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Questions tagged [brahma-sutras]

The Brahma sūtras, also known as the Vedānta Sūtras, are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy.

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Did Ramanujacharya or Nimbarkacharya meet Vyasa?

According to both Smartha and Madhwa traditions, Vyasa is said to have met Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya respectively, and even endorsed their commentaries on the Brahma Sutras. This is what ...
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How does Dhyaneshwar's nondualism differ from Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy?

It is often said Adi Shankaracharya and Dhyaneshwar advocated the same philosophy: Advaita Vedanta. However, after some research, I found out that there are some sharp contrasting differences in the ...
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Where do purva and Uttara mimamsa sutras claim that Vedas are eternal?

Did the writers of vedanta and purva mimansa sutras, badrayana and jaimini write about the eternal nature of the Vedas?
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Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
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Why is it believed Brahma Sutras were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa?

Brahma Sutras is a very famous text and the main text in the Vedanta tradition and it is believed they were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa, but there are points which say they were not written by Rishi ...
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How does Swami Vivekananda intepret the Brahma Sutras' criticism of the Yoga school?

Brahma Sutras criticises the Yoga school in Adhyaya 2, Pada 1, Sutras 1&2: Topic-1: Conflict with Smriti If it be argued (that from the acceptance of Brahman as the cause of the ...
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Was there a resentment among the shishyas of Adi Shankara about writing a commentary on Shankara Bhashya?

This question is prompted by the movie Adi Shankaracharya movie which is made in Sanskrit. It is a movie about Adi Shankaracharya and depicts different incidents in his life from birth to attaining ...
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Are the Vedanta Sutras Smriti or Shruti?

Vedanta Sutras, as you must be knowing, is the primary text of the most popular philosophical school of Hinduism i.e. the Vedanta school. Written by Badarayana Vyasa, it is summary of all the ...
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Do Vedanta Sutras contradict Vedas on whether mantras can be heard by Shudras?

Shukla Yajurveda 26.2 states: May I speak the sacred word to the masses of the people (janebhya) (1) to the Brahmana, Kshatriya, to the Shudra and the Arya (2) and to our own men and the strangers (...
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How do Neo-Vedantists intepret Vedanta Sutras 1.3.38?

Neo-Vedantists as we know, believe people of all varnas are eligible to study the Vedas. Notable examples of such people include the great Swami Vivekananda. However, Vedanta declares that Shudras are ...
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How many sages are referred to in the badrayana vyasa's Brahma sutras?

I know badrayana at more than one place cites jaiminis view in Brahma sutras, but there were other sages who wrote sutras and smritis after the culmination of Mahabharata, like deval, kapila etc how ...
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How come Vyasa rejected Panchratra Agamas in Vedanta Sutras yet referred back to Bhagavad Gita which is also considered to be a Panchratra scripture?

Badrayana/Vyasa refuted the Bhagavata view yet Mahabharata contains Pancharatra tradition passing down, as well as a Pancharatra scripture, Vyasa refers back to Bhagavad Gita too, which is also ...
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How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

Is there a mention of commentaries on the Brahma Sutras before Adi Shankaracharya? How many commentaries on these works have survived? Please provide list from the existing commentaries as well as ...
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Is initiation/diksha carried over to the next birth?

When we are on the path of self realization we know the first step should be to get initiated/diksha from a guru, but my question is if the person/soul was initiated in the previous birth and before ...
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Is there any difference between Advaita philosophy of Adi Shankaracharya and the Advaita philosophy of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the second President of India, is known to have written a commentary on the Brahma-Sutras. Radhakrishnan's Vedanta philosophy was Advaita. Now my question is that is there ...
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What substances cause prophetic dreams?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Where do the Vedas describe dreaming of a black-skinned man?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why does the Pancharatra Agamas contradict the Vedanta Sutras?

As per the Pancharatra Agamas which are followed by the Sri Vaishnava community, there is no restriction for followers and learners based on varna. Shudras even serve as priests in the Vaishnava ...
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Are Vedanta Sutras post Buddhist origin?

It is believed that badarAyana is the author of these aphorism which are related to vedAnta. Now there is mention of all the existing philosophies orthodox and heterodox in these sutras. The ...
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Does maya in Advaita necessarily mean unreal? [duplicate]

According to Advaita Vedanta, Jivatmas are all under maya and the universe too is made of maya. A jeevatma sees Brahman as Saguna which is too maya. When a Jivatma gets rid of this, merges with ...
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How do Purva Mimamsa followers explain the etymology of the caste word “Brahmana”?

