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Questions tagged [dharma]

Dharma (Sanskrit: धर्म ) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and Jainism.

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What is the Pros and Cons of translating 'Dharma' as 'Religion' in light of hindu tradition?

Religion and Dharma --These words have different connotations but are often used interchageably. In a site like this, we need a word to repesent 'Dharma'. What are the pros and cons of translating '...
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When were women allowed to have multiple husbands without sin?

When were women allowed to have multiple husbands without sin? According to this answer, the Rishis permitted this practice at one point in history: King Pandu well-acquainted with all rules of ...
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How Does Hindu Dharma Differ from Other Religions? [closed]

There are so many religions and every religion believes that there is some God. There are good people who want to do good Karma. Why is the need for so many religions and why isn’t there only one ...
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According to Sri Vaishnavism, whenever there is a conflict between prapanna duties and non-prapanna duties, which takes precedence?

According to Sri Vaishnavism, whenever there is a conflict between duties enjoined for prapannas and duties enjoined for ashramas or varnas, which takes precedence? For example, suppose there is a ...
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Is killing of a scorpion or snake not himsa according to the scriptures?

In Srimad-Bhagavatam (7.9.14), we get modeta sādhur api vṛścika-sarpa-hatyā (..Even saintly persons take pleasure in the killing of a scorpion or a snake..) Gita on the other hand clearly ...
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Is getting promotion using influence dharma or adharma?

In offices, people may often resort to lobbying and using influence to get a promotion in their jobs. Will this practice be considered as adharma or dharma?
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159 views

On chastity of gods [closed]

Tilottama was born to kill the twin brothers Sunda-Upasunda and when Shiva first sees her, he's captivated by her beauty and develops many heads on each side so he can keep looking at her. Why do ...
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Why did the Devas let Brihaspati be their guru even though he had sex with his brothers' wives?

Being a guru, Brihaspati had sex with his younger brother's wife and yet why did the devas let him be their guru? This is is mentioned in Devi Bhagavata Purana here. Did Brihaspati suffer any ...
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Why did Drona and Kripa, who were Brahmanas, fight in the Mahabharata war? [duplicate]

Dronacharya and Kripacharya were powerful warriors who fought in the Mahabharata war. However, they were Brahmanas and not Kshatriyas. Why did they decide to fight? Apastamba says: A Brāhmaṇa ...
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Do Kshatriyas have to abide by the Dharmic rules of engagement when fighting enemies who do not abide by the same rules of engagement in battle?

Kshatriya dharma has certain rules of engagement in battle. For example: Manu 7.90 - While fighting his enemies in battle, he shall hot strike with concealed weapons; nor with arrows that are ...
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Is Dharma unreal in Vedanta?

This source (page 214 (5)), which is also cited in the Wikipedia page for Dharma, says : In the Yoga system the dharma is real; in the Vedanta it is unreal (vivarta). What does this mean in the ...
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Who committed more acts of Adharma in the Mahabharata war? [closed]

The killing of Abhimanyu was purely Dharmic - but even accepting Krishna's word for it as he addressed the defeated Duryodhana - http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m09/m09061.htm "'Vasudeva said, "...
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Does the Mahabharata give reasons why Duryodhana went to heaven?

http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m10/m10009.htm Ashwatthama is reporting his night-slaughter to the dying Duryodhana: Going from this world, O monarch, and meeting with those mighty car-warriors (...
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Is it the dharma of Rakshasas to be evil?

I remember Ravana being berated for being adharmic (fighting while rendering himself invisible, if i recall right) and he says thats the way Rakshasas behave. Is Rakshasa Dharma described anywhere?
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How exactly did the killing of Abhimanyu violate the agreed-upon rules of war?

Many on one - Abhimanyu was a Maharathi or something - I believe they can be attacked by many at the same time. He fought till the end and never surrendered. The Kauravas didn't come looking for him - ...
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Does Dharma reduces from one mahayuga to another mahayuga? [duplicate]

In each mahayuga there a four yugas. It is well known that dharma reduces from Krita yuga to Kali yuga. Is there any such change in Dharma from one mahayuga to its next mahayuga?
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Which came first, dharma śāstras and smṛtis or the people that followed them?

