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Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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25 views

Is there a school of Hinduism that has similarities with the Sufi theological view?

In Sufi theology, the Godhood has three levels: -الأحدية=الذات the ego. -الأسماء الإلهية the Divine Names. -الأعيان الثابتة the primordial architypes. Humanity is reflection of the Divine Names. Is ...
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What is the difference between Brahman,ParaBrahman,Bhagvan,Ishvara and ParamAtma?

What are the differences between the various terms. I assume Ishvara might be Sagun Rupa of Brahman but so is Isvara? Are they all same?
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Why should the absolute Brahman of Shaiva be Shiva and of Vaishnava be Vishnu?

Absolute Brahman resembles One possibility of Perfection, not all possible Perfections, i.e: He is surely Perfect, but resembles One mode (model) of Perfection. Absolute Brahman is One. The ...
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What is the meaning of: merging with Brahman after Moksha?

We know that we undergo multiple incarnation until we get Moksha, then we get merged with Brahman after Moksha, and then there's no incarnation. What is the meaning of merging with Brahman?. Is this ...
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77 views

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having no desire but desiring to create?

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having no desire but desiring to create? For example, the Vishnu Purana says: He is all, he knows all, he sees all, he possess all strength, all ...
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68 views

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having infinite bliss but also experiencing sorrow and suffering?

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having infinite bliss but also experiencing sorrow and suffering? Many Upanishads like Taittiriya say Brahman has infinite bliss: One hundred times ...
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109 views

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having no anger but experiencing anger?

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having no anger but experiencing anger? For example, the Vishnu Purana says: He is all, he knows all, he sees all, he possess all strength, all ...
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86 views

Is there any Vedic verse that explicitly says Brahma and Shiva did not exist before creation?

Is there any Vedic verse that explicitly says Brahma and Shiva did not exist before creation? Many verses say only Brahman existed before creation. But what about Brahma and Shiva?
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What is the meaning of brAhmana, as mentioned in Rig Veda II.36.5?

Rig Veda II.36.5 says eṣa sya te tanvo nṛmṇavardhanaḥ saha ojaḥ pradivi bāhvorhitaḥ | tubhyaṃ suto maghavan tubhyamābhṛtastvamasya brāhmanādā tṛpat piba || Translation of Ralph T.H. Griffith ...
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142 views

What is the significance of “Aham Bramhasmi”?

We Hindus believe that the supreme lord (Shiva/Vishnu) exists. Then why Aham Bramhamsi came into the picture?
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195 views

Why does Brahman appear as Maya?

What is the need for Brahman to differentiate into Maya and allow sentient beings to exist and contemplate the meaning of itself. If Brahman is eternal consciousness, reality and bliss, doesn't it ...
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Is paraatma microBrahman living beside atma or it is Brahman himself present metaphysically beside atma?

All of us know that para-atma present beside atma as a witness, the question is: are para-atmas microtheoi present beside atmas or all para-atmas are one entity, i.e: Brahman, present metaphysically ...
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92 views

Is Brahma the personified Brahman?

Is Brahma the personified Brahman?. Is there any sect or Philosophy or philosopher who think that Brahma is the personified Brahman?. Why not Brahma is the personified Brahman, aren't they both have ...
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Is Purusha (mentioned in Purusha suktam) same as Brahman (Parabrahman)?

Is Purusha (mentioned in Purusha suktam) same as Brahman (Parabrahman) ?
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208 views

Is there any verse in the Rig Veda Samhita that says only Indra existed before creation?

Here is the premise of the argument given by Shaivas and Vaishnavas to show that their deities are the supreme Brahman. Quoting and slightly paraphrasing from Nadadur Ammal's Para Tattva Nirnaya: ...
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Was there ever an Aindra sect? Devotees of Indra who believed that only Indra and no other Deva is Brahman?

