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Questions tagged [mahabharata]

The epic by Veda Vyasa narrating the great war fought in India between the Kauravas and the Pandavas.

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Which words are used by Pandavas to address Dhritarashtra and Gandhari?

Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva are the names of Pandavas. Pandu is the father of Pandavas. Kunti is mother of Yudhishthira, Bhima and Arjuna. Madri is mother of Nakula and Sahadeva....
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2answers
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Why nothing specific written on killing innocent people in geeta [on hold]

If a man kills an innocent man he kills the whole mankind . And if a man saves an innocent man he saves the whole mankind. Why such things not written in geeta
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Did Duryodhana plan Rajasuya to establish Dharma?

After the Rajasuya by Yudhistira, Duryodhana also tries to perform it with the help of Karna. What is the intention of Duryodhana in performing Rajasuya? Is it mentioned in Mahabharata?
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What does it mean by Vidura entering Yudhishthira’ body?

As explained in this answer, Vidura left his mortal body and entered Yudhishthira’s Possessed of great intelligence, he then (by his Yoga-power) entered the body of Yudhishthira, limb by limb. ...
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Was Drishtadyumna invincible and not slayable until he had killed Drona?

Since he had the boon that he was going to kill Drona - he was basically invincible until he had accomplished that. Does the Mahabharata talk about this?
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What stanzas in Vyasa Mahabharata convey that Sri Krishna held Bhishma as adharmic or protecting adharma?

In Gita, he already tells Arjuna that bheeshma, drona & karna were already slain by him, so Arjuna shouldnt worry and just kill his enemies. That is a very indirect message. But are there other ...
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How pure were the castes at the time Manu-Smriti was written?

http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m13/m13b012.htm Mahabharata seems to suggest caste-mixing was already happening: "Bhishma said, 'The Brahmana, the Kshatriya, and the Vaisya are regarded as the ...
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1answer
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What is the basis for Vaishampayana's claim that the Saraswati became invisible because of her contempt for Sudras and Abhiras?

As mentioned in the Mahabharata: Vaishampayana said, "Then Valadeva, O king, proceeded to Vinasana where the Sarasvati hath become invisible in consequence of her contempt for Sudras and Abhiras. ...
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Who committed more acts of Adharma in the Mahabharata war? [on hold]

The killing of Abhimanyu was purely Dharmic - but even accepting Krishna's word for it as he addressed the defeated Duryodhana - http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m09/m09061.htm "'Vasudeva said, "...
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How and when did Karna came to know that he was a kshatriya?

I have read in many questions related to this on stackexchange (like Mahabharat Parshuram's curse) that Karna knew that he was a Kshatriya. But who told Karna about his original caste and when?
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Does the Mahabharata give reasons why Duryodhana went to heaven?

http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/m10/m10009.htm Ashwatthama is reporting his night-slaughter to the dying Duryodhana: Going from this world, O monarch, and meeting with those mighty car-warriors (...
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1answer
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Is there any instance of Shiva showing his vishwaroopa in the Mahabharata?

In Mahabharata, Krishna/Vishnu shows his viswaroopa 4 times. Is there a similar instance of Shiva showing his viswaroopa? Question is specific to Mahabharata.
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How do the Sanskrit epics mark a turning point to Hinduism?

How do events in the epics relate to a gradual change in Hinduism, eg the game of dice, Yalsha's riddles, the war etc? Does it mark the introduction of buddhism at all?
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Did Bhima drink the blood of Duhsasana in the Mahabharata war?

It is said that Bhima drank the blood of Duhsasana in the Mahabharata war. Please post the relevant verses from the Mahabharata about this.
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How did Vidura die in the Mahabharata?

As per my knowledge, Vidura was the Prime Minister of the Hastinapur and resigned from the post as war was decided. After the end of war, Yudhishthira appointed him as Prime Minister. But I've never ...
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1answer
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What are the meaning of the names: Rudra, Maruth, Vasu?

I'm trying to translate the "Legend of the Virtuous Crane" from this video: Vanvasa Parv By Sadhguru | Mahabharat into my own language. But however, I have a hard time understanding 3 words that ...
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3answers
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How exactly did the killing of Abhimanyu violate the agreed-upon rules of war?

