Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [manu-smriti]

The Law of Manu- Manusmriti also known as Manav Dharam Shastra, is the earliest metrical work on Brahminical Dharma in Hinduism.

1
vote
1answer
109 views

Reference to China in Manusmṛti?

In his column What exactly is the Manusmriti?, Devdutt Pattanaik says the Manu mentions China. Which verse(s) is he referring to? Manusmriti was composed roughly around 200 CE (Common Era). We know ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

Which Manusmṛti verses were written exclusively for vaiśyas and śūdras?

In his column What exactly is the Manusmriti?, Devdutt Pattanaik makes the following claim. Of the nearly 2,500 verses, more than a thousand are for brahmins, more than a thousand for kings, ...
9
votes
2answers
154 views

How to reconcile prāyaścitta (expiation) involving death with suicide (itself a big sin)?

A twice-born person, having, through folly, drunk wine, shall drink wine red-hot; he becomes freed from his guilt, when his body has been completely burnt by it. — (90) (Manusmriti verse 11....
3
votes
0answers
55 views

What are the origins/geneology of various mleccha tribes?

“Those various men of Kṣatriya birth — Dramiḻas, Kaliṅgas, Pulindas, Uśīnaras, Kaulas, Sarpas, and Māhiṣakas — have reached the level of Śūdras because no Brahmins are seen among them.” ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

How does manu smriti has mentions of tribes which were not present at the time of manu?

pauṇḍrakāścauḍradraviḍāḥ kāmbojā yavanāḥ śakāḥ |  pāradāpahlavāścīnāḥ kirātā daradāḥ khaśāḥ || 44 || The Puṇḍrakas, the Coḍas, the Draviḍas, the Kāmbojas, the Yavanas, the Śākas, the Pāradas, ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Why does Manu Smriti declare temple priests as sinful?

"Physicians, temple priests, sellers of meat, and those who subsist by shop-keeping must be avoided at sacrifices offered to the gods and to the manes." (Manusmriti: 3/152) "(Food) given to a ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

How can agama be treated as shruti?

Agamas as shruti : Hindpedia says Sruti, the eternal word, is said to be of two forms – Nigama (Veda) and Agama Also, Sri Vaishnava Acharya Yamunacharya (who was Ramanujacharya's guru's guru) ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

if there is difference of opinion between purana and gita and dharmashashtras(like: manusmriti etc), which will take more precedence?

if there is difference of opinion between purana and bhagvad gita and dharmashashtras(like: manusmriti etc), and they are interpreting vedas in their own manner to support their views. Now, then ...
2
votes
2answers
391 views

Does Manusmriti go against Vedas?

Doesn't barring Sudras(who form feet of Purusha) from studying Vedas and making them non-Vedic handicap the Purusha?
6
votes
1answer
234 views

Is there any verse or historical evidence suggesting that manusmriti is more authoritative than other smritis?

1) Among Dharmasmritis(Manusmriti, Naradasmriti , Parashara Smriti,Yajnavalkya Smrti ... etc) , is there any verse or historical evidence which suggests that manusmriti is more authoritative/followed ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Were the harsher punishments laid out in smṛtis actually carried out or they merely served as a deterrent?

Were some of the harsher punishments laid out in smṛtis like the Manu actually carried out (any real examples?) or they merely served as a deterrent? From Manusmṛti: On abusing a Brāhmaṇa the ...
3
votes
2answers
374 views

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti?

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti considering that all the four major schools of Hinduism(Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smarta tradition) only consider Vedas and Upanishads ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

in which sect of hinduism manusmriti is canonical text?

Vedanta canonical text is prasthantrayi consisting of Upanishads,Gita , Brahma Sutra Sri vidya authoritative/canonical scriptures are Jyanarnava Tantra, Vamakeswara Tantram, Sri Krama, Dkashinamurty ...
3
votes
0answers
165 views

Manu 3.271 - Which translators/commentators interpret 'gavyena' as beef (cow meat)?

I shall now fully describe what offering-material, on being offered to the Pitṛs, according to role, serves for a long time, and for eternity.—(266) By the proper offering of sesamum, rice ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

What is the view of different dharma shastras on domestic violence against women?

What do different dharma shastras say about domestic violence against women, is domestic violence treated as sin in majority of them? I would like to know from different dharma shastras especially the ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

What is the punishment for simply being an atheist and not committing blasphemy?

