Skip to main content

Questions tagged [buddhism]

For questions about how Buddhism relates to Hinduism. See also Buddhism.SE.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
40 votes
7 answers
17k views

Is Gautama Buddha an avatar of Lord Vishnu?

Some Hindus believe that the Gautama Buddha is one of the Dashavatara; others replace him with Balarama (and sometimes other figures, but mostly Balarama). Which groups of Hindus believe that the ...
senshin's user avatar
  • 2,121
22 votes
4 answers
5k views

Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

Let us see some of the accusations of vedantins SANKARA’S ACCUSERS Bhaskara (9th Century CE), the propounder of bhedabheda-siddhanta was one of the earliest Indian philosophers to attack Mayavada. ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
  • 19.2k
20 votes
1 answer
2k views

Does the Jataka account of Krishna have any basis in Hindu scripture?

The Ghata Jataka, one of the Jataka Tales that form part of Buddhist scripture, recounts the life of Krishna in a way that mostly parallels conventional Hindu accounts, except for one notable incident ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
17 votes
1 answer
1k views

Where is Buddhism also considered a Valid Path in Hindu scriptures?

The Philosophy of Buddhism is directly refuted itself in Brahma Sutras. But refutation of Philosophy doesn't mean that the path is not Valid. For eg. Adi Shankaracharya also refuted the Philosophy ...
Tezz's user avatar
  • 48.5k
15 votes
2 answers
1k views

When were Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism marked as separate religions?

Historically, Buddhism and Jainism were just some of the many sects or philosophical schools in ancient times. When was the separation of religions happened and when were all vedic and non-vedic sects ...
gaj's user avatar
  • 1,893
14 votes
2 answers
2k views

The differences between "Nirvana" in Buddhism and "Moksha" in Hinduism

Few days ago I came across an article related to Buddhism, mostly related to a topic, "Nirvana" . I wonder after reading this, because it is almost similar to "Moksha" in Hinduism. Does anyone know ...
Kiran RS's user avatar
  • 8,161
13 votes
6 answers
6k views

Adi Buddha and Gautama buddha, Which one is the real avatar of Lord vishnu?

Many sites claim that there were Two buddhas and both were different. It is said that Adi buddha was the real avatar of lord vishnu. Gautama buddha was only a enlightened one but not an avatar of ...
Sakthi's user avatar
  • 4,168
11 votes
1 answer
19k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya lose a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu?

This website, of dubious reliability, claims that Adi Shankaracharya lost in a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu: Towards the end of his short life, defeated in debate by the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
4 answers
3k views

Did Lord Buddha really not believe in God and the Vedas? If so, why?

I am going to be completely open here in hopes to get the right answer. I am always kind of... full of dread when I hear about such big saints and sages like Lord Buddha did not believe in God and ...
Pardeep Kumar's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why is there a separate religion for Buddha, if Buddha is a Hindu god?

This is not a duplicate of Is Buddha an avatar of Lord Vishnu? I am posting totally different question below. From www.sanatansociety.org: In Hinduism, Buddha is regarded as the ninth incarnation ...
johnson316's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
587 views

How to prove that Nirvana term in Gita isn't borrowed from Buddhism?

What is the evidence to show Gita and Upanishads are Pre Buddhist?The term Brahma-nirvana appears in verses 2.72 and 5.24-26 of the Bhagavad Gita. According to Zaehner, Johnson and other scholars, ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
1k views

Were Gaudapada's views closer to Madhyamaka Buddhism?

Sankara’s doctrine of maya has been one of the principle reasons that he has been accused of being a closet Buddhist. Yet it was actually Sankara’s parama-guru, Gaudapada who posited the idea of maya ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
  • 19.2k
9 votes
2 answers
953 views

Which scripture was first to identify Buddha as an avatar of Lord Vishnu?

Some puranas identify Buddha with Vishnu among them which is the oldest reference?
Anisha's user avatar
  • 2,552
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's "emptiness of emptiness"?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
ruben2020's user avatar
  • 1,268
8 votes
5 answers
1k views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Hinduism and Buddhism is that the first defends Ātman theory whereas the second defends Anātman theory. Shankara is known for having debated (and won) with ...
Sebastien Palcoux's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
589 views

According to Hindu philosophy, what are the flaws in Buddha's teachings?

What are the flaws in Buddhism according to Hindu philosophers? Did Buddha really reject the Vedas and Hinduism?
user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
481 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
764 views

Shunya (nothingness) vs Purna (fullness) -- How to reconcile the seemingly contradictive statements in Uttara Gita?

