean but my question is how and why do Atma and Parmatma ...
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Need help on Gita chapter 13 verse 22

It is mentioned in Gita ch. 13 verse 22, that the supreme purusha (paramatma) is a upadrashta (witness), anumanta (permitter), bharta (supporter) and bhokta (experiencer). I agree that It is a witness,...
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Is paramAtma/brahman just consciousness (awareness) OR is both, consciousness plus sentience (ability to perceive & feel)?

The current understanding is that that brahman/paramAtma/bhagawAn is that universal, inter-galactic & inter-multiverse consciousness. But is sentience ALSO an attribute of that paramAtam/brahman/...
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Verse Describing Potential of Soul and Human Body in Sanskrit?

Is there Any song, shloka, mantra, stotra in Sanskrit, Tell Us About the Powers of our Soul, Greatness of it. Tell Us About Our Potential, Powers of this human body, the amazing abilities of soul, ...
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Is there only one soul that is incarnated again and again at different times?

According to this video, there is only one soul in the universe which is incarnated at different times. Do scriptures agree with this theory? Edit: If Link Dies here is the story
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If soul is everywhere, then what is leaving the body at the time of death?

If the whole universe is soul itself, then what is leaving at the time of death? i.e. if the soul is in me, and the same soul is in air, then what is leaving the body? If the soul is everywhere, then ...
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Where does a soul go after complete liberation?

If the only purpose of death and rebirth is to break away from it, why does it exist in the first place? When a soul is liberated and free from rebirth, can it still return if it wants to?
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Is Enlightment the destiny of every soul?

Is every soul bound to be liberated eventually? Does the timing depend on the soul, or divine intervention?
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Can I remember someone Who does exist as Me and with Me and is experienciable like the proverbial “As clear ar as an apple on the palm ”?

Any spiritual seeker can experience his body ,sense organs and then the thoughts and feelings of the mind. Obviously they are the objects of their respective subject. When we say we experience the ...
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If atmas exchange bodies after death, does it mean the population/no. of bodies has to remain constant?

Quoting Bhagawad Gita 2.22 वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृह्णाति नरोऽपराणि। तथा शरीराणि विहाय जीर्णा न्यन्यानि संयाति नवानि देही।।2.22।। "As a person sheds worn-out garments and wears new ones, ...
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how to understand this body is also conciousness?

I can understand mind is conciousness because mind resolves into conciousness during deep sleep but how to understand body is also conciousness.
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Earliest scriptural reference to atma

The question is more or less in the title - what is the oldest scripture to reference the term atma? I know some of the Upanishads expound on the concept; are there even earlier references?
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Besides memory and recognition,what are the best arguments against a momentary consciousness?

Shri Shankaracharya pointed out that memory and recognition prove consciousness is not momentary,but some Nastikas will say that memory is stored in the alaya vijnana storehouse,and that Consciousness ...
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What is the difference between Brahman,ParaBrahman,Bhagvan,Ishvara and ParamAtma?

What are the differences between the various terms. I assume Ishvara might be Sagun Rupa of Brahman but so is Isvara? Are they all same?
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Are our actions outcome of mind & body or of soul?

I would like to understand this thing from our scriptures point of view: Are our actions outcome of our mind & body or of soul (atma)? Please cite authentic references with your answers.
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Do gods like Brahma, Vishnu, Indra and Yama, in their Lokas, have bodies or are they just Atmans?

Life after death is found in Hinduism, the Atmans are taken by Yama then they are judged and go either to heaven (abode of Indra) or to hell (abode of Yama), however this residence is temporarily and ...
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Is paraatma microBrahman living beside atma or it is Brahman himself present metaphysically beside atma?

All of us know that para-atma present beside atma as a witness, the question is: are para-atmas microtheoi present beside atmas or all para-atmas are one entity, i.e: Brahman, present metaphysically ...
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Who owns a soul?

I understand the cycles of Janam, Aatma, soul visits the Material Loka to finish the cycles of Karma. I was explaining one person that we do not own soul, soul keeps changing the body. He asked me ...
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Why, when and how did the Atman acquire body consciousness?

I know Atman is self aware but I don't know why that Atman lost his self awareness that he is unlimited and beginning-less and instead acquiring limited body awareness. Even though I am a Muslim, ...
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Is Atma affected by karma?

Ok first I am a Muslim and I don't get why God creates poor people and rich people, and why that kind of inequality needs to exist. That is why I am here, I know that I am not the body "I am I". I ...
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Atma ( Soul ) in Hindu Scriptures

I am very emotional, attached to my family and I am not able to socialize with people. I am a devoted Hindu. And I often feel proud and boast about my Lineage (Caste) . My question is did my Atma in ...
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Where is it stated in scripture that individual jivathma is not the doer?

I wanted to know where all is it written in the scriptures that individual is not the doer.
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Why can't you go outside after midnight?

