Questions tagged [dharma-shastras]

Dharmaśāstra (Sanskrit: धर्मशास्त्र) is a genre of Sanskrit texts, and refers to the treatises (shastras) of Hinduism on dharma. 

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21
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2answers
8k views

Remarriage in Sanātana Dharma

Marriage in Sanātana Dharma was or is never a personal matter instead it is a social matter and responsibility. We all know that, there is no concept of "divorce" in Hinduism. But somehow, our law ...
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4answers
900 views

How is “Patriotism” seen from the Hindu Dharma perspective?

Are there any scriptures (Dharma Shastra-s) or Hindu saints who have talked about patriotism? Related: This post discusses specific to Kshatriya class, Martyr concept in Hinduism
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What scriptures other than Dharma Sindhu say sins are stored in hair?

This answer says sins are attached to hair and devotees tonsure their hair when they visit temples to get rid of sins. It says Dharma Sindhu mentions the verse. तीर्थोपवास कर्तव्य सिरसोमुन्दनानिच सि...
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Do scriptures allow Hindus to marry foreigners?

Do scriptures allow Hindus to marry foreigners, or non-Hindus of other races? Inter-caste marriage has its restrictions, but what about interracial marriages?
11
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How to reconcile prāyaścitta (expiation) involving death with suicide (itself a big sin)?

A twice-born person, having, through folly, drunk wine, shall drink wine red-hot; he becomes freed from his guilt, when his body has been completely burnt by it. — (90) (Manusmriti verse 11....
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Is the Manusmriti written to favor a particular class of the society?

Critics say the Manusmriti is pro-Brahmin, and written by casteist Brahmins by favoring particular section of society and thereby oppressing Shudras, women, and other lower castes. Is this argument ...
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798 views

Do farmers have the right to kill pests?

To control caterpillars, thrips, mites and whiteflies, farmers use insecticides and kill a large number of these insects. It is in fact necessary to use these pesticides, otherwise crops will not ...
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4answers
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Why can't we do tasks like cutting nails on three alternate weekdays?

We have a lot of things that we can't do on certain week days. (Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday). They include cutting nails, getting a hair cut, shampooing hair etc. Why is it so?
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Is there any provision for 'Divorce' in Hindusm? [duplicate]

By law and court system a marriage can be ended with legal divorce. Islam says if they say Talaq three times then the marriage is over. Like Islam, does Hinduism allow divorce for a married couple? ...
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How can one save Sanatana Dharma?

It is said on multiple occasions that we need to protect our sanskriti, our dharma, etc. But is there any reference in our shastras on what should we do to save dharma?
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Shaving / Haircut / Nailcut - what days are allowed / prohibited?

On what days is a haircut or shaving (Kshoura) or a nailcut allowed and on what days is it prohibited? Are they different between sampradayas? Are we allowed to cut hair/beard ourselves? Or should ...
9
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1answer
337 views

What do scriptures say regarding Immigration & Emigration?

For example, one popular rule that is believed to be scripturally imposed is that brahmanas can't participate in sea voyages. Where is it mentioned that such journey is prohibited?
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1answer
221 views

How can everybody attain Moksha if the new descendents are always born & certain Karma-s are always lingering?

Moksha implies freedom from the cycle of rebirth. In theory thus anybody can attain it, including lower species who may ascend to higher consciousness. What about the latest descendents, who will ...
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Slavery in Hinduism

In Abrahamic religions, owning both ordinary and sex slaves was legal. What do Hindu scriptures say about owning people as slaves? Did Rama and Krishna free any slaves?
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838 views

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti?

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti considering that all the four major schools of Hinduism(Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smarta tradition) only consider Vedas and Upanishads ...
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What were the set of rights, permissions, duties or rules prescribed for Kshatriya caste?

We have 4 major caste in Hinduism, ie Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Is there any rulebook present in Hinduism (and I am sure there must be) which lays down the rights, permissions, rules and ...
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858 views

Difference/Relation between Varna and Jati

We know that there are four Varna(वर्ण) called Brahmin, kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. I found words/terms like Jati(जाति) and Jnati(ज्ञाति) are also used to convey similar meanings. One another ...
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365 views

Is Euthanasia considered morally right?

Is Euthanasia considered morally right? Is it acceptable under certain conditions, for example, if a person is in extreme pain?
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What is dharma for Mlecchas according to Hinduism?

