Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva “half-entering” Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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169 views

What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
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266 views

Shri Krushna's revelation of his real identity

Shri Krushna had made many others understand "who is he" -- Shri Narayana himself, supreme Brahman. But after revealing his real identity, he made them forget the revelation by using "Maya", the ...
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155 views

Need clarification on the analogy of dream in Advaita

My background is in Vishistadvaita and I have always had a few challenges in understanding some of the concepts from Advaita and have wondered if later acharyas in the Advaita sampradaya have provided ...
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227 views

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
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199 views

Which Purva Mimamsa philosophers think Brahman is the soul of the Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
4
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57 views

Can Brahman be realized without following the 32 Bramha Vidyas of Upanishads or without even studying Upanishads?

Non Dwijas aren't qualified to acquire knowledge of Brahman from Vedas(Upanishads) but can acquire so from Itihasas and Puranas. Are there any meditational techniques prescribed in them to realize ...
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162 views

Differences in explanation for this verse “Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante” which describe the parabrahman

In few upanyasams by Srivaishnava scholars, on the question of what is Brahman, I have come across this verse from Taittirīya Upanishad - Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante; yena jātāni jivanti; yat ...
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95 views

What is the prakAra-prakAri (attribute-substance) relationship between Brahman and Jiva in Vishishtadvaita?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaita has seven types of Brahman-Jiva relationships: sharIra/sharIrI (body/indweller) prakAra/prakArI (attribute/substance) shesha/sheshi (owned/owner) niyamya/niyanta (...
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461 views

What is non-Brahman said in Devi Atharvashirsha?

There is Bhaumashvini (भौमाश्विनि) Yoga also known as Amrit Siddhi Yoga Today. (Ashvini Nakshatra on Tuesday). Chanting of Devi Atharvashirsha (also known as Devi Upanishad) has great significance as ...
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Why some hindu gods don't have facial hair?

As far as the trimurti is concerned, Brahma is almost always depicted as an aged man with white flowing hair and white flowing beard from all 4 heads . Perhaps the white flowing beard depicts his ...
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73 views

Concept of Brahman according to different commentators of the Brahma-Sutra

Sri Adi Sankaracharya and the Acharyas of four major Vaishnava sects have written commentaries on Brahma-Sutra. How is the concept of Brahman different in each commentary from the other? A am asking ...
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185 views

What do Sri Vaishnavas and Nimbarkites say regarding impersonal/formless/Nirakara Brahman?

ISKCON which advocates Achintya-Bheda-Abheda, believes that the impersonal Brahman is an expansion of the personal Brahman i.e. Krishna as you can see in the following web article: The Vedic texts ...
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182 views

What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
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185 views

What does Vallabhacharya's Shuddhadvaita Vedanta say about Nirguna Brahman?

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is the supreme. What does Vallabhacharya of the Pushtimarga sect say about Nirguna Brahman?
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110 views

On what basis Avataras are classified as Rudra Avatar & Vishnu Avatar?

When àtmà is the one & indwelling in both Lord Shiva or Lord Vishnu and When same àtmà manifests or descents on the earth, then why some Avatars are called Shiva Avatars or some Vishnu? On what ...
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269 views

What are objections on Sabda Brahman school thought?

One of the oldest schools of Vedanta which existed long before Shankara is Sabda- Brahma vivarta vada. The exponents of this school of thought as stated by Swami Vedanta Desika ( famous SriVaishnava ...
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266 views

Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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72 views

Which sects of Hinduism do not agree with the concept of saguna brahman?

Among all the sects of Sanathan Dharma, is there any sect that agrees with nirguna brahman, but does not agree with the idea of Saguna brahman? If yes, what is the name(s) of the sect?
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If soul is everywhere, then what is leaving the body at the time of death?

If the whole universe is soul itself, then what is leaving at the time of death? i.e. if the soul is in me, and the same soul is in air, then what is leaving the body? If the soul is everywhere, then ...
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67 views

How do we know what is an auspicious quality of the Lord?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, Brahman is full of "auspicious" qualities. For example, in Ramanujacharya's commentary on the Brahma Sutras, he says: The conclusion therefore is that texts such as '...
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65 views

Was there ever an Aindra sect? Devotees of Indra who believed that only Indra and no other Deva is Brahman?

Many people today are saying that Indra is the supreme Brahman. This theory is primarily advocated by people who reject the Upanishads and believe that the Rig Veda Samhita is the only true Veda. ...
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122 views

How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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47 views

How can the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on manifestations that must have originated from Brahman in the past?

If everything originated from Brahman, then how could the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, because all three are physical manifestations that ...
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89 views

Were the holy names “Raam” , “Hari” and others originally used for Brahman?

So this might be a little controversial, but I was really curios what is the earliest reference of names "Hari" and "Ram" in vedic scriptures ? The way I think it is this way : Names like Ram and ...
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144 views

When Brahaman is formless how can we have description of this aspect in Vedas through Abhetha, Betha and kadaka sruthis?

