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Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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46
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9answers
9k views

How were the Trimurthi born?

In Hinduism, there are three supreme gods, Brahma, Vishnu & Mahesh (Shiva). Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the protector, and Shiva is the destroyer. But how were these gods born? Did the ...
23
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5answers
3k views

Why does God allow us to suffer?

If God is a force of good then why is there so much suffering in this world? I thought I had understood the answer to this question after watching this video. Basically it says that if we ...
18
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3answers
2k views

What is “Brahm” in “Brahmacharya”? How does it relate to celibacy?

My perception was that, "Brahm"(ब्रह्म) in "Brahmacharya"(ब्रह्मचर्य) is the same "Brahm", which is referred in Gita at many places. In this site, we mainly refer it as "Brahman" (ब्रह्मन्). And "...
18
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1answer
4k views

Is there any scripture that tells story about Lord Vishnu and MahaVishnu?

As per the Shiva Purana, there is a main God Shiva who is Nirakara and thereafter his physical manifestation who is known as Shankara. I know that different Hindu texts about different Gods treat ...
17
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6answers
1k views

Approach to the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Jnana)

I want to get/achieve/realize/attain the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Aatman & Brahman). And I think Jnana path is perfect for this. And I believe if one truly achieves Jnana, then one gets moksha ...
17
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4answers
1k views

Supreme Brahman in Hinduism

Here is What i understood after reading various stories from Puranas and Mahabharatha and theories of Creationism. Vishnu Purana states Vishnu is Supreme God or Supreme Brahman. Also I read ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Which scriptures or Vedic hymns declare the Sun as the Supreme God (Brahman)?

Most of the Indian philosophies establish hierarchies of their interest of Gods. Like There are many Lord Vishnus ( MahaVishnu- Supreme Brahman ) & Similarly many Lord Shivas ( Brahman is usually ...
14
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3answers
6k views

What is the Navavidha Bhakti?

Bhakti is intense devotion and supreme love for God. There is no expectation of anything in Bhakti marga. This higher feeling is indescribable in words. It has to be sincerely experienced by the ...
13
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4answers
2k views

Why do Devas stop people from attaining Brahma Vidya?

Why is it that gods do this? Adi Shankaracharya says there are 3 people stopping one from self-realization: The individual himself Other people Devas Swami Sarvananda in his commentary on the ...
13
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4answers
245 views

What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Which Vedic verses describe Indra as Brahman?

Which Vedic verses describe Indra as Brahman? Or as creator of universe or as source of universe or as someone who pervades whole universe?
11
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4answers
2k views

What is the meaning of Brahman & Vasudeva?

As there is definite meaning of the names such as Lord Shiva, Indra, Vishnu etc. I want the meaning of Brahman Vasudeva By the word Brahman, I mean with ultimate reality. (Though personally, I ...
11
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7answers
11k views

What is the difference between God and Devi-Devta or are they same?

Is there a difference between God and Devi-Devta or are they same? As we know there are thousands of devis and devas, are they the same as God or is there any difference between them? If they are ...
11
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2answers
7k views

How did Tripura Sundari come into existence?

As Wikipedia says: Tripurāsundarī (त्रिपुरा सुंदरी - "Beautiful (Goddess) of the Three Worlds") or Mahā-Tripurasundarī ("Great Beautiful (Goddess) of the Three Worlds"), also called Ṣhoḍaśhi ("...
11
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3answers
2k views

How can a person die if soul never leaves the body?

Soul is infinite, omnipresent, i.e, it is present in our body and outside our body. Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda [Volume 2/Jnana-Yoga/The-Atman] :- It is the Atman, beyond all, the Infinite,...
11
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1answer
145 views

How do non-vedanta darshanas deal with shruti statements about Brahman?

Vedanta schools extensively deal with the concept of brahman. What do non-vedanta schools like nyaya-vaishesika, samkhya-yoga etc say about shruti statements about Brahman? How do they reconcile ...
11
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2answers
569 views

Want to know about Brahmaloka

While reading Mukhya Upanishads, I found there are many verses that say who does Upasana upon Brahman or Om, is led up or reach/attain to Brahmaloka. Example: (Verses from Sanskritdocuments and ...
11
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2answers
610 views

What is the highest state Swami Vivekananda is referring to?

Complete Works > Volume 7 > Conversations and Dialogues > From the Diary of a Disciple > scc_ii: Whatever man knows to be the truth is of a like nature: some are lesser truths, others, higher ones ...
10
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4answers
664 views

Are Sri RamaKrishna's statements about attaining Brahman through Bhakti inline with Adi Shankara?

According to Shankaracharya, knowledge of Brahman can only be had through Jnana Yoga but recent Mahatmas like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa say that it can also be gotten through Bhakti Yoga. Why doesn't ...
10
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3answers
605 views

Why self realization doesn't imply omniscience?

Why one is not omniscient even after self realization as in self realization one knows he is no other than Brahm. But Brahm is omniscient as well, then why one is not omniscient even after self ...
10
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1answer
140 views

How can we identify a self realized person?

What are the symptoms of a self realized person? How can I know whether I realized self or not?
10
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1answer
210 views

Has Hinduism ever tried to enfold Christianity (or other semitic religions)?

I am currently reading Swami Prabhavananda The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) and find it very clear and informative (better than e.g. Heinrich Zimmer's Philosophies of India so far). Early on it ...
9
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3answers
391 views

Did Brahman split into multiple souls?