This is a chicken-and-egg problem. Did the dharma śāstras and smṛtis come first and then people started following them or people already had some unwritten rules and they were then codified into ...
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Are there instances in Hinduism where Dharma is cited to both support and oppose an act?

For example - the killing of Duryodhana is condemned by Baladeva and celestial beings showered flowers on the fatally wounded Duryodhana when he chastised Krishna for his acts of treachery throughout ...
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Did Sudras have Varnashrama Dharma as opposed to Varna Dharma only?

I guess they only had to follow Grihastha ashrama when they attained the appropriate age, learning and renunciation being denied to them.
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Is the Manusmriti written to favor a particular class of the society?

Critics say the Manusmriti is pro-Brahmin, and written by casteist Brahmins by favoring particular section of society and thereby oppressing Shudras, women, and other lower castes. Is this argument ...
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Does Narada Maharishi permit having sex with prostitutes and promiscuous girls? Need commentary

Note, that this question is NOT a duplicate of this, or this, or even this. This verse from the Narada Smriti permits sex with promiscuous women, prostitutes, and unmarried women freely: 12.78 - ...
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Does Hinduism permit having sex with female slaves? [duplicate]

This verse from the Narada Dharma Shastra apparently permits sexual intercourse with promiscuous women, prostitutes, and female slaves: Nārada (12.78).—‘Intercourse is permitted with a wanton woman ...
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Do scriptures allow Hindus to marry foreigners?

Do scriptures allow Hindus to marry foreigners, or non-Hindus of other races? Inter-caste marriage has its restrictions, but what about interracial marriages?
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Is it a sin to have sex with promiscuous, unmarried women?

According to Hindu scriptures, it is a sin for a man to have sex with most women who aren't his wives. An ancient acharya says that it is permissible (not sinful) to have sex with your wife(s) and ...
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Is there a commentary for this verse in the Gautama Dharma Sutras?

The Gautama Dharma Sutras on sacred-texts.com apparently says there that it's not a sin to kill a prostitute: For (killing) a Vaisya (the same penance must be performed) during three years; and ...
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Is it allowed(good karma) to marry many wives as practiced by Hindu gods? [closed]

I have heard that Krishna had more than 16000 wives and many children. So my question is, is it right to practice polygamy? How moral is it? We know that Kunti had five sons. It is written in ...
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Why did Ramakrishna marry Sarada Devi when he had no intention of leading a married life?

The Wikipedia article on Ramakrishna Paramahansa says: By the time his bride joined him, Ramakrishna had already embraced the monastic life of a sannyasi; as a result, the marriage was never ...
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Why are Vedas regarded as Apaurusheya (authorless/ not created by anyone)?

Why are Vedas regarded as Apaurusheya (authorless/ not created by anyone)? Is it a sin to consider that Veda was written by someone as propagated by Western scholars?
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Chariot of Yudhishthira never touched the ground while moving?

I heard that Yudhishthira was great dharmatma and he never lied. And because of his this level of dharma prayanta, his chariot always stay above ground, it never touches the ground whenever ...
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What is Virahatya (Killing of a hero)?

Here is what the Manusmriti 11.41 says: If a Brāhmaṇa who has set up the fires neglects them wilfully, he shall perform the ‘Cāndrāyaṇa’ penance for a month; as his offence is equal to the ...
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What are the Prajapatya, Chandrayana, and Krcchra penances?

The Dharmashastras prescribe various penances such as the Prajapatya, Chandrayana, and Krccha penances. For example, here is a verse from the Manusmriti: On having had intercourse with one’s ...
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What are the 10 doors of the Dharma?

When I read Adi Parva about the families of the gods and how they were classified, I read that when Brahma gave ten wives to the Dharma, they were "the ten doors of the Dharma": 13 नामतॊ ...
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Why is the death of Abhimanyu considered unfair?

After reading the death of Abhimanyu by BORI and KMG, I asked myself since then, why is his death considered so unjust? Was he attacked in a group? Yes, but the attack only broke his bow, his horses, ...
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Divide & Conquer in scriptures?