My pundit has told me several times that I cannot go outside after midnight because of bad spirits. What does he mean by this? Is this mentioned in the scriptures or is it just superstition? And what ...
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What is recommended meditation to know everything about self and surrounding?

What is recommended meditation to know everything about self and surrounding? Where self mean me, my mind, my soul, of course my body too (which contans many other living beings like cells, virus, ...
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Do scriptures say anything about dead spirits or ghosts changing into beasts?

I am wondering if scriptures say anything about dead human spirits or ghosts changing into something else after death, or after being dead awhile?
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What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
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Why do some souls remain on earth after leaving the body after death?

When death happens, the soul should leave the body and it should go back to it's original realm (whatever or wherever that place is). But we encounter stories of ghosts or spirits on earth. Why do ...
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Can atma enter into other living jivas?

There are few things confuse me about what happen to atma after death, even after reading this thread. There are some slokas which are used in narayan bali puja, I think those slokas are from vedas ...
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Who or what attains moksha?

When we talk about liberation among the living i.e the jeevanmukts, is it their aatman which has achieved realization? If not the aatman, that what/who? For those who have done good karma in this ...
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Where do souls stay until they reincarnate?

I'm certain that they do not reincarnate as soon as they die. So where do they stay until they reincarnate?
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How does one know that how many births he/she is yet to take? And is his/her present level of conciousness?

As per the book Immortal talks, every soul has a level like T12 or T13; T14 being the highest. How do we know which level soul are we?
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Are “antarAtmA” (inner self) and “antaryAmI” (inner controller) the same in vedAnta?

Answer might depend on the school of vedAnta. That is fine. I want to know the position of different schools.
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Can complete pure souls exist in Kali Yuga?

According to the scriptures, is there any mention of whether complete pure souls can exist in Kali Yuga?
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Who is actually learning? Is it Atman or me?

If I am learning something like learning physics or chemistry or maths means who is learning? Is it Atman or my brain? If Atman means why can't it (Atman) realize after death that I belong to this ...
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What happens to the soul when someone commit suicide?

What happens to the soul when one commits suicide? Does the rebirth takes instantly? Do the suicide soul try to make contact with family and friends? Is it true that the suicide soul has to stay in ...
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Do clones have souls?

Do animal and plant clones have souls? (Such as https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolly_(sheep))
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How can there be two individual selves in advaita?

If the Absolute reality is termed as Brahman from an universal POV and the same is termed as Atman from an individual POV, then what about Jiva. Doesn't that makes two individual selves, namely Atman ...
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How does Brahman or Atman witness?

When Krishna says in Gita that Atman, the universal consciousness only witnesses but performs no action, what exactly did he mean by it? Does Atman needs to have a mind/body to witness everything or ...
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How do Vishishtadvaitins interpret this passage from the Vishnu Purana?

Having thus spoken to Nidāgha, the Brāhmaṇa Ṛbhu went away, leaving his disciple profoundly impressed, by his instructions, with belief in unity. He beheld all beings thenceforth as the same ...
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Bondage of jiva according to Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya

In the Vishishtadvaita philosophy followed by the Sri Vaishnava Sampradaya, the conditioned souls trapped in Samsara (the cycle of repeated birth and death) are referred to as Baddhas. How is the ...
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Shankara's Gita Bhasya says that the Self transmigrates. Is this true?

Advaitins mostly believe that the Self doesn't transmigrate and that it's the subtle body (known as jiva/jivatma) that actually does. But then in Shankara's Gita bhasya it is mentioned that the self ...
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What exactly is dehi according to advaita and vaishnava school?

People of Advaita sect believe that Atman never remains locked or trapped IN the body. The same thing has been said by many hindoos in quora as well. (They are followers of advaita). If what the ...
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The two definitions of soul. Which one is true? [closed]

The vaishnavas or dualists claim that souls/jivatmas are separate sparks of light that are distinct from the subtle body and resides within the cave of subtle body/antahkarana/hridaya and upon mukti ...
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What is a broad summary of the differences and similarities between Bhaktic and Vedantic Hinduism? [closed]

Eastern Orthodox theologian, David Bentley Hart mentioned during an interview that he is able to reconcile the Christian Trinity with "certain schools of Bhaktic Hinduism and Vedanta". This got me ...
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is there any relation between Sperm and Human Soul? [duplicate]

is there any relation between human birth,soul and sperm? If there is no relation when Soul enters in human body during pregnancy?
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Does the fragmental Atman travels?

Shankara in one of his verses gives the definition of jiva -""When the omnipresent Atman is limited or embodied by the mind,ego of subtle body, it is called jiva"". I think what he means is, once the ...
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On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist? [duplicate]

Hindu philosophies, especially Vedanta, say there is 'the Self' which is the reason for the existence of our human body. However, science hasn't proven the existence of that. Moreover, according to ...

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