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For questions about the history of Hinduism.

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13 votes
1 answer
288 views

Do any Acharyas support a return to Hindu monarchy?

Throughout most of its history, the system of government in India was Vedic monarchy (the claims of P.C. Dharma notwithstanding). But in modern times, India has turned into a democracy. My question ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
11 votes
0 answers
517 views

What surviving works of the Rudra Sampradayam are there before Vallabhacharya?

As I discuss in my question here, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And in turn they started the four main ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
10 votes
0 answers
160 views

Does any scripture mention about Chanakya other than the Srimad Bhagavatham?

Srimad Baghavatham has an indirect mention to Chanakya: A certain brāhmaṇa [Cāṇakya] will betray the trust of King Nanda and his eight sons and will destroy their dynasty. In their absence the ...
hanugm's user avatar
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9 votes
0 answers
460 views

Did Vishnuswami write a commentary on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in my question here, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
370 views

Is there any evidence to support Dayananda Saraswati's unorthodox claim that the medieval Sri Vaishnava scholar Yamunacharya was a Muslim?

Hindu-reformist Dayananda Saraswati claimed that the medieval Sri Vaishnava scholar Yamunacharya was a Greek or Muslim who was originally called "Yavanacharya". From Life of Dayanand Saraswati: ...
Ikshvaku's user avatar
  • 22.2k
8 votes
0 answers
716 views

What was the debate where Ramanandi tradition defeated Ramanuja tradition in 1921 Ujjain Kumbh mela?

From wiki The 1921 Simhastha is notable for a historic debate in which the Ramanandi Sampradaya defeated the Ramanuja sampradaya (Shri Vaishnavas). The debate was to address the question whether ...
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
619 views

What is story of Ati Varadar Swamy?

The main deity (moolavar) of Ati Vardar Swamy of Swamy Varadaraja Perumal is immersed in nearby pushkarini . It is taken out for public worship every 40 years, next time this is going to happen in ...
Yogi's user avatar
  • 10.5k
8 votes
0 answers
418 views

Who is sage Jalabimba and what is his connection to Vishnuswami and the Rudra Sampradayam?

As I discuss in my question here, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four disciples: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And in turn they started the four main ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
8 votes
0 answers
2k views

Is the Satvata Samhita, the oldest Pancharatra text, available online in English?

Before the time of the sage Vyasa, people had a very different understanding of which gods were important than the understanding we have today. The Vedic mantras had not yet been compiled into the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
382 views

What scriptures describe Hiranyaksha mining the Earth?

Most people only know the story of the demon Hiranyaksha putting the Earth in the Garbhodska ocean, after which Vishnu’s incarnation Varaha the boar killed Hiranyaksha and rescued the Earth. But page ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
259 views

Who are these first commentators on Bhagavata?

Sridhara Svami's Bhavartha dipika is the oldest full commentary extant now. Before Sridhara, however Madhvacharya commented whose commentary is also extant called Bhagavata Tattparya Nirnaya. It is a ...
Krishna Varna's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
157 views

who is Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras?

What is the history of Audulomi who appears in Brahmasutras of Vyasa
Srinivasacharyulu Sribhashyam's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
184 views

Who is King Yavana mentioned in Anushasana Parva of Mahabharat?

In Anushasana Parva (165), Bhishma tells Yudhishthira about the names of the deities, Rishis and Kings to be duly recited for efficacious cleansing of all sins. The following is the (abbreviated) ...
MathGod's user avatar
  • 1,025
7 votes
0 answers
155 views

What is the most recent reference to wild Sharabhas existing?

Most people only know the story of how Shiva took an incarnation as the half-lion half-bird Sharabheshwara in order to try to subdue Vishnu's incarnation Narasimha, as I discuss here.  What's not as ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
3k views

How does the Ramanandi sect originate from the Sri Vaishnava Parampara?

As I discuss in this question, Vishnu is said to have taught the principles of Vaishnavism to four gods: Lakshmi, Brahma, Shiva and Sanatkumara. And they in turn started the four main Sampradayas or ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
444 views

What are the Pravaras used at the time of sankalpam?

What are the Pravaras used at the time of Sankalpam? I used to utter srimukh shandilya gotrah Tri Pravarah. Is there any scripture which define Pravara?
Triyugi Narayan Mani's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
907 views

Is it true that Lao-Tzu is actually Siddha Bhoganāthar?

Marshall Govindan wrote the book Babaji and the 18 Siddha Kriya Yoga Tradition. Here is the summary of Chapter 8. Siddha Boganathar: An Oceanic Life Story. A mission to China and ...
Sebastien Palcoux's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
175 views

Has the current day India become a mlecchadeśa? Is it still fit for sacrifices?

