Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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6
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0answers
150 views

What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
8
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1answer
250 views

What happens to the devoted wife if her husband gets enlightenment?

According to Shāstras, if parents give their daughters to the guy whose ultimate aim is to attain Brahman, they attain Brahmāloka which is the second most difficult attainment after Moksha because it ...
7
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3answers
2k views

What does hinduism say about oneness of god? [duplicate]

What does Hinduism say about oneness of god and imagelessness of god? Doesn't it say in the vedas? From Brahmasutra: Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan Meaning: there is no god but one ...
5
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between Narayana and Brahman?

I understand that deities are One while seeming distinct in our perception of reality. Yet we do differentiate between deities (e.g. Hanumān is seen as distinct from Gaṇeśa). So, before I read that ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Which Vedic verses describe Indra as Brahman?

Which Vedic verses describe Indra as Brahman? Or as creator of universe or as source of universe or as someone who pervades whole universe?
11
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1answer
181 views

How do non-vedanta darshanas deal with shruti statements about Brahman?

Vedanta schools extensively deal with the concept of brahman. What do non-vedanta schools like nyaya-vaishesika, samkhya-yoga etc say about shruti statements about Brahman? How do they reconcile ...
3
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1answer
357 views

Why Shiva created the universe for Kshetrajñahah?

We find It has been ascertained that the earth and other objects are the created ones (they are basically products) and ascertained that the creator of all these products is Isvara. Since that ...
3
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1answer
184 views

Deadlock in Sankara's views?

In Sankara's Manīṣā panchakam we find the following excerpt - If a person has attained the firm knowledge that he is not an object of perception, but is that pure consciousness which shines clearly ...
7
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5answers
792 views

Is God darkness or light?

After reading a lot of articles on different websites and watching videos concerning different philosophies and views, I seek to ask a question here to get an emphatic and most importantly, a true ...
6
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1answer
474 views

What exactly is meant in Sankara(Advaita) Vedanta when it says that Brahman is Nirguna(attributeless)?

As this answer explains Brahman is Nirguna but Gunas appear due to Avidyā. Here it is said by Adi Shankaracharya - [While commenting on 2.1.14 of Brahmasutras] तदेवमविद्यात्मकोपाधिपरिच्छेदा...
5
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3answers
916 views

Will one get liberation, if at the time of death one doesn't remember God though the one has been remembering God throughout his life?

As this question explains one is liberated on remembering God during last time. Actually, whatever object one has meditated on throughout one's life, that very object he attains at the time of leaving ...
3
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0answers
108 views

On what basis Avataras are classified as Rudra Avatar & Vishnu Avatar?

When àtmà is the one & indwelling in both Lord Shiva or Lord Vishnu and When same àtmà manifests or descents on the earth, then why some Avatars are called Shiva Avatars or some Vishnu? On what ...
8
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2answers
4k views

What is Sankara Vedànta explanation of Sarvam Khalvidam Brahm?

The meaning of this Mahàkàvya is All that is Brahm alone. Now question arises what All that is here in the eyes of Sankara Vedàntin? As we know that world is mere a mirage in Sankara Vedànta, then ...
10
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3answers
643 views

Why self realization doesn't imply omniscience?

Why one is not omniscient even after self realization as in self realization one knows he is no other than Brahm. But Brahm is omniscient as well, then why one is not omniscient even after self ...
5
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2answers
288 views

According to Viśiṣṭādvaita, how does Ātman relate to Brahman?

Apart from understanding the relationship between Ātman and Brahman, I'm also interested in the prescribed techniques & modes of realising and sustaining this understanding. please assume no ...
5
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2answers
326 views

Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to reconcile Atman and Brahman?

Natalia Isayeva's 1992 Shankara and Indian Philosophy, p. 2, says that Shankara was "the most brilliant personality in the history of Indian thought" and that because he united Atman and Brahman, he ...
7
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1answer
336 views

How does Vishishtadvaita interpret “One without a second”?

