Questions tagged [dvaita]

Questions about Dvaita (literally duality or dualism), a sub school of Vedanta philosophy propounded by Madhvacharya that is a dualistic interpretation of scriptures and describes the real difference between individual souls, matter and God.

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19
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2answers
5k views

Dvaita vs Advaita vs Vishistadvaita vs Shuddhadvaita vs any other

I hear these terms Dvaita, Advaita, Vishistadvaita, Shuddhadvaita, and may be any other XYZdvaita, etc in most of the questions but I am not very sure what do they refer to. Are these some communities ...
16
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1answer
1k views

What are the exact interpretations of four Mahavakyas by Dvaita, Vishishtadvaita and Advaita?

Note: You can write an answer from the perspective of one or more schools, whichever you know best and also I read somewhere that some schools consider Mahavakyas as quoted out of the context, if you ...
15
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2answers
776 views

How do Dvaitins and Vishistadvaitins interpret this passage of Mahabharata?

Below is the passage from Shanti Parva of Mahabharat in the chapter 320. It describes how Suka (the son of Veda Vyas) attained moksha. When Suka through his power of Yoga goes in position of attaining ...
14
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1answer
229 views

Who is commentator Pishacha on Brahma Sutras?

Narayana Panditacharya gave a list of 21 commentators on the Brahma Sutras who preceded Madhvacharya. Here is the screenshot of 21 commentators: I want to know who is this commentator Pishacha? The ...
10
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2answers
3k views

How does Dvaita philosophy explain Moksha?

From what I've understood, Moksha means attaining union with the Supreme Soul. But Dvaita philosophy says that the individual souls (jiivatma) are different from the Supreme Soul (paramatma). If ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Do followers of dvaita really believe that advaitins are “deceitful demons”?

I came across a Shloka by Madhvacharya (ananda teertha) in which he calls advaitins as "deceitful demons". Also, in the work madvavijaya considered to be the authentic biography of Madhvacharya, the ...
9
votes
4answers
348 views

How does Vedanta (Uttara Mimamsa) school prove their Astikya (Existence of God) using Shabda pramana?

How does Vedanta(Uttara Mimamsa) school of Indian philosophy prove their Astikya (Theism) using Shabda(or Agama) pramana, and also how is Shabda pramana established as a valid pramana. It would be ...
8
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8answers
1k views

Which verses in Vedas and Upanishads can be used to prove that Brahman is sagunam?

We know that most Vaishnava sects believe in Saguna Brahman. Are there pramanas from the Brahma Sutras, Upanishads or the srutis themselves which show that Brahman has anantkalyangunams? What will be ...
8
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2answers
1k views

How do Dvaitins interpret this verse of Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is a part of the Shukla Yajur Veda. The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad contains this verse (1.4.10): ब्रह्म वा इदमग्र आसीत्, तदात्मानमेवावेत् ‘अहं ब्रह्मास्मि’ इति । तस्मात् ...
7
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2answers
854 views

Do scriptures mention about Srimad Madhvacharya being an avatar of Lord Vayu?

It is believed by his followers that Srimad Ananda Teertha (a.k.a Madhvacharya) was the third incarnation of Vayu (MukhyaprAna), the previous two were: Hanuman (Treta yuga) Bheema Sena (Dwapara yuga) ...
7
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0answers
311 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda ...
7
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0answers
126 views

What is the initiation process for the Dvaita sampradaya? In what aspects does it differ from the Panchasamskara done by Srivaishnavas?

I was hearing a upanyasam about the Taapa part of the panchasamskaram which comes under Samaashrayanam for Srivaishnavas. It was mentioned that Dvaitins also have a similar procedure but instead of ...
7
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0answers
435 views

How do Dvaitins interpret the Advaita-sounding prayer of Prahlada?

In this chapter of the Vishnu Purana, Prahlada is thrown off a cliff and into the sea by Hiranyakashipu's men. Unfazed by this, he prays to Vishnu: I glorify the supreme deity Vishńu, the ...
6
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1answer
548 views

Why does Advaita insists on 'non-dualism' and not 'monism'?

What is the difference between non-dualism and monism? Advaita texts stresses on the non-dual aspect of things (probably as a negation to dvaita schools) over calling things monistic. Why is it so? ...
6
votes
1answer
331 views

Where can I get English or Kannada translation of Khandanatraya of Shri Madhwacharya?

If you have online links of one or more of Khandanatraya Granthams of Shri Madhwacharya with Kannada or English translation, please share it. Khandanatraya: 1. Mayavada khandana 2. Upadhi khandana 3. ...
6
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0answers
161 views

Do Dvaitins, Vishistadvaitins and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda-vaadins consider the dream world as real?

