Questions tagged [calendar]

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28 votes
8 answers
36k views

If Aryabhata invented zero in Kaliyuga, how could Hindus of earlier yugas describe Ravana as having 10 heads and Kauravas were 100 in number?

Since long time I've heard that the number zero was invented by the great Indian mathematician Aryabhata. Now I have two examples from Ramayana and Mahabharata: In Ramayana, Ravana had 10 heads. ...
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13 votes
1 answer
384 views

Absence of names of days in scriptures. Why?

As far as I know, the names of the days e.g., Sunday, Monday, etc. are not found in scriptures like Srimad Bhagavatam. Say you want to find the day of week of Krishna's birth, it is not available. Do ...
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13 votes
2 answers
2k views

When was "Adhik Maas" added to the Hindu calendar?

Since the Hindu calendar is based on the lunar calendar, there is a difference of 11 days between the earth year and the lunar year. It is a fact that the solar year is made up of 365 days and about ...
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10 votes
1 answer
559 views

What is the concept of a week in Hinduism?

Most Hindu festivals are pinned to a Lunar day or Tithi like Rama-navami, hera-pancami etc. The 7-day week runs out-of-sync with the lunar tithis; it would be very confusing to try to follow both at ...
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  • 780
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Which is the oldest known Hindu Calendar?

Which is the oldest known Hindu Calendar? Do we have any details about how much similar or different it was as against the current Gregorian Calendar that we use. Comparisons can be made like based on ...
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  • 9,699
8 votes
1 answer
5k views

Is Brahmakumaris Hindu organization? Why Brahmakumaris say 2036 is end or the judgement day ? is it true?

Is Brahmakumaris Hindu organization? Why do they claim that 2036 will be end of world? They claim that flood will take place and then ice age will come. Recently Scientists said that around 2030 to ...
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  • 11.5k
7 votes
1 answer
618 views

Why do Hindu festivals fall on different dates every year?

Why do Hindu festivals fall on different dates every year? How festivals are determined?
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6 votes
1 answer
265 views

Who are the śaka purushas?

In my recent question, I asked about the pādas of the yuga. This time my question is about śakas (era). Many of you are aware that we live in the śālivāhana śaka era. Even though the current year ...
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6 votes
4 answers
9k views

Is Deepavali a new year's celebration?

In many greeting cards and wishes for Deepavali, I have seen people also wish a Happy New Year. The only New Year that I'm familiar with occurs around Holi in the springtime around March (Chaitra in ...
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6 votes
3 answers
1k views

How is the first choghadiya decided?

I've been looking at the Wikipedia page of Choghadiya and while it is very clear on the boundaries between each Choghadiya, it does not tell how to determine the first Choghadiya. Looking at ...
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6 votes
1 answer
148 views

Is there any scriptural basis for this astrologer's claims that the character of a woman depends on the timing of her first menstruation?

I was watching a YouTube video recently where the speaker said that one astrologer in his pañcāṅga (almanac) claimed that a woman's character and what the woman goes on to become in her later life ...
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6 votes
0 answers
182 views

How to convert a given Vikram Samvat date into corresponding Gregorian Date?

I want to convert particularly, Shravan Shuklapaksha Dwitiya of Vikram Samvat 667 into its corresponding Gregorian date. link: Vikram Samvat
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5 votes
1 answer
778 views

Is Ekadashi Tithi ruled by Rudra or Vishnu?

Wikipedia says Rudra is the ruling deity of Ekadashi, but I have seen an answer here based on the Puranas that says it is Lord Vishnu. So which one of them rules the Ekadashi?
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5 votes
1 answer
384 views

Which calendar was followed during Mahabharata and Ramayana?

There are so many astronomical evidences given in Ramayana and Mahabharata. It is said that there are about 500+ in Ramayana and 200+ in Mahabharata. I wonder, What calendar they followed
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  • 586
5 votes
2 answers
184 views

Who coined the word Ayanamsa?

Typically today for all Jyotish calculation a correction is added to Sayana positions of planets to arrive at the Nirayana position of planets to account for precession etc. This correction is called ...
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  • 703
5 votes
2 answers
942 views

What is the concept of "a day" in Hinduism?

We are all practicing westerners time format means a day is starting at midnight 00:00 . What about Hinduism? Does any Hindu scriptures mention about it?
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  • 7,785
5 votes
0 answers
73 views

Who can start a Shaka?

Recently I heard that a Shaka can be started only by a Chakravarti Samrat. E.g. Shalivan Shaka, Shiva shaka, Yudhishthir Shaka, etc. Also it was said that such Samrat who wants to start a shaka must ...
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

decision about 'tithi' (e.g. pornima, pratipada, etc.)

Regarding which 'tithi' (hindu date) is today, it is said that whatever tithi is seen by the rising Sun, is the tithi for the day. e.g. if 'pournima' had started yesterday morning 'after sunrise' and ...
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  • 1,170
4 votes
1 answer
845 views

Who makes Hindu calendar? Is that authentic calendar or illusory calendar?

Who makes Hindu calendar? Is that authentic calendar or illusory calendar? Sometimes it has two dates together in one day, is it authentic? I think there is some ambiguity. Every year they also make ...
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  • 11.5k
4 votes
1 answer
117 views

Adhika Masa: Benefits and Restrictions

What do Shaastras say about Adhika Masa? What are are the explanations for this month, including any definitions? Background to the names like Mala Maasa, Purushottam Maasa, etc. What are the things ...
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  • 2,484
4 votes
1 answer
277 views

Which month follows the Adhik Maas?

