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Questions tagged [brahma-sutras]

The Brahma sūtras, also known as the Vedānta Sūtras, are one of the three canonical texts of the Vedānta school of Hindu philosophy.

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Do any commentators of Brahmasūtras other than Ādi Śaṅkarācārya disagree with both Pañcarātra and Śaiva Āgamas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedānta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sūtras, a work by the sage Vyāsa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
18 votes
1 answer
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What are all doctrines or philosophies discussed in Brahma Sutra?

Brahma Sutras (also known as Vedanta Sutras) have very profound significance in Vedanta Darshan. They systematize and summarize the spiritual and philosophical teaching of Upanishads. It is considered ...
Pandya's user avatar
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15 votes
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Does Ramanujacharya believe that inhabitants of Brahmaloka attain Moksha when they die?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
14 votes
2 answers
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Is Maya superior to Brahman as per Advaita philosophy?

As per Advaita school of Vedanta; living entity is identical to supreme brahman. Advaitins generally interpret 'Aham Brahmasmi' as 'I'm supreme Brahman'(please correct me if i'm wrong). We are ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
14 votes
1 answer
307 views

Who is commentator Pishacha on Brahma Sutras?

Narayana Panditacharya gave a list of 21 commentators on the Brahma Sutras who preceded Madhvacharya. Here is the screenshot of 21 commentators: I want to know who is this commentator Pishacha? The ...
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13 votes
2 answers
1k views

Interpreting Bhagavad Gita verse 8.16

I do know that according to Upanishads, All the higher Lokas except Brahma Loka, are subjected to circumgyration/reparation (birth-rebirth). From Chhandogya Upanishad 4.15.5: अथ यदु चैवास्मि...
Pandya's user avatar
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13 votes
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What is Ramanujacharya's argument that the Upanishads must be true if they grant Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
4 answers
761 views

From which scripture does Adi Shankara quote about Maheswara shaping name and forms of all beings from the words of Veda?

In his Brahma Sutra Bhasya 1.3.28, Adi Shankaracharya gives a long commentary while proving about the eternity of Vedas. He quotes about various scriptures there like: Thus Scripture declares in ...
Tezz's user avatar
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12 votes
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Which Upanishads are quoted in sage Vyasa's Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas which consist of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
12 votes
5 answers
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How do the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahma Sutras refer to each other?

The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by Vyasa which summarizes and systematizes the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
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How many people have written commentaries on Brahma Sutras?

Is there a mention of commentaries on the Brahma Sutras before Adi Shankaracharya? How many commentaries on these works have survived? Please provide list from the existing commentaries as well as ...
Anubhav Jha's user avatar
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Are there any surviving quotes from Baudhayana's commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by Vyasa which summarizes the philosophical teachings ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
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Did Adi Shankaracharya support animal sacrifice?

I had always assumed that the Advaitin philosopher Adi Shankaracharya opposed animal sacrifice in Vedic Yagnas (fire-rituals). Here is what this blog post says, for instance: In the 7th century A....
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
2k views

Have any Swaminarayan commentaries on the Brahma Sutras been translated into English?

Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And in turn they started the four main Sampradayas or traditions of Vaishnavism: ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
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Who is the Bhashyakara who pretended to criticize Pancharatra?

As I discuss in this answer, one of the early movements that was important to the development of Vaishnavism was the ancient Pancharatra movement, whose sacred texts consisted of detailed procedures ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
954 views

Do characters in the same Brahmavidya always have the same caste?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
371 views

What causes eternal soul to get embodied into a body and come into material world at all?

Soul is eternal and either part of God(Madhava) or Brahma itself(Advaita).why it comes to this world? According to Christians -original sin and apple story. But according to Hinduism- Avidya or ...
Vikram Thakur's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
796 views

What will happen when all atmans get moksha? [duplicate]

In Vedanta philosophy, the different schools of thought like Vishishta-Advatia, Advaita, Dwaita etc. agree upon the following facts: 1. There are constant numbers of jeevatman in the universe/Samsara ...
Yogi's user avatar
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9 votes
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If Devas and Rishis are self-realized, then why do they act contrary to it?

According to the Bhagavad Gita, a self-realized person is one who has gone beyond fear, anger, hatred, jealousy, pain and pleasure, etc. and all dualities of the material world. AKA he is situated in ...
Ikshvaku's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
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Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
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Who developed the terminology of the Prasthanatrayi of the Vedanta school?

The most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. Vedanta derives its teachings from three sources or authorities, known as the Prasthanatrayi or three starting points: The ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What commentary on the Brahma Sutras does the Saiva Siddhanta Church support?

The term "Shaivite" is overused nowadays. For instance, Iyer Brahmins are often called Shaivites, but they're actually followers of Adi Shankaracharya's Smartha sect (which I discuss here and here) ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
964 views

Why does Adi Shankaracharya use "going to Brahman" metaphor in discussing why Brahman cannot be gone to?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does Adi Shankaracharya believe the existence of the soul requires scripture to establish?

