Questions tagged [dharma-shastras]

Dharmaśāstra (Sanskrit: धर्मशास्त्र) is a genre of Sanskrit texts, and refers to the treatises (shastras) of Hinduism on dharma. 

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9
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1answer
63k views

Shaving / Haircut / Nailcut - what days are allowed / prohibited?

On what days is a haircut or shaving (Kshoura) or a nailcut allowed and on what days is it prohibited? Are they different between sampradayas? Are we allowed to cut hair/beard ourselves? Or should ...
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What are the order & duties of the children born from intermixing/hybridisation of 4 classes?

There are 4 classes in descending order: BrAhmaNa Kshatriya Vaishya Shudra If a man of class X mates with a woman of class X, then definitely the child will inherit the class X. How the ...
7
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757 views

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti?

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti considering that all the four major schools of Hinduism(Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smarta tradition) only consider Vedas and Upanishads ...
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Remarriage in Sanātana Dharma

Marriage in Sanātana Dharma was or is never a personal matter instead it is a social matter and responsibility. We all know that, there is no concept of "divorce" in Hinduism. But somehow, our law ...
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325 views

What do scriptures say regarding Immigration & Emigration?

For example, one popular rule that is believed to be scripturally imposed is that brahmanas can't participate in sea voyages. Where is it mentioned that such journey is prohibited?
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Which Shastras are more authoritative,the Smritis(Dharma Shastras) or the Puranas?

In Hindu Dharma the Vedas,Upanishads,6 Vedangas,Smritis(or the Dharma Shastras),Puranas and the Itihasas(Ramayana and Mahabhartha) are usually together called the Shastras or Scriptures. Among them, ...
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Is there any provision for 'Divorce' in Hindusm? [duplicate]

By law and court system a marriage can be ended with legal divorce. Islam says if they say Talaq three times then the marriage is over. Like Islam, does Hinduism allow divorce for a married couple? ...
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4answers
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Why can't we do tasks like cutting nails on three alternate weekdays?

We have a lot of things that we can't do on certain week days. (Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday). They include cutting nails, getting a hair cut, shampooing hair etc. Why is it so?
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What scriptures other than Dharma Sindhu say sins are stored in hair?

This answer says sins are attached to hair and devotees tonsure their hair when they visit temples to get rid of sins. It says Dharma Sindhu mentions the verse. तीर्थोपवास कर्तव्य सिरसोमुन्दनानिच सि...
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How do we decide what is dharma and adharma?

In real life there are circumstances where we are in dwanda (indecisive state of mind) and we cannot make a clear decision on what is dharma and what is adharma. For example: When someone with the ...
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What are the Prajapatya, Chandrayana, and Krcchra penances?

The Dharmashastras prescribe various penances such as the Prajapatya, Chandrayana, and Krccha penances. For example, here is a verse from the Manusmriti: On having had intercourse with one’s ...
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351 views

Is Euthanasia considered morally right?

Is Euthanasia considered morally right? Is it acceptable under certain conditions, for example, if a person is in extreme pain?
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904 views

What were the set of rights, permissions, duties or rules prescribed for Kshatriya caste?

We have 4 major caste in Hinduism, ie Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Is there any rulebook present in Hinduism (and I am sure there must be) which lays down the rights, permissions, rules and ...
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Slavery in Hinduism

In Abrahamic religions, owning both ordinary and sex slaves was legal. What do Hindu scriptures say about owning people as slaves? Did Rama and Krishna free any slaves?
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Is there any verse or historical evidence suggesting that manusmriti is more authoritative than other smritis?

1) Among Dharmasmritis(Manusmriti, Naradasmriti , Parashara Smriti,Yajnavalkya Smrti ... etc) , is there any verse or historical evidence which suggests that manusmriti is more authoritative/followed ...
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4answers
833 views

How is “Patriotism” seen from the Hindu Dharma perspective?

Are there any scriptures (Dharma Shastra-s) or Hindu saints who have talked about patriotism? Related: This post discusses specific to Kshatriya class, Martyr concept in Hinduism
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What are the canonical texts in Hinduism for morality and ethics?