I want to know what punishment is given simply for being an atheist. I don't want to know how atheism is accepted, but rather what the scriptures hold against you, if you practice atheism and do not ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

What does ManuSmriti or ManuDharma say about adultery

1) What does Manusmriti say about adultery? 2) Are there any punishments given for adultery? Are the punishments different for castes of different people? Are punishments different fro inter-caste ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Mentions of the metal Mercury in Scriptures (other than in Ayurveda and Siddha and related books)

I'm trying to study Indian history and how mercury was used in Ancient India. I know mercury is used in Ayurveda and Siddha. However I don't want to get quotes related to these two fileds. I want ...
2
votes
1answer
443 views

Mentions of intercaste marriage in ManuSmriti or Manu Dharma

Trying to study ManuSmriti. 1) What does Manusmriti say about inter-caste marriages? 2) Are there any punishments given for inter-caste marriages? 3) Are there any mentions of inter-caste marriages ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

Is meat eating outside of yajnas considered sin for Varnas like kshatriyas and sudras too?

Just like all religions Hinduism also maintains that eating animals outside of religious sphere, without offering it to god (s) leads to sin/bad karma, is this applicable unto kshatriyas too?
4
votes
0answers
70 views

Why do Brahmacharis who break the vow of celibacy need to sacrifice a donkey as atonement?

From Apastamba Dharma Sutras 1.9.26.8: A [student] who has broken the vow of chastity, shall offer to Nirṛiti an ass, according to the manner of the Pāka-yajña-rites. This same Prayaschitta is ...
6
votes
0answers
81 views

Where is the injunction to do Sandhyavandanam found in the Vedas?

I know the injunction for Dvijas to do Sandhyavandanam is found in the Manusmriti, but where is this injunction found in the Vedas? The Gayatri mantra is found in the Vedas, but where is the ...
7
votes
0answers
107 views

Why is food smelt by a cow impure when cow's dung and urine is used for purification rites?

Manu-smṛti 5.123: पक्षिजग्धं गवा घ्रातमवधूतमवक्षुतम् । दूषितं केशकीटैश्च मृत्प्रक्षेपेण शुध्यति ॥ १२३ ॥ pakṣijagdhaṃ gavā ghrātamavadhūtamavakṣutam | dūṣitaṃ keśakīṭaiśca ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Does varna mean color?

I came across a post of an atheist page on facebook that stated that "varna means color, so varna might attribute to color based discrimination along side cast based discrimination" is that true?
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Are there any blasphemy laws in the dharma śāstras?

According to some comments & answers to What are the after-effects of insulting gods/goddesses? it appears that in the grand scheme of things, the Karma theory is going take care of all those who ...
6
votes
0answers
88 views

Which verses in the Vedas describe humans as the same as Pashus?

I remember seeing some Vedic verses related to this (either in Rig or Atharva Veda) and they were either talking about all animals and in that humans were too there or like that only but thinking (...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is Arya really?

In vedas the word arya appears may be it is addressed to indra too but i have listened that "ARYAS belong to no race" those are aryas who read vedas and those who not are called shudra. So do ...
6
votes
2answers
102 views

If my father doesn't study the Veda, does this make me ineligible to learn Vedas?

Manusmriti 2.168 योऽनधीत्य द्विजो वेदमन्यत्र कुरुते श्रमम् । स जीवन्नेव शूद्रत्वमाशु गच्छति सान्वयः ॥ The twice-born man, who, not having learnt the Veda, labors over other things, soon ...
8
votes
1answer
174 views

Is there any rule in Shastras for women to be kanyas even after marriage

Manu Smriti Says Sixteen (days and) nights (in each month), including four days which differ from the rest and are censured by the virtuous, (are called) the natural season of women. 3.46 ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

Where can I read Manusmriti along with all its commentaries in English?

Manusmriti has more than six commentaries so far (Bhāruci, Medhātithi, Govindarāja, Kullūka, Nārāyana, Sarvajnanarayana, Nandana, Raghavananda, Ramacandra). Only Medhatithi commentary is available ...
3
votes
1answer
737 views

Who is Svayambhuva Manu's mother?

Refer this Prajapatis – the 10 sons of Lord Brahma It is said that Prajapatis are believed to be the fathers of the human race. Since all these sons were born out of his mind rather than body, they ...
2
votes
1answer
228 views

What are the causes of losing your caste?

Scriptures such as the Manusmriti give us the causes of the loss of varna of a person. What are these causes?
5
votes
2answers
299 views

What is the criteria for being a dvija? Is anyone who has undergone upanayana a dvija?

Nowadays only the Brahmin caste undergoes upanayana. For example, we are Kshatriya Varna (by birth) but we have not undergone upnayana. Question- Is anyone who has not undergone the upanayana ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

What are the impure substances from which prohibited food grows

Manu RIshi talks about prohibited food items in Manu Smriti verse 5.5, the original verse is लशुनं गृञ्जनं चैव पलाण्डुं कवकानि च । अभक्ष्याणि द्विजातीनाममेध्यप्रभवानि च ॥ ५ ॥ Garlic, leeks ...
1
vote
1answer
471 views

Why Manusmriti and Mahabharata say women are living lies?

