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Questions tagged [dvaita]

Questions about Dvaita (literally duality or dualism), a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Madhvacharya that is a dualistic interpretation of scriptures and describes the real difference between individual souls, matter and God.

15
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2answers
660 views

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
17
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1answer
476 views

What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
7
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0answers
129 views

Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
4
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0answers
95 views

According to Dvaita, are there puranic examples where Ishwara(God) or anyone(Sages and Saints) who has turned anybody's Jeevatma into Jada?

As random as the question may seem, it was the response of a person, from Dvaitha school, to my question can God convert Jeeva into Jada? And he said "coming to your question of if Paramatma can ...
7
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2answers
559 views

Do scriptures mention about Srimad Madhvacharya being an avatar of Lord Vayu?

It is believed by his followers that Srimad Ananda Teertha (a.k.a Madhvacharya) was the third incarnation of Vayu (MukhyaprAna), the previous two were: Hanuman (Treta yuga) Bheema Sena (Dwapara yuga) ...
5
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0answers
75 views

What is the status of Gods other than Vishnu in Dwaita?

According to Dvaita, there are three categories. Jada, Jeeva and Ishwara. Now Ishwara is Narayana. What are other Gods or Devathas? Like Lakshmi, Brahma, Saraswathi, Rudra, Devi, Indra, Surya etc ...
2
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0answers
77 views

What is the Dvaitha world view?

I need some clarification about the ontological claims of Dvaitha Vedanta. Who created Jada and Jeevatma, did Ishwara create these or were they always existing? i.e anadhi? Did Vishnu create the ...
3
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1answer
115 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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0answers
56 views

How exactly does creation happen for Dwaithis?

As Dwaitha professes athyanthika bheda between Jada, Jeeva and Ishwara. How is creation described? What are the origin of Jeeva and Jada, if they have one, and what are their qualities according to ...
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0answers
205 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda ...
3
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0answers
36 views

What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
1
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1answer
166 views

Why does Brahman not grant moksha to all according to uttara-mimamsa?

This question is asked purely in regard to Uttara-mimamsa school, please do not mark this question again as a duplicate of this question, which this is not. Firstly it is not referring only to Krishna,...
2
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1answer
165 views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
3
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0answers
97 views

Who is the god Latavya worshiped by Madhwas?

Madhvacharya’s philosophy or Dvaita divides Jivatmas or individual souls into three categories: Mukti Yogyas or those destined to attain Moksha, Nitya Samsaris or those destined to remain in Samsara ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
3
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0answers
93 views

How does Sri Madhvacharya interpret Srimad-Bhagavatam 12.5.11?

Shukdeva advises Raja Parikshit in Srimad-Bhagavatam (12/5/11): aham brahma param dhaam brahma aham paramam padam/evam samikshya cha aatmanam aatmanimaadhaya nishkale English Translation: ...
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0answers
39 views

Is everything fixed and I (as a limited individual) am not the doer in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty? [duplicate]

Is everything fixed in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty and the so called 'doer-ship of limited individuals'? Is there free-will or is life just a movie that we are forced to watch?
7
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5answers
457 views

Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
2
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3answers
838 views

Was advaita scholar Sri Vidyaranya defeated by Sri Akshobhya Tirtha?

It is said that a debate took place between Sri Vidyaranya of Sankara tradition and Sri Akshobhya Teertha of Madhwa sampradaya and Sri Vedanta Desikan declared Sri Akshobhya as a winner. Is it true ?...
3
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1answer
80 views

Does the Saura Purana foretell the appearance of Madhvacharya?

Madhvacharya was a Dvaita philosopher who propounded Dvaita philosophy by writing commentaries on Prasthanatrayi. I heard that his appearance was foretold in Saura Purana as an incarnation of a demon ...
9
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1answer
538 views

Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are “deceitful demons”?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
14
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1answer
211 views

Who is commentator Pishacha on Brahma Sutras?

Narayana Panditacharya gave a list of 21 commentators on the Brahma Sutras who preceded Madhvacharya. Here is the screenshot of 21 commentators: I want to know who is this commentator Pishacha? The ...
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0answers
78 views

What is the initiation process for the Dvaita sampradaya? In what aspects does it differ from the Panchasamskara done by Srivaishnavas?

I was hearing a upanyasam about the Taapa part of the panchasamskaram which comes under Samaashrayanam for Srivaishnavas. It was mentioned that Dvaitins also have a similar procedure but instead of ...
10
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4answers
270 views

How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Allegory of the Moon and its shadow - Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita

I remember reading about an allegory which uses the Moon and its shadow in water to describe the viewpoints of Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita. I cannot seem to find it online now. Does ...
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0answers
139 views

Is Vayu identical to Pavan in Dvaita philosophy?

Is the Vayu deva (Mukhya Prana) in the Devata taratamya of Acharya Madhwa identical with Pavan deva or is he someone different?
1
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1answer
94 views

Cause of Evil, as per Theistic Vedanta?

If Parameshvara is svatantra karta as per Vedanta, and if everything pre decided as per lords will, whatever we're doing is God doing actually, so is he the Cause of Evil
2
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0answers
1k views

What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
1
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1answer
116 views

Do non-Advaita Vedanta philosophies also believe that buddhi is part of Prakruti/Pradhana?