In Hindu philosophy there are three main Pramanas or valid means of knowledge: Pratyaksha or sensory perception, Anumana or inference, and Shabda or revelation/scripture. And there is a hierarchy of ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
459 views

Did Vishnuswami write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in my question here, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
330 views

Where does the Advaitin commentator Anandagiri discuss the authenticity of Hindu stories?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
467 views

How does Ramanujacharya interpret a quote from Upavarsha's ancient Vritti?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
9 votes
0 answers
930 views

Do any commentaries on the Brahma Sutras say that animal sacrifice is immoral?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
1k views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Hinduism and Buddhism is that the first defends Ātman theory whereas the second defends Anātman theory. Shankara is known for having debated (and won) with ...
Sebastien Palcoux's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
315 views

Do the Devas not actually eat or drink?

Ramanujacharya, in his commentary on the Brahma Sutras, says this in his commentary for sutra 3.1.7: That eating the soul means no more than satisfaction with it, may also be inferred from the ...
Ikshvaku's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What arguments Adi Shankara makes to claim that Supreme is devoid of any attributes?

The interpretation of 'Nirguna' is different in different philosophies. Srila baldeva VidyaBhushan in His Govind Bashya (Gaudiya vaishnav commentary on vedanta sutras)interprets 'Nirguna' as being ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
951 views

Is initiation/diksha carried over to the next birth?

When we are on the path of self realization we know the first step should be to get initiated/diksha from a guru, but my question is if the person/soul was initiated in the previous birth and before ...
Just_Do_It's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
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What scriptures describe Brahma's son Sanatkumara being reborn as Shiva's son Kartikeya?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
365 views

Is there a French translation of the Brahma Sutra Bhasya of Shankara?

There are several English translations of the Brahma Sutra Bhasya of Shankara, by Swamis speaking English. I've never found a (complete) French translation. Question: Is there a French ...
Sebastien Palcoux's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Has Bhaskara's second-oldest Brahma Sutra Bhashya ever been translated into English?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
235 views

Are there sources other than this Mahabharata verse where Shri Veda Vyas is told to be reincarnation of Sage Apantaratamas?

In Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Shankaracharya, while writing Bhashya for 3.3.32 Acharya says apAntaratamo nAma muniH kali-dvApara-sandhau vyAsatvena sambabhUva A sage named 'apAntaratamas' ...
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8 votes
0 answers
349 views

What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva "half-entering" Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is it believed Brahma Sutras were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa?

Brahma Sutras is a very famous text and the main text in the Vedanta tradition and it is believed they were written by Rishi Ved Vyasa, but there are points which say they were not written by Rishi ...
Karmanya Nanda's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
835 views

Why did Vedvyasa mention his shishya Jaimini's opinion/saying in Brahma Sutra?

I started reading the BrahmaSutra and have completed 1.2. I found Vedavyasa mentions Jaimini in his sutra: साक्षादप्यविरोधं जैमिनिः।।1.2.28।। Jaimini (declares that there is) no contradiction ...
Pandya's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Madhwacharya in English or Kannada?

Is a PDF version of Shri Madhwacharya Brahma Sutra Bhashya in English or Kannada available?
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7 votes
4 answers
984 views

Why does the word "Atma" in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad refer to the mind rather than the actual Atma?

In Adhyaya 3 Brahmana 9 of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells Vidagdha Sakalya what the eleven Rudras are associated with: katame rudrā iti । daśeme puruṣe prāṇā ātmaikādaśas ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
2 answers
714 views

How do Neo-Vedantists intepret Vedanta Sutras 1.3.38?

Neo-Vedantists as we know, believe people of all varnas are eligible to study the Vedas. Notable examples of such people include the great Swami Vivekananda. However, Vedanta declares that Shudras are ...
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7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Why does Adi Shankaracharya think Rig Veda 10.71.3 verse implies the Vedas are eternal?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
361 views

What is the context of an important Sutra from Sankarsha Kanda manuscripts?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
541 views

Has Adi Shankaracharya quoted Baudhayana Vritti in his commentary on Brahma Sutras?

While reading biography of Ramanujacharya, I came to find that Baudhayana, who is known as Vrittikara, wrote a commentary on Vedavyasa's Brahma Sutra. In the time of Ramanujacharya, this work of ...
Pandya's user avatar
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7 votes
0 answers
157 views

who is Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras?

What is the history of Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras of Vyasa
Srinivasacharyulu Sribhashyam's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Are the Vedanta Sutras Smriti or Shruti?

Vedanta Sutras, as you must be knowing, is the primary text of the most popular philosophical school of Hinduism i.e. the Vedanta school. Written by Badarayana Vyasa, it is summary of all the ...
user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
447 views

Where can I find a good comparitive study of the prasthana trayi commentaries?

Are there any good editions of texts available online or offline that provide a side by side, comparative study of the commentaries on the Prasthana trayi (Upanishads, Brahma Sutras and Bhagavad Gita)?...
Ambi's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
351 views

How many Brahma Sutras are there?

The wikipedia page on Brahma Sutras says there are 555 verses. In the book that I have, Brahma Sutras According to Sri Ramanuja, by Swami Vireswarananda and Swami Adidevananda, published by Advaita ...
Ikshvaku's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
697 views

What does Brahma sutras say about Susupti state?

Susupti is a state of deep sleep in which there is no experience of dreams (Svapnanubhavah) What does Badarayana say about it in Brahma sutras and what is take of Advatin, Visiatadvaitins and ...
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