Questions tagged [brahma-sutras]

The Brahma sūtras, also known as the Vedānta Sūtras, are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy.

3
votes
0answers
37 views

What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
-1
votes
1answer
170 views

Has the neo-Vedanta school written a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The most popular school of Hinduism is the neo-Vedanta school, which is a modern interpretation of Hinduism based on the teachings of Indian freedom-fighter Vivekananda, who incorporated many beliefs ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
6
votes
1answer
180 views

Is there any commentary of Brahma Sutras 1/3/38-39 that does not recommend physical torture of the sudras?

In their commentaries to Brahma-Sutra 1/3/38-9, Acharya Shankara and Acharya Ramanuja BOTH quote slokas from the Smriti-s that prescribe pouring molten lead into the ears of a Shudra if he ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Books on Brahma Sutras

What are the best books to get started to learn Brahma Sutras. English translation of Sankara's commentary is what I am looking for. Has anyone read V Panoli's translation and please suggest your ...
5
votes
0answers
70 views

Do Vadakalai Sri Vaishnavas believe that liberated souls do not have the power of creating any universe?

According to this answer, Thenkalais believe the liberated souls have the power of creating their own universes, but not the universe that is common to souls trapped in samsara; only Brahman can can ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

How did the Dvaitavadi Vaishnavas explain the brahma sutra that says Pancharatra is wrong?

According to the Brahma-Sutra 2/2/42, the PAncharAtra/BhAgavata doctrines are not acceptable. How did the Dvaitavadi (Non-Advaitavadi) Vaishnava Acharyas who followed the Pancharatra/Bhagavata ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Has Adi Shankaracharya quoted Baudhayana Vritti in his commentary on Brahma Sutras?

While reading biography of Ramanujacharya, I came to find that Baudhayana, who is known as Vrittikara, wrote a commentary on Vedavyasa's Brahma Sutra. In the time of Ramanujacharya, this work of ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

Who decided to include only three particular texts in the group called “Prasthanatrayi”? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: Prasthanatrayi (Sanskrit: प्रस्थानत्रयी, IAST: Prasthānatrayī), literally, three sources (or axioms), refers to the three canonical texts of Divine philosophy, especially of ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Concept of Brahman according to different commentators of the Brahma-Sutra

Sri Adi Sankaracharya and the Acharyas of four major Vaishnava sects have written commentaries on Brahma-Sutra. How is the concept of Brahman different in each commentary from the other? A am asking ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

How many kaliyugas completed till now and every kaliyuga kalki will come?

Since Brahma age is completed 50 and 51 is running which means one day brahma is equal to one kalpa and one kalpa equal to 14 manvantaras and one manvantara equals to 71 mahayugas and each mahayuga ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Why according to Vyasadeva, Shaiva-mata is inconsistent with the Vedas?

In our Vedas/ Upanishads, Vishnu/Narayana, Shiva/Rudra and Uma/Devi are all names of the Supreme Godhead. They same holds for different Puranas also. Why does then Vyasadeva declare the Shaiva Mata ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Did Chaitanya Mahaprabhu author a commentary on the Brahma Sutras in Prakashananda Math?

While going through this letter by Swami Vivekananda dated 17th August 1889, I stumbled across a line where Swamiji talks about an apparent rumour of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu authoring a commentary on ...
6
votes
0answers
43 views

who is Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras?

What is the history of Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras of Vyasa
0
votes
0answers
36 views

What is the theme of Brahma Sutras?

There are four Adhyayas(chapter) in Brahma Sutras. What are Adhikaranas and Padas in each chapter? What is the theme of each chapter and overall theme?
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Why the three levels of reality of Advaita Vedanta are not mentioned in any scriptures?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (Absolute reality) Vyāvahārika (Relative reality) Prāthibhāsika (unreality) Now, as far as I know, this concept is not ...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Are there any good editions of texts available online or offline that provide a side by side, comparative study of the commentaries on the Prasthana trayi (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita)?...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

Online version of Vedas, Puranas, Sutras, and Shastras in Devanagari/Sanskrit [duplicate]

Wondering if there are any/all of these online somewhere in a copyleft format (free / open source / public domain, or something similar to that), in the original Devanagari script in Sanskrit, in ...
7
votes
1answer
149 views

Do the Devas not actually eat or drink?

Ramanujacharya, in his commentary on the Brahma Sutras, says this in his commentary for sutra 3.1.7: That eating the soul means no more than satisfaction with it, may also be inferred from the ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Did Ramanujacharya or Nimbarkacharya meet Vyasa?

According to both Smartha and Madhwa traditions, Vyasa is said to have met Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya respectively, and even endorsed their commentaries on the Brahma Sutras. This is what ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How does Dhyaneshwar's nondualism differ from Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy?

It is often said Adi Shankaracharya and Dhyaneshwar advocated the same philosophy: Advaita Vedanta. However, after some research, I found out that there are some sharp contrasting differences in the ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Where do purva and Uttara mimamsa sutras claim that Vedas are eternal?

Did the writers of vedanta and purva mimansa sutras, badrayana and jaimini write about the eternal nature of the Vedas?
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
5
votes
2answers
320 views

Why is it believed Brahma Sutras were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa?

Brahma Sutras is a very famous text and the main text in the Vedanta tradition and it is believed they were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa, but there are points which say they were not written by Rishi ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

How does Swami Vivekananda intepret the Brahma Sutras' criticism of the Yoga school?

