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Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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6
votes
1answer
179 views

Brahman and gods

What is the relation between gods of vedas and brahman or tad ekam? How do they relate to each other? I have read Aurobindo's Secret of Vedas partly, but still not clear. Why are deities worshipped ...
3
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1answer
111 views

What does the statement 'Brahman is devoid of good and bad' mean?

Brahman the supreme soul is described to be limitless and not attributed to duality like hot or cold, good or bad, male or female. But if he is beyond good and bad then why does he take avatar to ...
8
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2answers
676 views

Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
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0answers
173 views

What does Madhvacharya mean by the Jiva “half-entering” Brahman during fainting?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the views of Vishishtadvaita on Nirguna Brahman?

According to Advaita, Para Brahman (परब्रह्म) is Nirguna Brahman (निर्गुण ब्रह्म)[1] [2] but I've found that Vishishtadvaitis don't believe in Nirguna Brahman. So, let me ask: What are the views of ...
3
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0answers
211 views

What are objections on Sabda Brahman school thought?

One of the oldest schools of Vedanta which existed long before Shankara is Sabda- Brahma vivarta vada. The exponents of this school of thought as stated by Swami Vedanta Desika ( famous SriVaishnava ...
5
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1answer
603 views

Aham Brahmasmi and Advaita Vedanta

In Advaita Vedanta, The famous Mahavakyas out of the four is अहं ब्रह्म अस्मिति,from Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10 of the Yajur Veda, which means "I am Brahman" or "I am Divine". There are various ...
2
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0answers
114 views

When Brahaman is formless how can we have description of this aspect in Vedas through Abhetha, Betha and kadaka sruthis?

Here we are saying Brahman is formless. But in Vedas some truth is saying there is only one, in some it is saying it is having divine form, in some say soul and supreme soul are always different and ...
5
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1answer
233 views

How does dvaita theory counteract/explain BG 10:20

Bhagwad Gita Chapter 10 verse 20 अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभुताशयस्थित​: ॥ अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भुतानामन्त एव च ॥ Meaning I am the Self, O Gudakesha (Arjuna —Conqueror-of-sleep), dwelling in the ...
2
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1answer
977 views

Relationship between Jiva, Bramhan, World according to Vishitadvaita [duplicate]

What is explanation for the following relationships between jiva and bramhan and which is most appropriate.
2
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1answer
454 views

The Theory of Relation as per Visistadvaita Philosophy

I am going to explain to clear the doubt of Relation between Jiva and Brahman Through the Visistadvaita Philsophy. This is totally different form Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita ...
11
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2answers
569 views

Want to know about Brahmaloka

While reading Mukhya Upanishads, I found there are many verses that say who does Upasana upon Brahman or Om, is led up or reach/attain to Brahmaloka. Example: (Verses from Sanskritdocuments and ...
3
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2answers
456 views

Is the true nature of Brahman, Saguna or Nirguna?

Brahman is said to be amorphous in nature. Apart from the main question in the title, here is a sub-query: Can we keep away from Brahman after seeing or realizing it?
11
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3answers
2k views

How can a person die if soul never leaves the body?

Soul is infinite, omnipresent, i.e, it is present in our body and outside our body. Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda [Volume 2/Jnana-Yoga/The-Atman] :- It is the Atman, beyond all, the Infinite,...
7
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1answer
523 views

Lokayatas about Brahman and Atman

Do we know how the Lokayatas thought about the two fundamental concepts of the Upanishads Brahman and Atman? I understand that one original meaning of Brahman is "magic force", in Vedic times ...
8
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2answers
1k views

What arguments Adi Shankara makes to claim that Supreme is devoid of any attributes?

The interpretation of 'Nirguna' is different in different philosophies. Srila baldeva VidyaBhushan in His Govind Bashya (Gaudiya vaishnav commentary on vedanta sutras)interprets 'Nirguna' as being ...
3
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1answer
520 views

What is the difference between the words parameswara iswara bhagavan paramatma Brahman? [duplicate]

Do all those terms refer to God? If so, how is each word different from the other?
11
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2answers
610 views

What is the highest state Swami Vivekananda is referring to?