Commenting on Manusmṛti 2.23, Medhātithi says: In fact, the name ‘mlecchadeśa’ is to be taken literally, in the sense that it is ‘the country of mlecchas’; so that if mlecchas happen to conquer a ...
Say No To Censorship's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
1k views

Which Sri Vaishnava Acharya drew this world map based on the Mahabharata?

This picture, showing a world map based on the Mahabharata, is often circulated on the Internet: It’s based on this chapter and subsequent chapters of the Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata. But my ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
396 views

Was Nathamuni originally an Ekadandi Sanyasi?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
159 views

Did Ramanujacharya perform Sharanagati in Madhurantakam?

The Gadya Trayam is a set of three prose hymns composed by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya on the subject of Sharanagati or complete surrender to Vishnu as a means of attaining Moksha. ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
184 views

What was the dialogue (debate) between YajnaMurti and Ramanujacharya?

While reading the biography of Sri Ramanujacharya, I've read one story of YajnaMurti (यज्ञमूर्ति), (You can read it from Internet Archive pg. 107) who was the believer of Advaita. He was pundit of ...
Pandya's user avatar
  • 26.2k
6 votes
0 answers
327 views

Is Vrindavan in India the same village which is described in Bhagavatam?

The 10th Canto of Shrimad Bhagavatam (Bhagavata Purana) describes the pastimes of Lord Krishna in detail. The pastimes of Lord Krishna are also summarized in KṚṢṆA, The Supreme Personality of Godhead ...
Vishal prabhu lawande's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
858 views

Where does Nammalwar say that he was born right after Krishna departed the Earth?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. The collection of their 4000 poems, known as ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
1k views

Who was the first Sri Vaishnava Acharya to quote from the Srimad Bhagavatam?

Among the eighteen Mahapuranas, perhaps the most popular one among Vaishnavas today is the Bhagavata Purana, AKA the Srimad Bhagavatam. Yet Ramanujacharya, the most prominent member of the Sri ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
835 views

Was the Sarangapani temple ever converted from Thenkalai to Vadakalai?

The conversion of the great Kanchi temple from Thenkalai to Vadakalai is a well known fact (lot of documentation in the court cases). Can somebody provide historic records (court records etc) or ...
Hari's user avatar
  • 61
6 votes
1 answer
300 views

Were the harsher punishments laid out in smṛtis actually carried out or they merely served as a deterrent?

Were some of the harsher punishments laid out in smṛtis like the Manu actually carried out (any real examples?) or they merely served as a deterrent? From Manusmṛti: On abusing a Brāhmaṇa the ...
Say No To Censorship's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
238 views

What was the lifestyle of Gaudapada?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
237 views

Is Agathyar (Agastya) from Ramayana same as the one who lived in Tamil Nadu 5000 years back?

We all know Agathyar (Agastya) had a part to play in Ramayana. But was it the same Agathyar who lived in Tamil Nadu 5000 years back as 1st Siddhar? His famous writing is Agathyar 12000 songs & his ...
Agamas Tantras's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
84 views

How has been the religious exchange among India and the West after Vivekananda's Chicago speech?

Swami Vivekananda in his time had stated that spiritualism grew at a faster rate in India contrasting to the West, where materialism developed faster. In his later life he had in fact been ...
Narasimham's user avatar
  • 2,618
5 votes
0 answers
513 views

Why did Mandana Mishra defend the Sphotavada theory of language?

Mandana Mishra was a Purva Mimamsa philosopher who became an Advaitin after losing a debate to the Advaita philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. He's often identified with Sureshwaracharya, although that's ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
170 views

Who are these tribes mentioned in Hindu scriptures?

Section LXV of Shanti Parva of Mahabharata mentions a conversation between Indra and Mandhatri that is narrated by Bhishma Pitamah to the Pandavas. It mentions many tribes: Mandhatri said, 'What ...
Dr. Vineet Aggarwal's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
114 views

Value of Yojana in Sayana's commentary on Rig Veda

In his commentary on Rig-Veda, Sayana has talked about speed of light in terms of "Yojana". Historically, this term has had many different interpretations as described here. So what was the value of ...
MathGod's user avatar
  • 1,025
5 votes
0 answers
306 views

What references are there to Vamana's ancient Tika on the Brahma Sutras?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
10k views

What is the Story behind Jambudweep?

