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For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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What is Kaivalya Moksha?

Here in Muktika Upanishads, Rama describes Kaivalya Moksha is ultimate. What is it? Is it merging into existence of Brahman? I-i-15-17. Hanuman: Rama, sages speak differently: some say there is only ...
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2answers
85 views

What is the etymology reason for the swarupa order in the construction of the word “Sat-chit-ananda”?

Why are the swarupas of the word Satcitananda constructed in this way in relationship wit Brahman and not Ananda-chit-sat? Are the order of these swarupas like stepping stones of realization?
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1answer
52 views

Anyone know significance of 18 in path to God?

We have Mahabharata lasting upto - 18 days Bhagavad Gita - 18 chapters Puranas - 18 Puranas Ayyapan - 18 steps Siddhas - primarily 18 siddhars Is there a significance in 18? Probably 18 steps we need ...
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Are we unborn and inside Hiranyagarbha or are we born and outside Hiranyagarbha?

Hiranyagarbha is said to be a Golden egg , is it the Soul of Brahman and is it really gold? Are we unborn and within or born and without Hiranyagarbha ?
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93 views

What is the difference and connection between Atman and Nirguna Brahman [duplicate]

There is a question that asks for the difference between jiva atman, Atman and Paramatman and it does not answer my inquiry. I wish to know about the difference between Atmans Ananda essence and ...
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3answers
429 views

What is called for those who have not realized their Saguna or Nirguna bodies?

Whoever has awakened to the true nature of their being is called Brahman in Hindu. What is the called for those, who have not awakened to the true Nature ?
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3answers
426 views

What is the way to Liberation: direct communication with lord Krishna or the reading scriptures? [closed]

Which is it better the reading of the multitude of scriptures from different schools of Hindu thought whose aim is to show you the way to self realization, Moksha, Brahman, or direct communication ...
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2answers
103 views

Hiranyagarbha and Nirguna Brahman

Hiranyagarbha is the home of all creation, Brahman , Nirguna Brahman and Sarguna Brahman are all within and without Hiranyagarbha. Is Hiranyagarbha the home of Satcitananda?
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1answer
113 views

Goloka and Nirguna Braman

Beyond the multitude of Universes and Celestial Realms is Goloka the supreme abode of Krishna. is it located before Nirguna Brahman or after Nirguna Brahman ?
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31 views

How can the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on manifestations that must have originated from Brahman in the past?

If everything originated from Brahman, then how could the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, because all three are physical manifestations that ...
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2answers
156 views

Do the Vedas teach that Brahman is a conscious being?

Do the Vedas speak of Brahman as a being that is able to think and perform actions? Or is Brahman more like an inanimate thing, except immaterial?
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1answer
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What do the Vedas say is the relation or difference between Ishwar and Brahman? [duplicate]

The Vedas appear to speak of one Ishwar that manifests as other beings, but it also speaks of Brahman being one. I'm confused as to what Ishwar is, and why Ishwar differs from Brahman. Is Brahman the ...
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3answers
178 views

Did Brahman split into multiple souls?

Here's a verse from Chandogya Upanishad , chapter six. "It (Being or Brahman) thought: ‘May I be many; may I grow forth." My question is, when Brahman, the supreme cosmic spirit , wished to ...
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48 views

Aren't the definitions of Jiva by Bhamati and Vivarna the same?

Is there really a difference between Bhamati's definition of Jiva and Vivarna's definition of Jiva? Below i've posted a passage from the book - The Introduction to Swami Swahananda’s translation of ...
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1answer
103 views

What do we mean by pure consciousness when we address Brahman?

After going through so many online articles i'm still not sure what exactly is Brahman as per advaita. Yes it can't be grasped by our limited senses but those who did describe "IT" has said the ...
5
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1answer
62 views

How worship will help to merge with brahman?

