Questions tagged [buddhism]

For questions about how Buddhism relates to Hinduism. See also Buddhism.SE.

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5
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1answer
253 views

According to Hindu philosophy, what are the flaws in Buddha's teachings?

What are the flaws in Buddhism according to Hindu philosophers? Did Buddha really reject the Vedas and Hinduism?
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On the doctrine of two truths in advaita (and hinduism)

In hinduism, advaita propounds the doctrine of two truths - vyavahArika satya and paramArthika satya. However, long before Shankara (8th - 9th century CE) , the foremost exponent of advaita, the ...
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Why is there a separate religion for Buddha, if Buddha is a Hindu god?

This is not a duplicate of Is Buddha an avatar of Lord Vishnu? I am posting totally different question below. From www.sanatansociety.org: In Hinduism, Buddha is regarded as the ninth incarnation ...
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8answers
11k views

Is Gautama Buddha an avatar of Lord Vishnu?

Some Hindus believe that the Gautama Buddha is one of the Dashavatara; others replace him with Balarama (and sometimes other figures, but mostly Balarama). Which groups of Hindus believe that the ...
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2answers
197 views

What is the role of Jainism and Buddhism in introducing Vegetarianism to Hinduism?

It is said on multiple occasions that initially Hinduism was not a vegetarian society. From Was Lord Rama a non-vegetarian? :– I know meat eating is not restricted to any Hindu Caste, while in ...
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2answers
257 views

Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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0answers
67 views

Pre-buddhism references to the Karmic cycle in Vedas/Upanishads [duplicate]

Do any clear-cut references to the Karmic cycle exist in Hindu scriptures from before the Buddha's time?
3
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1answer
72 views

Are Siddhis Illusory and part of Maya?

When Buddha and some other ascended masters attained enlightenment were gifted with special abilities or Siddhis. Buddha was even able to recall his previous lives and his and other people's karmas ...
6
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1answer
70 views

How I can refute Madhyamaka- Shunyata?

Have any Hindu acharyas debunked shunyata as propounded by Madhyamika? I am a former Tibetan Buddhist, and to my knowledge emptiness depends on co-dependant arising,if we refute that then all of ...
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4answers
156 views

Is yoga a religion?

Is Yoga a form of religious Hinduism? Are beliefs such karma, reincarnation or gods needed to practice it? Is appropriate to practice yoga if you are agnostic, atheist or believer in other religions ...
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3answers
2k views

Why is Sankaracharya accused as Pracchana Bauddha (crypto-buddhist) by many Vedantins?

Let us see some of the accusations of vedantins SANKARA’S ACCUSERS Bhaskara (9th Century CE), the propounder of bhedabheda-siddhanta was one of the earliest Indian philosophers to attack Mayavada. ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between Tapas and Dhyana?

When it comes to meditation, Hinduism gets divided in many different concepts and practices. While there is a Patanjali's Yoga Aphorism of Yama, Niyama, Asana, etc. leading up to Dhyana and Samadhi, ...
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87 views

Did Adi Shankara persecute Buddhists in Nagarjunakonda?

Neo-Buddhists often claim that Adi Shankaracharya killed many Buddhists and destroyed many Buddhist shrines in Nargarjunakonda, Andhra Pradesh. They also say there is a local legend which supports ...
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1answer
99 views

Any scripture describes five types of Brahmins?

In Dona Brahmana Sutta, a Buddhist scripture, Buddha reminds a Brahmin named Dona about five types of Brahmins as described by Vedic Seers. The blessed one said, "Dona, those ancient sages the ...
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Shunya (nothingness) vs Purna (fullness) — How to reconcile the seemingly contradictive statements in Uttara Gita?

In the Uttara Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 35 describes the Atma as ऊर्ध्वशून्यमधःशून्यं मध्यशून्यं यदात्मकम् । सर्वशून्यं स आत्मेति समाधिस्थस्य लक्षणम् ॥ When (one perceives) the Atma is ...
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0answers
63 views

What is the oldest version of Ramayana? [duplicate]

I am not looking for answer based on faith, like Valmiki Ramayana is oldest because Valmiki was Rama's contemporary. I am looking for reference from academia comparing different versions of Ramayana ...
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2answers
809 views

Between Daśaratha-Jātaka and Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa which is older?