Here's a verse from Chandogya Upanishad , chapter six. "It (Being or Brahman) thought: ‘May I be many; may I grow forth." My question is, when Brahman, the supreme cosmic spirit , wished to ...
9
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1answer
191 views

Do any verses in the Vedas declare Agni to be the Highest Brahman?

After seeing this answer, I wish to know whether there are any verses declare Agni to be Highest Brahman (since he is frequently mentioned as Indra). Are there any such verses?
9
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3answers
882 views

Why do we need to worship nirguna brahman?

If nirguna brahman is just consciousness, form less etc then why do we need to worship nirguna brahman? Note: This post is just to better understand nirguna brahman but nothing else. Till now I ...
9
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3answers
4k views

What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and brāhmaṇa/brahmin (ब्राह्मण)?

In Sanskrit there's brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण), which is a term used for people, and para-brahman (परब्रह्मन्), which is a term used for gods. What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and ...
9
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1answer
480 views

How can Advaita Vedanta's Nirguna Brahman even exist? [duplicate]

According to Shankaracharya, Ishvara, the world, and Saguna Brahman, are ultimately unreal. Only Nirguna Brahman is real. But what does it mean to be Nirguna or "without qualities"? Something that ...
8
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2answers
692 views

What is the relation/difference between Brahman(ब्रह्म) & Parabrahm(परब्रह्म)?

Actually first thing to know is: The relation/difference between Atman & Brahman but that question is closed as the duplicate of this. I don't know the exact reason may be Brahman of a question ...
8
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2answers
676 views

Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
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3answers
1k views

What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What arguments Adi Shankara makes to claim that Supreme is devoid of any attributes?

The interpretation of 'Nirguna' is different in different philosophies. Srila baldeva VidyaBhushan in His Govind Bashya (Gaudiya vaishnav commentary on vedanta sutras)interprets 'Nirguna' as being ...
8
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2answers
259 views

What is the position of different Vaishnavite sects regarding the Advaitic definition of Nirguna Brahman?

As I understand it, to them the absolute is a person - Vishnu/Narayana, Rama and Krishna being the most prominent. What is their stand on the Nirguna Brahman of Advaitists? I am not interested in ...
8
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2answers
909 views

What is Kaivalya Moksha?

Here in Muktika Upanishads, Rama describes Kaivalya Moksha is ultimate. What is it? Is it merging into existence of Brahman? I-i-15-17. Hanuman: Rama, sages speak differently: some say there is ...
8
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3answers
550 views

How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
8
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2answers
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What is Sankara Vedànta explanation of Sarvam Khalvidam Brahm?

The meaning of this Mahàkàvya is All that is Brahm alone. Now question arises what All that is here in the eyes of Sankara Vedàntin? As we know that world is mere a mirage in Sankara Vedànta, then ...
8
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2answers
196 views

How can Brahman possibly be devoid of qualities?

If Brahman and Prakriti are not separate, but two sides of the same coin ... i.e. if Brahman 'IS' Prakriti, then that makes Brahman full of qualities. How can it possibly be devoid of attributes when ...
8
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1answer
228 views

What happens to the devoted wife if her husband gets enlightenment?

According to Shāstras, if parents give their daughters to the guy whose ultimate aim is to attain Brahman, they attain Brahmāloka which is the second most difficult attainment after Moksha because it ...
8
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2answers
569 views

Why does Adi Shankaracharya use “going to Brahman” metaphor in discussing why Brahman cannot be gone to?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
8
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2answers
407 views

How does Nirguna Brahman manifests into Saguna Brahman?

We all know that it's Saguna Brahman that does the job of creation but I would like to know, how Nirguna Brahman becomes Saguna Brahman in the first place. I know you guys would probably say that when ...
8
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0answers
173 views

What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva “half-entering” Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
7
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5answers
635 views

Is God darkness or light?

After reading a lot of articles on different websites and watching videos concerning different philosophies and views, I seek to ask a question here to get an emphatic and most importantly, a true ...
7
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1answer
556 views

What is the meaning of this shloka and in what context it was written?

ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात्पूर्णमुदच्यते। पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते॥ When I fed it to search engine, I got many explanations by different people according to their understanding. I ...
7
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3answers
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Who is Virat Purusha?

In Hinduism, there is someone called Virat Purusha. There is similar concept in Jainism where it is believed that the universe shape is in the form of a cosmic man - broader at the top and bottom and ...
7
votes
1answer
210 views

How do different Astika schools prove the existence of God?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
7
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3answers
215 views

Is there any influence of time on Brahman?

It is believed that the Supreme God is beyond the time. But this verse from Srimad Bhagavatham says Supreme God's one second (less than a second actually) is equal to life span of Brahma. कालोऽयं ...
7
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1answer
812 views

World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...
7
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1answer
280 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “One without a second”?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
7
votes
2answers
116 views

Anyone know significance of 18 in path to God?

We have Mahabharata lasting upto - 18 days Bhagavad Gita - 18 chapters Puranas - 18 Puranas Ayyapan - 18 steps Siddhas - primarily 18 siddhars Is there a significance in 18? Probably 18 steps we need ...
7
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2answers
350 views

Why are we under Maya and Avidya if we are Brahman?

According to Advaita Vedanta, we i.e. Jivas are all Brahman in reality but are under Maya and Avidya. I want to know how Maya and Avidya came into Brahman? P.S. I am aware that Maya has no beginning....
7
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1answer
406 views

Is Lord Ganesha considered same as the ultimate truth and reality (Brahman)?

Many Texts associate OM with cosmic creation and that OM is everything. Ganesha is associated with OM and hence known as oṃkārasvarūpa (Aum is his form). The Ganapati Atharvashirsa states that Lord ...