Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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46 views

Is any way to attempt to prove God futile? How much this quote is in line with Hindu philosophies?

This is a saying of Nisargadatta Maharaj, a self realized master of nAth Sampradaye. His teachings are non dualistic in nature. A similar question I have posted here as well. My question is which ...
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32 views

Does maya in Advaita necessarily mean unreal? [duplicate]

According to Advaita Vedanta, Jivatmas are all under maya and the universe too is made of maya. A jeevatma sees Brahman as Saguna which is too maya. When a Jivatma gets rid of this, merges with ...
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1answer
172 views

What do the different Astika schools think the Universe is made of?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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How do Purva Mimamsa followers explain the etymology of the caste word “Brahmana”?

Not all Purva Mimamsa followers believed in the existence of Brahman, but they all believed in the Jivatma. They also believed the verses in the Upanishads that speak of Brahman actually refer to the ...
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What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
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169 views

Did the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman exists?

Purva Mimamsa was a school of Hindu philosophy that accepted the authority of the Vedas, but believed that following Dharma and doing rituals was the goal of life, and not gaining knowledge and ...
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1answer
210 views

How do different Astika schools prove the existence of God?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part ...
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183 views

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is superior to Saguna Brahman?

How do Advaitins justify that Nirguna Brahman is the ultimate reality and that Saguna Brahman is illusory?
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Why do Devas stop people from attaining Brahma Vidya?

Why is it that gods do this? Adi Shankaracharya says there are 3 people stopping one from self-realization: The individual himself Other people Devas Swami Sarvananda in his commentary on the ...
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263 views

According to Sri Vaishnavism, what happens to someone who worships someone other than Lord Vishnu as Brahman?

Bhagavad Gita says one who worships someone other than Lord Krishna is actually indirectly worshipping Him because He resides as the Indweller (Antaryami). In the Kaushitaki Upanishad also, there is ...
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1answer
132 views

According Advaita philosophy, can the formless Absolute Brahman see, speak, hear and smell? [duplicate]

In the Kena Upanishad following is said about the Absolute Brahman(not Atma...if Atma and Brahman are same then probably I have asked this question before. But in my opinion Absolute Brahman is a ...
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1answer
101 views

According to Advaita philosophy, is the Absolute Brahman formless?

In Kena Upanishad following has been said about the Absolute: ‘What sight fails to see, but what sees sight— know thou That alone as Brahman, and not this that people worship here.’ As per my ...
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108 views

According to Dvaita theory why did the Paramatma populate the earth?

Paramatma and Jeevatma live happily in the Vaikuntha Loka. Jeevatma is doing his karma by praying to Paramatma. Paramatma is doing his Karma by bestowing blessing on his followers. Now my question ...
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1answer
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What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman according to Dvaitadvaita & Dvaita?

According to Adi Shankara, Nirguna Brahman is a God who without any attributes. According to Ramanuja and Chaitanya, it is a God without negative qualities. What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman ...
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Which scriptures or Vedic hymns declare the Sun as the Supreme God (Brahman)?

Most of the Indian philosophies establish hierarchies of their interest of Gods. Like There are many Lord Vishnus ( MahaVishnu- Supreme Brahman ) & Similarly many Lord Shivas ( Brahman is usually ...
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1answer
114 views

If Brahman is unattached, why does It remain attached to a devotee?

This answer to the Riddle of Epicurus says: These activities do not in any way bind Me, because I remain detached like one unconcerned in their midst. Gita 9.9 There is, however, one ...
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What does Vallabhacharya's Shuddhadvaita Vedanta say about Nirguna Brahman?

In Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman is the supreme. What does Vallabhacharya of the Pushtimarga sect say about Nirguna Brahman?
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3answers
457 views

Is every being a God?

According to Kaivalya Upanishad: He(Supreme Brahman) alone is all that was, and all that will be, the Eternal. Knowing Him, one transcends death. There is no other way to freedom. We know ...
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271 views

What are the views of Achintya Bheda Abheda on Nirguna Brahman?

In the Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman refers to a formless God without qualities and is the supreme. In Vishishtadvaita, it refers to God without negative qualities. However, I want to know what ...
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4answers
677 views

How do Advaitins interpret Bhagavad Gita 7.24?

Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 7.24 states: avyaktaḿ vyaktim āpannaḿ manyante mām abuddhayaḥ paraḿ bhāvam ajānanto mamāvyayam anuttamam Unintelligent men, who do not know Me ...
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What is “Brahm” in “Brahmacharya”? How does it relate to celibacy?

My perception was that, "Brahm"(ब्रह्म) in "Brahmacharya"(ब्रह्मचर्य) is the same "Brahm", which is referred in Gita at many places. In this site, we mainly refer it as "Brahman" (ब्रह्मन्). And "...
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1answer
480 views

How can Advaita Vedanta's Nirguna Brahman even exist? [duplicate]

According to Shankaracharya, Ishvara, the world, and Saguna Brahman, are ultimately unreal. Only Nirguna Brahman is real. But what does it mean to be Nirguna or "without qualities"? Something that ...
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4answers
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Who is Ishwar according to Advait Vedanta - Lord Shiva or Vishnu?

Ishwar is Saguna Brahman who has created the world out of Maya according to Advait Vedanta. Although Ishwar too is illusion according to it, who is Ishwar actually - Lord Shiva or Vishnu as both can ...
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1answer
768 views

In which scriptures are the verses ''aham brahmasmi" and ''shivoham'' found?