One of the fundamental differences between the Buddhist Daśaratha-Jātaka and the Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa is that Sītā is portrayed as Rāma's half-sister in the Jātaka: Once upon a time, at Benares, a ...
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298 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda ...
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0answers
73 views

Has any Vedantin criticized this teaching of the Buddha?

According to Vedanta, a single self or jIva is the seat of consciousness. jIva as a single unit, is not further divisible. Buddhism, on the other hand, does not subscribe to the doctrine of a ...
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1answer
146 views

Has any Hindu scholar who upheld birth based Varna system refuted Assalayana Sutta?

In the Assalayana Sutta, it is written that Buddha visited Sàvatthi. There around 500 Brahmins lived in Sàvatthi. As Buddha preached purity of all four Varnas, Brahmins decided to send a boy named ...
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1answer
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Is the word &/or notion of “jāti” found in the Vedas?

In Buddhism, the word "jāti" is doctrinally very important. The fully enlightened Arhat Buddhists declare upon enlightenment: "Jati has ended". In Hinduism, "jati" is said to have the following ...
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4answers
282 views

Why did Vishnu incarnate as Buddha after delivering Gita?

Vishnu as Shri Krishna, delivered Gita as the most hidden knowledge where the soul leaves the body & takes rebirth in a new body. On the other hand Buddha said, there is no soul, it's when the ...
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3answers
541 views

Were Gaudapada's views closer to Madhyamaka Buddhism?

Sankara’s doctrine of maya has been one of the principle reasons that he has been accused of being a closet Buddhist. Yet it was actually Sankara’s parama-guru, Gaudapada who posited the idea of maya ...
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Green Tara and Parvati

What are the correlations between Green Tara in Buddhism and Mother Parvati in Hinduism? Are these Goddess connected?
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6answers
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Did Lord Buddha really not believe in God and the Vedas? If so, why?

I am going to be completely open here in hopes to get the right answer. I am always kind of... full of dread when I hear about such big saints and sages like Lord Buddha did not believe in God and ...
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1answer
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Balance of strength between Asuras and Devas

Here is an extract from a Buddhist scripture (the Caturdevarājasūtra) that directly connects the balance of strength between the Asuras and the Devas with Humanities morality: During the monthly ...
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0answers
63 views

Is there a Hindu equivalent of the Buddhist Dukkha?

I really like the Buddhist teaching on suffering-unsatisfactoriness (Dukkha), a characteristic of existence and how to get rid of it. I was wondering if there was a Hindu equivalent? A similar ...
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3answers
543 views

What are the main arguments in favor of the Ātman view over the Anātman view?

The main difference (I know) between Hinduism and Buddhism is that the first defends Ātman theory whereas the second defends Anātman theory. Shankara is known for having debated (and won) with ...
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0answers
71 views

Was Buddha a Hindu? [duplicate]

I was wondering where to post such a question. I chose Hinduism because it is the most liberal religion. My question is: Was Buddha a Hindu? Was he a Kshatriya?
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1answer
239 views

Which scripture was first to identify Buddha as an avatar of Lord Vishnu?

Some puranas identify Buddha with Vishnu among them which is the oldest reference?
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3answers
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Did Rama really call Buddha as a thief?

In 34th verse in 109 sarga of ayodhya kanda in valmiki Ramayana, the words यथा हि चोरः स तथा हि बुद्ध | appear. My question here is how did Buddha come to be referenced in Treta yuga?
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148 views

What were the Buddha's agreements and disagreements with Hinduism?

Although Hindus didn't call themselves Hindus when he lived, he would have been born a Hindu. What factors pushed him away from Hinduism? I can think of two - He was against the caste system and did ...
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5answers
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Did Adi Shankaracharya lose a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu?

This website, of dubious reliability, claims that Adi Shankaracharya lost in a debate against the Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu: Towards the end of his short life, defeated in debate by the ...
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2answers
1k views

The differences between “Nirvana” in Buddhism and “Moksha” in Hinduism

Few days ago I came across an article related to Buddhism, mostly related to a topic, "Nirvana" . I wonder after reading this, because it is almost similar to "Moksha" in Hinduism. Does anyone know ...
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1answer
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Does the Jataka account of Krishna have any basis in Hindu scripture?