Complete Works > Volume 7 > Conversations and Dialogues > From the Diary of a Disciple > scc_ii: Whatever man knows to be the truth is of a like nature: some are lesser truths, others, higher ones ...
6
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1answer
797 views

What is the relation between Viraj, Hiranyagarbha, Brahma, and Saguna Brahman in Advaita terminology?

In this chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells his disciple king Janaka about the levels of bliss among beings in different Lokas: Now a hundred of these human ...
6
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4answers
3k views

If Brahman is everything, then why does Krishna (Brahman) describe himself as “best of things” in Bhagavadgita?

Supreme Brahman is everything. He has two forms: Manifest and Unmanifest. All dualities such as good&bad, evil&virtue are indeed Supreme Brahman's MAYA. Krishna describes Himself as Positive ...
11
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2answers
7k views

How did Tripura Sundari come into existence?

As Wikipedia says: Tripurāsundarī (त्रिपुरा सुंदरी - "Beautiful (Goddess) of the Three Worlds") or Mahā-Tripurasundarī ("Great Beautiful (Goddess) of the Three Worlds"), also called Ṣhoḍaśhi ("...
2
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0answers
185 views

Does the Purva Mimamsa school believe that Brahman can be known through the senses or reason?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
-4
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1answer
327 views

It says in the Puranas that 'Brahman is One' then why do Hindus worship more than one god? [duplicate]

Why do Hindus worship more than one god even though in the Puranas it says brahman is one? Also, it says in the Puranas you shouldn't worship any idols, and yet I see Hindus worshipping idols.
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0answers
469 views

Can we worship the Brahman as "Tadvana?

From this link,Taddha tadvanam nama tadvanam iti upasitavyam (Kena Upanishad) Meaning-"That is Adorable(Tadvanam); one should meditate on It as 'Adorable'." This is one Upanishadic meditation, ...
9
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3answers
4k views

What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and brāhmaṇa/brahmin (ब्राह्मण)?

In Sanskrit there's brāhmaṇa (ब्राह्मण), which is a term used for people, and para-brahman (परब्रह्मन्), which is a term used for gods. What are the etymologies of the words brahman (ब्रह्मन्) and ...
7
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3answers
3k views

Who is Virat Purusha?

In Hinduism, there is someone called Virat Purusha. There is similar concept in Jainism where it is believed that the universe shape is in the form of a cosmic man - broader at the top and bottom and ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Who is 'I' in this verse a specific deity or supreme Bramhan?

I don't know Rishi (my guess is that Rishi's are agniras and Atharvana/Bhrigu) or gods of the following verse of 11th hymn and 3rd kanda of Atharvana Veda यदि क्षितायुर्यदि वा परेतो यदि मृत्योरन्ति...
10
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4answers
664 views

Are Sri RamaKrishna's statements about attaining Brahman through Bhakti inline with Adi Shankara?

According to Shankaracharya, knowledge of Brahman can only be had through Jnana Yoga but recent Mahatmas like Ramakrishna Paramahamsa say that it can also be gotten through Bhakti Yoga. Why doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
317 views

Anyone born an infant as per the vedas is a Brahman?

Is it really that we have not been following real vedas and the caste transformation is a trend brought down by the rulers in order to rule since as per vedas and Upanishads, any infant is a Brahman ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

How this many caste classification occured - different in different states?

Was this many classification were there in ancient India .I believe there were only 4 classification of people in Purana. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, Shudra Why we have this many caste ...
8
votes
2answers
692 views

What is the relation/difference between Brahman(ब्रह्म) & Parabrahm(परब्रह्म)?

Actually first thing to know is: The relation/difference between Atman & Brahman but that question is closed as the duplicate of this. I don't know the exact reason may be Brahman of a question ...
7
votes
1answer
453 views

Why did God manifest himself?

In the unmanifested state, there is no maya which means the soul was already in pure state. So why did God decide to manifest himself, why he created different universes? Under Maya, the same ...
2
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3answers
672 views

Are Brahmins really the main people of Hindus?

