Questions tagged [brahman]

For questions about Brahman, the divine essence also called as Paramatma. Not to be confused with [brahma] or [brahmins].

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150 views

Anyone know significance of 18 in path to God?

We have Mahabharata lasting upto - 18 days Bhagavad Gita - 18 chapters Puranas - 18 Puranas Ayyapan - 18 steps Siddhas - primarily 18 siddhars Is there a significance in 18? Probably 18 steps we need ...
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453 views

Why are we under Maya and Avidya if we are Brahman?

According to Advaita Vedanta, we i.e. Jivas are all Brahman in reality but are under Maya and Avidya. I want to know how Maya and Avidya came into Brahman? P.S. I am aware that Maya has no beginning....
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661 views

Is Lord Ganesha considered same as the ultimate truth and reality (Brahman)?

Many Texts associate OM with cosmic creation and that OM is everything. Ganesha is associated with OM and hence known as oṃkārasvarūpa (Aum is his form). The Ganapati Atharvashirsa states that Lord ...
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1answer
592 views

Lokayatas about Brahman and Atman

Do we know how the Lokayatas thought about the two fundamental concepts of the Upanishads Brahman and Atman? I understand that one original meaning of Brahman is "magic force", in Vedic times ...
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127 views

Who sees through the lens of mAyA?

Advait Vedantins say when Brahman is 'seen' through the lens of mAyA, Brahman appears as Ishwar. Is there 'something' before mAyA to wear the lens of mAya? If there is, what is that 'something' which ...
7
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289 views

Is Agni and Vayu great because RigVeda eulogized them or are they not great because they're subject to ego in Kenopanishad?

The opening hymn of Rig Veda is for Agni , the god of fire I am assuming . And then there are many more hymns , but then there're ones for Vayu, Mitra, Indra, and so on for the other deities. The ...
7
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2answers
195 views

Who is actually learning? Is it Atman or me?

If I am learning something like learning physics or chemistry or maths means who is learning? Is it Atman or my brain? If Atman means why can't it (Atman) realize after death that I belong to this ...
7
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1answer
646 views

Why did God manifest himself?

In the unmanifested state, there is no maya which means the soul was already in pure state. So why did God decide to manifest himself, why he created different universes? Under Maya, the same ...
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2answers
668 views

Which Vedic verses depict Lord Shiva/Rudra as the Brahman?

I need any verses from sruti literature that is Vedas, Upanishad, Brahmanas etc to get answer.
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105 views

Can saints get back to normal state?

I would like to know whether saints can get back to the normal state like us after realization? I mean like us with desires, fear and dualities. Can they get back to state of normal people after God ...
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496 views

Moksha in the Vedas (excluding the Upanishads)

Note that this is not a dup of this question, since the answers I expect are not from the Upanishads. I have two questions based on my (poor) understanding of a few posts in this site. They are ...
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446 views

What liberation technique taught by Shree Ramana Maharshi?

Ramana Maharshi was an enlightened master from the last century, what technique did he prescribe to know the self or become self realized?
6
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238 views

Is there any influence of time on Brahman?

It is believed that the Supreme God is beyond the time. But this verse from Srimad Bhagavatham says Supreme God's one second (less than a second actually) is equal to life span of Brahma. कालोऽयं ...
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1k views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's “emptiness of emptiness”?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
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1answer
289 views

Does any doctrine/philosophy believe that Jiva emerges from (and merges into) Brahman?

According to Advaita, ultimately there is no difference between Jiva and Brahman. The individuality of Jivas are perceived due to the ignorance. (Actually Jiva never originates according to Gaudapada ...
6
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1answer
236 views

Brahman and gods

What is the relation between gods of vedas and brahman or tad ekam? How do they relate to each other? I have read Aurobindo's Secret of Vedas partly, but still not clear. Why are deities worshipped ...
6
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1answer
796 views

What does the Vivarana school of Advaita believe about the nature of Avidya?