Dharma is eternal and fixed. Each varna in Hinduism has its own dharma, which is defined by the Vedas. What is the dharma for Mlecchas?
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Is there any rule in Shastras for women to be kanyas even after marriage

Manu Smriti Says Sixteen (days and) nights (in each month), including four days which differ from the rest and are censured by the virtuous, (are called) the natural season of women. 3.46 ...
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How do we decide what is dharma and adharma?

In real life there are circumstances where we are in dwanda (indecisive state of mind) and we cannot make a clear decision on what is dharma and what is adharma. For example: When someone with the ...
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What are the order & duties of the children born from intermixing/hybridisation of 4 classes?

There are 4 classes in descending order: BrAhmaNa Kshatriya Vaishya Shudra If a man of class X mates with a woman of class X, then definitely the child will inherit the class X. How the ...
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1answer
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Is there any verse or historical evidence suggesting that manusmriti is more authoritative than other smritis?

1) Among Dharmasmritis(Manusmriti, Naradasmriti , Parashara Smriti,Yajnavalkya Smrti ... etc) , is there any verse or historical evidence which suggests that manusmriti is more authoritative/followed ...
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Does Vedic karma yield fruit in foreign countries? Will it give adverse results?

Do religious rituals bear effect in other countries like America, UK, mleccha deshas? Do vedic rites like sandhya-vandana, tarpana, shraddha give phala in countries other than India (Bharata varsha / ...
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447 views

Which Shastras are more authoritative,the Smritis(Dharma Shastras) or the Puranas?

In Hindu Dharma the Vedas,Upanishads,6 Vedangas,Smritis(or the Dharma Shastras),Puranas and the Itihasas(Ramayana and Mahabhartha) are usually together called the Shastras or Scriptures. Among them, ...
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1answer
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What Bhagavad-Gita says about responding to those who hurt you?

What Bhagavad-Gita says about responding to those who hurt you? Do we need to stay calm and get hurt again and again untill our life ends and get the whole life spoiled because of bad people? Or else ...
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2answers
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Is sanyāsaṃ prohibited in Kaliyuga?

Recently I have seen a video in which an elderly man says sanyāsaṃ is prohibited in Kali yuga. His statement is as follows: Aśvamedha, Gomedha, sanyāsaṃ, offering meat to manes, Begetting children ...
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Who was the author of the Manusmriti?

Who was the author of the Manusmriti? Now many of you might say "Manu", but it's actually not quite clear from the text itself. First of all, the word "Manusmriti" means "recollection of Manu", ...
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What is Virahatya (Killing of a hero)?

Here is what the Manusmriti 11.41 says: If a Brāhmaṇa who has set up the fires neglects them wilfully, he shall perform the ‘Cāndrāyaṇa’ penance for a month; as his offence is equal to the ...
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Is relationship between father and son eternal?

Even after the death, only shrAdha ceremony will help the soul to reach heaven. The soul will mostly reincarnate in same blood line so can we conclude the relationship between father and son is ...
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1answer
210 views

Which Smṛtis or dharma śāstras give a brāhmaṇa the adhikāra to fast unto death to collect his debt?

For many Hindus, The Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa has become a way of life. But for Rāma himself it is the Śruti and Smṛti that have guided every step and every move of his life. One instance where the Smṛtis ...
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1answer
177 views

Is painless killing a form of himsa?

It is clear that killing anything by paining body is himsa. That's why many people in Hinduism(Brahmins) generally do not prefer to eat animal food. My doubt is whether killing an animal(any living ...
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1answer
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Do Hindus have specific dress code guidelines in their dharma shastras (scriptures)?

Are there any specific teachings related to how Hindus should dress in the public? In Islam, for instance, it has been outlined that women must wear a hijab or nikab. Islam has very clear instructions ...
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2answers
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What's the origin of the verse “Mangalyam tantunanena mama jeevana hetuna…?”

In many South Indian marriages while the groom is tying the maṅgalasūtra to the bride, the priest usually chants the following verse. Mangalyam tantunanena mama jeevana hetuna: kanthe badhnami ...
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1answer
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What portion of his earnings should a son contribute to support his parents?

