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Questions tagged [history]

For questions about the history of Hinduism.

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17
votes
2answers
2k views

How has Lord Vishnu's understanding developed and what was his role initially?

I've recently come by an excellent research on how the understanding of Shiva has been evolving through the ages and I wonder whether such a research has been made with respect to Vishnu. The book I ...
48
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6answers
6k views

How did the Vedas in Hinduism come into existence?

Who wrote the Vedas and why? How did the Vedas exist since their inception? Where can we read the Vedas?
35
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6answers
4k views

What is the origin of the word “Hindu”?

It is a fact that the term "Hindu" derives from the river "Sindh". But most of Hinduism's tenets and teachings derive from the Vedas. Why wasn't it named after the Vedas, but it's rather given a name ...
16
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2answers
5k views

Why are brahmins represented by names of Vedas?

Why are brahmins represented by names of Vedas? For example, a person x is a brahmin of some y class (Kanyakubja/ Kokanstha/Deshastha etc.) Then person x will be introduced or called as x person is a ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Did Tamil Vaishnavites (Iyengars) descend from Shaivites (Iyers)?

Wikipedia article on Iyer has a passage without citations which says: The title 'Iyer' was used as a designation for all Tamil Smartha Brahmins during the medieval period, during which they were ...
19
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6answers
46k views

What were the ages of Pandavas & other characters during the Mahabharata war?

I have not found any specific reference to the age of each of the Pandavas, like Arjuna and Bheema when they fought the epic Mahabharata battle. It will be also interesting to know the age of Bhishma ...
16
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4answers
5k views

Can a Sudra become a Brahmin in 'this' birth?

Scriptures have remedy for everything. Various mantras various austerities can give us miraculous position. For eg. It is possible to become Indra (who is King of Heaven) by performing 100 Ashwamedha ...
6
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0answers
990 views

Is the Satvata Samhita, the oldest Pancharatra text, available online in English?

Before the time of the sage Vyasa, people had a very different understanding of which gods were important than the understanding we have today. The Vedic mantras had not yet been compiled into the ...
13
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4answers
5k views

What is the relationship between Hinduism and atheism?

I have recently read somewhere that atheism is the pillar of Hinduism. If Hindus don't believe in God then why do they worship Lord Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma, Kali etc.? Is atheism followed by all Hindus ...
11
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1answer
631 views

Where does Rig Veda states about Cyclical Nature of Creation?

It is a common belief in Hinduism that the nature of creation is cyclic. Continuous creation and destruction happens in certain intervals of time. Most of such ideas are found in Puranas and also in ...
16
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3answers
5k views

Do we have any details about the oldest idol of any Hindu God found anywhere in the world?

What is the oldest idol of any Hindu God being found anywhere in the world? If possible provide some details about how much old it was. How did it look like? And what material was it made of? Please ...
15
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3answers
7k views

Who are the seven immortals (Chiranjeevi)?

Please tell me about the seven immortals in Hinduism? How did they become immortals?
19
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4answers
2k views

When did Hinduism begin?

It is known that Hinduism is one of the oldest religions. But why is it so difficult to date the beginning of Hinduism. We have a lot of scriptures and texts which give us a lot of information but ...
11
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4answers
4k views

Can a person change his caste in Hinduism?

Each person born as a Hindu has some caste attached to him. As per my understanding he remains in the same caste throughout his life. Currently, I don't think anybody can change his/her caste, but was ...
36
votes
8answers
24k views

Are there any strong evidence that Hinduism religion is an ancient one?

This question seems a bit off-topic to me even though I am daring to ask because it is a must to know. There are many believes that the present days Ayodhya, Kurukshetra, Ram Sethu and many other ...
12
votes
1answer
30k views

Where are the original versions of the Vedas?

Where are the original versions of the Vedas? Are our oldest scriptures lost in the history of time? Some say that they were lost due to the religious war which happened in the earlier days and some ...
11
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3answers
6k views

Was Adi Shankaracharya a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? What were his views on Shiva and Vishnu?

Adi Shankaracharya taught Advaita philosophy. What was his belief on how one should see Shiva and Vishnu? Was he a Shaiva or a Vaishnava? Are Shiva and Vishnu same as per Him?
9
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1answer
2k views

How Rudra became Shiva in Vedas?