Many people today are saying that Indra is the supreme Brahman. This theory is primarily advocated by people who reject the Upanishads and believe that the Rig Veda Samhita is the only true Veda. ...
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67 views

Fundamental difference between jivan mukta and saguna parabrahman

Saguna parabrahman is a parabrahman with gunas (say Krishna). Jivan mukta is a person who attained moksha but living due to prarabda (say Jada bharata). What is the fundamental difference between a ...
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111 views

Is there any refutation of the idea that Indra is Brahman?

Some people think that Indra is Brahman. The Vedas have lots of verses that say things like "Prana is Brahman", "Akasha is Brahman", "Indra is Brahman", "Shiva is Brahman", etc. Hence, some people ...
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181 views

Who was the earliest Vedic scholar to claim that only Indra and no other Deva is Brahman?

Many people today are saying that Indra is the supreme Brahman. This theory is primarily advocated by people who reject the Upanishads and believe that the Rig Veda Samhita is the only true Veda. Did ...
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1k views

Who created god (parabrahman)?

According to Hinduism scriptures, who created parabrahman? Is parabrahman itself created parabrahman (self-creation)? Or is there any other entity created parabrahman?
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98 views

Total number of saguna parabrahmans in Hinduism

Parabrahman is the highest supreme god in Hinduism. Saguna brahman refers to the parabrahman with gunas. Saguna brahman is also called as Upasya Brahman. Siva, Vishnu, Krishna, Rama, Balarama, ...
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What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
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How can a brahmin attain powers in Kaliyuga similar to the Trikala Gnana brahmarshi's or Saptharishi's in other yugas?

How can a brahmin attain powers in Kaliyuga similar to the power of Trikala Gnana brahmarshi's or Saptharishi's in other yugas? Examples: Vasishta, Agasthya, Atri, Gautama, Kashyapa, Bharadvaja, ...
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Do anyone has infinite tapas Shakti (power) other than Brahman?

It is well known that Brahman has infinite power. Other than him, in general, sages have tapas power due to their tapas and can be used for their wish such as cursing someone or for own purposes or ...
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196 views

Do vedas says that Ishwar is shapeless / formless?

Why and how The Ishwar is shapeless / formless ? Answer only if having vedic references
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832 views

Why has God created material system/universe?

Was He not satisfied with His Transcendental worlds? Why He manifested (tranformed into gross and subtle components) His illusionary material potency "maya", somewhat a punishment based system of ...
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if Brahman has no attributes like mind,memory.Then how he created universe?

if Brahman has no attributes like mind,memory.Then how he created universe?if we say maya created with the presence of brahman. maya is jada.if i want to create some thing i have to use my mind to ...
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90 views

Is this statement supported or contradicted by the scriptures?

I read an opinion in a book that states All the doctrines (or 'Vada-s like Advaitavada, Vishistadvaitavada, Dvaitavada, Achintyabhedabhedavada etc) are partial truths because these are expressed by ...
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How long a day in brahmaloka releative to bhuloka [duplicate]

How long a day eclipsed in brahmaloka when compared to bhuloka and Brahmaloka is nothing but a blackhole??where time passes very slow??
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298 views

Was Shankara a bhakta of Saguna Brahman Narayana or did he consider Nirguna Brahman to be supreme?

If Shankara considered Nirguna Brahman superior, or in other words, if he was a promoter of Nirguna Brahman, then why did he mention the name of Narayana (as his ishta devata) in the introduction of ...
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245 views

How to pray to Brahman?

How do I pray to Bhraman to help me achieve unification with Him? I want to know how to meditate on Him. I want to achieve liberation. I want to end my desires.
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Why Does Torture Exist? [duplicate]

please give me your best explanation from a spiritual point of view (from Brahman's point of view). I am not talking about what can be called "meaningful pain." I am speaking of meaningless pain, ...
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154 views

According to Advaita, what is the difference between Ishwara and Brahman?

I would like to know the difference between Ishwara and Brahman. If Ishwara is saguna rupa of Brahman then is it real or maya?
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How could Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath accept Advaita Vedanta being in the Ramanandi-sect?

