Questions tagged [geography]

For questions which ask about locations in Hindu texts.

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52 views

Where is the Great Britain in the Vedic universe?

I presume, it should be on the Bhū-mandala, but can we be more specific? The colonists tried to insert Britain into the scriptures as a Švēta-dvīpa, which it is definitely not. The real Švēta-dvīpa is ...
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Bharat Varsh And the Exact Place Of our Earth Globe

Now, there have been many interpretations of Jambudweep so far, I can definitely see it clearly popping up on the internet. My question is, how do we relate our present location of the planet to ...
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Description Of Jambudweep In Different Indian Religions

I have been researching quite a lot on Hindu cosmology and geography. Moreover, I am keen on learning similar geographies of other sub-religions of India, especially those that grew from within ...
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Where is the Kishkindha region of Ramayana located?

There seem to be a two candidates for the location of Pampa, the area where Shri Rama performed his Aranya Kanda leelas. One is in Karnataka, a very recent development. The other is in Kerala which ...
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1answer
104 views

Is Manipura, mentioned in Mahabharata, the same place as the current Indian state of Manipura?

Arjuna married Chitragnda - the princess of the Manipura. Is this the same place as the current Indian state of Manipura?
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Do pre-modern depictions of Varaha show him lifting a flat Earth?

This site claims that pre-modern paintings and sculptures of Varaha show him lifting a flat earth as opposed to a round earth. My question is, are there any pre-modern depictions of Varaha that show ...
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Is Earth Jambudvipa or Bhu-mandala?

Is Earth Jambudvipa or Bhu-mandala? There are seven dvipas in BhUloka. One of the dvipas is Jambudvipa. Jambudvipa has 9 varshas. One of the varshas in Jambudvipa is Bharatavarsha: Text 5: Bhū-...
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2answers
207 views

Why was traveling to Kalinga (modern-day Odisha) considered a sin?

I was reading the Baudhayana Dharma Sutra and saw the following. He who has visited the (countries of the) Āraṭṭas, Kāraskaras, Puṇḍras, Sauvīras, Vaṅgas, Kaliṅgas, (or) Prānūnas shall offer a ...
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1answer
102 views

Is Kṛṣṇasāra mentioned in Manusmṛti 2.23 the spotted deer (Axis axis) or the blackbuck (Indian antelope)?

Ganganath Jha translates 'kṛṣṇasāra' as 'spotted deer': kṛṣṇasārastu carati mṛgo yatra svabhāvataḥ | sa jñeyo yajñiyo deśo mlecchadeśastvataḥ paraḥ || 23 || But the region where the spotted ...
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1answer
336 views

How are Aryavarta, Brahmavarta and Madhyadesa defined?

I believe Aryavarta contains Madhyadesa which contains Brahmavarta. Where are these defined geographically?
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Where is the Sharavali river that Sugriva gave directions from?

In the Kishkindha Kanda of the Ramayana, Sugriva sends Vanaras in all four directions to look for Sita. He describes the locations they’ll come across when they go in these directions in this chapter ...
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What are the names of four oceans according to Hinduism scriptures?

Vaisampayana in his conversation with Janamejaya told that there are four oceans on earth "Vaisampayana said, 'Asked by thee, I shall tell thee all about the heroic-kings in Puru's line, all ...
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1answer
553 views

Geography of Malini river

A river named Malini is mentioned in the Adi parva of Mahabharata. And they then passed a long time there in each other's company. And sporting with each other, just as they pleased, for a long time ...
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How did ancient Hindu scholars interpret the continent theory of Hindu scripture?

The Hindu scriptures state that there are 7 dvipas or islands, and each is surrounded by a particular liquid. For example, Jambudvipa is surrounded by an ocean of salt water. From the Srimad ...
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How did Hindu scholars determine that North America is Kraunchadvipa?

According to the Hindu scriptures, there are 7 continents or dvipas named: Jambu ("Indian Blackberry tree") Plaksha ("Ficus religiosa (Peepal) tree") Shalmali ("Bombax tree") Kusha ("grass") Kraunca (...
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How Vidarbha from scriptures is same as current Vidarbha?

The following passage from Wikipedia says that The Vidarbha kingdom in the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata is among the many kingdoms ruled by Yadu kings (Bhoja Yadavas). It is the southernmost ...
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148 views

Where did Ravana keep his Mulabala forces?

Sriraman Bhattachar Swami is the chief priest of the Devadiraja Perumal Vishnu temple in Therazhundur, which is the birthplace of Kamban, the Sri Vaishnava poet who composed the famous Kamba Ramayana. ...
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Did Arjuna conquer Russia and where are the Nishkuta and white mountains?

Before Yudhishthira's Rajasuya, the four other Pandavas extract tribute from the kings in all cardinal directions. Arjuna travels north, Bhima east, Sahadeva south, and Nakula west. In this section ...
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859 views

Which Sri Vaishnava Acharya drew this world map based on the Mahabharata?

This picture, showing a world map based on the Mahabharata, is often circulated on the Internet: It’s based on this chapter and subsequent chapters of the Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata. But my ...
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652 views

What are the 7 continents as per Hindu Cosmology?

According to Bhagavata Purana, Agnidhara Idhmajihva Yajnabahu Mahavira, Hiranyareta, Medhatithi, Ghrtaprstha Savana Vitihotra Kavi These are the names of the Priyavrata. Seven (out of ten ...
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Was Lord Hanuman born in Sumeru? Where is that place? Is it renamed recently?

Where is Sumeru? I have been reading about Hindu Cosmology of seven continents and in that I came across Mount Sumeru. Where is it? Is it the birth place of Hanuman?
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Who coined the term 'Jambudvipa' and 'Bharat' for India as a country?