Many on one - Abhimanyu was a Maharathi or something - I believe they can be attacked by many at the same time. He fought till the end and never surrendered. The Kauravas didn't come looking for him - ...
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Gopis' views on Sri Krishna stealing their cloths [duplicate]

I see some atheists saying Sri Krishna possessed bad behavior since he stole the clothes of the gopis while they were bathing. (I DO NOT AGREE WITH THEM) They also say the gopies may not have liked ...
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1answer
53 views

Why did Dronacharya not become a guru of Ekalavya?

I am eager to know the reason why did Dronacharya not become a guru of Ekalavya whereas he become a guru of Kauravas and Paandavas". What is the reason he rejected Ekalavya?
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In saptha vyasanalu, “speaking rudely” is also there or not

In saptha vyasanalu, is speaking rudely is also there? That means man is not by nature rude, only addicted to that character. Please any body explain.
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1answer
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Are there instances in Hinduism where Dharma is cited to both support and oppose an act?

For example - the killing of Duryodhana is condemned by Baladeva and celestial beings showered flowers on the fatally wounded Duryodhana when he chastised Krishna for his acts of treachery throughout ...
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How many times was Dwaraka invaded in the absence of Krishna as narrated in the Mahabharata or other puranas?

How many times was Dwaraka invaded in the absence of Krishna as narrated in the Mahabharata or other puranas? One is known to me when king Shalva attacked Dwaraka to avenge the killing of his friend ...
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2answers
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Did Bhima have the strength of 10000 elephants?

I remember a story to that effect - is it in the Mahabharata?
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1answer
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Was Duryodhana a better mace-fighter than Bhima?

Does Mahabharata say somewhere that Duryodhana was a better mace fighter than Bhima? If so, was that why Bhima used unfair tactics in their climactic fight?
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1answer
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What are the differences between the Jaya version and the main Mahabharata?

And also, is the Jaya version available online in English?
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Why did Vinda and Anuvinda share Avanti?

As I know, Vinda and Anuvinda were the kings of Avanti, they were defeated by Sahadeva in their Digvijaya, they supported the Kauravas and they were finally killed by Arjuna on the 14th. My question ...
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1answer
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Is the “narayanam namaskrtya” benedictory initial stanza present in the critical editions of the Mahabharata?

D.D. Kosambi writes that V.S. Suktankar's 1933 text-criticism rejected it. What do different critical editions say about that?
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Why Dronacharya demanded to make King Drupada prisoner in his Guru Dakshina?

Why Dronacharya demanded to make king Drupada prisoner in his gurudakshina? any specific reason? Gurudakshina was for Duryodhana(Kaurava and Pandavas), then why did he take Karna and army to take ...
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Does Moksha Dharma Parva contain this alleged quotation from it?

In an answer to the question How were the Trimurthi born? The following material is quoted: ' As Krishna says in the Shanti Parva of the Mahabharata, "The ancestors of civilization, and entities ...
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How exactly did Duryodhana die?

He didn't die from the actual battle in which his thighs were shattered. The Pandavas and Krishna just left him to his fate and he was able to talk to Ashwatthama when he came to talk to him. Does ...
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Why did Yudhishthira give 2,640,000 female slaves to Brahmanas?

This question is NOT a duplicate of the above. My question "Why did Yudhishthira give 2,640,000 female slaves to Brahmanas?" is different from "Was slavery allowed in Mahabarata times?" In the ...
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1answer
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Many versions of Ithihasa and Puranas, which versions can be true? [duplicate]

Two different versions of Mahabharata are available, Northern and southern recension. Both of them don't have same number of chapters and verses. For example, Sabha Parva of kumbakonam version of ...
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Metre(s) in Mahabharata

Are different poetic metres used in the Mahabharata? In particular, are the Bhagavad Gita and Vishnu Sahasranama in the same metre as the rest of the Mahabharata?
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Is Draupadi the daughter of Nala and Damayanti in her previous life?

Indrasena is the daughter of Nala and Damayanti. SECTION LVII of Nalopakhyana Parva of Vana Parva of the Mahabharata contains it "Vrihadaswa continued, 'Then at the sacred hour of the holy lunar ...
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How much region can be controlled by performing Rajasuya?