Sri Sitaramdas Omkarnath, a renowned saint from Bengal was from the Ramanuja-Ramananda Sect. He used tilaka as per Ramanuja-Ramananda sect and was revered by many saints from all sects and religions ...
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403 views

What is the difference between Devata, Upadevata and Apadevata?

What is the difference between Devata, Upadevata and Apadevata? We have come across these terms several times and each is referred to the same entity consciously or not consciously. People use the ...
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233 views

How can Brahman be the 'Anga-jyoti' of Sri Krishna?

The followers of Bhagavan Sri Chaitanya describes Brahman as the Aura or 'Anga-jyoti' of Sri Krishna. But according to our scriptures, Brahman is beyond mind and to be realised by the Self losing the ...
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In Which Upanishad Can I Find The Story of the Creation of the Universe by Brahman?

I only know a very basic narrative of the Brahman mythology - Brahman splits itself into Trimurti (Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu) and Trimurti give rise to countless other forms and consciousness. ...
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Some questions about Brahman [duplicate]

I recently became very interested in Hindu mythology and would love to hear from well-read individuals who really have a thorough understanding of the Vedas. I have just 2 questions for now: 1) Why ...
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Concept of Brahman according to different commentators of the Brahma-Sutra

Sri Adi Sankaracharya and the Acharyas of four major Vaishnava sects have written commentaries on Brahma-Sutra. How is the concept of Brahman different in each commentary from the other? A am asking ...
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Who is actually learning? Is it Atman or me?

If I am learning something like learning physics or chemistry or maths means who is learning? Is it Atman or my brain? If Atman means why can't it (Atman) realize after death that I belong to this ...
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358 views

According to ISKCON, what is the difference between Brahmavada and Mayavada?

As it is well known, ISKCON (and other Vaishnavas for that matter) strongly criticize philosophy of Advaita. Srila Prabhupada himself criticized Mayavada in his various commentaries on Vaishnava ...
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How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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380 views

Why does nirguna brahman manifest only in 5 forms?

I know that Shiva, Durga, Vishnu, Surya and Ganesha are counted as manifestations of Nirguna brahman. Or in other way when nirguna brahman is seen through lens of maya, it is seen in 5 different ways. ...
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Is the formless Krishna supreme?

I was told by an elder that according to the oldest Purana, the formless Krishna is supreme and he created the Trinity. He is not that Krishna who is lord Vishnu's avatar and all the other gods ...
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What's the difference between nirguna brahman of Advaitins and impersonal brahman of Gaudiyas?

Gaudiyas believe in an impersonal brahman aspect of Absolute Truth. BG 14. 27 brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman Hari Vamsa, Visnu Parva 114: tat ...
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What is the position of different Vaishnavite sects regarding the Advaitic definition of Nirguna Brahman?

As I understand it, to them the absolute is a person - Vishnu/Narayana, Rama and Krishna being the most prominent. What is their stand on the Nirguna Brahman of Advaitists? I am not interested in ...
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652 views

What is the meaning of this shloka and in what context it was written?

ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात्पूर्णमुदच्यते। पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते॥ When I fed it to search engine, I got many explanations by different people according to their understanding. I ...
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Is there any mention of Brahman in the Samhitas of any of the 4 Vedas?

Is there any mention of Brahman in the Samhitas of any of the 4 Vedas? Brahman is elaborately described in the Aranyakas and Upanishads of the Vedas, but what about the Samhitas?
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Who is the deity of the Purusha Suktam according to different schools?

Who is the deity of the Purusha Suktam according to different schools? According to Vaishnavism, it is Vishnu: The Sukta gives an expression to immanence of radical unity in diversity and is ...
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Differences in explanation for this verse “Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante” which describe the parabrahman

In few upanyasams by Srivaishnava scholars, on the question of what is Brahman, I have come across this verse from Taittirīya Upanishad - Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante; yena jātāni jivanti; yat ...