Questions tagged [brahma-sutras]

The Brahma sūtras, also known as the Vedānta Sūtras, are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy.

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Present day state of non-Vedanta orthodox (āstika) schools of philosophy

The Brahma Sutras is a treatise explaining and defending the Vedanta school, from the standpoint of bhedābheda (according to Wikipedia). The first chapter of the Brahma Sutras unifies and summarizes ...
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First refrence to the Prasthanatrayi?

What is the first reference to the Prasthanatrayi and are these three like the "Bible" or one book of Vedanta?
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Can one believe in Bhagavad Gita and Nyaya school at the same time?

Can one read the Ithihasas and also believe in Nyaya? Can one read the Brahma sutras and Nyaya sutras and accept them both Are there any conflicting views between the two?
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Brahm sutra number for pashvādabhis cha vīśekā

I am trying to identify the brahmsutra chapter and verse number for this verse pashvādabhis cha vīśekā पश्वादभिस च विशेका I came across this sloka in a lecture so might not have converted into text ...
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Difference between astika and nastika

What is the difference between astika and nastika. I used to think Who believes in God and who don't ; but in many places they say who believes in Vedanta and who don't please clarify my doubts. Say ...
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What is the position of Lord Vishnu according to Srikanta Shivacharya?

According to different Shaiva traditions, Lord Vishnu is either a baddha jivatma (transmigratory being) or samashti jivatma (Qualified being), for an example Kashmiri Shaiva Sampradaya gives the ...
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Are the Brahma Sutras saying that idols are the physical forms of the Gods?

If it be said that (the corporeal individuality of the gods involves) a contradiction to (sacrificial) works; we deny that, on account of the observation of the assumption (on the part of the gods) of ...
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Which verses of Brahma Sutras state that devas do not have gross bodies? [duplicate]

I have heard it claimed on this site that the Brahma Sutras state that the devas have only causal and subtle bodies, and do not have gross bodies. What are the specific verses stating this?
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Brahmā of Brahmā Sütrā

What is the name of the Brahman who has been depicted in the Brahma Sutras?
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Did Advaitins like Shridhara Swami and Swami Amalananda go against Adi Shankara's Brahma Sutra Bhashya regarding Pancharatra Agams?

Shri Adi Shankaracharya, famously in the Brahma Sutra Bhashya CHAPTER TWO: AVIRODHA ADHYAYA Section 2: Utpattyasambhavadhikaranam: Topic 8 (Sutras 42-45) clearly says On account of the impossibility ...
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Is a student allowed to study Brahma Sutra?

I am a student at the University and am interested in the Brahma Sutra. I have made the pursuit of absolute knowledge of Brahman my life goal. But from the first verse of the Brahma sutra I am ...
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Brahma Sutras or Upanishad quotation needed

Where in Brahma Sutras does it say Prutak Upadeshat Tad Gunasaratvad Tu Tad Vyapadesha Prajnavat Jeevo Binnaha Tatha Devaha Tathapi Jnanaroopataha Prochyate Bramha Rupena Na Tu Sarvaswaroopataha I ...
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What is a good roadmap to learn Shiva Visistadvaita philosophy?

I want to learn about Śrikānth Acharya's Shiva Visistadvaita. What is a good place to start for a beginner? I don't have any background in any philosophy before. Any resources, references and ideas ...
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Research Question: Is there a pattern of ordering of Purvapaksha and Siddhanta in Brahma Sutras?

Brahma Sutras are divided into Adhikaranas Or topics each dealing with a particular part of the philosophy. The Adhikaranas have one or more sutras. Purvapaksha sutras are the opinions of the objector ...
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Is Advaita refuted by Brahma Sutras?

Adi Shankaracharya taught: If the universe be true, let it then be perceived in the state of deep sleep also. As it is not at all perceived, it must be unreal and false, like dreams. Vivekachudamani ...
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Why does Ramanujacharya reject yoga-pratyaksha as a pramana?

In the Sri Bhashya, his commentary on the Brahma Sutras, Ramanujacharya rejects "yoga pratyaksha" (yogic perception) as a pramana: (Paraphrased by me for readability) Perception is of two ...
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Proof of past eternity of souls in Vedas and Upanishads

The past eternity of souls, that is, the concept that souls have always existed from eternity is clearly well attested in Bhagavat Gita न त्वेवाहं जातु नासं न त्वं नेमे जनाधिपाः | न चैव न भविष्याम: ...
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न तस्य कार्यं? Isn't Ishwara Nimitta Karana?

It says here that Shri Adi Shankaracharya says this in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. Now this Saguna Brahman is he with a particular form as per Shankara, let us look at what he says “मन्त्रौ चेमावी...
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When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Gunas as in Tri-gunas or Gunas as in properties or attributes?

When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Guna as in Tri-guna (Satva, Raja, Tamas) or Guna as properties or attributes? Brahman not having tri-guna is understood, because guna manifest in Brahman....
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If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists?

If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists? And if it does exist, then isn't "existence" one of its attributes (guna)? Then how can we say Brahman is ...
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Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta?

Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta ?
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Brahma-Sutra 2.2.25 and memory as evidence for soul

Here are two translations of Brahma-Sutra 2.2.25: And (a permanent soul has to be admitted) because of the fact of remembrance (ie., memory). (Translated by Swami Gambhirananda here) And on account ...
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How do Adi Shankaracharya or later Advaita Philosophers deal with Brahma Sutra's criticism of Vijñāna vadīs?