How can worship help to get self-realization? If I chant 'Om Namah Shivaya' continuously, then will that give me moksha? If Chanting is also part of worship, what is the connection between chanting ...
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0answers
72 views

Need clarification on the analogy of dream in Advaita

My background is in Vishistadvaita and I have always had a few challenges in understanding some of the concepts from Advaita and have wondered if later acharyas in the Advaita sampradaya have provided ...
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32 views

Names of Brahmavadinis in our puranas and vedas [duplicate]

I want to know about exemplary women who realised brahman and became brahamavadinis mentioned in our puranas and vedas. Few names and their short backstory will suffice.
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2answers
139 views

Do different forms of life have different value?

In an answer I recently read: Do you not think the karma of killing a small insect is less than the karma of contributing to the death of a human? I do not know. Life is life, correct? Is it ...
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1answer
72 views

How can we identify a self realized person?

What are the symptoms of a self realized person? How can I know whether I realized self or not?
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47 views

What is the prakAra-prakAri (attribute-substance) relationship between Brahman and Jiva in Vishishtadvaita?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaita has seven types of Brahman-Jiva relationships: sharIra/sharIrI (body/indweller) prakAra/prakArI (attribute/substance) shesha/sheshi (owned/owner) niyamya/niyanta (...
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does the word “Brahman” occur in the Rig Veda to denote the impersonal supreme principle?

If not, which scripture does it occur in first?
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Is the notion that the supreme being doesn't touch material energy a Hindu one?

Hare Krishnas say that Krishna stays beyond the material plane and interacts with the material world through his "expansions" if I understand correctly. Does Hindu scripture say anything like this?
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What is non-Brahman said in Devi Atharvashirsha?

There is Bhaumashvini (भौमाश्विनि) Yoga also known as Amrit Siddhi Yoga Today. (Ashvini Nakshatra on Tuesday). Chanting of Devi Atharvashirsha (also known as Devi Upanishad) has great significance as ...
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1answer
99 views

Is there any influence of time on Brahman?

It is believed that the Supreme God is beyond the time. But this verse from Srimad Bhagavatham says Supreme God's one second (less than a second actually) is equal to life span of Brahma. कालोऽयं ...
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1answer
91 views

Do the Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini and the Samkhya Sutras of Kapila explicity reject the existence of a creator?

As some of you must be knowing, Hindu philosophy comprises of six schools of thought: Vedanta Mimamsa Samkhya Nyaya Vaisheshika Yoga Of these, the Mimamsa and Samkhya schools are considered ...
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73 views

Is Atman really Brahman? [duplicate]

Recently I am going through Adhvaita Vedhanta. It is said that brahman present in every one's body as Athman. Athman is nothing but consciousness. May be at the time of Adi Shankara, science is not ...
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3answers
373 views

Why do we need to worship nirguna brahman?

If nirguna brahman is just consciousness, form less etc then why do we need to worship nirguna brahman? Note: This post is just to better understand nirguna brahman but nothing else. Till now I ...
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1answer
104 views

Can advaita's nirguna brahman speak? [duplicate]

Some advaitins claim that Nirguna Brahman spoke through Krishna, but is this in accordance with advaitin theory that Brahman is without any characteristic, is speaking not considered a characteristic, ...
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1answer
146 views

Why are we under Maya and Avidya if we are Brahman?

According to Advaita Vedanta, we i.e. Jivas are all Brahman in reality but are under Maya and Avidya. I want to know how Maya and Avidya came into Brahman? P.S. I am aware that Maya has no beginning....
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Is Brahman originally formless in Vishishtadvaita, Dvaita and Dvaitadvaita?

ISKCON which advocates Achintya-Bheda-Abheda, believes that the impersonal Brahman is an expansion of the Personal Brahman i.e. Krishna as you can see in the following web article: The Vedic texts ...
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According to srimad bhagvatam and Vishnu purana is saguna brahman superior to nirguna brahman?

How is the relation of of parmatma-brahman- bhagvan shown in sattvic puranas, is saguna brahman the basis of nirguna brahman as found in some verse of bhagvad geeta? I'm asking this as bhagvatam ...
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1answer
50 views

Is the mind a product of maya?

