Questions tagged [caste-system]

For the questions about caste-system based on varna namely Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudras.

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93 views

Among castes eligible to wear yagnopavitam, do different castes/sub-castes wear different kinds of Yagyopavitam?

Do scriptures prescribe how the yagynpavitam should be made (number of threads, knots etc.)?
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Can a Hindu eat with a non Hindu?

In a video by the Sikh Jagraj Singh, Hinduism was discussed in relation to a passage from the Guru Granth Sahib. In the GGS, the Guru Nanak described the Hindus as hypocrites for eating with Muslims ...
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1answer
379 views

Were there sacraments to convert non-arya and arya but non-kshatriya kings to kshatriyas?

Wiki article of Mahapadma Nanda says The Puranas describe Mahapadma as a son of Mahanandin by a woman from the Shudra caste.[ Jain works like Parishishtaparvan and Avashyaka sutra represent him as ...
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Does any Hindu scripture say anything to the effect “all men (and women) are created equal in dignity and rights”?

There are quotations to the effect that one's caste is not by birth - I don't mean that. Some sects may say all members of the sect are equal and I don't mean that either. Does it say anywhere in ...
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1answer
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Have there been instances of rivalry between Brahmins and Kshatriyas?

The Wikipedia article on Kshatriyas suggests possible rivalry between the two varnas due to ambiguity in their relative positions in the society. In the period of the Brahmanas (800 BCE to 700 BCE) ...
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2answers
252 views

do Hindu scriptures say anywhere that one varna is higher or lower than another?

Purusha sukta (in a verse considered by modern scholars to be a later interpolation) implies it ( "The Brahmana was his mouth; the Rajanya (Kshatriya) was made his arms; the Vaishya was his thighs; ...
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782 views

The Varna system and capitalism

I usually tend to accept most of the teachings of Gita pretty easily. However, I can not easily digest the verse 18.47: It is better to engage in one's own occupation, even though one may perform ...
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539 views

When did untouchability start?

Kalavai Venkat's "Caste: a HAF-baked Lamentation" tells that "untouchability started in 12th century" Can somebody provide any reference from any book/scripture/history etc for the statement that "...
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4answers
568 views

What are the counter-arguments within Hinduism(scriptures) against the Birth based Varna and Caste system?

Even if earlier Varna was not birth based, and later it degenerated into birth base Varna and even later into birth based caste system. But whether there are counter arguments within Hinduism(esp. ...
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1answer
237 views

Does Bhagwat Puran mention that Lord Krishna was born to annihilate Kshatriyas?

In Annihilation of Caste, Section 18, Dr. Ambedkar says that The Bhagwat tells us very definitely that Krishna had taken avatar for one sacred purpose: and that was, to annihilate the Kshatriyas....
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1answer
90 views

is there a scriptural basis for using silver vessels to avoid caste/sub-caste ritual pollution?

I am aware of Brahmin sub-caste members that wouldn't eat at other Brahmin sub-caste homes even as we speak (2018). One can easily imagine their attitude about eating at a non-brahmin home or a non-...
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does any scripture say different castes should draw water from different wells?

If you know Tamil, you can read on u-tube an interview of Shiva Ayyadurai considered the inventor of email in which he says he was told of this practice in childhood by his mother and how upsetting he ...
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Mentions of intercaste marriage in ManuSmriti or Manu Dharma

Trying to study ManuSmriti. 1) What does Manusmriti say about inter-caste marriages? 2) Are there any punishments given for inter-caste marriages? 3) Are there any mentions of inter-caste marriages ...
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888 views

What do the Vedas say about caste?

What do the Vedas say about caste? For the purpose of this question you can take a broad approach of the definition of caste. Like if it is called varna in vedas, then I want to know what the vedas ...
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2answers
144 views

Was Satī (sahagamana) limited one particular varṇa (kṣatriya)? Was it also applicable to brāhmaṇa and other women?

When it was allowed, was the practice of Satī a.k.a sahagamana meaning 'going with' or sahamaraṇa ('dying with') limited to one particular varṇa, the kṣatriya? Or was it applicable to brāhmaṇa and ...
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What is dharma for Mlecchas according to Hinduism?

Dharma is eternal and fixed. Each varna in Hinduism has its own dharma, which is defined by the Vedas. What is the dharma for Mlecchas?
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Why do Brahmacharis who break the vow of celibacy need to sacrifice a donkey as atonement?

