Questions tagged [buddhism]

For questions about how Buddhism relates to Hinduism. See also Buddhism.SE.

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How do Adi Shankaracharya or later Advaita Philosophers deal with Brahma Sutra's criticism of Vijñāna vadīs?

As per my understanding, both Buddhist idealists and Advaitins hold the external world to be unreal. Also, according to Shankaracharya's own commentary of Brahma Sutra, the doctrine of unreality of ...
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Have any prominent gurus explained the Buddha avatar as Maitreya instead of Gautama?

The common explainations of Buddha being Gautama or someone before us, have some problems. For starters the date of Buddha is given in the Bhagavata as the start of Kali Yuga. This would either be ...
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1 vote
1 answer
173 views

Is Buddha or Buddhism mentioned explicitly in Mahabharata?

In the famous Mahabharata translation of Kisori Mohan Ganguli, he remarks at the start of Shanti Parva The Santi Parva is a huge interpolation in the Mahabharata, in the genre known as 'wisdom ...
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0 votes
2 answers
292 views

Is there any merit to the claim the Gita was written as a repsonse to Buddhism? [closed]

Ambedkar, author of the Indian Constitution, was a student of theology, approaching it from his lower caste experience. He argued that the Gita was compiled as a philosophical defense of Hinduism for ...
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1 vote
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What is the meaning of contrasting (even conflicting) nature of various avatars of Vishnu? [closed]

You know for instance take the last 4 forms of lord Vishnu. There is Parshuram who is violent and slayer of his enemies meanwhile there is lord Budha who says no to harming others who try to harm us. ...
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4 votes
1 answer
137 views

Buddhist claim of the concept "Atman" or true self being egoistic?

Is Anatma (or no true self as discussed in Buddhist doctrines), an antithesis of Advaita Vedanta? And is the concept of atman "egoistic"?
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Do any Hindu schools of thought ascribe to the efficacy of prayer wheels?

Prayer wheels are commonplace in Tibetan Buddhism. According to their lineage texts regarding prayer wheels, spinning such a wheel will have much the same meritorious effect as orally reciting the ...
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Did buddhism and jainism decline because they are anti ritualistic and contrary to what brahmin hindus propagate? [closed]

Also, can someone tell me where to start from for Indian philosophy and culture like some map which covers all Philosophies?
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7 votes
3 answers
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Why does part of Vaishnavism consider Gautama Buddha to be an Avatara of Lord Vishnu, even though he rejected Vedic wisdom?

I had seen the arguments of some of the Vaishnavas before, that Gautama rejected the Vedic precepts to keep the evil and ignorant out of the way of Dharma, but after all, why would God send someone ...
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4 votes
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Is there a an online copy of English translation of Pramanavarttika of Shri Dharmakirthi?

Is there a an online copy of English translation of Pramanavarttika of Shri Dharmakirthi? Of the available links only second chapter is available. I'm looking especially for the first chapter. If the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is distinguishing Body from Atman as Non Self and using terms like Anatma a Buddhist influence on Hinduism?

Prof Peter Harvey writes "Both Buddhism and Hinduism distinguish ego-related "I am, this is mine", from their respective abstract doctrines of "Anatta" and "Atman". ...
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Did Kumarila Bhatta and Shankaracharya persecute the Buddhists?

In the description of this question, the questioner gives proof from Biographies of Shankaracharya and Kumarila Bhatta that Buddhists including women and children were killed. Is this true?? Do Vedas/...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why cant Hinduism accept Guna Based Flexible Varna system as Buddhism?

Buddha says "While the differences between these species are defined by their birth,the differences between humans are not defined by their birth.In individual human bodies you can’t find such ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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How to prove that Nirvana term in Gita isn't borrowed from Buddhism?

What is the evidence to show Gita and Upanishads are Pre Buddhist?The term Brahma-nirvana appears in verses 2.72 and 5.24-26 of the Bhagavad Gita. According to Zaehner, Johnson and other scholars, ...
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3 votes
2 answers
229 views

What is the difference between concepts of Maya in Hinduism and Buddhism?