Questions: According to Hindu scripture or shastras, what portion of his earnings should a son contribute, to the parents or family? Does this amount vary if the son is married vs. unmarried?
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What is the significance of bride leading the groom during Saptapadi?

This question has nothing to do with feminism or anything else. In Vedic or Hindu religion every step has deep meaning or significance. I know the significance of sacred oaths taken during Saptapadi. ...
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159 views

Why is food smelt by a cow impure when cow's dung and urine is used for purification rites?

Manu-smṛti 5.123: पक्षिजग्धं गवा घ्रातमवधूतमवक्षुतम् । दूषितं केशकीटैश्च मृत्प्रक्षेपेण शुध्यति ॥ १२३ ॥ pakṣijagdhaṃ gavā ghrātamavadhūtamavakṣutam | dūṣitaṃ keśakīṭaiśca ...
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What is the story of Kapila son of Prahlada?

It is well-known that there are four Ashramas or stages of life in Hinduism: Brahmacharis or celibates, Grihastis or householder, Vanaprasthis or forest-dwellers, and Sanyasis or ascetics. What is ...
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Is Adi Shankaracharya's commentary on the Adhyatma Patala available online in English?

It is well-known that Adi Shankaracharya wrote commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita, the Upanishada, the Brahma Sutras, and the Vishnu Sahasranamam. But there's one commentary that's not as well known. ...
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Is BG 16.23 referring to Vedas or dharma śāstras?

BG 16.23 yaḥ śāstra-vidhim utsṛjya vartate kāma-kārataḥ na sa siddhim avāpnoti na sukhaṁ na parāṁ gatim Ignoring the precept of the scriptures, he who acts under the impulsion of passion, ...
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1answer
142 views

Except for baudhyana dharma sutras which other dharma sastras talk about loss of caste due to sea voyage? [duplicate]

Baudhayana Dharma-sutra, composed about 2,000 years ago, maybe earlier, lists this "Samudrolanghana" or "Sagarollanghana" as the first of many reasons for loss of castes (II.1.2.2). Are there ...
6
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1answer
709 views

What are the Prajapatya, Chandrayana, and Krcchra penances?

The Dharmashastras prescribe various penances such as the Prajapatya, Chandrayana, and Krccha penances. For example, here is a verse from the Manusmriti: On having had intercourse with one’s ...
6
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1answer
154 views

Where do Baudhyana dharma sutras mention Ganapati?

According to Wikipedia article on Kartikeya- While the Baudhayana Dharmasutra mentions a householder's rite of passage that involves prayers to Skanda with his brother Ganapati (Ganesha) together. ...
6
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1answer
368 views

Any examples where a Smriti has contradicted a Sruti statement?

First of all,by Smriti here i mean only the Dharma Shastras like Manu Smriti,Parashara Smriti etc. It is very often that i find comments of the following nature here: "In Hinduism Sruti is the ...
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3answers
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In what scenarios, is adultery not punishable?

According to below post, Hindu (& even other religious) texts condemn Adultery: Clarification regarding adultery, extra-marital relations From wiki article, however Hinduism has diverse views: ...
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3answers
158 views

What does the Bhagavad Gita mean when it says caste is based on Gunas? Does it mean trained, external behavior, or genetic predisposition?

What does the Bhagavad Gita mean when it says caste is based on Gunas? Does it mean trained, external behavior, or genetic predisposition? For reference, this verse says, 4.13 - The [social] ...
6
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1answer
350 views

How to recover from lost caste status after crossing an ocean?

Based on what I know, the most loss of Hindutva that can happen is loss of caste (which would include the right to cremate one's parents), for example for crossing the ocean. From here: Baudhayana ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the duty of parents towards their own children?

Do Hindu scriptures say anything about the responsibility of parenthood? Specific references to verses from Hindu books would be highly appreciated.
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79 views

What is the reason behind closing the village/street/agrahara temple in case of a death in the nearby area?

I have seen this several times, that temples are closed if there is a death in the houses in the vicinity. To clarify, vicinity has a variable scope here; sometimes it's a street, sometimes an ...
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110 views

Have any Hindu acharyas commented on the amendability of Dharma Shastras?

A poster writes "This samudrolanghana [loss of caste due to seafaring] was made up fear so that Brahmins learned in Vedas don't move out of the country and lose the Veda sakha." However, this is all ...