A pure soul is considered to be the same as the Supreme Soul,i.e Brahman.As per my knowledge,I know that the soul consists of: 1.Mind 2.Intelligence(Buddhi) 3.Ego(Ahankar) If a pure soul merges ...
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1answer
118 views

Apart from living beings, does Paramatma exist in atoms of non living material world also?

In Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says that ParamAtma exists in the hearts of all living entities. Question: Does he exist even in atoms of the non living material world?
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Why Devas are worshiped by humans? Where all are one Brahman?

I don't know that why Devas are worshiped by humans? In another word, it can be said that, they are worshiped by themselves. Because, We know that all thing, all creature of this world are one Brahman....
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1answer
62 views

Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita formless/impersonal? [duplicate]

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is seen to be devoid of all qualities and hence, impersonal/formless. Is Nirguna Brahman in Vishishtadvaita impersonal/formless?
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Who sees through the lens of mAyA?

Advait Vedantins say when Brahman is 'seen' through the lens of mAyA, Brahman appears as Ishwar. Is there 'something' before mAyA to wear the lens of mAya? If there is, what is that 'something' which ...
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2answers
297 views

Why does Sri Ramakrishna say that Saguna Brahman is real despite being an Advaitin?

Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa is known to have taught Advaita Vedanta to His devotees. However, in one of well-known quotes, He says both Nirguna Brahman and Saguna Brahman: It's enough to have faith ...
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2answers
641 views

Who are the parents of Lord Shiva? [duplicate]

Once upon a time, a saint asked this question to Lord Shiva: "Who is your father, Lord?". Lord Shiva replied that Brahma is his father. So who is the mother? “Who is your grandfather?” .Then the ...
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2answers
209 views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's “emptiness of emptiness”?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
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3answers
283 views

How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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1answer
159 views

Is Lord Ganesha considered same as the ultimate truth and reality (Brahman)?

Many Texts associate OM with cosmic creation and that OM is everything. Ganesha is associated with OM and hence known as oṃkārasvarūpa (Aum is his form). The Ganapati Atharvashirsa states that Lord ...
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Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists, then why do saints, Shankaracharyas, and others strive to realise Brahman, and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman itself ...
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0answers
255 views

Why some hindu gods don't have facial hair?

As far as the trimurti is concerned, Brahma is almost always depicted as an aged man with white flowing hair and white flowing beard from all 4 heads . Perhaps the white flowing beard depicts his ...
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1answer
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Is Agni and Vayu great because RigVeda eulogized them or are they not great because they're subject to ego in Kenopanishad?

The opening hymn of Rig Veda is for Agni , the god of fire I am assuming . And then there are many more hymns , but then there're ones for Vayu, Mitra, Indra, and so on for the other deities. The ...
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49 views

Were the holy names “Raam” , “Hari” and others originally used for Brahman?

So this might be a little controversial, but I was really curios what is the earliest reference of names "Hari" and "Ram" in vedic scriptures ? The way I think it is this way : Names like Ram and ...
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1answer
115 views

Is concept brahman mentioned anywhere in Valmiki Ramayana?

Is upanishadic concept Brahman (neuter gendered word ब्रह्मं meaning absolute reality/all encompassing being) mentioned anywhere in Valmiki Ramayana? I only remember reading about brahma, a ...
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1answer
129 views

What do hindus think about parbrahm or brahman/parabrahm? Why don't they directly pray to parbrahm?

I am a Sikh by birth and also by choice, having read many scriptures. Although I consider gurbani as my sole and soul guide, I am also pretty impressed by vedantic philosophy and upanishads, which in ...
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4answers
936 views

What is the meaning of Brahman & Vasudeva?

As there is definite meaning of the names such as Lord Shiva, Indra, Vishnu etc. I want the meaning of Brahman Vasudeva By the word Brahman, I mean with ultimate reality. (Though personally, I ...
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3answers
191 views

Moksha in the Vedas (excluding the Upanishads)

Note that this is not a dup of this question, since the answers I expect are not from the Upanishads. I have two questions based on my (poor) understanding of a few posts in this site. They are ...