How is the illusion in Buddhism and Hinduism different?An author writes <<The concepts of maya, avidya, vyayaharika-satya and paramarthika-satya, advaya, prajna, the unreality of the universe ...
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1 vote
1 answer
257 views

How to refute the article claiming Buddhism influenced Upanishads

Especially Part 4-It claims Buddhism influenced Upanishads and they are post-Buddhist and lists many contemporaries of Upanishadic Sages during Buddha's time. http://bps.lk/olib/wh/...
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4 votes
3 answers
248 views

Nature of enlightenment

How did different people with different philosophies and ideologies attain the same enlightenment or did they not? Buddha attained enlightenment and so did Adi Shankaracharya, but their philosophies ...
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6 votes
1 answer
699 views

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhism?

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhist monks? I'm interested in the core of the arguments he used against Buddhists. Is there any advantage to Advaita against Buddhism ...
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5 votes
1 answer
263 views

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
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Where are the bodhisattvic principles in Hinduism? [closed]

It is said that the Buddha reached the Enlightenment for the welfare of all human beings and to free them from the bondage of Samsara. Where are the most significant passages of the bodhisattvic ...
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Why do some claim that madhyamika is compatible with vedanta,when consciousness is not a cause in madhyamika?

https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey claims sunyavaada is compatible with Upanishadic ideas. but in madhyamika,the 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air and Consciousness) are ...
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Where does the baDabanala tantra recognize vajravarahi as a Buddhist diety originally? [closed]

From the article "VajravArAhI" at the Kamakotimandali website: BhagavatI bimbAmbikA recognizes the fact that the deity is Buddhist in origin, as does baDabAnala tantra, and both prescribe ...
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Why did Gautam Buddha marry his cousin , when cousin marriage is banned in Hinduism? [closed]

Siddharth was born in a Hindu family. Siddharth Gautam Marriage was arrange marriage with his cousin. But as much as i know cousin marriage is banned in Hinduism
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3 votes
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What is the earliest reference to identifying/differentiating Siddhartha Gautama and the Buddha Avatara?

Hindu scripture describes two Buddha Avataras of Vishnu born to deceive people. One Buddha Avatara took place during the Tripura incident. Another Buddha Avatara took place in the present Kali Yuga. ...
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Is Valmiki Ramayana copied from Dasharatha jataka? [duplicate]

The stories of Ramayana and Dasharatha jataka are very similar. As we all know that valmiki was of dwapar yug, so valmiki Ramayana should be older than Dasharatha jataka. But there is no clear ...
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8 votes
1 answer
420 views

According to Hindu philosophy, what are the flaws in Buddha's teachings?

What are the flaws in Buddhism according to Hindu philosophers? Did Buddha really reject the Vedas and Hinduism?
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is the role of Jainism and Buddhism in introducing Vegetarianism to Hinduism?

It is said on multiple occasions that initially Hinduism was not a vegetarian society. From Was Lord Rama a non-vegetarian? :– I know meat eating is not restricted to any Hindu Caste, while in ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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On the doctrine of two truths in advaita (and hinduism) [duplicate]

In hinduism, advaita propounds the doctrine of two truths - vyavahArika satya and paramArthika satya. However, long before Shankara (8th - 9th century CE) , the foremost exponent of advaita, the ...
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1 vote
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Pre-buddhism references to the Karmic cycle in Vedas/Upanishads [duplicate]

Do any clear-cut references to the Karmic cycle exist in Hindu scriptures from before the Buddha's time?
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1 answer
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Are Siddhis Illusory and part of Maya?

When Buddha and some other ascended masters attained enlightenment were gifted with special abilities or Siddhis. Buddha was even able to recall his previous lives and his and other people's karmas ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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How I can refute Madhyamaka- Shunyata?

Have any Hindu acharyas debunked shunyata as propounded by Madhyamika? I am a former Tibetan Buddhist, and to my knowledge emptiness depends on co-dependant arising,if we refute that then all of ...
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2 votes
4 answers
194 views

Is yoga a religion?