There are some Advaita sounding verses in the Upanishads which declare that there is only one without a second in the beginning: Aitareya Upanishad 1.1.1: ॐ आत्मा वा इदमेक एवाग्र आसीन्नान्यत्किंचन ...
5
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1answer
548 views

Panentheism & Hinduism

Aum - Is the concept of Brahman, in the Philosophy of Hinduism, comparable with the Ideology of Panentheism? (the belief or doctrine that God is greater than the universe and includes and ...
5
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1answer
152 views

How do I remember “ब्रह्म”(Brahman) while working in office?

I have always been taught that one should offer all his work to "ब्रह्म" (Supreme God), which seem to be very difficult while working in office. I have been trying to remain conscious about what I do, ...
5
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0answers
169 views

Which Purva Mimamsa philosophers think Brahman is the soul of the Vedas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
3
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2answers
299 views

When does universe merge back into the Supreme Brahman?

From my understanding there are multiple universes which are created and destroyed continuously. Every universe arises from within the Supreme Brahman. Within each of these universes we have Gods like ...
2
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1answer
263 views

Is the “I / Me” beyond “Brahman”?

As discussed in this answer, Krishna is a rare philosopher, who related "I / Me" with the ultimate supremacy during the discourse of Gita. That implies that the "I / Me" resides in every being & ...
5
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2answers
358 views

Did Kumarila Bhatta believe in Nishkama Karma as a valid means to Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
6
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1answer
217 views

Brahman and gods

What is the relation between gods of vedas and brahman or tad ekam? How do they relate to each other? I have read Aurobindo's Secret of Vedas partly, but still not clear. Why are deities worshipped ...
3
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1answer
131 views

What does the statement 'Brahman is devoid of good and bad' mean?

Brahman the supreme soul is described to be limitless and not attributed to duality like hot or cold, good or bad, male or female. But if he is beyond good and bad then why does he take avatar to ...
8
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2answers
802 views

Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
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0answers
189 views

What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva “half-entering” Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
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3answers
2k views

What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
3
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0answers
263 views

What are objections on Sabda Brahman school thought?

One of the oldest schools of Vedanta which existed long before Shankara is Sabda- Brahma vivarta vada. The exponents of this school of thought as stated by Swami Vedanta Desika ( famous SriVaishnava ...
5
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1answer
690 views

Aham Brahmasmi and Advaita Vedanta

In Advaita Vedanta, The famous Mahavakyas out of the four is अहं ब्रह्म अस्मिति,from Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10 of the Yajur Veda, which means "I am Brahman" or "I am Divine". There are various ...
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0answers
138 views

When Brahaman is formless how can we have description of this aspect in Vedas through Abhetha, Betha and kadaka sruthis?

Here we are saying Brahman is formless. But in Vedas some truth is saying there is only one, in some it is saying it is having divine form, in some say soul and supreme soul are always different and ...
5
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1answer
284 views

How does dvaita theory counteract/explain BG 10:20

Bhagwad Gita Chapter 10 verse 20 अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभुताशयस्थित​: ॥ अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भुतानामन्त एव च ॥ Meaning I am the Self, O Gudakesha (Arjuna —Conqueror-of-sleep), dwelling in the hearts of ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Relationship between Jiva, Bramhan, World according to Vishitadvaita [duplicate]

What is explanation for the following relationships between jiva and bramhan and which is most appropriate.
2
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1answer
507 views

The Theory of Relation as per Visistadvaita Philosophy

I am going to explain to clear the doubt of Relation between Jiva and Brahman Through the Visistadvaita Philsophy. This is totally different form Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita ...
11
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2answers
715 views

Want to know about Brahmaloka

While reading Mukhya Upanishads, I found there are many verses that say who does Upasana upon Brahman or Om, is led up or reach/attain to Brahmaloka. Example: (Verses from Sanskritdocuments and ...
3
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2answers
481 views

Is the true nature of Brahman, Saguna or Nirguna?