I was going through this article in which there is a mention of India or 'Bharat' not being called as a country until in the Third century BC Ashoka used 'Jambudvipa' for 16 mahajanpadas which could ...
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1answer
882 views

What is the actual birthplace of Sita ji according to scriptures?

Recently Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi was in Nepal at the Janaki Temple in Janakpur which is supposed to be the birthplace of Goddess Sita and I came to know about this place due to the news ...
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Are there cities / kingdoms that occur in both Ramayana and Mahabharata?

In particular is Kurukshetra of any importance in Ramayana and Ayodhya in Mahabharata?
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481 views

What is the Shaka tree after which Saka Dvip has been named?

Saka Dvip is said to be named after the tree of Shaka. It is referred to as the homeland of Sakas in Mahabharat. Just like in Jambu Dvip, Jambu tree has been identified, which tree in modern day is ...
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To which kingdoms did kings supporting Duryodhan belong?

Section 2 of the Shalya Parva of Mahabharat mentions the kings whose support Duryodhan had in the great war: This wide earth is as much ours as it is of Pritha's son. Bhagadatta and Kripa and ...
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477 views

What is the location of Bharata Varsha (khanda)?

I have read somewhere(can't remember the source) the Bharatha Khanda governed by king Bharatha is submerged in the Hindu Mahasagara. Can anyone tell me where is Bharatha Khanda in current yuga? if it ...
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Which is the Gomanta mountain, to which Krishna & Balaram fled?

Chapter 39 of Vishnu Parva of Harivamsa gives a conversation between Lord Parshurama and Shri Krishna where he is telling them about the Gomanta mountain: tatashchyutA gamiShyAmaH sahyasya vivare ...
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Did Lord Rama's wife Devi Sita belong to Nepal? In which place did she stay during pregnancy?

The Wikipedia article suggests that Sita was either from Bihar or Nepal: Born: Either present-day Sitamarhi district, Bihar, India or Janakpur, present-day Nepal (both the places were part of the ...
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141 views

Who are these tribes mentioned in Hindu scriptures?

Section LXV of Shanti Parva of Mahabharata mentions a conversation between Indra and Mandhatri that is narrated by Bhishma Pitamah to the Pandavas. It mentions many tribes: Mandhatri said, 'What ...
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1answer
415 views

Which was the red sea that the Pandavs visited on their journey to attain Swarga?

The Book 17: Mahaprasthanika Parva Section I mentions the Pandavs visiting a red-sea. This is where Arjun returned his divine bow and arrows to the Lord of the Ocean: Setting themselves on Yoga, ...
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234 views

Is Vrindavan in India the same village which is described in Bhagavatam?

The tenth canto of Shrimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) describes the pastimes of Lord Krishna in detail. The pastimes of Lord krishna are also summarized in KṚṢṆA, The Supreme Personality of Godhead ...
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Where is the island called Ramaniyak (mentioned in the story of Garuda) located?

Section XXVI of the Astika Parva of Mahabharata mentions the incident of Garud and his mother Vinata carrying snakes and their mother Kadru to an island called Ramaniyaka. The next section describes ...
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What is the meaning of the word VISHWA (world) in Hinduism

Many Hindu scriptures talk about some events which occurred all over the Vishwa or world. Does the world here mean then undivided Bharat (from Afghanistan to Sri Lanka to Myanmar) as there was no ...
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557 views

Mythology geographic location of Indraloka.. Ravana and Mandodari nativity

I find it fascinating that the Indraloka been referred to in very many puranic episodes. I for one believe it is quite a terrestrial place, not so high up in the skies as picturized in so many old ...
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Geological changes in Hindu Scriptures

In Hinduism there are very large spans of time when yugas are considered. Is there any mention of significant Geological changes? We see the account of a large flood as part of the Matsya Avatara, ...
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Is Kailāsa mansarovar actually in Tibet, China?

Shrimad Bhagwat Mahapuran, Pancham Skandha , Chapter 16 While describing the character of Mahārāja Priyavrata and his descendants, Śukadeva Gosvāmī also described Meru Mountain and the planetary ...
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What is Rakshasa, were they only in Ram period and not any more?

I could not understand who are the RAKSHASAS and if they belong only to India, Lanka or anywhere else in the world? If they were in that period then why don't they exist in today's world? How did ...
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672 views

Ancient sages or Rishis (ऋषी) and Locations of their hermitages (आश्रम)

Since ancient times India is known as the land of sages and their valuable teachings. The great sages of India devoted their lives towards the enlightenment of mankind. They have occupied special ...
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References to Bisrakh in the scriptures

This wiki article says that Bisrakh in Uttar Pradesh is believed to be the birthplace of Ravana. Are any scriptural references available for this?
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what happened to the palaces of Mahabharath? [closed]

There were many huge palace in Dvapara Yuga according to Ramayana and Mahabharata. or e.g. Indraprastha or cities created By Vishwakarma. What happened to them? Why none of them exists now?
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255 views

Where are the Raikvaparna villages mentioned in the Chandogya Upanishad?

As I discuss in this answer, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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2answers
266 views

Which are the 10 tribes that participated in Dasrajna (War of 10 Kings)?

As per my understanding, Dasrajna war was a real event during the Rigvedic period. Is there any information as to which were the 10 tribes that participated in it and their modern geographic origins?
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Is there any description of Bharatavarsha in Hindu Scriptures?

I've read about Bharatavarsha in many books, but only found the origin of the term Bharatavarsha. Is there a description of Bharatavarsha (i.e., what constitutes Bharatavarsha), in a holy book?
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Where is the Saraswati river according to Hindu scriptures?

According to Hindu scriptures, the three main rivers are Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati. As we all know, rivers Ganga and Yamuna are present in India. But where on the current world map is the Saraswati ...