There are several texts in Hinduism which flirts with the idea of morality and ethics. Itihiasa texts like Mahabharata and Ramayana gives a subjective aura around the subject of morality, notably the ...
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Is sanyāsaṃ prohibited in Kaliyuga?

Recently I have seen a video in which an elderly man says sanyāsaṃ is prohibited in Kali yuga. His statement is as follows: Aśvamedha, Gomedha, sanyāsaṃ, offering meat to manes, Begetting children ...
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How to recover from lost caste status after crossing an ocean?

Based on what I know, the most loss of Hindutva that can happen is loss of caste (which would include the right to cremate one's parents), for example for crossing the ocean. From here: Baudhayana ...
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Online version of Vedas, Puranas, Sutras, and Shastras in Devanagari/Sanskrit [duplicate]

Wondering if there are any/all of these online somewhere in a copyleft format (free / open source / public domain, or something similar to that), in the original Devanagari script in Sanskrit, in ...
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Were there “Awards” during ancient times?

In today's times, for every aspect of life, there is an award -- be it films, companies, schools, science, literature, arts, sports, competition, talent and so on ... In ancient times, according to ...
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Performing Pooja, japa etc during wife's monthly period

My question is should the men in the household perform sandhyavandanam,, Pooja and japa when the woman in the family is during her monthly menstrual cycle. We do not have provision to spare the only ...
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1answer
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Which Dharma Shastra books is Devdutt Patnaik referring to here? [closed]

In this article on his website, Devdutt Patnaik says: The Dharmashastras need to be located in this context. They were books that speculated on appropriate human conduct. They focussed more on “...
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Dharma Shastras on Black Money, Corruption and paying Interest

What does dharma shastras say about Black Money and Corruption In India giving Bribery is a common act one has to go through it one day or the other. If one has given Bribe is he doing Adharma, if ...
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Is “cow” a concept or does it refer to just one species of milk-producing bovine animals?

3. The murderer of a Brāhmaṇ becomes consumptive, the killer of a cow becomes hump-backed and imbecile, the murderer of a virgin becomes leprous,--all three born as outcastes. The Garuda Purana, ...
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2answers
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Is it a sin to have sex with promiscuous, unmarried women?

According to Hindu scriptures, it is a sin for a man to have sex with most women who aren't his wives. An ancient acharya says that it is permissible (not sinful) to have sex with your wife(s) and ...
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1answer
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Do Hindus have specific dress code guidelines in their dharma shastras (scriptures)?

Are there any specific teachings related to how Hindus should dress in the public? In Islam, for instance, it has been outlined that women must wear a hijab or nikab. Islam has very clear instructions ...
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972 views

Who was the author of the Manusmriti?

Who was the author of the Manusmriti? Now many of you might say "Manu", but it's actually not quite clear from the text itself. First of all, the word "Manusmriti" means "recollection of Manu", ...
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Any examples where a Smriti has contradicted a Sruti statement?

First of all,by Smriti here i mean only the Dharma Shastras like Manu Smriti,Parashara Smriti etc. It is very often that i find comments of the following nature here: "In Hinduism Sruti is the ...
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Do scriptures allow Hindus to marry foreigners?

Do scriptures allow Hindus to marry foreigners, or non-Hindus of other races? Inter-caste marriage has its restrictions, but what about interracial marriages?
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Do farmers have the right to kill pests?

To control caterpillars, thrips, mites and whiteflies, farmers use insecticides and kill a large number of these insects. It is in fact necessary to use these pesticides, otherwise crops will not ...
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Is there any rule in Shastras for women to be kanyas even after marriage

Manu Smriti Says Sixteen (days and) nights (in each month), including four days which differ from the rest and are censured by the virtuous, (are called) the natural season of women. 3.46 ...
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What's the origin of the verse “Mangalyam tantunanena mama jeevana hetuna…?”

In many South Indian marriages while the groom is tying the maṅgalasūtra to the bride, the priest usually chants the following verse. Mangalyam tantunanena mama jeevana hetuna: kanthe badhnami ...
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What is the difference between Sati and Jauhar?

