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Questions tagged [brahma-sutras]

The Brahma sūtras, also known as the Vedānta Sūtras, are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy.

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13 votes
1 answer
656 views

What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
1 vote
4 answers
2k views

Why do Bramha sutras say that Shudras cannot listen to Vedas?

Bramahasutras mention that it is forbidden for Shudras to listen to Vedic Mantras. Any specific reason for this?
1 vote
3 answers
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How come Vyasa rejected Panchratra Agamas in Vedanta Sutras yet referred back to Bhagavad Gita which is also considered to be a Panchratra scripture?

Badrayana/Vyasa refuted the Bhagavata view yet Mahabharata contains Pancharatra tradition passing down, as well as a Pancharatra scripture, Vyasa refers back to Bhagavad Gita too, which is also ...
1 vote
0 answers
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Present day state of non-Vedanta orthodox (āstika) schools of philosophy

The Brahma Sutras is a treatise explaining and defending the Vedanta school, from the standpoint of bhedābheda (according to Wikipedia). The first chapter of the Brahma Sutras unifies and summarizes ...
2 votes
1 answer
278 views

न तस्य कार्यं? Isn't Ishwara Nimitta Karana?

It says here that Shri Adi Shankaracharya says this in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. Now this Saguna Brahman is he with a particular form as per Shankara, let us look at what he says “मन्त्रौ चेमावी...
1 vote
0 answers
53 views

First refrence to the Prasthanatrayi?

What is the first reference to the Prasthanatrayi and are these three like the "Bible" or one book of Vedanta?
2 votes
2 answers
479 views

Difference between astika and nastika

What is the difference between astika and nastika. I used to think Who believes in God and who don't ; but in many places they say who believes in Vedanta and who don't please clarify my doubts. Say ...
7 votes
1 answer
542 views

Has Adi Shankaracharya quoted Baudhayana Vritti in his commentary on Brahma Sutras?

While reading biography of Ramanujacharya, I came to find that Baudhayana, who is known as Vrittikara, wrote a commentary on Vedavyasa's Brahma Sutra. In the time of Ramanujacharya, this work of ...
21 votes
1 answer
2k views

Do any commentators of Brahmasūtras other than Ādi Śaṅkarācārya disagree with both Pañcarātra and Śaiva Āgamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedānta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sūtras, a work by the sage Vyāsa ...
0 votes
1 answer
28 views

Brahm sutra number for pashvādabhis cha vīśekā

I am trying to identify the brahmsutra chapter and verse number for this verse pashvādabhis cha vīśekā पश्वादभिस च विशेका I came across this sloka in a lecture so might not have converted into text ...
12 votes
4 answers
761 views

From which scripture does Adi Shankara quote about Maheswara shaping name and forms of all beings from the words of Veda?

In his Brahma Sutra Bhasya 1.3.28, Adi Shankaracharya gives a long commentary while proving about the eternity of Vedas. He quotes about various scriptures there like: Thus Scripture declares in ...
8 votes
0 answers
349 views

What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva "half-entering" Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
0 votes
0 answers
210 views

What is the position of Lord Vishnu according to Srikanta Shivacharya?

According to different Shaiva traditions, Lord Vishnu is either a baddha jivatma (transmigratory being) or samashti jivatma (Qualified being), for an example Kashmiri Shaiva Sampradaya gives the ...
11 votes
2 answers
3k views

How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

Is there a mention of commentaries on the Brahma Sutras before Adi Shankaracharya? How many commentaries on these works have survived? Please provide list from the existing commentaries as well as ...
2 votes
0 answers
104 views

Are the Brahma Sutras saying that idols are the physical forms of the Gods?

If it be said that (the corporeal individuality of the gods involves) a contradiction to (sacrificial) works; we deny that, on account of the observation of the assumption (on the part of the gods) of ...
1 vote
0 answers
60 views

Which verses of Brahma Sutras state that devas do not have gross bodies? [duplicate]

I have heard it claimed on this site that the Brahma Sutras state that the devas have only causal and subtle bodies, and do not have gross bodies. What are the specific verses stating this?
5 votes
1 answer
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Have any Ramanandi commentaries on the Brahma Sutras been translated into English?