Brahma Sutras criticises the Yoga school in Adhyaya 2, Pada 1, Sutras 1&2: Topic-1: Conflict with Smriti If it be argued (that from the acceptance of Brahman as the cause of the ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Was there a resentment among the shishyas of Adi Shankara about writing a commentary on Shankara Bhashya?

This question is prompted by the movie Adi Shankaracharya movie which is made in Sanskrit. It is a movie about Adi Shankaracharya and depicts different incidents in his life from birth to attaining ...
4
votes
2answers
428 views

Are the Vedanta Sutras Smriti or Shruti?

Vedanta Sutras, as you must be knowing, is the primary text of the most popular philosophical school of Hinduism i.e. the Vedanta school. Written by Badarayana Vyasa, it is summary of all the ...
5
votes
1answer
329 views

Do Vedanta Sutras contradict Vedas on whether mantras can be heard by Shudras?

Shukla Yajurveda 26.2 states: May I speak the sacred word to the masses of the people (janebhya) (1) to the Brahmana, Kshatriya, to the Shudra and the Arya (2) and to our own men and the strangers (...
7
votes
2answers
237 views

How do Neo-Vedantists intepret Vedanta Sutras 1.3.38?

Neo-Vedantists as we know, believe people of all varnas are eligible to study the Vedas. Notable examples of such people include the great Swami Vivekananda. However, Vedanta declares that Shudras are ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

How many sages are referred to in the badrayana vyasa's Brahma sutras?

I know badrayana at more than one place cites jaiminis view in Brahma sutras, but there were other sages who wrote sutras and smritis after the culmination of Mahabharata, like deval, kapila etc how ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How come Vyasa rejected Panchratra Agamas in Vedanta Sutras yet referred back to Bhagavad Gita which is also considered to be a Panchratra scripture?

Badrayana/Vyasa refuted the Bhagavata view yet Mahabharata contains Pancharatra tradition passing down, as well as a Pancharatra scripture, Vyasa refers back to Bhagavad Gita too, which is also ...
11
votes
2answers
611 views

How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

Is there a mention of commentaries on the Brahma Sutras before Adi Shankaracharya? How many commentaries on these works have survived? Please provide list from the existing commentaries as well as ...
6
votes
2answers
383 views

Is initiation/diksha carried over to the next birth?

When we are on the path of self realization we know the first step should be to get initiated/diksha from a guru, but my question is if the person/soul was initiated in the previous birth and before ...
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Is there any difference between Advaita philosophy of Adi Shankaracharya and the Advaita philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the second President of India, is known to have written a commentary on the Brahma-Sutras. Radhakrishnan's Vedanta philosophy was Advaita. Now my question is that is there ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

What substances cause prophetic dreams?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5
votes
1answer
406 views

Where do the Vedas describe dreaming of a black-skinned man?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
-1
votes
1answer
343 views

Why does the Pancharatra Agamas contradict the Vedanta Sutras?

As per the Pancharatra Agamas which are followed by the Sri Vaishnava community, there is no restriction for followers and learners based on varna. Shudras even serve as priests in the Vaishnava ...
4
votes
1answer
198 views

Are Vedanta Sutras post Buddhist origin?

It is believed that badarAyana is the author of these aphorism which are related to vedAnta. Now there is mention of all the existing philosophies orthodox and heterodox in these sutras. The ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Does maya in Advaita necessarily mean unreal? [duplicate]

According to Advaita Vedanta, Jivatmas are all under maya and the universe too is made of maya. A jeevatma sees Brahman as Saguna which is too maya. When a Jivatma gets rid of this, merges with ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

How do Purva Mimamsa followers explain the etymology of the caste word “Brahmana”?

Not all Purva Mimamsa followers believed in the existence of Brahman, but they all believed in the Jivatma. They also believed the verses in the Upanishads that speak of Brahman actually refer to the ...
5
votes
0answers
261 views

How do different Vedantic philosophies prove the existence of the soul?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

How do Dvaitins interpret the Brahma Sutras where it says Brahman is the material cause of the universe?

The school of Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya believes that Brahman is not the material cause of the universe, but only the efficient cause. But at the end of chapter 2, section 2, the Brahma ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

How many Brahma Sutras are there?

The wikipedia page on Brahma Sutras says there are 555 verses. In the book that I have, Brahma Sutras According to Sri Ramanuja, by Swami Vireswarananda and Swami Adidevananda, published by Advaita ...
3
votes
0answers
171 views

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
1
vote
0answers
134 views

How come Ramanujacharya's Sri Bhashya does not mention Islam?

Chapter 2 of Ramanujacharya's Sri Bhashya, which is his commentary on the Brahma Sutars, attempts to refute all other opposing philosophical schools that don't adhere to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta, such ...
9
votes
2answers
201 views

If Devas and Rishis are self-realized, then why do they act contrary to it?

According to the Bhagavad Gita, a self-realized person is one who has gone beyond fear, anger, hatred, jealousy, pain and pleasure, etc. and all dualities of the material world. AKA he is situated in ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What defines the Vedanta school? [duplicate]

What defines the Vedanta school from other schools? Is it believing that meditating on Brahman gives moksha? Is it the acceptance of the Prasthana Trayi (Upanisashads, Vedanta Sutras, Bhagavad Gita)?
3
votes
1answer
81 views

How does one interpret the Brahma Sutras, when the Sutras by themselves are vague?

Because the Brahma Sutras are almost impossible to understand without the appropriate context, and because very few people read them without the help of a commentary (like that of Ramanuja's or ...