In the Uttara Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 35 describes the Atma as ऊर्ध्वशून्यमधःशून्यं मध्यशून्यं यदात्मकम् । सर्वशून्यं स आत्मेति समाधिस्थस्य लक्षणम् ॥ When (one perceives) the Atma is ...
Vishwanath N's user avatar
  • 1,335
7 votes
3 answers
8k views

Did Rama really call Buddha as a thief?

In 34th verse in 109 sarga of ayodhya kanda in valmiki Ramayana, the words यथा हि चोरः स तथा हि बुद्ध | appear. My question here is how did Buddha come to be referenced in Treta yuga?
user avatar
7 votes
5 answers
2k views

Why did Vishnu incarnate as Buddha after delivering Gita?

Vishnu as Shri Krishna, delivered Gita as the most hidden knowledge where the soul leaves the body & takes rebirth in a new body. On the other hand Buddha said, there is no soul, it's when the ...
Vaibhav's user avatar
  • 297
7 votes
1 answer
482 views

Has any Hindu scholar who upheld birth based Varna system refuted Assalayana Sutta?

In the Assalayana Sutta, it is written that Buddha visited Sàvatthi. There around 500 Brahmins lived in Sàvatthi. As Buddha preached purity of all four Varnas, Brahmins decided to send a boy named ...
Spark Sunshine's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
869 views

Why does part of Vaishnavism consider Gautama Buddha to be an Avatara of Lord Vishnu, even though he rejected Vedic wisdom?

I had seen the arguments of some of the Vaishnavas before, that Gautama rejected the Vedic precepts to keep the evil and ignorant out of the way of Dharma, but after all, why would God send someone ...
Yogmaya's user avatar
  • 153
7 votes
1 answer
266 views

Is the word "Gandharva" related to the conception of an embryo?

In Pali Buddhism, the word "gandhabba" is used in relation to the conception of an embryo. In the following passage, the question is asked to & answered by Brahmins. Therefore, it seems ...
Dhammadhatu's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
2k views

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhism?

What are some arguments given by Adi Shankaracharya against Buddhist monks? I'm interested in the core of the arguments he used against Buddhists. Is there any advantage to Advaita against Buddhism ...
dark_prince's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
320 views

How I can refute Madhyamaka- Shunyata?

Have any Hindu acharyas debunked shunyata as propounded by Madhyamika? I am a former Tibetan Buddhist, and to my knowledge emptiness depends on co-dependant arising,if we refute that then all of ...
Bennie 's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
502 views

Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
Say No To Censorship's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
765 views

Is their an association between Chhinnamasta & Indra and/or Vairochan Buddha?

One of the Dash Mahavidyas - Chhinnamasta - is known as Vajra-Vairochini. How did she get to be associated with the Vajra that is exclusively shown in the hands of Indra? Indra is also associated with ...
Dr. Vineet Aggarwal's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
630 views

What is the role of Jainism and Buddhism in introducing Vegetarianism to Hinduism?

It is said on multiple occasions that initially Hinduism was not a vegetarian society. From Was Lord Rama a non-vegetarian? :– I know meat eating is not restricted to any Hindu Caste, while in ...
Talk is Cheap Show me Code's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
496 views

Are Vedanta Sutras post Buddhist origin?

It is believed that badarAyana is the author of these aphorism which are related to vedAnta. Now there is mention of all the existing philosophies orthodox and heterodox in these sutras. The ...
Rakesh Joshi's user avatar
  • 19.2k
5 votes
1 answer
143 views

Is there a an online copy of English translation of Pramanavarttika of Shri Dharmakirthi?

Is there a an online copy of English translation of Pramanavarttika of Shri Dharmakirthi? Of the available links only second chapter is available. I'm looking especially for the first chapter. If the ...
user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
462 views

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
Colin's user avatar
  • 51
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

How is Buddhism's "Shunyata" (void / Nothingness) interpreted in Hinduism to represent God?

Some time back I got a perception that "Shunyata" (absolute nothingness) of Buddhism and "Me" (ParamAtma / True self) referred by Krishna are same. Because both refer to the ultimate reality in an ...
iammilind's user avatar
  • 19.8k
4 votes
1 answer
235 views

Buddhist claim of the concept "Atman" or true self being egoistic?

Is Anatma (or no true self as discussed in Buddhist doctrines), an antithesis of Advaita Vedanta? And is the concept of atman "egoistic"?
Harshwardhan Singh's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
325 views

Nature of enlightenment

How did different people with different philosophies and ideologies attain the same enlightenment or did they not? Buddha attained enlightenment and so did Adi Shankaracharya, but their philosophies ...
dark_prince's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between Tapas and Dhyana?

