Questions tagged [history]

For questions about the history of Hinduism.

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42 views

Who divided/rearranged the brāhmaṇas, āraṇyakas and upaniṣads?

According to SB 12.6.50 it appears Vyāsa (Kṛṣṇa Dvaipāyana) only rearranged the Vedic mantras into four parts: 50. Just as (out of a heap of mixed up) precious stones of the same kind are ...
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Is Vyāsa being the compiler/divider/arranger of Vedas recorded anywhere in the Vedas themselves?

There are several Purāṇic references, e.g., SB 12.6.50 that say Vyāsa (Kṛṣṇa Dvaipāyana) arranged the disorganized Vedic mantras into four parts: 50. Just as (out of a heap of mixed up) precious ...
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Which saints or Yogis from history are recorded to have done Parakaya Pravesha successfully?

Parakaya Pravesha is an advanced level Yogic Siddhi (accomplishment) obtained by certain adept Yogis. By virtue of which these Yogis can enter other's bodies. Adi Shankaracharya mastered this Siddhi ...
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1answer
57 views

How is the date of Aryabhata calculated?

Kali Yuga is said to start at around 3000 BCE because Aryabhata said he is living 3600 years into Kali Yuga. But how do we know when Aryabhata lived?
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Who coined the term “neo-vedanta?”

Some folks on this site are saying: This term was invented by Western Christian orientalists to denigrate the Hindu religion... Paul Hacker coined Neo-Vedanta for spread of Christianity and ...
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Did Ramanujacharya perform Sharanagati in Madhurantakam?

The Gadya Trayam is a set of three prose hymns composed by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya on the subject of Sharanagati or complete surrender to Vishnu as a means of attaining Moksha. ...
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1answer
144 views

Why does the Apsara Menaka keep abandoning her children?

It is well known that Menaka had a daughter with Vishvamitra by the name of Shakuntala, whom she abandoned during infancy because she didn't intend to have the child. This daughter was later adopted ...
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Who is King Yavana mentioned in Anushasana Parva of Mahabharat?

In Anushasana Parva (165), Bhishma tells Yudhishthira about the names of the deities, Rishis and Kings to be duly recited for efficacious cleansing of all sins. The following is the (abbreviated) ...
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Are there references to Mesopotamia in Hindu scripture?

It has been proven through archaeological discovery of seals and artifacts that the Indus Valley Civilization traded with the civilizations of Mesopotamia, such as Sumer. Sumer and the IVC existed ...
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Is the Battle of 10 kings mentioned in the Puranas or Itihasas?

Do the Puranas or Itihasas talk about the Battle of 10 kings mentioned in the Rig Veda Samhita? Since this is a historical event, it might be mentioned in the Puranas.
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Diet directives (meals how many times in a day) for Brahmans in ancient era [duplicate]

I recently heard that in ancient times, rishis, brahmans had a directive to have meals only once in a day. This was primarily because of the sedentary lifestyle involving acts such as yajna, homa, ...
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Chowdeshwari Devi's mantra shakti used by the king for daily rituals?

From the wiki article: Hundreds of years ago, it is said, that there was a kingdom called Nandavara on the banks of the river Tunga in Karnataka near Raichur district, or another namesake village ...
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Historical evidence for time period of Nathamuni

Alkondaville Govindacharya's work on the life of Ramanujacharya mentions that Nathamuni lived for a total of 540 years (pg 12). The book begins by stating that in the year 916 A.D. when Yamunacharya ...
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Was Adi-Shankara initiated into Kriya Yoga?

There is a general belief that Adi Shankara was initiated into Kriya Yoga by Mahavatar babaji who is said to be living in the Himalayas. But do we have any authentic reference from our ancient texts ...
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76 views

At which point in time did Hinduism begin to embrace vegetarianism exactly?

I was watching a BBC documentary where they claimed that early Rig Vedic writers (early Brahmins) practiced "horse sacrifice" and were indeed non vegetarians. So at what point did they decide to ...
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1answer
124 views

Guarding of women's quarter in the later Vedic and Puranic eras

We come to learn from the Mahabharata and various puranas that Krishna had 16,000 or 16,100 wives besides his 8 principal consorts. Is there any direct or indirect reference in any of the major/minor ...
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Is Neo-Vedanta a modern modification of Hinduism?