As, I discuss in this question, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four gods: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main Sampradayas or ...
2 votes
0 answers
57 views

Brahma Sutras or Upanishad quotation needed

Where in Brahma Sutras does it say Prutak Upadeshat Tad Gunasaratvad Tu Tad Vyapadesha Prajnavat Jeevo Binnaha Tatha Devaha Tathapi Jnanaroopataha Prochyate Bramha Rupena Na Tu Sarvaswaroopataha I ...
1 vote
1 answer
286 views

How many kaliyugas completed till now and every kaliyuga kalki will come?

Since Brahma age is completed 50 and 51 is running which means one day brahma is equal to one kalpa and one kalpa equal to 14 manvantaras and one manvantara equals to 71 mahayugas and each mahayuga ...
0 votes
1 answer
40 views

Brahmā of Brahmā Sütrā

What is the name of the Brahman who has been depicted in the Brahma Sutras?
1 vote
1 answer
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Did Advaitins like Shridhara Swami and Swami Amalananda go against Adi Shankara's Brahma Sutra Bhashya regarding Pancharatra Agams?

Shri Adi Shankaracharya, famously in the Brahma Sutra Bhashya CHAPTER TWO: AVIRODHA ADHYAYA Section 2: Utpattyasambhavadhikaranam: Topic 8 (Sutras 42-45) clearly says On account of the impossibility ...
11 votes
2 answers
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Have any Swaminarayan commentaries on the Brahma Sutras been translated into English?

Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And in turn they started the four main Sampradayas or traditions of Vaishnavism: ...
0 votes
0 answers
70 views

Research Question: Is there a pattern of ordering of Purvapaksha and Siddhanta in Brahma Sutras?

Brahma Sutras are divided into Adhikaranas Or topics each dealing with a particular part of the philosophy. The Adhikaranas have one or more sutras. Purvapaksha sutras are the opinions of the objector ...
13 votes
2 answers
1k views

Interpreting Bhagavad Gita verse 8.16

I do know that according to Upanishads, All the higher Lokas except Brahma Loka, are subjected to circumgyration/reparation (birth-rebirth). From Chhandogya Upanishad 4.15.5: अथ यदु चैवास्मि...
2 votes
0 answers
43 views

Is a student allowed to study Brahma Sutra?

I am a student at the University and am interested in the Brahma Sutra. I have made the pursuit of absolute knowledge of Brahman my life goal. But from the first verse of the Brahma sutra I am ...
4 votes
0 answers
57 views

What is a good roadmap to learn Shiva Visistadvaita philosophy?

I want to learn about Śrikānth Acharya's Shiva Visistadvaita. What is a good place to start for a beginner? I don't have any background in any philosophy before. Any resources, references and ideas ...
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Madhwacharya in English or Kannada?

Is a PDF version of Shri Madhwacharya Brahma Sutra Bhashya in English or Kannada available?
1 vote
3 answers
312 views

Is Advaita refuted by Brahma Sutras?

Adi Shankaracharya taught: If the universe be true, let it then be perceived in the state of deep sleep also. As it is not at all perceived, it must be unreal and false, like dreams. Vivekachudamani ...
0 votes
0 answers
98 views

Why does Ramanujacharya reject yoga-pratyaksha as a pramana?

In the Sri Bhashya, his commentary on the Brahma Sutras, Ramanujacharya rejects "yoga pratyaksha" (yogic perception) as a pramana: (Paraphrased by me for readability) Perception is of two ...
1 vote
2 answers
198 views

Proof of past eternity of souls in Vedas and Upanishads

The past eternity of souls, that is, the concept that souls have always existed from eternity is clearly well attested in Bhagavat Gita न त्वेवाहं जातु नासं न त्वं नेमे जनाधिपाः | न चैव न भविष्याम: ...
6 votes
1 answer
930 views

Where are Madhvacharya's Puranic quotes describing the path to Moksha?

In verse 8.24 of the Bhagavad Gita, Krishna says this: Those who know the Supreme Brahman attain that Supreme by passing away from the world during the influence of the fiery god, in the light, at an ...
2 votes
2 answers
98 views

When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Gunas as in Tri-gunas or Gunas as in properties or attributes?

When they say Brahman is Nirguna, do they mean Guna as in Tri-guna (Satva, Raja, Tamas) or Guna as properties or attributes? Brahman not having tri-guna is understood, because guna manifest in Brahman....
1 vote
2 answers
178 views

If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists?

