Questions tagged [brahma-sutras]

The Brahma sūtras, also known as the Vedānta Sūtras, are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy.

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Do any commentators other than Adi Shankaracharya disagree with both Pancharatra and Shaiva Agamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
10 votes
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807 views

Do characters in the same Brahmavidya always have the same caste?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
9 votes
0 answers
276 views

Where does the Advaitin commentator Anandagiri discuss the authenticity of Hindu stories?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
9 votes
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399 views

How does Ramanujacharya interpret a quote from Upavarsha's ancient Vritti?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
9 votes
0 answers
723 views

Do any commentaries on the Brahma Sutras say that animal sacrifice is immoral?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8 votes
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350 views

Did Vishnuswami write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in my question here, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main ...
8 votes
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283 views

What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva "half-entering" Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7 votes
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368 views

Has Adi Shankaracharya quoted Baudhayana Vritti in his commentary on Brahma Sutras?

While reading biography of Ramanujacharya, I came to find that Baudhayana, who is known as Vrittikara, wrote a commentary on Vedavyasa's Brahma Sutra. In the time of Ramanujacharya, this work of ...
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6 votes
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who is Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras?

What is the history of Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras of Vyasa
6 votes
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519 views

Why do some Shaiva Siddhantins believe the Shwetashwatara Upanishad contradicts the Brahma Sutras?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (as I discuss here and ...
6 votes
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452 views

Is the Vaikhanasa commentary on the Brahma Sutras available in English?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important in the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
6 votes
1 answer
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Why does Adi Shankaracharya say magical powers can only be obtained through the Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6 votes
1 answer
993 views

Is there any commentary of Brahma Sutras 1/3/38-39 that does not recommend physical torture of the sudras?

In their commentaries to Brahma-Sutra 1/3/38-9, Acharya Shankara and Acharya Ramanuja BOTH quote slokas from the Smriti-s that prescribe pouring molten lead into the ears of a Shudra if he ...
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5 votes
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Do Vadakalai Sri Vaishnavas believe that liberated souls do not have the power of creating any universe?

According to this answer, Thenkalais believe the liberated souls have the power of creating their own universes, but not the universe that is common to souls trapped in samsara; only Brahman can can ...
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5 votes
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121 views

According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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5 votes
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139 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
5 votes
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How do different Vedantic philosophies prove the existence of the soul?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5 votes
0 answers
278 views

What references are there to Vamana's ancient Tika on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5 votes
0 answers
526 views

Is Vishnu's incarnation Dattatreya quoted in the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5 votes
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218 views

Where is the Sama Veda quote referenced in the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5 votes
0 answers
368 views

Do the Pancharatra Agamas ever say that Vishnu is the operator of the Universe but not the source?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5 votes
0 answers
475 views

How do Shaivite philosophers interpret the Brahma Sutras' criticism of the Shaiva Agamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
5 votes
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684 views

Have any Ramanandi commentaries on the Brahma Sutras been translated into English?

As, I discuss in this question, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four gods: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main Sampradayas or ...
4 votes
0 answers
44 views

What is a good roadmap to learn Shiva Visistadvaita philosophy?

I want to learn about Śrikānth Acharya's Shiva Visistadvaita. What is a good place to start for a beginner? I don't have any background in any philosophy before. Any resources, references and ideas ...
4 votes
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359 views

What arguments does Shabara's Mimamsa Sutra Bhashya take from the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4 votes
0 answers
415 views

What scriptures say cranes can become pregnant without the involvement of males?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4 votes
0 answers
280 views

What are objections on Sabda Brahman school thought?

One of the oldest schools of Vedanta which existed long before Shankara is Sabda- Brahma vivarta vada. The exponents of this school of thought as stated by Swami Vedanta Desika ( famous SriVaishnava ...
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4 votes
0 answers
2k views

What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4 votes
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421 views

Did the Shavite poet Tirumular believe new souls could be created?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here), ...
4 votes
0 answers
239 views

What is the (potentially lost) text of the Jabalas quoted by Adi Shankaracharya?

In his commentary on Adhyaya 4 Pada 1 Sutra 3 of the Brahma Sutras, Adi Shankaracharya presents a number of scriptural quotes to support his Advaita view that the individual soul of jivatma is the ...
3 votes
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76 views

Concept of Brahman according to different commentators of the Brahma-Sutra

Sri Adi Sankaracharya and the Acharyas of four major Vaishnava sects have written commentaries on Brahma-Sutra. How is the concept of Brahman different in each commentary from the other? A am asking ...
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3 votes
0 answers
203 views

Was there a resentment among the shishyas of Adi Shankara about writing a commentary on Shankara Bhashya?