There are four parts of Vedas; Samhitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads. Among these Samhita are those parts which are directly revealed to the seers. ie. They are always eternal syllable by ...
9
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2answers
2k views

What is the earliest record of the Kali Santarana Upanishad, source of the Hare Krishna Mantra?

As I discuss in this answer, the Hare Krishna mantra, popularized by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and his Gaudiya Vaishnava followers (especially the organization ISKCON), originates from the Kali Santarana ...
5
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0answers
530 views

Where does Nammalwar say that he was born right after Krishna departed the Earth?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The collection of their 4000 poems, known as ...
12
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2answers
606 views

Is there any hierarchy for Devi's incarnations?

In this question's answer, the hierarchies of Lord Vishnu's incarnations are listed. Is there a similar hierarchy for Devi's incarnations? If yes, what is that hierarchy?
12
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1answer
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ISR says birthdate of Lord Rama is 10th January 5114 BC. What about Kalki avatar?

As per ISR scientific study and research, Lord Rama's birth date is calculated as 10th january 5114 BCE. They used a software named Planetorium, simulated arrangement of planets as per Valmiki ...
8
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4answers
3k views

Is any other religion or civilization mentioned in Mahabharata, Ramayana or other Hindu holy books?

Recently, I had a discussion with my friend regarding which civilization of the world is the most ancient. We've been through some Wiki links according to which more or less Sindhu Civilization is one ...
12
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1answer
467 views

What is the secular account of the compilation of the Alwars' poems?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The 4000 verses of the Alwars were compiled by ...
-2
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2answers
744 views

Between Daśaratha-Jātaka and Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa which is older?

One of the fundamental differences between the Buddhist Daśaratha-Jātaka and the Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa is that Sītā is portrayed as Rāma's half-sister in the Jātaka: Once upon a time, at Benares, a ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the Vedic Origin of Lord Shiva?

I am learning about Mount Kailash (Lord Shiva's abode). Somewhere I read that before people came to India from Central Asia (bringing Vedas, Hinduism, etc), the natives in Indian subcontinent ...
13
votes
1answer
11k views

What is the shape of Earth according to Hindu scriptures?

What is the shape of Earth according to Hindu scriptures? It is widely believed that the round shape of Earth was known for a long time. Although, is this mentioned at any specific place?
13
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the reason behind lokas in Hinduism?

In the Puranas, and already in the Atharvaveda, there are fourteen worlds, seven higher ones (vyahrtis) and seven lower ones (patalas), viz. bhu, bhuvas, svar, mahas, janas, tapas, and satya above and ...
12
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0answers
1k views

How did the Advaita Acharya Gaudapada meet Vyasa's son Shuka?

The most prominent thinker of the Advaita Vedanta school is Adi Shankaracharaya, but he wasn't the founder of Advaita; Adi Shankaracharaya's guru Govinda and Govinda's guru Gaudapada were also ...
9
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1answer
992 views

Lineage of Pandavas?

I found the following compilation of the genealogy of the Pandavas, but I am unable to verify its authenticity or find its sources. In known literature there seems to be no knowledge of the ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How many husbands are permitted to a woman (polyandry) in ancient history?

According to our scriptures, a man can have more than one wife. May be this is one of the reasons many Gods have two or more wives. Does any scripture mention what is the reason for men having ...
14
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4answers
1k views

How do the Vedas survive during the dissolution of the Universe?

Lord Shiva destroys the entire Universe when the Mahakalpa ends. Brahma too attains Moksha in that pralaya. Vedas in their personal form are also present in Brahmaloka along with Brahma. For eg. ...
12
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5answers
6k views

Was Adi Shankaracharya’s Parakaya Pravesha to learn Kamashastra Dharmic?

Adi Shankaracharya traveled all around India engaging scholars in religious debate. During one such debate, Bharati, wife of scholar Madana Mishra, attempted to defeat Adi Shankara in the topic of ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Were Aryans the forefathers of Hindus?

We have been told that Aryans were living in the Indian subcontinent and that they started the caste and creed system. Is it true that they started the Hindu belief system?
11
votes
2answers
520 views

Does Shakuntala's son Bharata have a role in the naming of Bharatavarsha?

