Questions tagged [brahma-sutras]

The Brahma sūtras, also known as the Vedānta Sūtras, are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy.

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Why is Surya Deva an aspect of Bhagawan in Smartism?

Selfhood cannot be ascribed to the sun, on account of his externality (parâgrûpatva). Immortality, &c. also cannot be predicated of him, as Scripture speaks of his origin and his dissolution. For ...
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When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Gunas as in Tri-gunas or Gunas as in properties or attributes?

When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Guna as in Tri-guna (Satva, Raja, Tamas) or Guna as properties or attributes? Brahman not having tri-guna is understood, because guna manifest in Brahman....
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If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists?

If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists? And if it does exist, then isn't "existence" one of its attributes (guna)? Then how can we say Brahman is ...
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Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta?

Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta ?
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Brahma-Sutra 2.2.25 and memory as evidence for soul

Here are two translations of Brahma-Sutra 2.2.25: And (a permanent soul has to be admitted) because of the fact of remembrance (ie., memory). (Translated by Swami Gambhirananda here) And on account ...
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How do Adi Shankaracharya or later Advaita Philosophers deal with Brahma Sutra's criticism of Vijñāna vadīs?

As per my understanding, both Buddhist idealists and Advaitins hold the external world to be unreal. Also, according to Shankaracharya's own commentary of Brahma Sutra, the doctrine of unreality of ...
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Reference Request: Vedanta Sutras

I already have copies of the commentaries by Adi Shankaracharya and Shri Ramanuja. Since I want to understand the Vedanta Sutras from different angles, I also want an English copy of the Govinda ...
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Is translation of the following excerpt from Appayya Dikshita's Brahma Sutra Bhashya available in English?

Can anyone provide English translation of the following texts which are from Appayya Dikshita's Brahmasutra Bhasya? Has this text been translated into English? णाजातशत्रुणा का लोके माह्मणस्य महावि वि...
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Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38?

Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38 ? इतश्च न शूद्रस्याधिकारः यदस्य स्मृतेः श्रवणाध्ययनार्थप्रतिषेधो भवति। वेदश्रवणप्रतिषेधः वेदाध्ययनप्रतिषेधः तदर्थज्ञाना...
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What did Adi shankara tell about jagat in bhashya granthas?

Many people talk about jagat which is mentioned in prakarana grantha. I would like to know what Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya has said about jagat in bhashya granthas like Brahma Sutra bhashya, ...
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Did any Rishi tell that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

I read somewhere, that in Valmiki Ramayana, its written that Valmiki or some other Rishi predicted that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya in future. Is this true? Where exactly in ...
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Are there sources other than this Mahabharata verse where Shri Veda Vyas is told to be reincarnation of Sage Apantaratamas?

In Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Shankaracharya, while writing Bhashya for 3.3.32 Acharya says apAntaratamo nAma muniH kali-dvApara-sandhau vyAsatvena sambabhUva A sage named 'apAntaratamas' ...
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Who is Writing This? Who am I? [duplicate]

When I write this, is it the mind that is making me write this, or the Self? Is the mind always consciously achieved? Is the self never perceived consciously? Was the true Arjun (the Self) listening ...
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Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...
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Do Advaitin's claim Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha?

While I discuss Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandanam in this question, his entrie argument against Advaita seems to rest on the fact that Advaitins claim that Brahman or Atman is Svaprakasha (Self ...
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What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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Why do Bramha sutras say that Shudras cannot listen to Vedas?

Bramahasutras mention that it is forbidden for Shudras to listen to Vedic Mantras. Any specific reason for this?
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Is there any statement of Adi Shankaracharya saying that Jiva can never become Brahman?

Till now, I use to believe that Advaitha always says that Jiva can become Brahman. But recently I heard that Adi Shankaracharya contradicted it. Is it true? Did Adi Shankara contradicted the statement ...
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Pure sanskrit grammatical literal meaning of "ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम्"

ईक्षतेर्नाशब्दम् । -1/1/5 Brahma Sutra Can somebody please grammatically split this phrase into different Sanskrit words that it is composed of and give the meaning of each word either in Hindi or ...
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Immortal soul requiring a Mortal body

Any Hinduism philosophy talks about or contemplation discussions on Why an Immortal soul requires a Mortal body? References appreciated.
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Who are the other Vishistadvaita philosophers and what are their most important works?

Ramanuja is obviously known to be the proponent of Vishistadvaita philosophy. Now, I would like to know the other Vishistadvaita philosophers before and after Ramanuja. Also, their most important ...
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Madhwacharya in English or Kannada?

Is a PDF version of Shri Madhwacharya Brahma Sutra Bhashya in English or Kannada available?
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Adi Shankaracharya in Kannada?

Is there any online link available with Shri Adi Shankaracharya's Brahma Sutra Bhashya in Kannada?
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Analysis of the Brahmasutra which chooses best (according to author) interpretation of a verse from among interpretations of three major schools?

I want to know are there books that try to analyze Brahmasutra from an independent ,non-sectarian perspective or from Western perspective while also specifying views of major Vedantic schools. I know ...
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Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana?

Do Sri Vaishnavas really believe that all names of Devatas in the Vedas are to be interpreted as directly referring to Narayana? This belief is popularized by the well known Sri Vaishnava blog ...
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(Brahma Sutras)why is a ruling Lord necessary for aggregation of the material world?

