Questions tagged [dvaita]

Questions about Dvaita (literally duality or dualism), a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Madhvacharya that is a dualistic interpretation of scriptures and describes the real difference between individual souls, matter and God.

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21
votes
2answers
6k views

Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
16
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1answer
2k views

What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
15
votes
2answers
858 views

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
14
votes
1answer
242 views

Who is commentator Pishacha on Brahma Sutras?

Narayana Panditacharya gave a list of 21 commentators on the Brahma Sutras who preceded Madhvacharya. Here is the screenshot of 21 commentators: I want to know who is this commentator Pishacha? The ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are “deceitful demons”?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
10
votes
4answers
388 views

How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
9
votes
8answers
1k views

Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

How does Dvaita philosophy explain Moksha?

From what I've understood, Moksha means attaining union with the Supreme Soul. But Dvaita philosophy says that the individual souls (jiivatma) are different from the Supreme Soul (paramatma). If ...
9
votes
0answers
491 views

How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
8
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2answers
1k views

How do Dvaitins interpret this verse of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is a part of the Shukla Yajur Veda. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad contains this verse (1.4.10): ब्रह्म वा इदमग्र आसीत्, तदात्मानमेवावेत् ‘अहं ब्रह्मास्मि’ इति । तस्मात् ...
8
votes
1answer
391 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda pramanya?...
7
votes
1answer
722 views

Why does Advaita insists on 'non-dualism' and not 'monism'?

What is the difference between non-dualism and monism? Advaita texts stresses on the non-dual aspect of things (probably as a negation to dvaita schools) over calling things monistic. Why is it so? ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Do scriptures mention about Srimad Madhvacharya being an avatar of Lord Vayu?

It is believed by his followers that Srimad Ananda Teertha (a.k.a Madhvacharya) was the third incarnation of Vayu (MukhyaprAna), the previous two were: Hanuman (Treta yuga) Bheema Sena (Dwapara yuga) ...
7
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0answers
142 views

What is the initiation process for the Dvaita sampradaya? In what aspects does it differ from the Panchasamskara done by Srivaishnavas?

I was hearing a upanyasam about the Taapa part of the panchasamskaram which comes under Samaashrayanam for Srivaishnavas. It was mentioned that Dvaitins also have a similar procedure but instead of ...
6
votes
3answers
433 views

How does Sri Madhvacharya interpret Srimad-Bhagavatam 12.5.11?

Shukdeva advises Raja Parikshit in Srimad-Bhagavatam (12/5/11): aham brahma param dhaam brahma aham paramam padam/evam samikshya cha aatmanam aatmanimaadhaya nishkale English Translation: Think: I am ...
6
votes
1answer
438 views

Where can I get English or Kannada translation of Khandanatraya of Shri Madhwacharya?

If you have online links of one or more of Khandanatraya Granthams of Shri Madhwacharya with Kannada or English translation, please share it. Khandanatraya: 1. Mayavada khandana 2. Upadhi khandana 3. ...
6
votes
1answer
197 views

Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

How do dvaitins interpret this verse from Bhagavad Gita?

In chapter 8.21, Krishna Paramatma says that eternal unmanifest abode as supreme abode of him and never mentions any separate place as his abode. Bhagavad Gita chapter 8, verse 21: That supreme ...
5
votes
1answer
326 views

How does dvaita theory counteract/explain BG 10:20

Bhagwad Gita Chapter 10 verse 20 अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभुताशयस्थित​: ॥ अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भुतानामन्त एव च ॥ Meaning I am the Self, O Gudakesha (Arjuna —Conqueror-of-sleep), dwelling in the hearts of ...
5
votes
2answers
168 views

How does Kashmiri Shaivism explain the origin of bondage of souls?

I was having a conversation with a follower of Kashmiri Shaivism mainly Prathyabhijna System. He remarked that Kashmiri Shaivism explains the origin of bondage of souls better than Advaita Vedanta or ...
5
votes
2answers
237 views

What is the status of Gods other than Vishnu in Dwaita?

According to Dvaita, there are three categories. Jada, Jeeva and Ishwara. Now Ishwara is Narayana. What are other Gods or Devathas? Like Lakshmi, Brahma, Saraswathi, Rudra, Devi, Indra, Surya etc ...
5
votes
1answer
208 views

What's the difference between Dvaita and the Abrahamic faiths? [closed]

In Dvaita there is Atman and Brahman, while in the Abrahamic faiths there is soul and God. These systems sound similar, but I assume they are in fact different? According to Hindu philosophers, what ...
5
votes
0answers
54 views

How does dvaita philosophy explain aham brahmaasmi? [duplicate]

aham brahmaasmi (I am Brahman) is a famous upanishad sentence. Prima facie, this statement is advaita-friendly because it is saying that jeeva is same as Brahman. But the dvaita philosophy of ...
5
votes
0answers
177 views

Is Vayu identical to Pavan in Dvaita philosophy?

Is the Vayu deva (Mukhya Prana) in the Devata taratamya of Acharya Madhwa identical with Pavan deva or is he someone different?
4
votes
1answer
980 views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
4
votes
1answer
282 views

What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman according to Dvaitadvaita & Dvaita?

