Questions tagged [dvaita]

Questions about Dvaita (literally duality or dualism), a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Madhvacharya that is a dualistic interpretation of scriptures and describes the real difference between individual souls, matter and God.

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105 views

Are there sub-schools of Dvaita Vedanta?

Are there sub-schools of Dvaita Vedanta, other than Madhava school? Madhava adopts Eternal Damnation for the third category of jivas. Are there sub-schools of Dvaita which adopt Universal Salvation of ...
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Does Patibhakti lead to Moksha?

Pati is a jivatma, not paramatma. What systems of thought say that having bhakti for jivatmas is a valid way to Moksha? Could Swamibhakti, patibhakti, or bhakti for characters like Bharat, etc lead to ...
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Do Advaitins believe in Brahma tarka?

In Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya 9.135 we find the mention of Brahma Tarka which the Davitins believe in. Do the Advaitins believe in Brahma tarka too?
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Which scripture mentions the method to interpret the Puranas?

Some dvaitins say that Sriman Madhvacharya gave the method to interpret the Purana like three languages, sapta bedhas. In which scripture did Madhvacharya tell this method of interpretation of Puranas?...
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151 views

Did Madhusudhana Saraswathi, in his Advaitha Siddhi depart and deviate from the opinions of Adi Shankaracharya regarding Advaita philosophy?

BNK Sharma, a well known scholar and author belonging to Dwaita school of Vedanta has written this in his book Advaita Siddhi vs Nyayamrita, an up to date appraisal. Here's the excerpt Is this true? ...
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What does the following slokha says about human soul and parabrahman?

Consider the following verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam bhidyate hṛdaya-granthiś chidyante sarva-saṁśayāḥ kṣīyante cāsya karmāṇi dṛṣṭa evātmanīśvare Thus the knot in the heart is pierced, and all ...
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93 views

Did any Rishi tell that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya?

I read somewhere, that in Valmiki Ramayana, its written that Valmiki or some other Rishi predicted that Lord Hanuman would compose Brahma Sutra Bhashya in future. Is this true? Where exactly in ...
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What's the implication on gender dynamics of Bhagavat Gita 9.32 interpreted according to Dvaita in Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya by Shri Madhwacharya?

Here's the 32nd verse, from chapter 9 of Shrimat Bhagavat gita. मां हि पार्थ व्यपाश्रित्य येऽपि स्यु: पापयोनय: | स्त्रियो वैश्यास्तथा शूद्रास्तेऽपि यान्ति परां गतिम् || 9.32 TRANSLATION (Bhagavat ...
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Are there any answers from the School of Advaita to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana?

Does any Advaitin has answered or has answers to Shri Madhwacharya's Mayavada Khandana and Upadhi Khandana? MAYAVADA KHANDANA (Refer ESSENTIALS OF DASAPRAKARANA translated by Prof. K.T. Pandurangi) ...
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Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are "deceitful demons"?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
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1answer
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Was Madhvacharya influenced by Islam or another Abrahamic religion?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta philosophy. This school, unlike the other schools of Vedanta, believes: God, souls, and the universe are all eternally distinct and ...
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72 views

Is English translation of Laghu Chandrika of Gauda Brahmananda Saraswathi available online?

Laghu Chandrika is supposed to be a famous book studied by Advaitins. It is reply to Tarangini(Dvaita) which is reply to Advaita Siddhi(Advaita) which is a reply to Nyayamrita(Dvaita) There is also ...
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Why do both Advaitins and Dvaithins believe that Mithyathva or Falsity of world cannot be true?

In the famous Advaitasiddhi vs Nyayamrutha debate. Here in Chapter VIII, page 77 First Vyasatirtha poses the following dilemma. Is the falsity of world true or false? Then he proceeds to show how both ...
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Are there any Vaishnava commentaries on Vedas available?

I am looking for english translation of Vaishnava commentaries on Vedas (Samhita) if any are available. Any sampradaya be it Sri Vaishnava or Madhavaite or Gaudiya or any other is ok. In general,I ...
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206 views

What are the views of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu regarding Dvaita of Shri Madhwacharya?

I read here on Hindustack exchange, in the comments of this answer Achintya-vedaveda is completely different from Dvaita philosophy ofSri Madhva.In Chaitanya Charitamrita 2/9/235-51 Mahaprabhu ...
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2answers
444 views

Does the Saura Purana foretell the appearance of Madhvacharya?

Madhvacharya was a Dvaita philosopher who propounded Dvaita philosophy by writing commentaries on Prasthanatrayi. I heard that his appearance was foretold in Saura Purana as an incarnation of a demon ...
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242 views

How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
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What exactly is Abhinava Anyatha Khyati of Madhwas?

Khyativada is the theory of error in Hindu an Indic philosophies There are eight other Khyatis (Refer for detailed information) Atma-Khyati A-Khyati Sadasat-khyati Anirvachniya-khyati Asat-Khyati ...
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What is tattvavada?

Is it a concept from Dvaita? Or is it another name for the whole of Madhwa's Dvaita philosophy? Is it supposed to be the true or real state or truth or reality?
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what is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, advita or dvaita?