In Mahabharata, when Duryodhan is captured by Gandharvas in forest, Yudhishtir tells Bhim to go save him. Bhim refuses. Yudhishtir then advises Bhim that if there is an internal family feud, it is 100 ...
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Is it Sanatan Dharma OR Sanatan Dharam? [duplicate]

Can someone please clarify what is the right spelling and pronounciation in Sanskrit - Sanatan Dharma OR Sanatan Dharam?? I always thought 'Dharma' was an English term and 'Dharm' Hindi/ Sanskrit. ...
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Was every human a Vaishnava in Satya yuga?

Satya Yuga is the first among the four yugas, where Dharma (religious principles) were followed to the perfection. Dharma can be found to be in perfect practice only in Rama Rajya and nowhere else. ...
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Is reading pirated books a sin? [closed]

I am a mathematics student and it is not economically feasible for me to buy every book that I need for my studies. Even reading a specific topic sometimes requires 2-3 different books. So like most ...
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What is the Hindu(mainly Vedantic) opinion of lying to do good in the world?

Manu Smriti (4.138) सत्यं ब्रूयात् प्रियं ब्रूयान्न ब्रूयात् सत्यमप्रियम् । प्रियं च नानृतं ब्रूयादेष धर्मः सनातनः ॥ १३८ ॥ satyaṃ brūyāt priyaṃ brūyānna brūyāt satyamapriyam | priyaṃ ca ...
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What does dharma as a goal mean in purusartha?

The four goals of human existence are called purushartha and consist of dharma, artha, kama, and moksha. Here what does it mean to attain dharma as a goal? Why is dharma considered to be a goal?
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What is the meaning of dharma? [duplicate]

What is the detailed meaning of dharma? What does it mean for dharma to be mentioned as a goal in purushartha?
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Are there any legitimate reasons for initiating war?

Should the king weigh the potential damage done to his own people and kingdom before declaring a war? Should he try and make his best effort to avoid the war? Are there any circumstances when a war is ...
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What is the relevance of “Dharmo Rakshati Rakshitah” in Kaliyuga? How is it justified now?

This world is divided on dharma and all are involved in fighting for their respective dharmas. In this fight of dharmas, many people lose their lives, families and sometimes get punished in this world....
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How to reconcile prāyaścitta (expiation) involving death with suicide (itself a big sin)?

A twice-born person, having, through folly, drunk wine, shall drink wine red-hot; he becomes freed from his guilt, when his body has been completely burnt by it. — (90) (Manusmriti verse 11....
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What is the meaning of the term “Svadharma”?

What does the term "Svadharma" mean? What do the scriptures say about the term? Is Varna exclusive of "Svadharma"?
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Neglect of Lava/Kusa by Rama

Lord Rama was surprised to encounter Lava and Kusa who challenged his power unknowingly before Ashwamedha Yagam. Why did he not bother to inquire or keep track of his children's progress for so long ...
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How do we reconcile Rama vs. Ravana and Krishna/Arjuna vs. Karna scenarios?

Comparing the two scenarios: Secnario 1: Rama has destroyed all of Ravana's weapons, chariot etc..and has him completely unarmed. However Rama sends him back to come the next day stating that it is ...
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Except for baudhyana dharma sutras which other dharma sastras talk about loss of caste due to sea voyage? [duplicate]

Baudhayana Dharma-sutra, composed about 2,000 years ago, maybe earlier, lists this "Samudrolanghana" or "Sagarollanghana" as the first of many reasons for loss of castes (II.1.2.2). Are there ...
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Roadmap to learning Hinduism? [duplicate]

I am a Hindu, however, I do not feel as though I understand my religion. I pray, go to the temple, follow religious rules, etc., but I don't understand why I do it. It feels very un-genuine that I am "...
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Why did Krishna punish Yudhishthira for lying after telling him to lie?

Drona was an exceptional fighter in the Mahabharata war and was unkillable on the battlefield. So to kill him, Krishna told the Pandavas to lie that Drona's son, Ashvattama, was killed, so that Drona ...
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Which practice existed during the reign of Lord Rama, either Kanyasulkam or Varakatnam(Dowry)?

At present we follow giving Dowry to the grooms which is considered as social evil. What Lord's do is considered right because they will have a particuar reason behind it. So I want to know what they ...