Do Vedanta philosophies other than Advaita also believe that Buddhi is part of Prakriti/Pradhana and not part of/is individual self? If yes, how do liberated beings think in Vaikuntha?
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0answers
94 views

Notions of Duality in Vedas/Puranas

This is my first post on the Hinduism community and I do not have prior knowledge of the rules of the community, so I hope my question is in the right place. I have found that the stories of lore ...
1
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1answer
2k views

What is the story of Sri VadirAja tirtha?

He was a famous acharya in Madhva tradition. He was considered as a great devotee of lord Hayagreeva. What was his life story? Are there any miracles associated with him? What are his important ...
3
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1answer
256 views

Whose avatar was Sri RAghavendra Swami?

Famous in the madhwa line, Sri Raghavendra is linked with many miracles. His samaadhi is at mantrAlayam. Whose avatAr was he ?
4
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1answer
167 views

Is the Kaliyugada Kalpataru available online?

The book Kaliyugada Kalpataru, written by Raja Gururajacharya, (who was the son from the poorvashrama of Sri Raghavendra Swami), is a complete biography of Sri Raghavandra Swami. While writing my ...
3
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1answer
92 views

According to vedanta from where does jivaatma originates?

Origin and end of jivatma?? Is it created or can the atma divide? what happens to atma in nirvana or moksha, how did it come to be, how can it be eternally fragmented from the supreme? How did the ...
4
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1answer
212 views

What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman according to Dvaitadvaita & Dvaita?

According to Adi Shankara, Nirguna Brahman is a God who without any attributes. According to Ramanuja and Chaitanya, it is a God without negative qualities. What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman ...
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0answers
93 views

Which Shaivite sects are dualistic?

Most Shaivite sects are Advaitin whereas some Shaivites, especially Acharya Srikantha's followers in South India follow Vishistadvaita. Are there any Shaivite sects that are dualistic?
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0answers
129 views

What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
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0answers
354 views

Was Madhvacharya influenced by Islam or another Abrahamic religion?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta philosophy. This school, unlike the other schools of Vedanta, believes: God, souls, and the universe are all eternally distinct and ...
1
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1answer
110 views

How do Dvaitins interpret the Brahma Sutras where it says Brahman is the material cause of the universe?

The school of Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya believes that Brahman is not the material cause of the universe, but only the efficient cause. But at the end of chapter 2, section 2, the Brahma ...
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1answer
391 views

According to Dvaita philosophy, is Vishnu the only God?

As per my understanding, according to Dvaita theory the desire of every being is to attain Moksha. And the only way to attain Moksha is to attain Vaikuntha Loka. On the whole according to Dvaita ...
1
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0answers
102 views

According to Dvaita theory why did the Paramatma populate the earth?

Paramatma and Jeevatma live happily in the Vaikuntha Loka. Jeevatma is doing his karma by praying to Paramatma. Paramatma is doing his Karma by bestowing blessing on his followers. Now my question ...
4
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1answer
301 views

According to Dvaita philosophy, how does a Jivatma view another Jivatma in Vaikuntha?

As per my understanding, according to Dvaita philosophy Jivatma enters the Vaikuntha Loka but the Jivatma doesn't become Paramatma. It is also known that in Vaikuntha loka the primary duty of Jivatma ...
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0answers
49 views

According to Dvaita philosophy,what are the duties of Vaishnava in Vaikuntha? [duplicate]

According to Dvaita philosophy, Jivatma reaches to Parmatma loka to attain moksha. However it is not clear what will be the duties of Jivatma towards the Parmatma. My questions are: After moksha,...
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1answer
101 views

According to Dvaita philosophy , is Parmatma involved in Karma?

Parmatma is not just a witness.In my previous question it became apparent that the Parmatma had certain responsibilities to fulfill. Parmatma is bestower of blessings and punishment. If a person does ...
1
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1answer
239 views

According to Dvaita philosophy, why is Paramatma worshiped?

According to Dvaita philosophy there are two selfs. One is Jeevatma and second is Paramatma. Paramatma is only a witness and has no influence whatsoever on the Jeevatma's karma. Parmatma is revered, ...
17
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2answers
3k views

Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
5
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1answer
210 views

How does dvaita theory counteract/explain BG 10:20

Bhagwad Gita Chapter 10 verse 20 अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभुताशयस्थित​: ॥ अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भुतानामन्त एव च ॥ Meaning I am the Self, O Gudakesha (Arjuna —Conqueror-of-sleep), dwelling in the ...
7
votes
2answers
713 views

How do Dvaitins interpret this verse of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is a part of the Shukla Yajur Veda. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad contains this verse (1.4.10): ब्रह्म वा इदमग्र आसीत्, तदात्मानमेवावेत् ‘अहं ब्रह्मास्मि’ इति । तस्मात् ...
6
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1answer
329 views

Why does Advaita insists on 'non-dualism' and not 'monism'?

What is the difference between non-dualism and monism? Advaita texts stresses on the non-dual aspect of things (probably as a negation to dvaita schools) over calling things monistic. Why is it so? ...