It's well known that the Sri Vaishnava sect, which subscribes to the Visishtadvaita philosophy of Ramanujacharya, is divided into two sects, the Thenkalais and Vadakalais as I discuss here. Less well-...
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4answers
380 views

How does one start in Hinduism? [closed]

I've recently gotten really involved into religion. A couple months back, I was very close to converting to Islam, as many of my friends introduced me to the faith, but as I researched more into ...
6
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1answer
349 views

Apart from living beings, does Paramatma exist in atoms of non living material world also?

In Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says that ParamAtma exists in the hearts of all living entities. Question: Does he exist even in atoms of the non living material world?
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1answer
199 views

How does Brahman or Atman witness?

When Krishna says in Gita that Atman, the universal consciousness only witnesses but performs no action, what exactly did he mean by it? Does Atman needs to have a mind/body to witness everything or ...
6
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1answer
487 views

What exactly is meant in Sankara(Advaita) Vedanta when it says that Brahman is Nirguna(attributeless)?

As this answer explains Brahman is Nirguna but Gunas appear due to Avidyā. Here it is said by Adi Shankaracharya - [While commenting on 2.1.14 of Brahmasutras] तदेवमविद्यात्मकोपाधिपरिच्छेदा...
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1answer
752 views

What do we mean by pure consciousness when we address Brahman?

After going through so many online articles i'm still not sure what exactly is Brahman as per advaita. Yes it can't be grasped by our limited senses but those who did describe "IT" has said the ...
6
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1answer
213 views

Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists then why do saints like Shankaracharyas and others strive to realise Brahman and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman ...
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1answer
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What is the relation between Viraj, Hiranyagarbha, Brahma, and Saguna Brahman in Advaita terminology?

In this chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, the sage Yagnavalkya tells his disciple king Janaka about the levels of bliss among beings in different Lokas: Now a hundred of these human blessings ...
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169 views

What is the Agni Savitra Vidya that Indra taught to sage Bharadvaja?

In this excerpt from the Taittiriya Brahmana of the Yajur Veda, a story is told involving Indra and the sage Bharadvaja. Bharadvaja spent three successive births practicing Brahmacharya in order to ...
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5answers
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Who is Ishwar according to Advait Vedanta - Lord Shiva or Vishnu?

Ishwar is Saguna Brahman who has created the world out of Maya according to Advait Vedanta. Although Ishwar too is illusion according to it, who is Ishwar actually - Lord Shiva or Vishnu as both can ...
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4answers
1k views

How do Advaitins interpret Bhagavad Gita 7.24?

Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 7.24 states: avyaktaḿ vyaktim āpannaḿ manyante mām abuddhayaḥ paraḿ bhāvam ajānanto mamāvyayam anuttamam Unintelligent men, who do not know Me ...
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1answer
728 views

Aham Brahmasmi and Advaita Vedanta

In Advaita Vedanta, The famous Mahavakyas out of the four is अहं ब्रह्म अस्मिति,from Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 1.4.10 of the Yajur Veda, which means "I am Brahman" or "I am Divine". There are various ...
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414 views

What are the qualities of Brahman according to Upanishads?

According the major Upanishads what are the qualities of the Brahman? Note: Not interested in any cliche like 'Brahman is attributeless' because attributelessness itself is an attribute hence makes ...
5
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3answers
991 views

Will one get liberation, if at the time of death one doesn't remember God though the one has been remembering God throughout his life?

As this question explains one is liberated on remembering God during last time. Actually, whatever object one has meditated on throughout one's life, that very object he attains at the time of leaving ...
5
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1answer
157 views

How do I remember “ब्रह्म”(Brahman) while working in office?

I have always been taught that one should offer all his work to "ब्रह्म" (Supreme God), which seem to be very difficult while working in office. I have been trying to remain conscious about what I do, ...
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2answers
429 views

Did Kumarila Bhatta believe in Nishkama Karma as a valid means to Moksha?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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2answers
785 views

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brh. Su. - 2.1.33] - The creation is merely a sport of Brahman

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. So does it look like God created us for fun?
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How applicable is the phrase “I am God” to Hinduism?