If Brahman is nirguna, how are we even sure that such an entity or state exists? And if it does exist, then isn't "existence" one of its attributes (guna)? Then how can we say Brahman is ...
2 votes
1 answer
100 views

Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta?

Is it an obligation to be a Brahmin to study advaita vedanta ?
1 vote
2 answers
212 views

Brahma-Sutra 2.2.25 and memory as evidence for soul

Here are two translations of Brahma-Sutra 2.2.25: And (a permanent soul has to be admitted) because of the fact of remembrance (ie., memory). (Translated by Swami Gambhirananda here) And on account ...
3 votes
2 answers
331 views

How do Adi Shankaracharya or later Advaita Philosophers deal with Brahma Sutra's criticism of Vijñāna vadīs?

As per my understanding, both Buddhist idealists and Advaitins hold the external world to be unreal. Also, according to Shankaracharya's own commentary of Brahma Sutra, the doctrine of unreality of ...
11 votes
1 answer
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Who is the Bhashyakara who pretended to criticize Pancharatra?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important to the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
6 votes
1 answer
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Is there any commentary of Brahma Sutras 1/3/38-39 that does not recommend physical torture of the sudras?

In their commentaries to Brahma-Sutra 1/3/38-9, Acharya Shankara and Acharya Ramanuja BOTH quote slokas from the Smriti-s that prescribe pouring molten lead into the ears of a Shudra if he ...
2 votes
1 answer
73 views

Reference Request: Vedanta Sutras

I already have copies of the commentaries by Adi Shankaracharya and Shri Ramanuja. Since I want to understand the Vedanta Sutras from different angles, I also want an English copy of the Govinda ...
2 votes
0 answers
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Is translation of the following excerpt from Appayya Dikshita's Brahma Sutra Bhashya available in English?

Can anyone provide English translation of the following texts which are from Appayya Dikshita's Brahmasutra Bhasya? Has this text been translated into English? णाजातशत्रुणा का लोके माह्मणस्य महावि वि...
1 vote
0 answers
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Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38?

Anyone give word to word translation of Brahma sutra Shankara bhashya 1:3:38 ? इतश्च न शूद्रस्याधिकारः यदस्य स्मृतेः श्रवणाध्ययनार्थप्रतिषेधो भवति। वेदश्रवणप्रतिषेधः वेदाध्ययनप्रतिषेधः तदर्थज्ञाना...
4 votes
2 answers
185 views

What did Adi shankara tell about jagat in bhashya granthas?

Many people talk about jagat which is mentioned in prakarana grantha. I would like to know what Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya has said about jagat in bhashya granthas like Brahma Sutra bhashya, ...
4 votes
1 answer
217 views

Do the Devata Kanda sutras declare that Narayana is Brahman?

The Devata Kanda sutras were written by Rishi Kasakrtsna and form the middle portion of the Mimamsa shastra. The first portion is the well known purva mimamsa sutras, and the later portion is the well ...
1 vote
0 answers
161 views

Did any Rishi tell that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

I read somewhere, that in Valmiki Ramayana, its written that Valmiki or some other Rishi predicted that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya in future. Is this true? Where exactly in ...
14 votes
2 answers
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Is Maya superior to Brahman as per Advaita philosophy?

As per Advaita school of Vedanta; living entity is identical to supreme brahman. Advaitins generally interpret 'Aham Brahmasmi' as 'I'm supreme Brahman'(please correct me if i'm wrong). We are ...
6 votes
2 answers
860 views

Which Shaivite sect believes God is the operator of the Universe but not the source?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6 votes
1 answer
413 views

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
8 votes
1 answer
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Are there sources other than this Mahabharata verse where Shri Veda Vyas is told to be reincarnation of Sage Apantaratamas?

In Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Shankaracharya, while writing Bhashya for 3.3.32 Acharya says apAntaratamo nAma muniH kali-dvApara-sandhau vyAsatvena sambabhUva A sage named 'apAntaratamas' ...
3 votes
0 answers
69 views

Who is Writing This? Who am I? [duplicate]

When I write this, is it the mind that is making me write this, or the Self? Is the mind always consciously achieved? Is the self never perceived consciously? Was the true Arjun (the Self) listening ...
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does Shankara's Advaita Vedanta really assume the world to be an illusion?

In popular media and layman books, it is assumed that Vedanta states that the world is an illusion and Brahman alone is the reality. However, I think this position has been made popular by the British ...