In which scripture are the following verses found: Aham brahmasmi Meaning: I am Brahma Shivoham Meaning: I am Shiva
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371 views

What liberation technique taught by Shree Ramana Maharshi?

Ramana Maharshi was an enlightened master from the last century, what technique did he prescribe to know the self or become self realized?
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810 views

World is real even according to Advait Vedanta?

While reading a Jivanmuka Shri Ramana Maharshi I read the following passage (You can/should read more from here) - The Vedantins do not say that the world is unreal. That is a misunderstanding. If ...
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2answers
409 views

Which Vedic verses depict Lord Shiva/Rudra as the Brahman?

I need any verses from sruti literature that is Vedas, Upanishad, Brahmanas etc to get answer.
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What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
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1answer
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What happens to the devoted wife if her husband gets enlightenment?

According to Shāstras, if parents give their daughters to the guy whose ultimate aim is to attain Brahman, they attain Brahmāloka which is the second most difficult attainment after Moksha because it ...
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3answers
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What does hinduism say about oneness of god? [duplicate]

What does Hinduism say about oneness of god and imagelessness of god? Doesn't it say in the vedas? From Brahmasutra: Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan Meaning: there is no ...
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What is the difference between Narayana and Brahman?

This question has been so confusing it hasn't been apparent what I am asking. I know that the members of the Trimurti are distinct and One at the same time. I also know that Para Brahman is the ...
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1k views

Which Vedic verses describe Indra as Brahman?

Which Vedic verses describe Indra as Brahman? Or as creator of universe or as source of universe or as someone who pervades whole universe?
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1answer
145 views

How do non-vedanta darshanas deal with shruti statements about Brahman?

Vedanta schools extensively deal with the concept of brahman. What do non-vedanta schools like nyaya-vaishesika, samkhya-yoga etc say about shruti statements about Brahman? How do they reconcile ...
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1answer
319 views

Why Shiva created the universe for Kshetrajñahah?

We find It has been ascertained that the earth and other objects are the created ones (they are basically products) and ascertained that the creator of all these products is Isvara. Since that ...
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1answer
167 views

Deadlock in Sankara's views?

In Sankara's Manīṣā panchakam we find the following excerpt - If a person has attained the firm knowledge that he is not an object of perception, but is that pure consciousness which shines clearly ...
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633 views

Is God darkness or light?

After reading a lot of articles on different websites and watching videos concerning different philosophies and views, I seek to ask a question here to get an emphatic and most importantly, a true ...
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447 views

What exactly is meant in Sankara(Advaita) Vedanta when it says that Brahman is Nirguna(attributeless)?

As this answer explains Brahman is Nirguna but Gunas appear due to Avidyā. Here it is said by Adi Shankaracharya - [While commenting on 2.1.14 of Brahmasutras] तदेवमविद्यात्मकोपाधिपरिच्छेदा...
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3answers
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Will one get liberation, if at the time of death one doesn't remember God though the one has been remembering God throughout his life?

As this question explains one is liberated on remembering God during last time. Actually, whatever object one has meditated on throughout one's life, that very object he attains at the time of leaving ...
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On what basis Avataras are classified as Rudra Avatar & Vishnu Avatar?

When àtmà is the one & indwelling in both Lord Shiva or Lord Vishnu and When same àtmà manifests or descents on the earth, then why some Avatars are called Shiva Avatars or some Vishnu? On what ...
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What is Sankara Vedànta explanation of Sarvam Khalvidam Brahm?

The meaning of this Mahàkàvya is All that is Brahm alone. Now question arises what All that is here in the eyes of Sankara Vedàntin? As we know that world is mere a mirage in Sankara Vedànta, then ...
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Why self realization doesn't imply omniscience?

Why one is not omniscient even after self realization as in self realization one knows he is no other than Brahm. But Brahm is omniscient as well, then why one is not omniscient even after self ...
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255 views

According to Viśiṣṭādvaita, how does Ātman relate to Brahman?

Apart from understanding the relationship between Ātman and Brahman, I'm also interested in the prescribed techniques & modes of realising and sustaining this understanding. please assume no ...
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284 views

Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to reconcile Atman and Brahman?

Natalia Isayeva's 1992 Shankara and Indian Philosophy, p. 2, says that Shankara was "the most brilliant personality in the history of Indian thought" and that because he united Atman and Brahman, he ...
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1answer
280 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “One without a second”?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
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1answer
442 views

Panentheism & Hinduism

Aum - Is the concept of Brahman, in the Philosophy of Hinduism, comparable with the Ideology of Panentheism? (the belief or doctrine that God is greater than the universe and includes and ...
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1answer
146 views

How do I remember “ब्रह्म”(Brahman) while working in office?

I have always been taught that one should offer all his work to "ब्रह्म" (Supreme God), which seem to be very difficult while working in office. I have been trying to remain conscious about what I do, ...
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142 views

Which Purva Mimamsa philosophers think Brahman is the soul of the Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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2answers
281 views

When does universe merge back into the Supreme Brahman?

From my understanding there are multiple universes which are created and destroyed continuously. Every universe arises from within the Supreme Brahman. Within each of these universes we have Gods like ...
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1answer
251 views

Is the “I / Me” beyond “Brahman”?

As discussed in this answer, Krishna is a rare philosopher, who related "I / Me" with the ultimate supremacy during the discourse of Gita. That implies that the "I / Me" resides in every being & ...
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2answers
330 views

Did Kumarila Bhatta believe in Nishkama Karma as a valid means to Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...