From Apastamba Dharma Sutras 1.9.26.8: A [student] who has broken the vow of chastity, shall offer to Nirṛiti an ass, according to the manner of the Pāka-yajña-rites. This same Prayaschitta is ...
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54 views

What do the scriptures say about inter-caste marriage? [duplicate]

Please don't hijack the question with other related things like equality and caste. Only post answers with sources to scriptures that particularly talk about inter caste marriage. Sources are ...
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1answer
280 views

Clarification on loosing caste due to Samudrolanghana (sea voyage)?

The question How to recover from lost caste status after crossing an ocean? and it's answer says that one looses his caste if he takes a sea voyage. Now, these are my doubts: Is there any distance ...
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55 views

Are children born to Hindus abroad caste Hindus?

This is not something ancient scriptures would likely have encountered. Would they have the same ritual status as Hindus who traveled abroad?
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1answer
412 views

How to recover from lost caste status after crossing an ocean?

Based on what I know, the most loss of Hindutva that can happen is loss of caste (which would include the right to cremate one's parents), for example for crossing the ocean. From here: Baudhayana ...
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287 views

Does varna mean color?

I came across a post of an atheist page on facebook that stated that "varna means color, so varna might attribute to color based discrimination along side cast based discrimination" is that true?
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149 views

What is the connection between vāstu śāstra and the varṇa system?

I heard that vāstu śāstra is tightly linked to the varṇa (caste) system. E.g., a brāhmaṇa should construct a house on white land, the soil should smell like a lotus, taste very sweet, facing north, ...
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What is Śuka's birth-based varṇa? Is his biological mother literally a parrot or a human named Ghṛtācī or he had no mother at all?

The birth of Vyāsa's son, Śuka, is narrated in the Mahābhārata as follows. Bhishma said. 'The son of Satyavati having obtained this high boon from the great God, was one day employed in rubbing his ...
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798 views

Are shudras allowed to wander near sacrifices?

This question is asked by the curiosity created by my previous question. Are shudras allowed to wander near sacrifices? Are they allowed to put a sight on a sacrifice? Are they allowed to touch ...
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Did Adi Shankara say that women and low castes cannot attain moksha?

According to a Facebook post, Adi Shankara taught his followers that women and low caste people are exempted from attaining moksha. This is what the bizarre post said: Vedanta holds that this ...
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1answer
568 views

Are Vaishyas mentioned in the Vedas?

I know that Vaishya and Shudra are not mentioned in Rig-Veda but Yajurveda verse lists Shudra, so my question is: Do Rig, Sama, Yajur Vedas mention it (Vaishya)? and Does Atharvaveda mention them ...
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615 views

Does a Sannyasi have a caste? Or it gets dissolved upon taking Sannyasa?

Usually, during taking Sannyasa, a Sannyasi discards his sacred thread by throwing it into the fire pit. Similarly, he discards his crown tuft (the Shikha). 1.Does that mean he has lost his caste (by ...
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454 views

Can a Mleccha become a Brahmana or Kshatriya or Vaishya or Shudra? [closed]

Mlecchas are those who live outside Bharata Varsha. As they live outside India, they don't have any Varna and they should be considered as lower than all Varnas. But if a Mleccha convert to Hinduism, ...
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What are the order & duties of the children born from intermixing/hybridisation of 4 classes?

There are 4 classes in descending order: BrAhmaNa Kshatriya Vaishya Shudra If a man of class X mates with a woman of class X, then definitely the child will inherit the class X. How the ...
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338 views

What was the traditional justification for why Chandalas were not allowed in temples?

Traditionally, Chandalas and I believe even Sudras were not allowed in temples. What was the justification for this and is it based on scriptures?
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322 views

What are the etymologies and literal meanings of the words (kṣatriya, śūdra, etc.) used to indicate one's varṇa?

For brāhmaṇa, there is already a question here: What is the etymology of brahman/brahmin? For śūdra, Monier Williams says "of doubtful derivation". Apte says: शूद्रः [शुच्-रक् पृषो˚ चस्य दः दी...
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1answer
676 views

Where in the Padma Purana are these verses located?