According to Adi Shankara, Nirguna Brahman is a God who without any attributes. According to Ramanuja and Chaitanya, it is a God without negative qualities. What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman ...
4
votes
1answer
668 views

Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Allegory of the Moon and its shadow - Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita

I remember reading about an allegory which uses the Moon and its shadow in water to describe the viewpoints of Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita. I cannot seem to find it online now. Does ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
4
votes
1answer
351 views

Is the Kaliyugada Kalpataru available online?

The book Kaliyugada Kalpataru, written by Raja Gururajacharya, (who was the son from the poorvashrama of Sri Raghavendra Swami), is a complete biography of Sri Raghavandra Swami. While writing my ...
4
votes
1answer
497 views

According to Dvaita philosophy, how does a Jivatma view another Jivatma in Vaikuntha?

As per my understanding, according to Dvaita philosophy Jivatma enters the Vaikuntha Loka but the Jivatma doesn't become Paramatma. It is also known that in Vaikuntha loka the primary duty of Jivatma ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

Why do both Advaitins and Dvaithins believe that Mithyathva or Falsity of world cannot be true?

In the famous Advaitasiddhi vs Nyayamrutha debate. Here in Chapter VIII, page 77 First Vyasatirtha poses the following dilemma. Is the falsity of world true or false? Then he proceeds to show how both ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

According to Dvaita, are there puranic examples where Ishwara(God) or anyone(Sages and Saints) who has turned anybody's Jeevatma into Jada?

As random as the question may seem, it was the response of a person, from Dvaitha school, to my question can God convert Jeeva into Jada? And he said "coming to your question of if Paramatma can ...
4
votes
1answer
666 views

Who is the god Latavya worshiped by Madhwas?

Madhvacharya’s philosophy or Dvaita divides Jivatmas or individual souls into three categories: Mukti Yogyas or those destined to attain Moksha, Nitya Samsaris or those destined to remain in Samsara ...
4
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0answers
159 views

Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
3
votes
2answers
339 views

Does the Saura Purana foretell the appearance of Madhvacharya?

Madhvacharya was a Dvaita philosopher who propounded Dvaita philosophy by writing commentaries on Prasthanatrayi. I heard that his appearance was foretold in Saura Purana as an incarnation of a demon ...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
3
votes
1answer
815 views

Whose avatar was Sri RAghavendra Swami?

Famous in the madhwa line, Sri Raghavendra is linked with many miracles. His samaadhi is at mantrAlayam. Whose avatAr was he ?
3
votes
2answers
201 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
3
votes
1answer
116 views

According to vedanta from where does jivaatma originates?

Origin and end of jivatma?? Is it created or can the atma divide? what happens to atma in nirvana or moksha, how did it come to be, how can it be eternally fragmented from the supreme? How did the ...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

How do Dvait & Viśiṣṭādvaita explain Turiya?

Turiya is said to be non-dual state of being Brahman as mentioned in several Upaniṣad-s. I would like to see their official take on Turiya? Do they also consider Turiya being a non-dual state where ...
3
votes
0answers
141 views

Which Shaivite sects are dualistic?

Most Shaivite sects are Advaitin whereas some Shaivites, especially Acharya Srikantha's followers in South India follow Vishistadvaita. Are there any Shaivite sects that are dualistic?
3
votes
0answers
191 views

What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
3
votes
0answers
51 views

According to Dvaita philosophy,what are the duties of Vaishnava in Vaikuntha? [duplicate]

According to Dvaita philosophy, Jivatma reaches to Parmatma loka to attain moksha. However it is not clear what will be the duties of Jivatma towards the Parmatma. My questions are: After moksha,...
3
votes
0answers
176 views

Jivatma and Paramatma are totally seperate [closed]

Sri Sri Vijayeendra Tirtha (Paramaguru of Sri Raghavendra Tirtha) Explains through a simple analogy or Upamaanam. Â Mahan Sri Vijayeendra Tirthar jestingly asks: Â "Will a mother willingly and ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

what is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, advita or dvaita?

What is the philosophy of bhagvat gita, weather it is dvaita, dualistic and the world is real. Or it is advita, non dualistic and the world is an illusion.
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Was advaita scholar Sri Vidyaranya defeated by Sri Akshobhya Tirtha?

It is said that a debate took place between Sri Vidyaranya of Sankara tradition and Sri Akshobhya Teertha of Madhwa sampradaya and Sri Vedanta Desikan declared Sri Akshobhya as a winner. Is it true ?...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Cause of Evil, as per Theistic Vedanta?

If Parameshvara is svatantra karta as per Vedanta, and if everything pre decided as per lords will, whatever we're doing is God doing actually, so is he the Cause of Evil
2
votes
2answers
160 views

What exactly is Abhinava Anyatha Khyati of Madhwas?

Khyativada is the theory of error in Hindu an Indic philosophies There are eight other Khyatis (Refer for detailed information) Atma-Khyati A-Khyati Sadasat-khyati Anirvachniya-khyati Asat-Khyati ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What are Vrittis and Lakshanas? What are some good basic intro Books or Websites for learning this?

We know while interpreting Vedas and Upanishads and Brahma Sutras, we often hear words like Jahad lakshana, Mukhya vritti, Shakti vritti, Ajahad lakshana, Vikara artha and Prachurya artha etc. What ...