As is stated in Srimad Bhagavatam, Fifth Canto, 3rd sloka, Formerly this planet was known as Ajanābha-varṣa, but since Mahārāja Bharata’s reign it has become known as Bhārata-varṣa. (Reference) ...
11
votes
1answer
514 views

“Sarva Dharman Parityejya Mamekam Sharanam Vraja…” in Shiva Gita?

One of the most important verse of Bhagvad Gita is the 66th verse of 18th Chapter where Lord states as: सर्वधर्मान्परित्यज्य मामेकं शरणं व्रज | अहं त्वां सर्वपापेभ्यो मोक्षयिष्यामि मा शुच: || 66||...
11
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2answers
6k views

Why did Sri Ramanuja refuse to hail Shiva? What was the need to prove that Vishnu is the one true God?

I was reading the history of Sri Ramanuja, the Vaishnava saint. Apparently, he was in hiding in fear of a Chola King. The Chola king was a worshiper of Shiva as opposed to Ramanuja who is a Vishnu ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Debate between Maṇḍana Miśra and Ādi Śankara

I have read that there was a debate between Maṇḍana Miśra, an exponent of Mīmāmsā, and Ādi Śankara, an exponent of Advaita, in which Maṇḍana Miśra's wife was the judge. Ādi Śankara won the debate and ...
6
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2answers
3k views

What is the reason/story behind Lord Sri Venkateshwara called as Balaji?

There are many names with which the Lord Venkateswara is called. Of course the sahasranama is devoted to Lord Vasudeva and all his avatars and the one in the question is definitely included. Leaving ...
6
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1answer
2k views

What is the story of Badarayana Vyasa?

We know that present Vyasa is Krishna Dwaipayana. There is a detail about him in Mahabharata. But who is Badarayana Vyasa and what is his story? In which mahayuga was he the Vyasa?
4
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2answers
2k views

Is there any scientific or historical evidence that Ramayana is true? [duplicate]

I wanted to know whether there is any scientific or historical proof that the stories and events mentioned in Ramayana are true or is everything just a made-up story?
3
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1answer
630 views

Ramanujacharya's Brother

'Who is Ramanujacharya's brother? He adopted Saivism when he was around 20 years old. How did Ramanuja brought back him to vaishnavism?Any mythological references for this.
2
votes
1answer
681 views

Where do Vedas state Universe being a projection in space-time?

Vedas state about Cyclic nature of time as discussed in answer here. But are there any statement in Vedas which state about Universe being projected as space-time ? As a sidenote, Adi Shankaracharya ...
14
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6answers
1k views

What exactly is the basis/reason behind calling Hindu epics such as Ramayana and Mahabharata as myths/mythology

Many people (specially left-leaning) like to call Hindu epic books such as Ramayana and Mahabharata as myths. So my question is what is the exact reason for the use of this word myth or mythology ...
10
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4answers
3k views

Did Lord Rama reach Ayodhya after 20 days from Dusherra?

I've came across this question in Quora which got so many answers according to their view. I think some answers are utterly incorrect. Moreover one answer says it took 1 yr 18 days to return to ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the eight forms (Ashtamurti) of Lord Shiva?

Lord Shiva pervades the entire universe through various forms like that of Ekadasha Rudra, or PanchaBrahma and also through Ashtamurti form. Lord Shiva is also called by the name Ashta Murti, for eg. ...
7
votes
2answers
227 views

Why do Vedas have śākhās? Are all of them apauruṣeyā?

This table lists the Vedas and their extant śākhās under the Saṃhitā column. My question has to do with the śākhās. Note that the bracketed terms in the Saṃhitā column are names of the ...
0
votes
3answers
628 views

Is there a scriptural basis for Out-of-India hypothesis? [duplicate]

I heard that Hindus believe that all Vedic-era people originated in Bhārat. Is this a cultural belief or is it from scripture?
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Is Parvati mentioned in the Vedas?

The pretext of this question is Sati(from Swayambhuva Manvantra) is mentioned in the Vedas, but Parvati(of the current Vaivasvata Manvantra) is not. Correlating the absence of characters who come in ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

How many mutts did Adi shankaracharya establish in his lifetime?

Adi Shankaracharya is an advaita philosopher and wrote commentaries to the prasthāna trayi and composed many stotras on different deities.. It is believed that he established four mutts(denoting four ...