As per my understanding, both Buddhist idealists and Advaitins hold the external world to be unreal. Also, according to Shankaracharya's own commentary of Brahma Sutra, the doctrine of unreality of ...
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Reference Request: Vedanta Sutras

I already have copies of the commentaries by Adi Shankaracharya and Shri Ramanuja. Since I want to understand the Vedanta Sutras from different angles, I also want an English copy of the Govinda ...
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Is translation of the following excerpt from Appayya Dikshita's Brahma Sutra Bhashya available in English?

Can anyone provide English translation of the following texts which are from Appayya Dikshita's Brahmasutra Bhasya? Has this text been translated into English? णाजातशत्रुणा का लोके माह्मणस्य महावि वि...
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Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38?

Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38 ? इतश्च न शूद्रस्याधिकारः यदस्य स्मृतेः श्रवणाध्ययनार्थप्रतिषेधो भवति। वेदश्रवणप्रतिषेधः वेदाध्ययनप्रतिषेधः तदर्थज्ञाना...
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What did Adi shankara tell about jagat in bhashya granthas?

Many people talk about jagat which is mentioned in prakarana grantha. I would like to know what Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya has said about jagat in bhashya granthas like Brahma Sutra bhashya, ...
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Did any Rishi tell that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

I read somewhere, that in Valmiki Ramayana, its written that Valmiki or some other Rishi predicted that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya in future. Is this true? Where exactly in ...
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Are there sources other than this Mahabharata verse where Shri Veda Vyas is told to be reincarnation of Sage Apantaratamas?

In Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Shankaracharya, while writing Bhashya for 3.3.32 Acharya says apAntaratamo nAma muniH kali-dvApara-sandhau vyAsatvena sambabhUva A sage named 'apAntaratamas' ...
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Who is Writing This? Who am I? [duplicate]

When I write this, is it the mind that is making me write this, or the Self? Is the mind always consciously achieved? Is the self never perceived consciously? Was the true Arjun (the Self) listening ...
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Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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Do Advaitin's claim Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha?

While I discuss Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandanam in this question, his entrie argument against Advaita seems to rest on the fact that Advaitins claim that Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha (Self ...
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What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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Why do Bramha sutras say that Shudras cannot listen to Vedas?

Bramahasutras mention that it is forbidden for Shudras to listen to Vedic Mantras. Any specific reason for this?
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Is there any statement of Adi Shankaracharya saying that Jiva can never become Brahman?

Till now, I use to believe that Advaitha always says that Jiva can become Brahman. But recently I heard that Adi Shankaracharya contradicted it. Is it true? Did Adi Shankara contradicted the statement ...
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Pure sanskrit grammatical literal meaning of "ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम्"

ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम् । -1/1/5 Brahma Sutra Can somebody please grammatically split this phrase into different Sanskrit words that it is composed of and give the meaning of each word either in Hindi or ...
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Immortal soul requiring a Mortal body

Any Hinduism philosophy talks about or contemplation discussions on Why an Immortal soul requires a Mortal body? References appreciated.
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Who are the other Vishistadvaita philosophers and what are their most important works?

Ramanuja is obviously known to be the proponent of Vishistadvaita philosophy. Now, I would like to know the other Vishistadvaita philosophers before and after Ramanuja. Also, their most important ...
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Madhwacharya in English or Kannada?

Is a PDF version of Shri Madhwacharya Brahma Sutra Bhashya in English or Kannada available?
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Adi Shankaracharya in Kannada?

Is there any online link available with Shri Adi Shankaracharya's Brahma Sutra Bhashya in Kannada?
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Analysis of the Brahmasutra which chooses best (according to author) interpretation of a verse from among interpretations of three major schools?

I want to know are there books that try to analyze Brahmasutra from an independent ,non-sectarian perspective or from Western perspective while also specifying views of major Vedantic schools. I know ...
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Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana?

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana? This belief is popularized by the well known Sri Vaishnava blog ...
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(Brahma Sutras)why is a ruling Lord necessary for aggregation of the material world?

So I've been reading the commentaries by Ramanuja and Shankara on the Brahma Sutras and they say that a ruling lord is necessary for the aggregation of atoms, especially into material skandhas. how ...
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How do we know what is an auspicious quality of the Lord?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, Brahman is full of "auspicious" qualities. For example, in Ramanujacharya's commentary on the Brahma Sutras, he says: The conclusion therefore is that texts such as '...
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Which celestial races other than Devas can meditate on Brahman?

Brahma Sutra 1.3.25 says that "beings above men" are also qualified to meditate on Brahman and acquire the knowledge of Brahman. Ramanujacharya in his commentary mentions Devas. ...
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Do the Devata Kanda sutras declare that Narayana is Brahman?

The Devata Kanda sutras were written by Rishi Kasakrtsna and form the middle portion of the Mimamsa shastra. The first portion is the well known purva mimamsa sutras, and the later portion is the well ...
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Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana most closely? [closed]

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana (Vedavyasa), the author of the Brahma Sutras, most closely? For examples, Advaitins believe it was Shankaracharya: The Upanishads, as ...
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....
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What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
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Has the neo-Vedanta school written a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The most popular school of Hinduism is the neo-Vedanta school, which is a modern interpretation of Hinduism based on the teachings of Indian freedom-fighter Vivekananda, who incorporated many beliefs ...
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