Where in the Padma Purana are the following verses located? Na śūdrā bhagavad-bhaktās te tu bhāgavatā matāḥ Sarva-varṇeṣu te śūdrā ye na bhaktā janārdane A devotee should never be considered ...
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2answers
537 views

Is caste system only for humans?

Is caste system only for humans? What about animals, Asuras, Devas etc. Does caste system also apply to them?
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151 views

If my father doesn't study the Veda, does this make me ineligible to learn Vedas?

Manusmriti 2.168 योऽनधीत्य द्विजो वेदमन्यत्र कुरुते श्रमम् । स जीवन्नेव शूद्रत्वमाशु गच्छति सान्वयः ॥ The twice-born man, who, not having learnt the Veda, labors over other things, soon ...
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1answer
681 views

What scriptures say that Prana Pratishtha is removed by a Chandala's touch?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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Is “Democracy” naturally in accordance of “Dharma” (righteousness)?

"Democracy" was not famous until last few centuries. Famous political system till then was "Dynastic". i.e. the dynasty was not only prevalent among the ruler clan (i.e. Kshatriya), but also ...
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740 views

What is the age limit of getting a yajnopavita for various castes?

What is the age limit as per the scriptures of getting a Yajnopavita for the various varnas?
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Which Kshatriya and Vaishya communities continue to wear the Yajnopavitam today?

We know from the Manusmriti that the first three Varnas (Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, and Vaishyas) are obligated to wear the Yajnopavitam. Nowadays, it seems only Brahmins wear the thread and so it's ...
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Where does Periyavachan Pillai discuss Mleccha devotees of Vishnu?

Mlecchas refer to people who are foreign to India and the Vedic tradition, in contrast to Nastikas who are from India but reject the Vedic tradition. In this excerpt from his Rahasyatraya Sara, the ...
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What Varna and caste would work of today's physicians and doctors be classified as according to duty of various varnas? [closed]

In the respective Varna what position they would be? Kindly tell me.
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Which scripture is the source of the verse “kalau śūdra sambhavaḥ”?

"kalau śūdra sambhavaḥ" means all humans are Shudras in Kali Yuga. Which scriptures are the source of this verse? Is this found in Bhagavata Purana?
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99 views

Identifying Varnas based on scriptural sources

I understand Vedas talk of four varnas — Brahmana, Vysya, Kshatriya and Sudra. I have seen arguments saying it's a classification based on Karma, Guna, Birth etc. Some say birth is of most importance, ...
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Why Anuloma marriage is encouraged but Pratiloma marriage is discouraged?

Anuloma marriage means higher Varna men marrying lower Varna women. Pratiloma marriage means lower Varna men marrying higher Varna women. What is the reason behind encouraging Anuloma and discouraging ...
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205 views

What was varna of foot soldiers of Mahabharata war?

Tens/hundreds of thousands of foot soldiers supposed to have participated in Mahabharata war. Usually in historical pre-modern wars of such magnitudes we see foot soldiers being conscripted from ...
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Did Satyavati and Shantanu belong to same caste?

Shantanu was king of Hastinapura. So, clearly he is Kshatriya by both caste and Varna. Coming to Satyavati, she was daughter of Chedi king Vasu and cursed apsara-turned-fish Adrika and brought up ...
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366 views

What are the varnas (castes) of Lord Hanuman and Jambavan?

Hanuman was the child of Añjanā and Kesari. Both Anjana and Kesari belonged to the Vanara clan. Is the Varna System mentioned in our scriptures applicable only to human beings or is it applicable to ...
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802 views

What is the criteria for being a dvija? Is anyone who has undergone upanayana a dvija?

Nowadays only the Brahmin caste undergoes upanayana. For example, we are Kshatriya Varna (by birth) but we have not undergone upnayana. Question- Is anyone who has not undergone the upanayana ...
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644 views

Duty of a Shudra

Duty of a Shudra is not giving alms to Brahmins, as they are prohibited from having wealth. Mahabharata Santi Parva chapter 59: A Sudra should never amass wealth, lest, by his wealth, he makes the ...
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324 views

Was Chatur-ashram applicable for all the different castes?

Were chaturashram (4 stages of life) applicable for all the 4 castes (Brahmin, Vaishya, Kshatriya, Shudra)? Did lower castes really get the chance to observe bramhacharya, i.e. to be educated?