Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva "half-entering" Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Brahman (ब्रह्म) Tarapanam - meaning?

I am currently reading Sadhanas From the Ribhu Gita by Swami Shantananda. In chapter 5 (Page 34 of http://swamishantanandapurimaharaj.org/publications/Sadhanas-from-Ribhu-Gita.pdf), have come across ...
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What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
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How do the Vedas sing, at the beginning middle and end, of Brahman?

(At least read the main Question portion, the explanation before it and the note below it are very long) One has to understand a scripture gets its sanctity when it is attributed to wholly to Brahman. ...
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Shri Krushna's revelation of his real identity

Shri Krushna had made many others understand "who is he" -- Shri Narayana himself, supreme Brahman. But after revealing his real identity, he made them forget the revelation by using "Maya", the ...
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177 views

Need clarification on the analogy of dream in Advaita

My background is in Vishistadvaita and I have always had a few challenges in understanding some of the concepts from Advaita and have wondered if later acharyas in the Advaita sampradaya have provided ...
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228 views

Which Purva Mimamsa philosophers think Brahman is the soul of the Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Differences in explanation for this verse "Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante" which describe the parabrahman

In few upanyasams by Srivaishnava scholars, on the question of what is Brahman, I have come across this verse from Taittirīya Upanishad - Yato vā imāni bhutāni jāyante; yena jātāni jivanti; yat ...
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What is the prakAra-prakAri (attribute-substance) relationship between Brahman and Jiva in Vishishtadvaita?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaita has seven types of Brahman-Jiva relationships: sharIra/sharIrI (body/indweller) prakAra/prakArI (attribute/substance) shesha/sheshi (owned/owner) niyamya/niyanta (...
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What is non-Brahman said in Devi Atharvashirsha?

There is Bhaumashvini (भौमाश्विनि) Yoga also known as Amrit Siddhi Yoga Today. (Ashvini Nakshatra on Tuesday). Chanting of Devi Atharvashirsha (also known as Devi Upanishad) has great significance as ...
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Why some hindu gods don't have facial hair?

As far as the trimurti is concerned, Brahma is almost always depicted as an aged man with white flowing hair and white flowing beard from all 4 heads . Perhaps the white flowing beard depicts his ...
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73 views

Concept of Brahman according to different commentators of the Brahma-Sutra

Sri Adi Sankaracharya and the Acharyas of four major Vaishnava sects have written commentaries on Brahma-Sutra. How is the concept of Brahman different in each commentary from the other? A am asking ...
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215 views

What do Sri Vaishnavas and Nimbarkites say regarding impersonal/formless/Nirakara Brahman?

ISKCON which advocates Achintya-Bheda-Abheda, believes that the impersonal Brahman is an expansion of the personal Brahman i.e. Krishna as you can see in the following web article: The Vedic texts ...
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208 views

What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
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What does Vallabhacharya's Shuddhadvaita Vedanta say about Nirguna Brahman?

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is the supreme. What does Vallabhacharya of the Pushtimarga sect say about Nirguna Brahman?
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On what basis Avataras are classified as Rudra Avatar & Vishnu Avatar?

When àtmà is the one & indwelling in both Lord Shiva or Lord Vishnu and When same àtmà manifests or descents on the earth, then why some Avatars are called Shiva Avatars or some Vishnu? On what ...
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275 views

What are objections on Sabda Brahman school thought?

One of the oldest schools of Vedanta which existed long before Shankara is Sabda- Brahma vivarta vada. The exponents of this school of thought as stated by Swami Vedanta Desika ( famous SriVaishnava ...
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Can we worship the Brahman as "Tadvana?

From this link,Taddha tadvanam nama tadvanam iti upasitavyam (Kena Upanishad) Meaning-"That is Adorable(Tadvanam); one should meditate on It as 'Adorable'." This is one Upanishadic meditation, ...
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290 views

Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
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Why is Shiva called as Brahman by Tulasidasji?

Tulasidas ji writes "jeev anek, ek srikanta" Or there are many jivas but only one god, the husband of Shri. So that would imply that one and only God is Lord Rama ie husband of Sri, then why ...
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Is the concept of divine retribution(punishment) mentioned in the Vedas and upanishades?

Divine retribution : Divine retribution is supernatural punishment of a person, a group of people, or everyone by a deity in response to some action. Many cultures have a story about how a deity ...
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Did Adi Shankaracharya make an argument for a perfect God (Brahman) against Buddhist and atheist school?

Did Adi Shankaracharya give any argument to prove the existence of a perfect God (Brahman) against Buddhist and other atheist schools. I am not asking argument for Monism, or about only God exists, ...
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57 views

What are some texts ( or sects ) which declare Devī Sarasvati as Supreme.?

All the five deities - (Brahmā, Vishnu-Lakshmi, Shiva-Uma) within the Tridev-Tridevī continuum, enjoys a Brahman or the Supreme deity status either explicitly (with dedicated sects) or implicitly (...
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Which sects of Hinduism do not agree with the concept of saguna brahman?

Among all the sects of Sanathan Dharma, is there any sect that agrees with nirguna brahman, but does not agree with the idea of Saguna brahman? If yes, what is the name(s) of the sect?
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If soul is everywhere, then what is leaving the body at the time of death?

If the whole universe is soul itself, then what is leaving at the time of death? i.e. if the soul is in me, and the same soul is in air, then what is leaving the body? If the soul is everywhere, then ...
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71 views

How do we know what is an auspicious quality of the Lord?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, Brahman is full of "auspicious" qualities. For example, in Ramanujacharya's commentary on the Brahma Sutras, he says: The conclusion therefore is that texts such as '...
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Was there ever an Aindra sect? Devotees of Indra who believed that only Indra and no other Deva is Brahman?