It has been mentioned in Mahabharata that two kings: Yudhistira and Harishchandra performed Rajasuya. Control of how much region will be gained by performing Rajasuya? Will it cover the whole earth ...
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Who killed Shakuni?

Shakuni, son of Subala, was king of Gandhara. In Mahabharata, who killed the Shakuni during the Kurukshetra war?
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Did Sahadeva have the knowledge of past, present and the future? [duplicate]

I want to know if sources like the Mahabharata, translated by KM Ganguli or the critical Edition of the Mahabharata translated by Bibek Debroy, say that Sahadeva knew the past, present and future. I'...
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Are there Acharyas who talk about Krishna offering Droupadi to Karna as a wife?

As I know, there are almost 20 translators from the Mahabharata including KMG and BORI that contain the translation of Krishna offering Droupadi as a wife. But I'm curious if Acharyas have talked ...
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1answer
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What are the three forms not explicitly mentioned in the Shanti Parva of Mahbharat?

I found this passage in Shanti Parva of Mahabharat: Assuming a form that is manifest, I dwell, at present, in the heavens. At the end of a thousand Yugas I shall once more with-draw the ...
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Why was Parikshit chosen as the successor of Yudhishthira?

It is true that 3 sons of Arjuna, 2 sons of Bhima and 1 son of Nakula, Sahadeva and Yudhishthira died. But as I know, Bhima, Yudhishthira, Nakula and Sahadeva had more children who did not participate ...
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1answer
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Why does the Apsara Menaka keep abandoning her children?

It is well known that Menaka had a daughter with Vishvamitra by the name of Shakuntala, whom she abandoned during infancy because she didn't intend to have the child. This daughter was later adopted ...
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Who is King Yavana mentioned in Anushasana Parva of Mahabharat?

In Anushasana Parva (165), Bhishma tells Yudhishthira about the names of the deities, Rishis and Kings to be duly recited for efficacious cleansing of all sins. The following is the (abbreviated) ...
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Has there been any mention of withdrawal of maya sarees by Krishna in any version of Mahabharata?

It is stated in the video by the Swamiji (as narrated to him by his Guru) Lord Krishna supplied unending sheet lengths of saree at first as a rescue measure in the hour of Draupadi's need when ...
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Is the roudra weapon really the same weapon as the pashupata weapon?

As I know, when Arjuna did penance to Indra, Shiva referred to the pashupata weapon as "roudra" but also as a pashupata, implying that it is another name of the weapon according to Shiva: '"O great ...
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1answer
36 views

Are there details of the fight between Chitrangada and the gandharva with the same name?

I want to know if there are details of the fight between Chitrangada (brother of Bhishma) and the gandharva with the same name.
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What is a ratha, atiratha and maharatha? [duplicate]

I want to know what is the difference between ratha, maharatha and atiratha. I do not mean Maharathi, rathi, atirathi, etc.
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What versions describe Arjuna blinding Bhagadatta?

According to this page it says that Arjuna blinded Bhagadatta but in BORI Arjuna kills Bhagadatta without doing that, whereas in KMG it is described that after his death, the handkerchief that kept ...
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1answer
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Is it true that Vyasa only narrated the War of Kurukshetra and the Ashvamedha conquest of Arjuna?

I have read several times that Vyasa only wrote from Bhishma Parva to Ashvamedhika Parva, while Vaishampayana extended the work by adding Adi Parva, Sabha Parva, Vana Parva, Virata Parva, etc. Is this ...
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What is “Das Mahābhārata Und Seine Theile” about? Is there an English translation of the same?

The German Sanskrit professor Adolf Holtzmann has a written a 4-volume book on the Mahābhārata titled Das Mahābhārata Und Seine Theile. It's available at archive.org. What is this book and its 4 ...
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1answer
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Is the Virata war an interpolation according to BORI scholars? [closed]

As I know, in Mahabharata, Vyasa says there was no fight between Karna and Arjuna after the first one got Vasavi Shakti. But, Bhishma, Kripa, Shalya and Dhritarashtra narrate about the failures of ...