Questions tagged [buddhism]

For questions about how Buddhism relates to Hinduism. See also Buddhism.SE.

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29
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7answers
10k views

Is Gautama Buddha an avatar of Lord Vishnu?

Some Hindus believe that the Gautama Buddha is one of the Dashavatara; others replace him with Balarama (and sometimes other figures, but mostly Balarama). Which groups of Hindus believe that the ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Does the Jataka account of Krishna have any basis in Hindu scripture?

The Ghata Jataka, one of the Jataka Tales that form part of Buddhist scripture, recounts the life of Krishna in a way that mostly parallels conventional Hindu accounts, except for one notable incident ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

Let us see some of the accusations of vedantins SANKARA’S ACCUSERS Bhaskara (9th Century CE), the propounder of bhedabheda-siddhanta was one of the earliest Indian philosophers to attack Mayavada. ...
14
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3answers
733 views

When were Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism marked as separate religions?

Historically, Buddhism and Jainism were just some of the many sects or philosophical schools in ancient times. When was the separation of religions happened and when were all vedic and non-vedic sects ...
11
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2answers
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The differences between “Nirvana” in Buddhism and “Moksha” in Hinduism

Few days ago I came across an article related to Buddhism, mostly related to a topic, "Nirvana" . I wonder after reading this, because it is almost similar to "Moksha" in Hinduism. Does anyone know ...
10
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1answer
567 views

Where is Buddhism also considered a Valid Path in Hindu scriptures?

The Philosophy of Buddhism is directly refuted itself in Brahma Sutras. But refutation of Philosophy doesn't mean that the path is not Valid. For eg. Adi Shankaracharya also refuted the Philosophy ...
9
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5answers
12k views

Did Adi Shankaracharya lose a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu?

This website, of dubious reliability, claims that Adi Shankaracharya lost in a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu: Towards the end of his short life, defeated in debate by the ...
9
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5answers
2k views

Adi buddha and Gautama buddha, Which one is the real avatar of Lord vishnu?

Many sites claim that there were Two buddhas and both were different. It is said that Adi buddha was the real avatar of lord vishnu. Gautama buddha was only a enlightened one but not an avatar of lord ...
8
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3answers
513 views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Hinduism and Buddhism is that the first defends Ātman theory whereas the second defends Anātman theory. Shankara is known for having debated (and won) with ...
8
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4answers
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Why is there a separate religion for Buddha, if Buddha is a Hindu god?

This is not a duplicate of Is Buddha an avatar of Lord Vishnu? I am posting totally different question below. From www.sanatansociety.org: In Hinduism, Buddha is regarded as the ninth incarnation ...
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6answers
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Did Lord Buddha really not believe in God and the Vedas? If so, why?

I am going to be completely open here in hopes to get the right answer. I am always kind of... full of dread when I hear about such big saints and sages like Lord Buddha did not believe in God and ...
7
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1answer
153 views

Is the word “Gandharva” related to the conception of an embryo?

In Pali Buddhism, the word "gandhabba" is used in relation to the conception of an embryo. In the following passage, the question is asked to & answered by Brahmins. Therefore, it seems this ...
7
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0answers
211 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda ...
7
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0answers
263 views

Shunya (nothingness) vs Purna (fullness) — How to reconcile the seemingly contradictive statements in Uttara Gita?

In the Uttara Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 35 describes the Atma as ऊर्ध्वशून्यमधःशून्यं मध्यशून्यं यदात्मकम् । सर्वशून्यं स आत्मेति समाधिस्थस्य लक्षणम् ॥ When (one perceives) the Atma is ...
6
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1answer
130 views

Has any Hindu scholar who upheld birth based Varna system refuted Assalayana Sutta?

In the Assalayana Sutta, it is written that Buddha visited Sàvatthi. There around 500 Brahmins lived in Sàvatthi. As Buddha preached purity of all four Varnas, Brahmins decided to send a boy named ...
6
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3answers
481 views

Were Gaudapada's views closer to Madhyamaka Buddhism?

Sankara’s doctrine of maya has been one of the principle reasons that he has been accused of being a closet Buddhist. Yet it was actually Sankara’s parama-guru, Gaudapada who posited the idea of maya ...
5
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4answers
271 views

Why did Vishnu incarnate as Buddha after delivering Gita?

Vishnu as Shri Krishna, delivered Gita as the most hidden knowledge where the soul leaves the body & takes rebirth in a new body. On the other hand Buddha said, there is no soul, it's when the ...
5
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1answer
199 views

Which scripture was first to identify Buddha as an avatar of Lord Vishnu?

Some puranas identify Buddha with Vishnu among them which is the oldest reference?
5
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1answer
184 views

Is their an association between Chhinnamasta & Indra and/or Vairochan Buddha?

One of the Dash Mahavidyas - Chhinnamasta - is known as Vajra-Vairochini. How did she get to be associated with the Vajra that is exclusively shown in the hands of Indra? Indra is also associated with ...
4
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3answers
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Did Rama really call Buddha as a thief?

In 34th verse in 109 sarga of ayodhya kanda in valmiki Ramayana, the words यथा हि चोरः स तथा हि बुद्ध | appear. My question here is how did Buddha come to be referenced in Treta yuga?
4
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3answers
508 views

How is Buddhism's “Shunyata” (void / Nothingness) interpreted in Hinduism to represent God?