Is Jauhar the same as Sati? If not what is the difference and what is the origin of these terms?
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References from scriptures about prohibition of menstruating women from temples, pujas etc

I am doing a research on this topic and searching for references for it. I am especially looking for references to Ashaucha related to menses, any specific guideline regarding what actions are ...
4
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1answer
733 views

Color of Yagnopvaita (Janeu)

Yagnopavitam or Janeu is generally worn as a white cotton thread amongst brahmins, but some people wear yellow-colored thread (by applying turmeric). I have following questions What is the correct ...
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What is dharma for Mlecchas according to Hinduism?

Dharma is eternal and fixed. Each varna in Hinduism has its own dharma, which is defined by the Vedas. What is the dharma for Mlecchas?
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Difference/Relation between Varna and Jati

We know that there are four Varna(वर्ण) called Brahmin, kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. I found words/terms like Jati(जाति) and Jnati(ज्ञाति) are also used to convey similar meanings. One another ...
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Is painless killing a form of himsa?

It is clear that killing anything by paining body is himsa. That's why many people in Hinduism(Brahmins) generally do not prefer to eat animal food. My doubt is whether killing an animal(any living ...
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Why is food smelt by a cow impure when cow's dung and urine is used for purification rites?

Manu-smṛti 5.123: पक्षिजग्धं गवा घ्रातमवधूतमवक्षुतम् । दूषितं केशकीटैश्च मृत्प्रक्षेपेण शुध्यति ॥ १२३ ॥ pakṣijagdhaṃ gavā ghrātamavadhūtamavakṣutam | dūṣitaṃ keśakīṭaiśca ...
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What is Virahatya (Killing of a hero)?

Here is what the Manusmriti 11.41 says: If a Brāhmaṇa who has set up the fires neglects them wilfully, he shall perform the ‘Cāndrāyaṇa’ penance for a month; as his offence is equal to the ...
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Does Vedic karma yield fruit in foreign countries? Will it give adverse results?

Do religious rituals bear effect in other countries like America, UK, mleccha deshas? Do vedic rites like sandhya-vandana, tarpana, shraddha give phala in countries other than India (Bharata varsha / ...
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Except for baudhyana dharma sutras which other dharma sastras talk about loss of caste due to sea voyage? [duplicate]

Baudhayana Dharma-sutra, composed about 2,000 years ago, maybe earlier, lists this "Samudrolanghana" or "Sagarollanghana" as the first of many reasons for loss of castes (II.1.2.2). Are there ...
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What is the meaning of 'adhikāra' in Hinduism? And who decides if someone has the 'adhikāra' to do or not to do something?

Often you hear Hindus saying or asking: "You are only 10. You don't have the adhikāra to speak on this topic." "You don't have the adhikāra to participate in this debate." "Who gave you the adhikāra ...
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Was Satī (sahagamana) limited one particular varṇa (kṣatriya)? Was it also applicable to brāhmaṇa and other women?

When it was allowed, was the practice of Satī a.k.a sahagamana meaning 'going with' or sahamaraṇa ('dying with') limited to one particular varṇa, the kṣatriya? Or was it applicable to brāhmaṇa and ...
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Does hinduism also suggest shedding of karma and renunciation?

I know about 4 ashram and 4 purusharth but does it somewhere suggest that we should only focus on moksha (as in jainism) and not on purusharth and ashram system.
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Which Dharma Sutras are valid according to Sri Vaishnavas?

Which Dharma Sutras are valid? Is every Dharma Sutra named after a historic Rishi with the affix "Sutra" or "Shastra" or "Smriti" valid? On wisdomlib.org for this Manusmriti verse, Ganganath Jha ...
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1answer
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Has any ancient or medieval Vedic scholar refuted the guna-based varna theory?

Followers of Vivekananda and reformist Hindus today such as Arya Samaj believe that caste is determined by someone's external behavior. For example, if someone is pious, he should be a Brahmin. Has ...
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1answer
173 views

Is levirate marriage allowed in Hinduism? [duplicate]

Wikipedia defines it as: Levirate marriage is a type of marriage in which the brother of a deceased man is obliged to marry his brother's widow. The term levirate is itself a derivative of the ...
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2answers
786 views

What would be the varna of son born out of Ugra father & Kshatriya Woman?

What would be the Varna of a son born out of Ugra father & Kshatriya mother? From Manu smriti chapter 10 From a Kshatriya and the daughter of a Sudra springs a being, called Ugra, resembling ...