Please note that this is not an attack on Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya-Bheda-Abheda. This is information seeking question. We know the famous analogy of the universe compared with a dream in ...
5
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1answer
156 views

How do dvaitins interpret this verse from Bhagavad Gita?

In chapter 8.21, Krishna Paramatma says that eternal unmanifest abode as supreme abode of him and never mentions any separate place as his abode. Bhagavad Gita chapter 8, verse 21: That supreme ...
5
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1answer
293 views

How does dvaita theory counteract/explain BG 10:20

Bhagwad Gita Chapter 10 verse 20 अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभुताशयस्थित​: ॥ अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भुतानामन्त एव च ॥ Meaning I am the Self, O Gudakesha (Arjuna —Conqueror-of-sleep), dwelling in the hearts of ...
5
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2answers
211 views

What is the status of Gods other than Vishnu in Dwaita?

According to Dvaita, there are three categories. Jada, Jeeva and Ishwara. Now Ishwara is Narayana. What are other Gods or Devathas? Like Lakshmi, Brahma, Saraswathi, Rudra, Devi, Indra, Surya etc ...
5
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1answer
188 views

What's the difference between Dvaita and the Abrahamic faiths? [closed]

In Dvaita there is Atman and Brahman, while in the Abrahamic faiths there is soul and God. These systems sound similar, but I assume they are in fact different? According to Hindu philosophers, what ...
5
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0answers
51 views

How does dvaita philosophy explain aham brahmaasmi? [duplicate]

aham brahmaasmi (I am Brahman) is a famous upanishad sentence. Prima facie, this statement is advaita-friendly because it is saying that jeeva is same as Brahman. But the dvaita philosophy of ...
5
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0answers
166 views

Is Vayu identical to Pavan in Dvaita philosophy?

Is the Vayu deva (Mukhya Prana) in the Devata taratamya of Acharya Madhwa identical with Pavan deva or is he someone different?
4
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1answer
262 views

What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman according to Dvaitadvaita & Dvaita?

According to Adi Shankara, Nirguna Brahman is a God who without any attributes. According to Ramanuja and Chaitanya, it is a God without negative qualities. What is the definition of Nirguna Brahman ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Allegory of the Moon and its shadow - Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita

I remember reading about an allegory which uses the Moon and its shadow in water to describe the viewpoints of Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishta Advaita. I cannot seem to find it online now. Does ...
4
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1answer
112 views

What are prerequisites for inquiry into brahman?

Many schools have written commentary on Brahma Sutras. In the commentary to first verse, each school explains their meaning of atha and the prerequisites for study of brahman. What do major schools ...
4
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1answer
305 views

Is the Kaliyugada Kalpataru available online?

The book Kaliyugada Kalpataru, written by Raja Gururajacharya, (who was the son from the poorvashrama of Sri Raghavendra Swami), is a complete biography of Sri Raghavandra Swami. While writing my ...
4
votes
1answer
431 views

According to Dvaita philosophy, how does a Jivatma view another Jivatma in Vaikuntha?

As per my understanding, according to Dvaita philosophy Jivatma enters the Vaikuntha Loka but the Jivatma doesn't become Paramatma. It is also known that in Vaikuntha loka the primary duty of Jivatma ...
4
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1answer
154 views

According to Dvaita, are there puranic examples where Ishwara(God) or anyone(Sages and Saints) who has turned anybody's Jeevatma into Jada?

As random as the question may seem, it was the response of a person, from Dvaitha school, to my question can God convert Jeeva into Jada? And he said "coming to your question of if Paramatma can ...
4
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1answer
495 views

Who is the god Latavya worshiped by Madhwas?

Madhvacharya’s philosophy or Dvaita divides Jivatmas or individual souls into three categories: Mukti Yogyas or those destined to attain Moksha, Nitya Samsaris or those destined to remain in Samsara ...
4
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0answers
132 views

Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
3
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1answer
639 views

Why did Swami Vivekananda say that Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Advaita are all correct?

Swami Vivekananda said that Advaita, Vishistadvaita and Dvaita--all these doctrines are correct. What did He mean by saying this?
3
votes
2answers
107 views

What should we consider when Anumana contradicts Shabda?

According to Vedantic pramana system Anumana is Inferential knowledge and Shabda is Scriptural/Testimonial knowledge. So when these two contradict each other which one should we consider as true? ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

Does the Saura Purana foretell the appearance of Madhvacharya?