Is Yoga a form of religious Hinduism? Are beliefs such karma, reincarnation or gods needed to practice it? Is appropriate to practice yoga if you are agnostic, atheist or believer in other religions ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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2 votes
1 answer
795 views

Did Adi Shankara persecute Buddhists in Nagarjunakonda?

Neo-Buddhists often claim that Adi Shankaracharya killed many Buddhists and destroyed many Buddhist shrines in Nargarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh. They also say there is a local legend which supports ...
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4 votes
1 answer
194 views

Any scripture describes five types of Brahmins?

In Dona Brahmana Sutta, a Buddhist scripture, Buddha reminds a Brahmin named Dona about five types of Brahmins as described by Vedic Seers. The blessed one said, "Dona, those ancient sages the ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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Has any Vedantin criticized this teaching of the Buddha?

According to Vedanta, a single self or jIva is the seat of consciousness. jIva as a single unit, is not further divisible. Buddhism, on the other hand, does not subscribe to the doctrine of a ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
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2 votes
1 answer
157 views

Is the word &/or notion of "jāti" found in the Vedas?

In Buddhism, the word "jāti" is doctrinally very important. The fully enlightened Arhat Buddhists declare upon enlightenment: "Jati has ended". In Hinduism, "jati" is said to have the following ...
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7 votes
1 answer
338 views

Has any Hindu scholar who upheld birth based Varna system refuted Assalayana Sutta?

In the Assalayana Sutta, it is written that Buddha visited Sàvatthi. There around 500 Brahmins lived in Sàvatthi. As Buddha preached purity of all four Varnas, Brahmins decided to send a boy named ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Green Tara and Parvati

What are the correlations between Green Tara in Buddhism and Mother Parvati in Hinduism? Are these Goddess connected?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Balance of strength between Asuras and Devas

Here is an extract from a Buddhist scripture (the Caturdevarājasūtra) that directly connects the balance of strength between the Asuras and the Devas with Humanities morality: During the monthly ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Is there a Hindu equivalent of the Buddhist Dukkha?

I really like the Buddhist teaching on suffering-unsatisfactoriness (Dukkha), a characteristic of existence and how to get rid of it. I was wondering if there was a Hindu equivalent? A similar ...
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6 votes
4 answers
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Why did Vishnu incarnate as Buddha after delivering Gita?

Vishnu as Shri Krishna, delivered Gita as the most hidden knowledge where the soul leaves the body & takes rebirth in a new body. On the other hand Buddha said, there is no soul, it's when the ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Was Buddha a Hindu? [duplicate]

I was wondering where to post such a question. I chose Hinduism because it is the most liberal religion. My question is: Was Buddha a Hindu? Was he a Kshatriya?
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6 votes
1 answer
544 views

Which scripture was first to identify Buddha as an avatar of Lord Vishnu?

Some puranas identify Buddha with Vishnu among them which is the oldest reference?
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3 votes
1 answer
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What were the Buddha's agreements and disagreements with Hinduism?

Although Hindus didn't call themselves Hindus when he lived, he would have been born a Hindu. What factors pushed him away from Hinduism? I can think of two - He was against the caste system and did ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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How is Buddhism's "Shunyata" (void / Nothingness) interpreted in Hinduism to represent God?

Some time back I got a perception that "Shunyata" (absolute nothingness) of Buddhism and "Me" (ParamAtma / True self) referred by Krishna are same. Because both refer to the ultimate reality in an ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's "emptiness of emptiness"?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
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Shunya (nothingness) vs Purna (fullness) -- How to reconcile the seemingly contradictive statements in Uttara Gita?

In the Uttara Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 35 describes the Atma as ऊर्ध्वशून्यमधःशून्यं मध्यशून्यं यदात्मकम् । सर्वशून्यं स आत्मेति समाधिस्थस्य लक्षणम् ॥ When (one perceives) the Atma is ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Are Vedanta Sutras post Buddhist origin?

It is believed that badarAyana is the author of these aphorism which are related to vedAnta. Now there is mention of all the existing philosophies orthodox and heterodox in these sutras. The ...
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