An "Adhik Maas" is an extra month in the Hindu calendar. What is the month after this month? There are texts on it but people have different opinion. I am confused.
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  • 583
4 votes
0 answers
46 views

What significance (if any) does 21st June have for Yoga?

The International yoga day is celebrated on the 21st of June which is the longest day in the year. I was wondering if this day, being the summer solstice, had any special significance related to Yoga?
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  • 497
3 votes
3 answers
24k views

What year is it according to the Hindu Lunar Calendar?

I've had a question for quite a while now, but no one seems to know the answer. It is my understanding that Diwali is the Indian New Year, but no one seems to know the number of the year. (It isn't ...
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  • 33
3 votes
1 answer
343 views

Why do Smarthas and Vaishnavas have differences regarding dates (tithi) of festivals like Ekadashi?

Generally it's seen that ekadashi or any other date for that purpose falls on two days. Normally Smartha observe say,ekadashi one day earlier than Vaishnavas. Most calendars only show Smartha dates ...
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  • 2,594
3 votes
1 answer
332 views

Why do Hindus only count Umbra as the eclipse?

Hindu calendar only includes Umbra as an eclipse. Penumbra (here B) can affect a wider area of place and last longer as well. Partial eclipse also occurs in the Penumbra. So why is only Umbra counted ...
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  • 139
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

When is Avani Avittam (Upakarma) this year?

As I discuss in this question, Avani Avittam aka Upakarma, is a ritual performed on the Dakshinayana day in August where Brahmanas change their sacred thread. At least it usually occurs in August. ...
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3 votes
1 answer
862 views

What is duration of tithi according to Hindu panchang?

What is duration of tithi according to Hindu panchang?
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3 votes
1 answer
556 views

Origin of Hindu calendar

The Hindu calendar is based on the Lunisolar calendar. There are 12 months in it. Month names of Lunisolar calendar: Chaitra Vaiśākha Jyeṣṭha Āṣhāḍha Śhrāvaṇa Bhādrapada Āśhvina Kārtika Mārgaśīrṣa ...
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  • 4,086
3 votes
1 answer
83 views

About Vedic calender/Hindu calender?

Please briefly explain Vedic Calender and do include these in your answer. How did Ancient Hindus keep track of their days, time? Did they follow like 7 days is a week/ 4 week a month/ 12 month a ...
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  • 803
3 votes
1 answer
416 views

How to celebrate birthdays as per Panchanga if births had taken place in Adhika Masa?

How do I celebrate birthday as per Panchanga, if we are born in Adhika Masa? For example, my son is born in Adhika Vaishaka, but this year there is no Adhika for Vaishaka.
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  • 91
3 votes
0 answers
949 views

Specific name of each year as per Indian Panchang System

I received one WA msg saying that as per Indian Panchang system, each year has a specific name? And that each name has a meaning? There are 60 names of years (Samvatsars). Each name replays after 60 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
7k views

When did this Kali yuga start?

Is there a way to know the start date in Gregorian calendar of current Kali yuga? If yes, What is the date?
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  • 723
2 votes
1 answer
129 views

Are they referencing a gregorian calendar or some Hindu calendar?

I know this could sound silly but I really want to be sound and safe. On the following topic: Shaving / Haircut / Nailcut - what days are allowed / prohibited? They are referring to an Hindu ...
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  • 121
2 votes
1 answer
141 views

Why there are so many difference in traditions in hinduism?

For example, Deepavali is celebrated differently in different parts of India, even though Deepavali is a hindu festival. One more example, there are different calendars for the hinduism (Chandramana ...
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  • 155
2 votes
0 answers
59 views

Hindu Calendar vs Gregorian Calendar

How much is the difference between a Hindu Calendar(Shaka Sanwat or Vikrami Sanwat) and Gregorian Calendar. Which Hindu Calendar do we follow in India for dating the festivals?
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  • 9,699
2 votes
0 answers
43 views

Festivals observed on basis of solar cycle

Apart from Sankrantis, are there any other festivals that are observed on the basis on solar cycle and hence fall on the same date every year?
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  • 723
1 vote
1 answer
182 views

Hindu New Year ( Chaitra Shukla Paksh Pratipada )

Many Scholars have told Hindu New Year is on Chaitra Shukla Pratipada . But my question is Chaitra Month's 1st day will be Krishna Pratipada . So why Shukla Pratipada is celebrated as New Year and ...
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1 vote
0 answers
31 views

What is New Year in North India called?

I did try to read online but some pages say Phalgun Poornima while others say Chaitra Shukla Pratipada. Any clarification would be appreciated.
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  • 103
1 vote
0 answers
16 views

How _exactly_ are leap months calculated in the Hindu vedic lunisolar calendar?

Hinduism has a variety of lunisolar calendars that it uses for marking festivals. The precise details of each calendar may vary -- for example, some of them mark months based on full moons, others use ...
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1 vote
0 answers
59 views

How to determine the exact Gregorian date of Thaipusam

In brief, I'm unsure as to why some dates for Thaipusam seem to differ by one or two days from the dates of the full moons. For more detail: I'm attempting to write some code to determine the exact ...
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1 vote
0 answers
33 views

Hindu New Year ( Chaitra Month ) [duplicate]

As we know that there are 2 types of Hindu calendar. 1.Purnimanta 2. Amanta According to Purnimanta Holi is New Year i.e. Chaitra Krishna Pratipada but according to Amanta Chaitra Shukla ...
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1 vote
0 answers
2k views

Appropriate time to do amavasya tharpanam in the below instance

There are certain instances that amavasya starts from 7 am and ends the next day by 6/15 am. In this case on which day to do the amavasya tharpanam? The previous day it starts from 7 am that is one ...
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