In this Shlokha, which talks about the geography of the Ancient India? Sloka as follows: Jambudveepe Bharatha Varshe Bharata Khande Here I got some different views from Different scholars ...
CR241's user avatar
  • 3,117
5 votes
0 answers
101 views

Is it possible, by any means, for a brahmin to perform nitya karmas or any rituals with sikha untied?

AFAIK, any act done without wearing the upavita and the sikha tied is like an act not done. These are the first prerequisites and there are obviously few others as well. Now, the doubt arose in my ...
Rickross's user avatar
  • 112k
4 votes
0 answers
132 views

Stories and shlokas that glorify adult children and speak against toxic parenting

I have seen that Hindu stories, shlokas and myths are full of praises for parents. It makes sense that most rules were made by elder people, their rituals were designed to discipline those who are ...
rivfelder's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
52 views

What is the History of Nāgavaṃśa? Is there any mention of them in the Puranas or other texts?

A lot of jati-s claim descent from the Naga-s, I wanted to know more about their History
Varma's user avatar
  • 140
4 votes
0 answers
75 views

Does the concept of Longitude and Latitude finds explicit mention in the canonical texts?

Latitude and Longitude are the units that represent the coordinates at geographic coordinate system. Our ancient knowledge of Jyotiṣha śhāstras based on the pañcāṅga and knowledge of relevant ...
Vivikta's user avatar
  • 13.4k
4 votes
0 answers
84 views

List of scriptures translated by Max Muller

Translation of Hindu scriptures is not an easy task and requires a lot of knowledge and even experience in different domains. Linguistic expertise is not the only one required to do it. Many of the ...
hanugm's user avatar
  • 31.8k
4 votes
0 answers
61 views

How has Devī Lakshmī 's understanding developed, starting from the Vedic literature up until the recent times?

Similar to this question, which tries to discuss about the trajectory of Lord Vishnu's theological development and understanding, from the Vedic period to the Paurāṇika period. I'd like to get an ...
Vivikta's user avatar
  • 13.4k
4 votes
0 answers
91 views

What leisure activities found in Mahābhārata, Rāmāyaṇa & Purāṇa-s?

The modern world has got sports, degenerated cinema, etc. for leisure activities. I wonder what all our ancestors did as pastime?
ㅤㅤㅤㅤㅤ's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
180 views

Who was the Yoga Guru of Swami Vivekananda?

I know that Swami Vivekananda's Mantra Guru was Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. But this is about his Yoga Guru (if he had any). In Hinduism the importance Guru is paramount. Swami Vivekananda himself ...
Rickross's user avatar
  • 112k
4 votes
0 answers
81 views

Does the tradition of writing Rama Koti have any scriptural basis?

Rama Koti is a practice in Hinduism in which a devotee of Rama writes the name of Rama in a book for one crore times. Is this tradition of writing rama koti mentioned anywhere in the scriptures or ...
hanugm's user avatar
  • 31.8k
4 votes
0 answers
61 views

Is yoga an independent philosophy as classified in shad-darshan? or was it later incorporated in Tantra? or is it a part of tantra itself?

There is a separate school in Āstika tradition of Sanatana dharma as "Yoga". Also, the tantrik texts consists a section as Yoga itself. So how does the yoga as mentioned in Shad-Darshana differs from ...
Amrit Jung Kunwar's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
66 views

Was the Rig Veda organized into "Books" or "Mandalas" before it was written down?

I am reading on Wikipedia about how the Rig Veda was orally passed down "with unparalleled precision". And how it is divided into 10 books, with books 2-7 being the "family" books which are older and ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 573
4 votes
0 answers
503 views

Where did Thirumangai Alwar meet Narasimha?

The Alwars (also spelled Azhwars) are a group of 12 ancient Vaishnava saints who lived in Tamil Nadu and are famous for their poetry in praise of Vishnu. One of the Alwars was Thirumangai Alwar, aka ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
4k views

Is Velukkudi Krishnan from a Swayamacharya lineage?

As I discuss in this question, the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member) is divided into two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Both Thenkalais and Vadakalais have Mathams, similar to the ...
Keshav Srinivasan's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
77 views

What is the oldest scripture which explains how a temple should be built?

What is the oldest (surviving) Hindu scripture which explains how a temple should be built, maintained, and what should be its day-to-day affairs? Is an English translation of the same available? Is ...
Say No To Censorship's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
247 views

Did Sri Ramanuja convert atheists?

Sri Ramanuja, the great Vaishnava acharya and the propounder of Vishishtadvaita philosophy, is known to have converted many Buddhists and Jains back to Hinduism. What about atheists? Did he convert ...
Karmanya Nanda's user avatar