Brahman is said to be amorphous in nature. Apart from the main question in the title, here is a sub-query: Can we keep away from Brahman after seeing or realizing it?
11
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3answers
2k views

How can a person die if soul never leaves the body?

Soul is infinite, omnipresent, i.e, it is present in our body and outside our body. Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda [Volume 2/Jnana-Yoga/The-Atman] :- It is the Atman, beyond all, the Infinite, ...
7
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1answer
575 views

Lokayatas about Brahman and Atman

Do we know how the Lokayatas thought about the two fundamental concepts of the Upanishads Brahman and Atman? I understand that one original meaning of Brahman is "magic force", in Vedic times ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What arguments Adi Shankara makes to claim that Supreme is devoid of any attributes?

The interpretation of 'Nirguna' is different in different philosophies. Srila baldeva VidyaBhushan in His Govind Bashya (Gaudiya vaishnav commentary on vedanta sutras)interprets 'Nirguna' as being ...
3
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1answer
625 views

What is the difference between the words parameswara iswara bhagavan paramatma Brahman? [duplicate]

Do all those terms refer to God? If so, how is each word different from the other?
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2answers
699 views

What is the highest state Swami Vivekananda is referring to?

Complete Works > Volume 7 > Conversations and Dialogues > From the Diary of a Disciple > scc_ii: Whatever man knows to be the truth is of a like nature: some are lesser truths, others, higher ones ...
6
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1answer
950 views

What is the relation between Viraj, Hiranyagarbha, Brahma, and Saguna Brahman in Advaita terminology?

In this chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells his disciple king Janaka about the levels of bliss among beings in different Lokas: Now a hundred of these human blessings ...
6
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4answers
4k views

If Brahman is everything, then why does Krishna (Brahman) describe himself as “best of things” in Bhagavadgita?

Supreme Brahman is everything. He has two forms: Manifest and Unmanifest. All dualities such as good&bad, evil&virtue are indeed Supreme Brahman's MAYA. Krishna describes Himself as Positive ...
11
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2answers
8k views

How did Tripura Sundari come into existence?

As Wikipedia says: Tripurāsundarī (त्रिपुरा सुंदरी - "Beautiful (Goddess) of the Three Worlds") or Mahā-Tripurasundarī ("Great Beautiful (Goddess) of the Three Worlds"), also called Ṣhoḍaśhi ("...
2
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0answers
202 views

Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
-4
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1answer
415 views

It says in the Puranas that 'Brahman is One' then why do Hindus worship more than one god? [duplicate]

Why do Hindus worship more than one god even though in the Puranas it says brahman is one? Also, it says in the Puranas you shouldn't worship any idols, and yet I see Hindus worshipping idols.
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0answers
546 views

Can we worship the Brahman as "Tadvana?

From this link,Taddha tadvanam nama tadvanam iti upasitavyam (Kena Upanishad) Meaning-"That is Adorable(Tadvanam); one should meditate on It as 'Adorable'." This is one Upanishadic meditation, ...
9
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3answers
5k views

What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and brāhmaṇa/brahmin (ब्राह्मण)?

In Sanskrit there's brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण), which is a term used for people, and para-brahman (परब्रह्मन्), which is a term used for gods. What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and ...
8
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3answers
4k views

Who is Virat Purusha?

In Hinduism, there is someone called Virat Purusha. There is similar concept in Jainism where it is believed that the universe shape is in the form of a cosmic man - broader at the top and bottom and ...
2
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1answer
141 views

Who is 'I' in this verse a specific deity or supreme Bramhan?

I don't know Rishi (my guess is that Rishi's are agniras and Atharvana/Bhrigu) or gods of the following verse of 11th hymn and 3rd kanda of Atharvana Veda यदि क्षितायुर्यदि वा परेतो यदि मृत्योरन्ति...