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Also known as jivatma, it is the soul of any living being. or jiva (Sanskrit: "the embodied atman") Individual Self.

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What is the difference between Nirvikalpa Samadi and Moksha?

When the jivatman unites with Paratman, Ananda of spirit is experienced is this Moksha or Nirvikalpa Samadi what is the difference ?
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Aren't the definitions of Jiva by Bhamati and Vivarna the same?

Is there really a difference between Bhamati's definition of Jiva and Vivarna's definition of Jiva? Below i've posted a passage from the book - The Introduction to Swami Swahananda’s translation of ...
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Do different forms of life have different value?

In an answer I recently read: Do you not think the karma of killing a small insect is less than the karma of contributing to the death of a human? I do not know. Life is life, correct? Is it ...
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What is the prakAra-prakAri (attribute-substance) relationship between Brahman and Jiva in Vishishtadvaita?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaita has seven types of Brahman-Jiva relationships: sharIra/sharIrI (body/indweller) prakAra/prakArI (attribute/substance) shesha/sheshi (owned/owner) niyamya/niyanta (...
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Do any non-vaishnavite scriptures say well-known Gods are only positions attained by Jivas?

this seems to be a uniquely vaishnavite concept. I don't recall Siva worshipers, Ganesa worshipers et al claiming that Gods they consider subordinate are Jivas.
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What are the limitations of the Jivatma after death?

While living, a Jivatma through a body can think, walk, talk etc...but can it do such things after death? For 10 days, Jivatma remains at familiar places and afterwards is carried away to the abode of ...
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Why are we under Maya and Avidya if we are Brahman?

According to Advaita Vedanta, we i.e. Jivas are all Brahman in reality but are under Maya and Avidya. I want to know how Maya and Avidya came into Brahman? P.S. I am aware that Maya has no beginning....
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Who are the Ātivāhikas who guide the soul to heaven or hell?

The Sanskrit term Ātivāhika literally means ‘one who leads beyond’. This Hindupedia article mentions them as the deities or divine guides who lead the jīva to the next destination in its onward ...
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How do Advaitins counter the rebuttal of Ramanujacharya on Advaita Vedanta in His commentary on Bhagavad Gita 2.12?

Shree Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita 2.12 states: "There never was a time when I did not exist, nor you, nor any of these temporal kings. Nor will there be any time in future when ...
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Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists, then why do saints, Shankaracharyas, and others strive to realise Brahman, and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman itself ...
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Does any doctrine/philosophy believe that Jiva emerges from (and merges into) Brahman?

According to Advaita, ultimately there is no difference between Jiva and Brahman. The individuality of Jivas are perceived due to the ignorance. (Actually Jiva never originates according to Gaudapada ...
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How do different Astika schools prove the existence of the soul?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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279 views

What is the size of the soul according to the different Astika schools?

There are two kinds of schools of Indian philosophy, Astika and Nastika. Astikas accept the authority of the Vedas, whereas Nastikas reject the authority of the Vedas. The Astika schools are part of ...
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How do different Vedantic philosophies prove the existence of the soul?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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According to Dvaita theory why did the Paramatma populate the earth?

Paramatma and Jeevatma live happily in the Vaikuntha Loka. Jeevatma is doing his karma by praying to Paramatma. Paramatma is doing his Karma by bestowing blessing on his followers. Now my question ...
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What is Kumarila Bhatta's view of the relation between Jivatma and Paramatma?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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What is the difference between jeevatma and kaarana sareera

What is the difference between jeevatma and kaarana sareera (causal body)?
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Is Tulasi a single jeeva or a class of jeevas or something else?

Tulasi is the most sacred plant in Hinduism, from worship to death bed Tulasi is required. In other words, Tulasi is an integral part of Hindu rituals. What is Tulasi - a single jeevatman or a set of ...
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Why does the Jiva reside in Brahman during deep sleep?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school, which bases its tenets on the doctrines laid out in the Brahma Sutras, a work by the sage Vyasa ...
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260 views

Are dreams created by Jivatma or Paramatma?

Are dreams created by Jivatma or Paramatma? What is the take of Badarayana as per Brahma Sutras and the three principal commentators on it viz. Ramanuja, Shankara and Madhva? Please provide relevant ...
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Soul-creation and Vedanta [duplicate]

Do all VedAnta philosophies, that is, philosophies based on badarAyana's brahma sutra, reject creation of souls by God?
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758 views

Relationship between Jiva, Bramhan, World according to Vishitadvaita [duplicate]

What is explanation for the following relationships between jiva and bramhan and which is most appropriate.
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333 views

The Theory of Relation as per Visistadvaita Philosophy

I am going to explain to clear the doubt of Relation between Jiva and Brahman Through the Visistadvaita Philsophy. This is totally different form Differences between Advaita & Vishishtadvaita ...
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Papa karma and rebirth [duplicate]

If person breaks legs of animals Whether he has to spend this karma in animal birth or he can spend in human birth also?
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Is every Jeeva “eternal” like the ultimate God (nirguna Brahman) or “temporary” within cycle?

"Temporary" vs "Eternal": "Temporary" (may be sat-asat) means, something which keeps changing. It survives by repetition. "Eternal" (may be param akshara) means, with respect to which all these ...
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What is a soul? Does it exist in all living things?

What is a soul? Does it exist in all living things? If yes, then what is difference between; Souls of two human beings Souls of a human being and another living thing
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What is difference between Aatma, Jeevatma and Paramatma?

Jivatma – Soul Atma– Self Paramatma - God Jivatma is the individual, and Atma and Paramatma are Universal. What is difference between Aatma, Jeevatma and Paramatma?
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When and how the atmas were created? [duplicate]

When and how the atmas were created? Which sacred text explain it?
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How can one reverse the impression of a karma knowing that it is wrong?

Being a Hindu, we are all aware that all karma eventually gets back to us. If we perform a negative karma, sooner or later the negative effects of our earlier karma will catch us up. In addition, we ...
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Can a single jiva which is whole and indivisible be cut and become many?

Is there a single jiva (life) associated with a single body or is it that many jivas are associated with a single body? Hinduism tells us that there is only one jiva to each body. If that really is ...