Madhvacharya was a Dvaita philosopher who propounded Dvaita philosophy by writing commentaries on Prasthanatrayi. I heard that his appearance was foretold in Saura Purana as an incarnation of a demon ...
3
votes
1answer
666 views

Whose avatar was Sri RAghavendra Swami?

Famous in the madhwa line, Sri Raghavendra is linked with many miracles. His samaadhi is at mantrAlayam. Whose avatAr was he ?
3
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2answers
168 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
3
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1answer
112 views

According to vedanta from where does jivaatma originates?

Origin and end of jivatma?? Is it created or can the atma divide? what happens to atma in nirvana or moksha, how did it come to be, how can it be eternally fragmented from the supreme? How did the ...
3
votes
1answer
275 views

How does Sri Madhvacharya interpret Srimad-Bhagavatam 12.5.11?

Shukdeva advises Raja Parikshit in Srimad-Bhagavatam (12/5/11): aham brahma param dhaam brahma aham paramam padam/evam samikshya cha aatmanam aatmanimaadhaya nishkale English Translation: Think: I am ...
3
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0answers
128 views

Which Shaivite sects are dualistic?

Most Shaivite sects are Advaitin whereas some Shaivites, especially Acharya Srikantha's followers in South India follow Vishistadvaita. Are there any Shaivite sects that are dualistic?
3
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0answers
50 views

According to Dvaita philosophy,what are the duties of Vaishnava in Vaikuntha? [duplicate]

According to Dvaita philosophy, Jivatma reaches to Parmatma loka to attain moksha. However it is not clear what will be the duties of Jivatma towards the Parmatma. My questions are: After moksha,...
3
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0answers
174 views

Jivatma and Paramatma are totally seperate [closed]

Sri Sri Vijayeendra Tirtha (Paramaguru of Sri Raghavendra Tirtha) Explains through a simple analogy or Upamaanam. Â Mahan Sri Vijayeendra Tirthar jestingly asks: Â "Will a mother willingly and ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Was advaita scholar Sri Vidyaranya defeated by Sri Akshobhya Tirtha?

It is said that a debate took place between Sri Vidyaranya of Sankara tradition and Sri Akshobhya Teertha of Madhwa sampradaya and Sri Vedanta Desikan declared Sri Akshobhya as a winner. Is it true ?...
2
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1answer
462 views

Are there English translations of Upanishad bhAshyas from dvaita and vishishtha advaita perspectives?

Sri Madhva wrote commentaries on upanishads from dvaita perspective. Sri Ranga Ramanuja wrote commentaries on upanishads from vishishtha advaita perspective. Are these commentaries available in ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Can anyone explain and prove Veda agama pramanya and its Apourusheyatva? [duplicate]

The core of Hinduism is Vedas. One can be regarded as Hindu only when he or she accepts Vedas. Vedas come under the category of Agama pramana or Shabdha pramana. Before it comes 1. Pratyaksha ...
2
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0answers
89 views

What is the spatial status of Jeevatma according to Dwaitha Vedanta?

My information trading this comes exclusively from the lectures of Vidyavachaspathi Shri Bannanje Govindacharyaru. In a lecture he said Dwaitha treats Jeevatma as an atom, that is Jeevatma is point ...
2
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0answers
124 views

Notions of Duality in Vedas/Puranas

This is my first post on the Hinduism community and I do not have prior knowledge of the rules of the community, so I hope my question is in the right place. I have found that the stories of lore ...
2
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0answers
167 views

What is Madhvacharya's argument against Brahman being the material cause of the universe?

Madhvacharya is the proponent of the Dvaita school of Vedanta because he doesn't believe that Brahman is the material cause of Jivatmas and Prakriti. But what is his main argument against it?
2
votes
0answers
2k views

What was Madhvacharya's argument against the Shaktas?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Cause of Evil, as per Theistic Vedanta?

If Parameshvara is svatantra karta as per Vedanta, and if everything pre decided as per lords will, whatever we're doing is God doing actually, so is he the Cause of Evil
1
vote
1answer
657 views

According to Dvaita philosophy, is Vishnu the only God?

As per my understanding, according to Dvaita theory the desire of every being is to attain Moksha. And the only way to attain Moksha is to attain Vaikuntha Loka. On the whole according to Dvaita ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

How do Dvaitins interpret the Brahma Sutras where it says Brahman is the material cause of the universe?

The school of Dvaita philosophy of Madhvacharya believes that Brahman is not the material cause of the universe, but only the efficient cause. But at the end of chapter 2, section 2, the Brahma ...