The Ghata Jataka, one of the Jataka Tales that form part of Buddhist scripture, recounts the life of Krishna in a way that mostly parallels conventional Hindu accounts, except for one notable incident ...
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5answers
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Adi buddha and Gautama buddha, Which one is the real avatar of Lord vishnu?

Many sites claim that there were Two buddhas and both were different. It is said that Adi buddha was the real avatar of lord vishnu. Gautama buddha was only a enlightened one but not an avatar of lord ...
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3answers
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How is Buddhism's “Shunyata” (void / Nothingness) interpreted in Hinduism to represent God?

Some time back I got a perception that "Shunyata" (absolute nothingness) of Buddhism and "Me" (ParamAtma / True self) referred by Krishna are same. Because both refer to the ultimate reality in an ...
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2answers
595 views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's “emptiness of emptiness”?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
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394 views

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna? [duplicate]

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna, to derive his philosophical treatise? What is the view of the mainstream Hindu scholars and historians concerning this? This ...
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1answer
219 views

Are Vedanta Sutras post Buddhist origin?

It is believed that badarAyana is the author of these aphorism which are related to vedAnta. Now there is mention of all the existing philosophies orthodox and heterodox in these sutras. The ...
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0answers
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Which commentator interprets Gaudapada's word Chitta as Chaitanya?

In this lecture, Swami Paramarthananda, an Advaitin, discusses Adi Shankaracharya's refutation of Yogachara Buddhism in his Brahma Sutra Bhashya. He says that Yogachara Buddhism and Advaita may seem ...
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1answer
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Is their an association between Chhinnamasta & Indra and/or Vairochan Buddha?

One of the Dash Mahavidyas - Chhinnamasta - is known as Vajra-Vairochini. How did she get to be associated with the Vajra that is exclusively shown in the hands of Indra? Indra is also associated with ...
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3answers
758 views

When were Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism marked as separate religions?

Historically, Buddhism and Jainism were just some of the many sects or philosophical schools in ancient times. When was the separation of religions happened and when were all vedic and non-vedic sects ...
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1answer
347 views

Is Ganesha created based on Gautama Buddha?

Is Ganesha created based on Gautama Buddha? I have read in many articles from several social platforms that the concept of Ganesha is derived from Buddhism. Various names such as vighnaharta and ...
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0answers
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Hinduism and Buddhism [duplicate]

We all know Bhagwan Buddh was the incarnation of Great Lord Vishnu. Vaishnav worship Lord Vishnu. Why did then Lord Vishnu created another Dharma? Why did not he rectified Hinduism?
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1answer
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Is the word “Gandharva” related to the conception of an embryo?

In Pali Buddhism, the word "gandhabba" is used in relation to the conception of an embryo. In the following passage, the question is asked to & answered by Brahmins. Therefore, it seems this ...
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0answers
342 views

Hevajra & Nairātmyā are Lord Siva & Ma Parvati respectively?

Three major branches of Buddhism along with their percentage of practitioners are Mayāyāna - 53.2% Theravad - 35.8% Vajrayana - 5.7% My interest is Vajrayana here. As you can see through the link, ...
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2answers
435 views

Which varna are 'Hindu' Buddhists part of?

There are a lot of our scriptures mentioning Gautam Buddha as one of Vishnu's avatars. You can see this Wikipedia post for the list https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gautama_Buddha_in_Hinduism If it is ...
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1answer
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Where is Buddhism also considered a Valid Path in Hindu scriptures?

The Philosophy of Buddhism is directly refuted itself in Brahma Sutras. But refutation of Philosophy doesn't mean that the path is not Valid. For eg. Adi Shankaracharya also refuted the Philosophy ...
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1answer
1k views

Is Hinduism the oldest among currently existent religions? [duplicate]

Reading more and more mythological stories, I realize that the first religion on earth is Hinduism.(Source1)(Source2) List of top religions: Hinduism Oldest of all (Also known as Sanatana Dharma) ...