According to this article, Neo-Vedanta is a modern interpretation of Hinduism that incorporates Western values. The author says this: During this short span of time in the 19th century, the ancient ...
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2answers
213 views

Why do Vedas have śākhās? Are all of them apauruṣeyā?

This table lists the Vedas and their extant śākhās under the Saṃhitā column. My question has to do with the śākhās. Note that the bracketed terms in the Saṃhitā column are names of the ...
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Who was the guru of Chanakya? [closed]

We all know Chanakya a.k.a Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra. I would like to know that, who was his Guru and which school of thought did he follow?
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When were the Vedas classified into four?

It is said that Veda was one and later Vyasa arranged it into four ( rig sama yaju atharva) and then propagated through his pupil and hence we got shakhaas etc. What was time when vedas were ...
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What are the different sampradayas under the “shanmatha” branches?

Like the various Vaishanava sampradayas, what are the major disciplic lines for the other 5 sects... Shaiva, Shakta, Ganapatya, Kaumara and Saura?
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1answer
157 views

Reference to China in Manusmṛti?

In his column What exactly is the Manusmriti?, Devdutt Pattanaik says the Manu mentions China. Which verse(s) is he referring to? Manusmriti was composed roughly around 200 CE (Common Era). We know ...
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When did Shaivism start?

In terms of history of India, when did Shaivism appear? I don't mean references to Lord Shiva, I mean Shaivism as a religious entity.
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555 views

How did lord Rama perform penance for Ravana after killing him?

In this video, Sadguru Jaggi Vasudeva says that Shri Rama performed 1 year penance in Himalayas for killing Ravana, who was a great devotee of lord Shiva. Is it true? If yes, then how did he do ...
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1answer
107 views

Why Kumarila Bhatta sacrificed his life?

Kumarila Bhatta burnt his body in front of the whole villagers. What was the reason behind this act of his?
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119 views

Age of sanatan dharma till today [duplicate]

What's the exact age of sanatan dharma ? And when it started. whats the date it started.?
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Was Kumārila Bhaṭṭa the first to argue that the Vedas were apauruṣeya (authorless)?

Wikipedia says: 2. Every extant school held some scripture to be correct. To show that the Veda was the only correct scripture, Bhaṭṭa ingeniously said that "the absence of an author would ...
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What was the dialogue (debate) between YajnaMurti and Ramanujacharya?

While reading the biography of Sri Ramanujacharya, I've read one story of YajnaMurti (यज्ञमूर्ति), (You can read it from Internet Archive pg. 107) who was the believer of Advaita. He was pundit of ...
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59 views

Why is Garba performed?

I came to know that in many parts of India Garba is performed. Is there any secret behind that? When did the practice of Garba start?
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1answer
87 views

Difference between old and new temple of Yadagiri gutta

I recently visited Yadagiri gutta sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple with my parents and siblings. While going back I came to know that we don't visit the old temple. I did search on the wiki about ...
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2answers
308 views

Didn't the Sati practice exist in India? [duplicate]

There's a YouTube channel called FMF, which makes videos on Indian culture and Hinduism. Recently one of its videos focused on the Sati practice. here's the link to that video. It will also be ...
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1answer
166 views

What is the story behind the legendary temple of the virgin Goddess, Kanya Kumari?

As the question title says I would like to read references from some authentic resources (scriptures, if possible) about the story behind the legendary temple of the virgin Goddess, Kanya Kumari, like ...
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Before taking Samadhi Dnyaneshwar did follow Ashtangyoga?

Ashtangyoga contains 8 parts in yoga. Ashta means 8. Ashtangyoga - Yam Niyam Aasan Pranayam Pratyahar Dharana Dhyan Samadhi These are eight parts of Ashtangyoga. The saint Dnyaneshwar has taken ...
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1answer
179 views

Did Vedanta Desikan debate Tuvarapati Kavalar?

The Sri Vaishnava sect has two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Vadakalais follow the teachings of Vedanta Desikan, whereas Thenkalais follow the teachings of Pillai Lokacharya. Now the Vedanta ...
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0answers
153 views

Did Vedanta Desikan perform Samashrayanam for Vidyaranya?