What is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, weather it is dvaita, dualistic and the world is real. Or it is advita, non dualistic and the world is an illusion.
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How does Sri Madhvacharya interpret Srimad-Bhagavatam 12.5.11?

Shukdeva advises Raja Parikshit in Srimad-Bhagavatam (12/5/11): aham brahma param dhaam brahma aham paramam padam/evam samikshya cha aatmanam aatmanimaadhaya nishkale English Translation: Think: I am ...
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159 views

What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...
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What are the verse in the Vedas and upanishades that support dualistic philosophy of dvaita vedanta?

Dvaita Vedanta is dualistic school of philosophy and interpretation of the Vedas and upanishades. Dvaita Vedanta is a dualistic interpretation of the Vedas which espouses dualism by theorizing the ...
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How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...
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124 views

Does the Dvaita Vedanta school of thought of Hinduism believe in eternal heaven?

https://hinduism.stackexchange.com/a/44487/22556 This is an answer to the question that I asked about different schools of thought in Hinduism. In the Dvaita Vedanta school it is written that the soul ...
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How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
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103 views

How does Upadhi create Bheda in Abheda Brahman according to Advaita?

TLDR: It's easy to explain confusing a rope to be a snake. But how is spatial dimension imagined? Does Brahman have spatial dimension. If yes how is that not Bheda? If no, then how is spatial ...
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What is the spatial status of Jeevatma according to Dwaitha Vedanta?

My information trading this comes exclusively from the lectures of Vidyavachaspathi Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru. In a lecture he said Dwaitha treats Jeevatma as an atom, that is Jeevatma is point ...
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1answer
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Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
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Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
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How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
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Was advaita scholar Sri Vidyaranya defeated by Sri Akshobhya Tirtha?

It is said that a debate took place between Sri Vidyaranya of Sankara tradition and Sri Akshobhya Teertha of Madhwa sampradaya and Sri Vedanta Desikan declared Sri Akshobhya as a winner. Is it true ?...
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What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
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Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
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247 views

What is the status of Gods other than Vishnu in Dwaita?

According to Dvaita, there are three categories. Jada, Jeeva and Ishwara. Now Ishwara is Narayana. What are other Gods or Devathas? Like Lakshmi, Brahma, Saraswathi, Rudra, Devi, Indra, Surya etc ...
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809 views

Who is the god Latavya worshiped by Madhwas?

Madhvacharya’s philosophy or Dvaita divides Jivatmas or individual souls into three categories: Mukti Yogyas or those destined to attain Moksha, Nitya Samsaris or those destined to remain in Samsara ...
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1answer
261 views

Can anyone explain and prove Veda agama pramanya and its Apourusheyatva? [duplicate]

The core of Hinduism is Vedas. One can be regarded as Hindu only when he or she accepts Vedas. Vedas come under the category of Agama pramana or Shabdha pramana. Before it comes 1. Pratyaksha ...
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401 views

Can anyone please give pdf link for Brahma Sutra Bhashya of Shri Madhwacharya in English or Kannada?

Is a PDF version of Shri Madhwacharya Brahma Sutra Bhashya in English or Kannada available?
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What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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Do scriptures mention about Srimad Madhvacharya being an avatar of Lord Vayu?

It is believed by his followers that Srimad Ananda Teertha (a.k.a Madhvacharya) was the third incarnation of Vayu (MukhyaprAna), the previous two were: Hanuman (Treta yuga) Bheema Sena (Dwapara yuga) ...
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226 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
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What is the Dvaitha world view?

I need some clarification about the ontological claims of Dvaitha Vedanta. Who created Jada and Jeevatma, did Ishwara create these or were they always existing? i.e anadhi? Did Vishnu create the ...
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According to Dvaita, are there puranic examples where Ishwara(God) or anyone(Sages and Saints) who has turned anybody's Jeevatma into Jada?

As random as the question may seem, it was the response of a person, from Dvaitha school, to my question can God convert Jeeva into Jada? And he said "coming to your question of if Paramatma can ...
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223 views

What's the difference between Dvaita and the Abrahamic faiths? [closed]

In Dvaita there is Atman and Brahman, while in the Abrahamic faiths there is soul and God. These systems sound similar, but I assume they are in fact different? According to Hindu philosophers, what ...
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How does dvaita philosophy explain aham brahmaasmi? [duplicate]

aham brahmaasmi (I am Brahman) is a famous upanishad sentence. Prima facie, this statement is advaita-friendly because it is saying that jeeva is same as Brahman. But the dvaita philosophy of ...
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485 views

What is the theological position of Arya Samaj?

I would like to know how Arya Samaj perceives God(Brahman).Do they consider themselves Advatins or Dvatins (Or even Vedantists for that matter)?
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Where can I get English or Kannada translation of Khandanatraya of Shri Madhwacharya?

If you have online links of one or more of Khandanatraya Granthams of Shri Madhwacharya with Kannada or English translation, please share it. Khandanatraya: 1. Mayavada khandana 2. Upadhi khandana 3. ...
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How can dualists belong to dashanami Sampradaya?

The title is the question. The question arises with Vijayindra Tirtha and Sri Vadiraja Tirtha. It was Shankara who created the dashanami Sampradaya, right? He wanted to propagate the advaita vedanta ...
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What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...