Here we are saying Brahman is formless. But in Vedas some truth is saying there is only one, in some it is saying it is having divine form, in some say soul and supreme soul are always different and ...
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223 views

Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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197 views

What is Hierarchy/levels of beings from humans to Brahman?

In various references, incidents, anecdotes etc we come across beings like human, Deva, Gandharva, Yaksha, Pitru, Aditya, Rudra, Vasu (not Vaasu), Naga, Asura, Pitru etc. While the Bramhasutra ...
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78 views

Does son of a realized sage become Brahman by birth?

Will the child of a realized soul become realized by birth automatically?
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65 views

Classification of Brahmm(ब्रह्म)

I was watching this program on TV and the person in there further classified the Ultimate Reality we call as Brahmm / Par Brahmm into three categories : Niraakaar Brahmm (निराकार ब्रह्म) Saakaar ...
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42 views

Janeau wearing direction

Does the Janeau or Poonol (Yajnopavitham) for Brahmins wearing direction from left to right is for signifying that they have to be more Justice and Righteous oriented?
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50 views

Is paraatma microBrahman living beside atma or it is Brahman himself present metaphysically beside atma?

All of us know that para-atma present beside atma as a witness, the question is: are para-atmas microtheoi present beside atmas or all para-atmas are one entity, i.e: Brahman, present metaphysically ...
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75 views

if Brahman has no attributes like mind,memory.Then how he created universe?

if Brahman has no attributes like mind,memory.Then how he created universe?if we say maya created with the presence of brahman. maya is jada.if i want to create some thing i have to use my mind to ...
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144 views

According to srimad bhagvatam and Vishnu purana is saguna brahman superior to nirguna brahman?

How is the relation of of parmatma-brahman- bhagvan shown in sattvic puranas, is saguna brahman the basis of nirguna brahman as found in some verse of bhagvad geeta? I'm asking this as bhagvatam ...
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50 views

Is any way to attempt to prove God futile? How much this quote is in line with Hindu philosophies?

This is a saying of Nisargadatta Maharaj, a self realized master of nAth Sampradaye. His teachings are non dualistic in nature. A similar question I have posted here as well. My question is which ...
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99 views

How do Purva Mimamsa followers explain the etymology of the caste word “Brahmana”?

Not all Purva Mimamsa followers believed in the existence of Brahman, but they all believed in the Jivatma. They also believed the verses in the Upanishads that speak of Brahman actually refer to the ...
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134 views

According to Dvaita theory why did the Paramatma populate the earth?

Paramatma and Jeevatma live happily in the Vaikuntha Loka. Jeevatma is doing his karma by praying to Paramatma. Paramatma is doing his Karma by bestowing blessing on his followers. Now my question ...
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607 views

Can we worship the Brahman as "Tadvana?

From this link,Taddha tadvanam nama tadvanam iti upasitavyam (Kena Upanishad) Meaning-"That is Adorable(Tadvanam); one should meditate on It as 'Adorable'." This is one Upanishadic meditation, ...
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65 views

isn't karma superior than Supreme God (Para Brahman)?

Okay first I googled who is Supreme God in Hinduism and on wikipedia I found this. Para Brahman (not to be confused with Brahma) is supreme God of hinduism. Most Hindus worship one Supreme Being, ...
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31 views

How do you know Brahman is the cause of the universe vs a Jain model

lets say that the soul has always existed apart from the 5 elements individually but that the elements and the souls were always there?like the Jains believe.how can you claim Brahman is the material ...
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33 views

Is there a school of Hinduism that has similarities with the Sufi theological view?

In Sufi theology, the Godhood has three levels: -الأحدية=الذات the ego. -الأسماء الإلهية the Divine Names. -الأعيان الثابتة the primordial architypes. Humanity is reflection of the Divine Names. Is ...
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293 views

What is the difference between Brahman,ParaBrahman,Bhagvan,Ishvara and ParamAtma?

What are the differences between the various terms. I assume Ishvara might be Sagun Rupa of Brahman but so is Isvara? Are they all same?
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72 views

Why should the absolute Brahman of Shaiva be Shiva and of Vaishnava be Vishnu?

Absolute Brahman resembles One possibility of Perfection, not all possible Perfections, i.e: He is surely Perfect, but resembles One mode (model) of Perfection. Absolute Brahman is One. The ...
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1answer
146 views

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having infinite bliss but also experiencing sorrow and suffering?

How does Vaishnava theology reconcile Brahman having infinite bliss but also experiencing sorrow and suffering? Many Upanishads like Taittiriya say Brahman has infinite bliss: One hundred times ...
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88 views

Is the formless Krishna supreme?

I was told by an elder that according to the oldest Purana, the formless Krishna is supreme and he created the Trinity. He is not that Krishna who is lord Vishnu's avatar and all the other gods ...