When it comes to meditation, Hinduism gets divided in many different concepts and practices. While there is a Patanjali's Yoga Aphorism of Yama, Niyama, Asana, etc. leading up to Dhyana and Samadhi, ...
Shinu Jacob's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
285 views

Any scripture describes five types of Brahmins?

In Dona Brahmana Sutta, a Buddhist scripture, Buddha reminds a Brahmin named Dona about five types of Brahmins as described by Vedic Seers. The blessed one said, "Dona, those ancient sages the ...
Spark Sunshine's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
97 views

Has any Vedantin criticized this teaching of the Buddha?

According to Vedanta, a single self or jIva is the seat of consciousness. jIva as a single unit, is not further divisible. Buddhism, on the other hand, does not subscribe to the doctrine of a ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
346 views

What is the difference between concepts of Maya in Hinduism and Buddhism?

How is the illusion in Buddhism and Hinduism different?An author writes <<The concepts of maya, avidya, vyayaharika-satya and paramarthika-satya, advaya, prajna, the unreality of the universe ...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
620 views

Role of meditation and yoga in Hinduism & differences from Buddhist meditative practices

Could someone explain to me: What is the role of yoga & meditation in Hinduism - what is its purpose and relation to God? And how is Hinduism's yoga/meditation practice and purpose different ...
a20's user avatar
  • 606
3 votes
2 answers
332 views

How do Adi Shankaracharya or later Advaita Philosophers deal with Brahma Sutra's criticism of Vijñāna vadīs?

As per my understanding, both Buddhist idealists and Advaitins hold the external world to be unreal. Also, according to Shankaracharya's own commentary of Brahma Sutra, the doctrine of unreality of ...
HoaxHorror Stories's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
766 views

Did Kumarila Bhatta and Shankaracharya persecute the Buddhists?

In the description of this question, the questioner gives proof from Biographies of Shankaracharya and Kumarila Bhatta that Buddhists including women and children were killed. Is this true?? Do Vedas/...
Sethu Srivatsa Koduru's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
363 views

What were the Buddha's agreements and disagreements with Hinduism?

Although Hindus didn't call themselves Hindus when he lived, he would have been born a Hindu. What factors pushed him away from Hinduism? I can think of two - He was against the caste system and did ...
S K's user avatar
  • 1
3 votes
1 answer
149 views

As per Hinduism, What happens to those who follow Nihilist Philosophies like Buddhism?

Since Buddhism is regarded as a heretic path as per all the scriptures of hinduism, What would ultimately happen to those who follow Nihilst philosophies like Buddhism as per hinduism? Will Buddhists ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
87 views

Kashmir Shivaism: Is the tradition extinct or alive?

During the time of the great philosopher and tantra master, Abhinavgupta and Asia's biggest ruler in history, Lalitaditya, it was said that Kashmir Shivaism thrived. A very unique blend of Vajrayana ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
143 views

What is the earliest reference to identifying/differentiating Siddhartha Gautama and the Buddha Avatara?

Hindu scripture describes two Buddha Avataras of Vishnu born to deceive people. One Buddha Avatara took place during the Tripura incident. Another Buddha Avatara took place in the present Kali Yuga. ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
125 views

On the doctrine of two truths in advaita (and hinduism) [duplicate]

In hinduism, advaita propounds the doctrine of two truths - vyavahArika satya and paramArthika satya. However, long before Shankara (8th - 9th century CE) , the foremost exponent of advaita, the ...
user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
86 views

Was Buddha a Hindu? [duplicate]

I was wondering where to post such a question. I chose Hinduism because it is the most liberal religion. My question is: Was Buddha a Hindu? Was he a Kshatriya?
Dheeraj Verma's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is Hinduism the oldest among currently existent religions? [duplicate]

Reading more and more mythological stories, I realize that the first religion on earth is Hinduism.(Source1)(Source2) List of top religions: Hinduism Oldest of all (Also known as Sanatana Dharma) ...
Nagarjun's user avatar
  • 208
2 votes
1 answer
176 views

Is Śūnyavāda of Liṅgāyata or other Śaiva traditions same as the Śūnyatā in Buddhism?

Śūnyatā usually emphasis on non-existence of Supreme reality, assertion of no-self and that all things are empty and devoid of intrinsic nature (svabhāva). On the other hand, Liṅgāyats are theists and ...
स्वयम्'s user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Did Adi Shankara persecute Buddhists in Nagarjunakonda?

Neo-Buddhists often claim that Adi Shankaracharya killed many Buddhists and destroyed many Buddhist shrines in Nargarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh. They also say there is a local legend which supports ...
Spark Sunshine's user avatar