Some time back I got a perception that "Shunyata" (absolute nothingness) of Buddhism and "Me" (ParamAtma / True self) referred by Krishna are same. Because both refer to the ultimate reality in an ...
4
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2answers
499 views

Role of meditation and yoga in Hinduism & differences from Buddhist meditative practices

Could someone explain to me: What is the role of yoga & meditation in Hinduism - what is its purpose and relation to God? And how is Hinduism's yoga/meditation practice and purpose different ...
4
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2answers
489 views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's “emptiness of emptiness”?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
4
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1answer
200 views

Are Vedanta Sutras post Buddhist origin?

It is believed that badarAyana is the author of these aphorism which are related to vedAnta. Now there is mention of all the existing philosophies orthodox and heterodox in these sutras. The ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between Tapas and Dhyana?

When it comes to meditation, Hinduism gets divided in many different concepts and practices. While there is a Patanjali's Yoga Aphorism of Yama, Niyama, Asana, etc. leading up to Dhyana and Samadhi, ...
4
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1answer
88 views

Any scripture describes five types of Brahmins?

In Dona Brahmana Sutta, a Buddhist scripture, Buddha reminds a Brahmin named Dona about five types of Brahmins as described by Vedic Seers. The blessed one said, "Dona, those ancient sages the ...
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0answers
69 views

Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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0answers
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Has any Vedantin criticized this teaching of the Buddha?

According to Vedanta, a single self or jIva is the seat of consciousness. jIva as a single unit, is not further divisible. Buddhism, on the other hand, does not subscribe to the doctrine of a ...
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0answers
70 views

Was Buddha a Hindu? [duplicate]

I was wondering where to post such a question. I chose Hinduism because it is the most liberal religion. My question is: Was Buddha a Hindu? Was he a Kshatriya?
3
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1answer
994 views

Is Hinduism the oldest among currently existent religions? [duplicate]

Reading more and more mythological stories, I realize that the first religion on earth is Hinduism.(Source1)(Source2) List of top religions: Hinduism Oldest of all (Also known as Sanatana Dharma) ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Is the word &/or notion of “jāti” found in the Vedas?

In Buddhism, the word "jāti" is doctrinally very important. The fully enlightened Arhat Buddhists declare upon enlightenment: "Jati has ended". In Hinduism, "jati" is said to have the following ...
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0answers
48 views

Is there a Hindu equivalent of the Buddhist Dukkha?

I really like the Buddhist teaching on suffering-unsatisfactoriness (Dukkha), a characteristic of existence and how to get rid of it. I was wondering if there was a Hindu equivalent? A similar ...
2
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0answers
260 views

Hevajra & Nairātmyā are Lord Siva & Ma Parvati respectively?

Three major branches of Buddhism along with their percentage of practitioners are Mayāyāna - 53.2% Theravad - 35.8% Vajrayana - 5.7% My interest is Vajrayana here. As you can see through the link, ...
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2answers
418 views

Which varna are 'Hindu' Buddhists part of?

There are a lot of our scriptures mentioning Gautam Buddha as one of Vishnu's avatars. You can see this Wikipedia post for the list https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha_in_Hinduism If it is ...
1
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1answer
40 views

Balance of strength between Asuras and Devas

Here is an extract from a Buddhist scripture (the Caturdevarājasūtra) that directly connects the balance of strength between the Asuras and the Devas with Humanities morality: During the monthly ...
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0answers
57 views

Did Adi Shankara persecute Buddhists in Nagarjunakonda?

Neo-Buddhists often claim that Adi Shankaracharya killed many Buddhists and destroyed many Buddhist shrines in Nargarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh. They also say there is a local legend which supports ...
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0answers
62 views

What is the oldest version of Ramayana? [duplicate]

I am not looking for answer based on faith, like Valmiki Ramayana is oldest because Valmiki was Rama's contemporary. I am looking for reference from academia comparing different versions of Ramayana ...
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0answers
46 views

Green Tara and Parvati

What are the correlations between Green Tara in Buddhism and Mother Parvati in Hinduism? Are these Goddess connected?
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0answers
139 views

What were the Buddha's agreements and disagreements with Hinduism?

Although Hindus didn't call themselves Hindus when he lived, he would have been born a Hindu. What factors pushed him away from Hinduism? I can think of two - He was against the caste system and did ...
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0answers
66 views

Which commentator interprets Gaudapada's word Chitta as Chaitanya?

In this lecture, Swami Paramarthananda, an Advaitin, discusses Adi Shankaracharya's refutation of Yogachara Buddhism in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. He says that Yogachara Buddhism and Advaita may seem ...
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0answers
41 views

Hinduism and Buddhism [duplicate]

We all know Bhagwan Buddh was the incarnation of Great Lord Vishnu. Vaishnav worship Lord Vishnu. Why did then Lord Vishnu created another Dharma? Why did not he rectified Hinduism?
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0answers
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Are Buddhists really a type of Hindus? [duplicate]

Gautama Buddha was the 9th avatar of Lord Vishnu. Buddha himself was a Kshatriya and he was the founder of Buddhism. But he was a Hindu and he had created his own religion. So, does this mean ...
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0answers
332 views

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna? [duplicate]

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna, to derive his philosophical treatise? What is the view of the mainstream Hindu scholars and historians concerning this? This ...
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1answer
298 views

Is Ganesha created based on Gautama Buddha?

Is Ganesha created based on Gautama Buddha? I have read in many articles from several social platforms that the concept of Ganesha is derived from Buddhism. Various names such as vighnaharta and ...
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2answers
647 views

Between Daśaratha-Jātaka and Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa which is older?

One of the fundamental differences between the Buddhist Daśaratha-Jātaka and the Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa is that Sītā is portrayed as Rāma's half-sister in the Jātaka: Once upon a time, at Benares, a ...