The famous 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan was childhood friends with the Advaita philosopher Vidyaranya, who served as the Shankaracharya of Sringeri and chief advisor of the ...
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5answers
969 views

Why Gayatri mantra is widely recited by non-bramhins nowadays which was once the stronghold of only the brahmins?

Is there any reason for release of Gayatri mantra to non brahmins and even to women? I think such practice is irregular. Who is responsible for deviation from very ancient practice and making it ...
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Are there any curse associated with Padmanabhaswamy temple & Sabrimala of Kerala, India?

Padmanabhaswamy kshetra and Sabrimala area are 2 of the most sacred places in the state of Kerala, India. In recent years, there have been certain controversies associated with them, where the ...
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Was there any Rishi/Sant/Saint by the name of Maadan?

I was reading an article about Shukracharya here, which says: There lived Saint Maadan in ancient India, once he visits an Ashram (residential area for saints in jungle) and see beautiful ...
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0answers
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Is Agathyar (Agastya) from Ramayana same as the one who lived in Tamil Nadu 5000 years back?

We all know Agathyar (Agastya) had a part to play in Ramayana. But was it the same Agathyar who lived in Tamil Nadu 5000 years back as 1st Siddhar? His famous writing is Agathyar 12000 songs & his ...
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Who is the goddess depicted as “Bharat Mata” & why is she having Indian tricolor flag?

What is the story of Bharat Mata? What's her connection with the Indian national flag?
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1answer
417 views

Norse mythology and hindu scriptures

I don't have a question but I was reading about J.R.R. Tolkien and it's books, and I found many similarities with our scriptures. I am not even sure that is it debatable or not. Now like, most of the ...
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1answer
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Is Velukkudi Krishnan from a Swayamacharya lineage?

As I discuss in this question, the Sri Vaishnava sect (of which I'm a member) is divided into two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Both Thenkalais and Vadakalais have Mathams, similar to the ...
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How has been the religious exchange among India and the West after Vivekananda's Chicago speech?

Swami Vivekananda in his time had stated that spiritualism grew at a faster rate in India contrasting to the West, where materialism developed faster. In his later life he had in fact been ...
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0answers
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Thrivikrama Avatar

When God Narayana incarnated Thrivikrama avatar he kept his feet on Mahabali and showed his finger upwards. Thirumangai alwar composed a lyric on this and Thirugnanasambandar after hearing the ...
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1answer
453 views

Which is the oldest of all Purāṇas?

I was trying to answer Which scripture was first to identify Buddha as an avatar of Lord Vishnu? but then I don't know which is the oldest of the Purāṇas. I'm not looking for references from Purāṇas ...
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0answers
70 views

Was Buddha a Hindu? [duplicate]

I was wondering where to post such a question. I chose Hinduism because it is the most liberal religion. My question is: Was Buddha a Hindu? Was he a Kshatriya?
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54 views

What is the oldest scripture which explains how a temple should be built?

What is the oldest (surviving) Hindu scripture which explains how a temple should be built, maintained, and what should be its day-to-day affairs? Is an English translation of the same available? Is ...
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3answers
209 views

Which characters of Mahābhārata are also mentioned in the Vedas?

By characters, I mean people (kings, queens and sages) like Kṛṣṇa, Yudhiṣṭhira, Arjuna, Dhṛtarāṣṭra, Duryodhana, Draupadī, Vyāsa, etc. and not gods/mythological beings like Indra, Agni, Śiva and Viṣṇu....
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0answers
62 views

Which characters of Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa are also mentioned in the Vedas?

By characters, I mean people (kings, queens and sages) like Daśaratha, Rāma, Janaka, Sītā, Viśvāmitra, Vasiṣṭha, etc. and not gods/mythological beings like Indra, Agni, Śiva and Viṣṇu. And by Vedas, ...
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1answer
305 views

If some of the early Alwars used to consider Venkateswara as Shiva and Vishnu both then what's the proof of it?

Venkateswara, AFAIK, is a form of Lord Vishnu. And, Alwars a group of Tamil Vaishnavite saints. But, the article, Sri Venkateswara on the Kamakotimandali.org, says that initially, the Alwars used to ...