"I am God" if a human said it, truly believing it, that is. I know there are concepts like those of Brahman and Paramatma which indicate a unity of divinity, as well as the Sanskrit phrase "Tat twam ...
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2answers
443 views

Is Purusha (mentioned in Purusha suktam) same as Brahman (Parabrahman)?

Is Purusha (mentioned in Purusha suktam) same as Brahman (Parabrahman) ?
5
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1answer
228 views

What do the different Astika schools think the Universe is made of?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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3answers
552 views

Is the ultimate consciousness infinite?

I would like to know whether the ultimate consciousness is finite or infinite. Can anyone know the supreme being completely or even for the liberated souls, there would be something still they should ...
5
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2answers
273 views

Is the vedic supreme God different from the puranic supreme God?

Is the vedic supreme God different from the puranic supreme God? If not, then why is the puranic concept of God trimurty and vedic concept, brahman?
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1answer
583 views

Is concept brahman mentioned anywhere in Valmiki Ramayana?

Is upanishadic concept Brahman (neuter gendered word ब्रह्मं meaning absolute reality/all encompassing being) mentioned anywhere in Valmiki Ramayana? I only remember reading about brahma, a ...
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3answers
471 views

Is every being a God?

According to Kaivalya Upanishad: He(Supreme Brahman) alone is all that was, and all that will be, the Eternal. Knowing Him, one transcends death. There is no other way to freedom. We know ...
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5answers
2k views

Why do Hindus worship different Gods if they believe in only one God which is parabrahma?

Why do Hindus worship different avatars of Gods and aspects of nature like Sun, Snake, Cow etc if they believe in only God which is Parabrahma?
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471 views

Why does nirguna brahman manifest only in 5 forms?

I know that Shiva, Durga, Vishnu, Surya and Ganesha are counted as manifestations of Nirguna brahman. Or in other way when nirguna brahman is seen through lens of maya, it is seen in 5 different ways. ...
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2answers
243 views

Do the Vedas teach that Brahman is a conscious being?

Do the Vedas speak of Brahman as a being that is able to think and perform actions? Or is Brahman more like an inanimate thing, except immaterial?
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4answers
284 views

How can Brahman/consciousness be all pervading including living and non living things?

Brahman is defined as Existance,Consiouness and Bliss(Satchitananda). Aitareya Upanishad 3.1.3 says Brahman is consciousness and pure awareness. Isa Upanishad 1 says its all pervading. 1)But how can ...
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2answers
208 views

How worship will help to merge with brahman?

How can worship help to get self-realization? If I chant 'Om Namah Shivaya' continuously, then will that give me moksha? If Chanting is also part of worship, what is the connection between chanting ...
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2answers
338 views

According to Viśiṣṭādvaita, how does Ātman relate to Brahman?

Apart from understanding the relationship between Ātman and Brahman, I'm also interested in the prescribed techniques & modes of realising and sustaining this understanding. please assume no ...
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2answers
382 views

Did Shankara reject some doctrines of Atman or Brahman in order to reconcile Atman and Brahman?

Natalia Isayeva's 1992 Shankara and Indian Philosophy, p. 2, says that Shankara was "the most brilliant personality in the history of Indian thought" and that because he united Atman and Brahman, he ...
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1answer
317 views

How does dvaita theory counteract/explain BG 10:20

Bhagwad Gita Chapter 10 verse 20 अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभुताशयस्थित​: ॥ अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भुतानामन्त एव च ॥ Meaning I am the Self, O Gudakesha (Arjuna —Conqueror-of-sleep), dwelling in the hearts of ...
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1answer
129 views

If Brahman is unattached, why does It remain attached to a devotee?

This answer to the Riddle of Epicurus says: These activities do not in any way bind Me, because I remain detached like one unconcerned in their midst. Gita 9.9 There is, however, one ...
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137 views

Does the brahman have the prakrutik body just like human beings have?

Does the brahman has ears, eyes, legs and hands? If so, what are the sources which specify about the body structure for brahman? What do Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishadvaita say about it?