Not all Purva Mimamsa followers believed in the existence of Brahman, but they all believed in the Jivatma. They also believed the verses in the Upanishads that speak of Brahman actually refer to the ...
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How do different Vedantic philosophies prove the existence of the soul?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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How do Dvaitins interpret the Brahma Sutras where it says Brahman is the material cause of the universe?

The school of Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya believes that Brahman is not the material cause of the universe, but only the efficient cause. But at the end of chapter 2, section 2, the Brahma ...
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How many Brahma Sutras are there?

The wikipedia page on Brahma Sutras says there are 555 verses. In the book that I have, Brahma Sutras According to Sri Ramanuja, by Swami Vireswarananda and Swami Adidevananda, published by Advaita ...
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How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
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How come Ramanujacharya's Sri Bhashya does not mention Islam?

Chapter 2 of Ramanujacharya's Sri Bhashya, which is his commentary on the Brahma Sutars, attempts to refute all other opposing philosophical schools that don't adhere to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta, such ...
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If Devas and Rishis are self-realized, then why do they act contrary to it?

According to the Bhagavad Gita, a self-realized person is one who has gone beyond fear, anger, hatred, jealousy, pain and pleasure, etc. and all dualities of the material world. AKA he is situated in ...
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What defines the Vedanta school? [duplicate]

What defines the Vedanta school from other schools? Is it believing that meditating on Brahman gives moksha? Is it the acceptance of the Prasthana Trayi (Upanisashads, Vedanta Sutras, Bhagavad Gita)?
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How does one interpret the Brahma Sutras, when the Sutras by themselves are vague?

Because the Brahma Sutras are almost impossible to understand without the appropriate context, and because very few people read them without the help of a commentary (like that of Ramanuja's or ...
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Did Vedavyasa ever write his own commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The Brahma Sutras were compiled by Vedavyasa, and subsequent acharyas such as Ramanujacharya have written commentaries on them. But is it known if Vyasa ever wrote his own commentary on them?
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Where can I read online the Vedanta Sutras along with commentaries of Ramanujacharya, Adi Shankaracharya and Madhvacharya in English?

I am looking to read the Vedanta Sutras along with the commentaries of the 3 great acharyas of all time: Ramanujacharya, Adi Shankaracharaya and Madhvacharya, in English. Can somebody provide me with ...
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What causes eternal soul to get embodied into a body and come into material world at all?

Soul is eternal and either part of God(Madhava) or Brahma itself(Advaita).why it comes to this world? According to Christians -original sin and apple story. But according to Hinduism- Avidya or ...
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How has the Vedanta school refuted Mimamsa arguments for multiple omnipresent souls?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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From which scripture does Adi Shankara quote about Maheswara shaping name and forms of all beings from the words of Veda?

In his Brahma Sutra Bhasya 1.3.28, Adi Shankaracharya gives a long commentary while proving about the eternity of Vedas. He quotes about various scriptures there like: Thus Scripture declares in ...
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Who is commentator Pishacha on Brahma Sutras?

Narayana Panditacharya gave a list of 21 commentators on the Brahma Sutras who preceded Madhvacharya. Here is the screenshot of 21 commentators: I want to know who is this commentator Pishacha? The ...
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What references are there to Vamana's ancient Tika on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Did Vishnuswami write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in my question here, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main ...
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What is the context of an important Sutra from Sankarsha Kanda manuscripts?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why does Adi Shankaracharya say magical powers can only be obtained through the Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What arguments does Shabara's Mimamsa Sutra Bhashya take from the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Does Adi Shankaracharya believe the existence of the soul requires scripture to establish?

In Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or revelation/scripture. And there is a hierarchy of ...
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What kind of scripture is Vyasa's BrahmaSutras technically?

From Kamakoti.org In the Brahmasutra, on which there are commentaries according to the various philosophical schools, Vyasa presents in an extremely terse form the substance of the ten (...
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What scriptures describe worms born from honey?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What scriptures describe scorpions born from cow dung?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What are all doctrines or philosophies discussed in Brahma Sutra?

Brahma Sutras (also known as Vedanta Sutras) have very profound significance in Vedanta Darshan. They systematize and summarize the spiritual and philosophical teaching of Upanishads. It is considered ...
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Interpreting Bhagavad Gita verse 8.16

I do know that according to Upanishads, All the higher Lokas except Brahma Loka, are subjected to circumgyration/reparation (birth-rebirth). From Chhandogya Upanishad 4.15.5: अथ यदु चैवास्मि...
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Who is the Bhashyakara who pretended to criticize Pancharatra?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important to the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
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What scriptures say cranes can become pregnant without the involvement of males?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Where does the Advaitin commentator Anandagiri discuss the authenticity of Hindu stories?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...