Many people today are saying that Indra is the supreme Brahman. This theory is primarily advocated by people who reject the Upanishads and believe that the Rig Veda Samhita is the only true Veda. ...
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142 views

How do Advatins classify Vaikuntha and other lokas according to their philosophy?

Do advaitins believe in Vaikuntha and other lokas and see them as eternal?
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How can the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on manifestations that must have originated from Brahman in the past?

If everything originated from Brahman, then how could the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, because all three are physical manifestations that ...
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Were the holy names "Raam" , "Hari" and others originally used for Brahman?

So this might be a little controversial, but I was really curios what is the earliest reference of names "Hari" and "Ram" in vedic scriptures ? The way I think it is this way : Names like Ram and ...
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When Brahaman is formless how can we have description of this aspect in Vedas through Abhetha, Betha and kadaka sruthis?

Here we are saying Brahman is formless. But in Vedas some truth is saying there is only one, in some it is saying it is having divine form, in some say soul and supreme soul are always different and ...
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252 views

Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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205 views

What is Hierarchy/levels of beings from humans to Brahman?

In various references, incidents, anecdotes etc we come across beings like human, Deva, Gandharva, Yaksha, Pitru, Aditya, Rudra, Vasu (not Vaasu), Naga, Asura, Pitru etc. While the Bramhasutra ...
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Does son of a realized sage become Brahman by birth?

Will the child of a realized soul become realized by birth automatically?
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Why would Moksha be permanent?

If individuals came from Brahman which is unchanging and perfect... then if we attain Moksha (merge into Brahman), what's to stop Brahman from creating us again? If we were created once, and Brahman ...
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Shankaracharya on performing activities with meditation

I have read in multiple places that Shankaracharya champions the idea that whereas mere works (that is, those that are not accompanied with meditation) lead one only to the worlds of manes to the ...
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What is the concept of the RgVedic 'Brahman' in true essence?

The RgVea has many gods: Indra, Agni, Vayu, Vishnu, etc. It also talks about a God the Absolute called ' Brahman '. What is this ' Brahman ' actually? Agni (fire)? Vayu (wind)? Or something else?
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The Akshar-Purushottam darshan concludes that there are two distinct Brahmans. Is this conclusion supported by scriptures?

Akshar-Purushottam darshan is the youngest branch of Hindu Philosophy. It is based on the teachings of Sri Swaminarayan. Following the tradition, Sadhu Bhadreshdas composed commentaries on ...
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What is the difference between the immortality of the devatās and the immortality of the brahman?

This Purusha who wakes when all sleep, creating what was desired is certainly ‘the pure,’ that is Brahman and that is said to be immortal. All worlds are fastened on that; none passes beyond that. ...
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does the RigVedic verse "Ekam sat vipra bahudha vadanti" refer to impersonal Brahman?

Ṛg Veda 1.164.46 इन्द्रं॑ मि॒त्रं वरु॑णम॒ग्निमा॑हु॒रथो॑ दि॒व्यः स सु॑प॒र्णो ग॒रुत्मा॑न् । एकं॒ सद्विप्रा॑ बहु॒धा व॑दन्त्य॒ग्निं य॒मं मा॑त॒रिश्वा॑नमाहुः ॥४६॥ Sat is grammatically neuter: सत् n. that ...
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Classification of Brahman(ब्रह्मन्)

I was watching this program on TV and the person in there further classified the Ultimate Reality we call as Brahman / Par Brahman into three categories : Nirãkãr Brahman (निराकार ब्रह्मन्) Sãkãr ...
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isn't karma superior than Supreme God (Para Brahman)?

Okay first I googled who is Supreme God in Hinduism and on wikipedia I found this. Para Brahman (not to be confused with Brahma) is supreme God of hinduism. Most Hindus worship one Supreme Being, ...
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Janeau wearing direction

Does the Janeau or Poonol (Yajnopavitham) for Brahmins wearing direction from left to right is for signifying that they have to be more Justice and Righteous oriented?
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Is paraatma microBrahman living beside atma or it is Brahman himself present metaphysically beside atma?

All of us know that para-atma present beside atma as a witness, the question is: are para-atmas microtheoi present beside atmas or all para-atmas are one entity, i.e: Brahman, present metaphysically ...
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if Brahman has no attributes like mind,memory.Then how he created universe?

if Brahman has no attributes like mind,memory.Then how he created universe?if we say maya created with the presence of brahman. maya is jada.if i want to create some thing i have to use my mind to ...
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157 views

According to srimad bhagvatam and Vishnu purana is saguna brahman superior to nirguna brahman?

How is the relation of of parmatma-brahman- bhagvan shown in sattvic puranas, is saguna brahman the basis of nirguna brahman as found in some verse of bhagvad geeta? I'm asking this as bhagvatam ...
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Is any way to attempt to prove God futile? How much this quote is in line with Hindu philosophies?

This is a saying of Nisargadatta Maharaj, a self realized master of nAth Sampradaye. His teachings are non dualistic in nature. A similar question I have posted here as well. My question is which ...
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109 views

How do Purva Mimamsa followers explain the etymology of the caste word "Brahmana"?

Not all Purva Mimamsa followers believed in the existence of Brahman, but they all believed in the Jivatma. They also believed the verses in the Upanishads that speak of Brahman actually refer to the ...
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151 views

According to Dvaita theory why did the Paramatma populate the earth?

Paramatma and Jeevatma live happily in the Vaikuntha Loka. Jeevatma is doing his karma by praying to Paramatma. Paramatma is doing his Karma by bestowing blessing on his followers. Now my question ...
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73 views

Reincarnation and Atma

Atma or Brahman is considered as not having any properties(Nirguna). Then why the karma that lead to reincarnation attaches to it? Is Pind-deha has any connection with this?