I know that Brahmins are very important in Hindu religion. Many rishis were Brahmins and some Gods were also Brahmins. Brahmins learnt the Vedas and taught the people. Does this mean Brahmins are the ...
4
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1answer
401 views

How can Brahman in unmanifested state reduce to the size of half a thumb?

Brahman has 2 states - manifested and unmanifested. The world we are living in is manifested. After Mahapralaya, everything is dissolved and all that remains is unmanifested state. In Gita, it is said ...
2
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0answers
182 views

What is Hierarchy/levels of beings from humans to Brahman?

In various references, incidents, anecdotes etc we come across beings like human, Deva, Gandharva, Yaksha, Pitru, Aditya, Rudra, Vasu (not Vaasu), Naga, Asura, Pitru etc. While the Bramhasutra ...
1
vote
1answer
497 views

The difference between Atman and Brahman [duplicate]

Like the Brahman, the Atma also has several similar qualities like opminpresence, omnipotence, divinity etc. Then what is the difference between Brahman and individual Atma?
8
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2answers
569 views

Why does Adi Shankaracharya use “going to Brahman” metaphor in discussing why Brahman cannot be gone to?

As I discuss in the this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
17
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4answers
1k views

Supreme Brahman in Hinduism

Here is What i understood after reading various stories from Puranas and Mahabharatha and theories of Creationism. Vishnu Purana states Vishnu is Supreme God or Supreme Brahman. Also I read ...
17
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6answers
1k views

Approach to the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Jnana)

I want to get/achieve/realize/attain the Ultimate/Absolute Truth (Aatman & Brahman). And I think Jnana path is perfect for this. And I believe if one truly achieves Jnana, then one gets moksha ...
2
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0answers
77 views

Does son of a realized sage become Brahman by birth?

Will the child of a realized soul become realized by birth automatically?
2
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1answer
319 views

Are Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh seperate or just different forms of Brahman? [duplicate]

Are Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh present or these are just different forms taken by Brahman as per the action that needed to be performed?
5
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3answers
2k views

Are Rama and Krishna incarnations of Vishnu or Brahman?

Brahman , the all prevailing , the endless , the formless , the all-loving and merciful the seed soul of us all . And Brahma , Vishnu and Mahesh are just the names given by us to HIM performing his ...
10
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1answer
210 views

Has Hinduism ever tried to enfold Christianity (or other semitic religions)?

I am currently reading Swami Prabhavananda The Spiritual Heritage of India (1962) and find it very clear and informative (better than e.g. Heinrich Zimmer's Philosophies of India so far). Early on it ...
6
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1answer
664 views

What does the Vivarana school of Advaita believe about the nature of Avidya?

It's well known that the Sri Vaishnava sect, which subscribes to the Visishtadvaita philosophy of Ramanujacharya, is divided into two sects, the Thenkalais and Vadakalais as I discuss here. Less well-...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Is it true that one who put ash to their forehead will go for Kailas after death?

Is it true that one who put ash to their forehead will go for Kailasa after death? This belief is trusted by smartha brahmins community
14
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3answers
6k views

What is the Navavidha Bhakti?

Bhakti is intense devotion and supreme love for God. There is no expectation of anything in Bhakti marga. This higher feeling is indescribable in words. It has to be sincerely experienced by the ...
4
votes
1answer
372 views

Where is the passage about silence and Brahman preserved by Adi Shankaracharya?

In this excerpt from his book "Spiritual Heritage of India", Swami Prabhavananda quotes a number of passages from the Upanishads concerning the indescribability of Brahman. In particular, he says ...
3
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0answers
238 views

Where is the verse quoted in the Kaushitaki Upanishad about the Vedas as body parts of Brahman?

As I discuss in the this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Good and Bad Creation

Somebody said in one of my other questions "In the beginning when creation occurs, God Himself enters the creation as good and bad and manifests as different material nature". But why would God ...
18
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1answer
4k views

Is there any scripture that tells story about Lord Vishnu and MahaVishnu?

As per the Shiva Purana, there is a main God Shiva who is Nirakara and thereafter his physical manifestation who is known as Shankara. I know that different Hindu texts about different Gods treat ...