This question is prompted by the movie Adi Shankaracharya movie which is made in Sanskrit. It is a movie about Adi Shankaracharya and depicts different incidents in his life from birth to attaining ...
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3 votes
0 answers
360 views

How come Ramanujacharya's Sri Bhashya does not mention Islam?

Chapter 2 of Ramanujacharya's Sri Bhashya, which is his commentary on the Brahma Sutars, attempts to refute all other opposing philosophical schools that don't adhere to Vishishtadvaita Vedanta, such ...
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2 votes
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31 views

Is a student allowed to study Brahma Sutra?

I am a student at the University and am interested in the Brahma Sutra. I have made the pursuit of absolute knowledge of Brahman my life goal. But from the first verse of the Brahma sutra I am ...
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2 votes
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Brahma Sutras or Upanishad quotation needed

Where in Brahma Sutras does it say Prutak Upadeshat Tad Gunasaratvad Tu Tad Vyapadesha Prajnavat Jeevo Binnaha Tatha Devaha Tathapi Jnanaroopataha Prochyate Bramha Rupena Na Tu Sarvaswaroopataha I ...
2 votes
0 answers
62 views

Is translation of the following excerpt from Appayya Dikshita's Brahma Sutra Bhashya available in English?

Can anyone provide English translation of the following texts which are from Appayya Dikshita's Brahmasutra Bhasya? Has this text been translated into English? णाजातशत्रुणा का लोके माह्मणस्य महावि वि...
2 votes
0 answers
74 views

How do we know what is an auspicious quality of the Lord?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, Brahman is full of "auspicious" qualities. For example, in Ramanujacharya's commentary on the Brahma Sutras, he says: The conclusion therefore is that texts such as '...
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1 vote
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Research Question: Is there a pattern of ordering of Purvapaksha and Siddhanta in Brahma Sutras?

Brahma Sutras are divided into Adhikaranas Or topics each dealing with a particular part of the philosophy. The Adhikaranas have one or more sutras. Purvapaksha sutras are the opinions of the objector ...
1 vote
1 answer
146 views

न तस्य कार्यं? Isn't Ishwara Nimitta Karana?

It says here that Shri Adi Shankaracharya says this in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. Now this Saguna Brahman is he with a particular form as per Shankara, let us look at what he says “मन्त्रौ चेमावी...
1 vote
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Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38?

Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38 ? इतश्च न शूद्रस्याधिकारः यदस्य स्मृतेः श्रवणाध्ययनार्थप्रतिषेधो भवति। वेदश्रवणप्रतिषेधः वेदाध्ययनप्रतिषेधः तदर्थज्ञाना...
1 vote
0 answers
113 views

Did any Rishi tell that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

I read somewhere, that in Valmiki Ramayana, its written that Valmiki or some other Rishi predicted that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya in future. Is this true? Where exactly in ...
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1 vote
0 answers
51 views

(Brahma Sutras)why is a ruling Lord necessary for aggregation of the material world?

So I've been reading the commentaries by Ramanuja and Shankara on the Brahma Sutras and they say that a ruling lord is necessary for the aggregation of atoms, especially into material skandhas. how ...
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1 vote
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....
1 vote
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157 views

How many kaliyugas completed till now and every kaliyuga kalki will come?

Since Brahma age is completed 50 and 51 is running which means one day brahma is equal to one kalpa and one kalpa equal to 14 manvantaras and one manvantara equals to 71 mahayugas and each mahayuga ...
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114 views

What substances cause prophetic dreams?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
1 vote
0 answers
119 views

How do Purva Mimamsa followers explain the etymology of the caste word "Brahmana"?

Not all Purva Mimamsa followers believed in the existence of Brahman, but they all believed in the Jivatma. They also believed the verses in the Upanishads that speak of Brahman actually refer to the ...
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1 vote
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106 views

What scriptures describe worms born from honey?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

Why does Ramanujacharya reject yoga-pratyaksha as a pramana?

In the Sri Bhashya, his commentary on the Brahma Sutras, Ramanujacharya rejects "yoga pratyaksha" (yogic perception) as a pramana: (Paraphrased by me for readability) Perception is of two ...
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49 views

Why is Surya Deva an aspect of Bhagawan in Smartism?

Selfhood cannot be ascribed to the sun, on account of his externality (parâgrûpatva). Immortality, &c. also cannot be predicated of him, as Scripture speaks of his origin and his dissolution. For ...