So I've been reading the commentaries by Ramanuja and Shankara on the Brahma Sutras and they say that a ruling lord is necessary for the aggregation of atoms, especially into material skandhas. how ...
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How do we know what is an auspicious quality of the Lord?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, Brahman is full of "auspicious" qualities. For example, in Ramanujacharya's commentary on the Brahma Sutras, he says: The conclusion therefore is that texts such as '...
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Which celestial races other than Devas can meditate on Brahman?

Brahma Sutra 1.3.25 says that "beings above men" are also qualified to meditate on Brahman and acquire the knowledge of Brahman. Ramanujacharya in his commentary mentions Devas. ...
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Do the Devata Kanda sutras declare that Narayana is Brahman?

The Devata Kanda sutras were written by Rishi Kasakrtsna and form the middle portion of the Mimamsa shastra. The first portion is the well known purva mimamsa sutras, and the later portion is the well ...
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Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana most closely? [closed]

Which commentator of the Brahma Sutras followed Badarayana (Vedavyasa), the author of the Brahma Sutras, most closely? For examples, Advaitins believe it was Shankaracharya: The Upanishads, as ...
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....
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What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
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Has the neo-Vedanta school written a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The most popular school of Hinduism is the neo-Vedanta school, which is a modern interpretation of Hinduism based on the teachings of Indian freedom-fighter Vivekananda, who incorporated many beliefs ...
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Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
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Is there any commentary of Brahma Sutras 1/3/38-39 that does not recommend physical torture of the sudras?

In their commentaries to Brahma-Sutra 1/3/38-9, Acharya Shankara and Acharya Ramanuja BOTH quote slokas from the Smriti-s that prescribe pouring molten lead into the ears of a Shudra if he ...
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Books on Brahma Sutras

What are the best books to get started to learn Brahma Sutras. English translation of Sankara's commentary is what I am looking for. Has anyone read V Panoli's translation and please suggest your ...
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Do Vadakalai Sri Vaishnavas believe that liberated souls do not have the power of creating any universe?

According to this answer, Thenkalais believe the liberated souls have the power of creating their own universes, but not the universe that is common to souls trapped in samsara; only Brahman can can ...
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How did the Dvaitavadi Vaishnavas explain the brahma sutra that says Pancharatra is wrong?

According to the Brahma-Sutra 2/2/42, the PAncharAtra/BhAgavata doctrines are not acceptable. How did the Dvaitavadi (Non-Advaitavadi) Vaishnava Acharyas who followed the Pancharatra/Bhagavata ...
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According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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Has Adi Shankaracharya quoted Baudhayana Vritti in his commentary on Brahma Sutras?

While reading biography of Ramanujacharya, I came to find that Baudhayana, who is known as Vrittikara, wrote a commentary on Vedavyasa's Brahma Sutra. In the time of Ramanujacharya, this work of ...
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What passages of Adi Shankaracharya’s Brahmasutra Bhashya does Sudarshana Suri cite?

The Sri Bhashya is a commentary on the Brahma Sutras by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya. And the Shruta Prakashika is a subcommentary on Ramanujacharya’s Sri Bhashya by the Sri ...
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Who decided to include only three particular texts in the group called "Prasthanatrayi"? [duplicate]

From Wikipedia: Prasthanatrayi (Sanskrit: प्रस्थानत्रयी, IAST: Prasthānatrayī), literally, three sources (or axioms), refers to the three canonical texts of Divine philosophy, especially of ...
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Concept of Brahman according to different commentators of the Brahma-Sutra

Sri Adi Sankaracharya and the Acharyas of four major Vaishnava sects have written commentaries on Brahma-Sutra. How is the concept of Brahman different in each commentary from the other? A am asking ...
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How many kaliyugas completed till now and every kaliyuga kalki will come?

Since Brahma age is completed 50 and 51 is running which means one day brahma is equal to one kalpa and one kalpa equal to 14 manvantaras and one manvantara equals to 71 mahayugas and each mahayuga ...
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2 votes
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Why according to Vyasadeva, Shaiva-mata is inconsistent with the Vedas?

In our Vedas/ Upanishads, Vishnu/Narayana, Shiva/Rudra and Uma/Devi are all names of the Supreme Godhead. They same holds for different Puranas also. Why does then Vyasadeva declare the Shaiva Mata ...
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Did Chaitanya Mahaprabhu author a commentary on the Brahma Sutras in Prakashananda Math?

While going through this letter by Swami Vivekananda dated 17th August 1889, I stumbled across a line where Swamiji talks about an apparent rumour of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu authoring a commentary on ...
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who is Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras?

What is the history of Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras of Vyasa
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Why the three levels of reality of Advaita Vedanta are not mentioned in any scriptures?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (Absolute reality) Vyāvahārika (Relative reality) Prāthibhāsika (unreality) Now, as far as I know, this concept is not ...
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6 votes
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Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Are there any good editions of texts available online or offline that provide a side by side, comparative study of the commentaries on the Prasthana trayi (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita)?...
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Online version of Vedas, Puranas, Sutras, and Shastras in Devanagari/Sanskrit [duplicate]

Wondering if there are any/all of these online somewhere in a copyleft format (free / open source / public domain, or something similar to that), in the original Devanagari script in Sanskrit, in ...
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