Manusmriti 9:17 शय्याऽऽसनमलङ्कारं कामं क्रोधमनार्जवम् । द्रोहभावं कुचर्यां च स्त्रीभ्यो मनुरकल्पयत् ॥ १७ ॥ śayyā''sanamalaṅkāraṃ kāmaṃ krodhamanārjavam | drohabhāvaṃ kucaryāṃ ca strībhyo ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

What is Hinduism's view on gender-equality and feminism?

Hinduism has been generally regarded by many western scholars to be supporting male dominance because of texts such as Manusmriti. However, such texts have been found in various versions with some ...
4
votes
1answer
316 views

Why Shudras are not allowed to have wealth?

Manu Smriti 10.129 "No collection of wealth must be made by a Sudra, even though he be able (to do it); for a Sudra who has acquired wealth, gives pain to Brahmanas."
6
votes
4answers
329 views

Manu 2.14 - Any examples of conflicts in Vedic texts? Is Manusmṛti itself a Vedic text?

Manusmṛti 2.14 says: श्रुतिद्वैधं तु यत्र स्यात् तत्र धर्मावुभौ स्मृतौ । उभावपि हि तौ धर्मौ सम्यगुक्तौ मनीषिभिः ॥ १४ ॥ śrutidvaidhaṃ tu yatra syāt tatra dharmāvubhau smṛtau | ubhāvapi hi ...
2
votes
2answers
540 views

What would be the varna of son born out of Ugra father & Kshatriya Woman?

What would be the Varna of a son born out of Ugra father & Kshatriya mother? From Manu smriti chapter 10 From a Kshatriya and the daughter of a Sudra springs a being, called Ugra, resembling ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

What are the canonical texts in Hinduism for morality and ethics?

There are several texts in Hinduism which flirts with the idea of morality and ethics. Itihiasa texts like Mahabharata and Ramayana gives a subjective aura around the subject of morality, notably the ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

In his lecture to Vāli, which Manu-smṛti verses is Rāma talking about?

From here, Rāma, in his lecture to Vāli, defending his actions, mentions the following two verses from Manu-smṛti. Which exact verses (ch. and verse no.) from Manu is Rāma referring to? 'When kings ...
3
votes
3answers
252 views

On verses, from major Hindu texts, similar in purport to those found in the Bhagawat Gita

The Mahabharatha, which is one of the two "Itihasa" texts among Hindu Scriptures,is a work by Sri Vyasa. It also contains the "Bhagawat Gita"(BG), the discourse given by Lord Krishna to Arjuna during ...
6
votes
1answer
182 views

What is the source of the Sanskrit śloka that lists the four corner-stones of dharma?

Vedah Smritah Sadaachaarah Svasyacha priyamaatmanah, Etad chaturvidham praahuh saakshaat Dharmasya lakshanam The four corner-stones of Dharma are Veda, Smriti, Sadaachaara and above all, ...
6
votes
2answers
813 views

Which smṛtis (dharma śāstras) are to be followed in Kali-yuga?

Which smṛti or smṛtis (Manu, Parāśara, Yājñavalkya etc.) are to be followed in Kali-yuga§? The Parāśara smṛti supposedly mentions that it is meant for Kali-yuga. Do we have similar statements in ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

Yogam and Karnam

I came to know there are 27 Yogams and 11 Karnams. Half a thithi is one karnam. In this too 7 karnams will move and 4 karnams will not. Are there any instances in smritis [manu] or puranas [any]or ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Manu Smriti as a source of controversy

Many contemporary groups (fundamentalist Christians and Muslims; secular liberals; Marxists) have denounced the "Manu Smriti" text as a source of discrimination against the "lesser castes" as well as ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Is it wrong according to Hinduism to marry a girl name Swati?

Manu Smriti 3.9 says this: "A man should not marry a woman named after a constellation". Now, Swati is a constellation. So, is it wrong to marry a girl named Swati?
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How do we decide what is dharma and adharma?

In real life there are circumstances where we are in dwanda (indecisive state of mind) and we cannot make a clear decision on what is dharma and what is adharma. For example: When someone with the ...
2
votes
0answers
347 views

How is killing of black deer for skin and other products justified

Shatpath Bramhana says that brahmin boys should cover their bodies with skin of Black Deer or Krishna Mriga (Black Buck), and this is okay if they don't just kill them for that purpose. A dead buck's ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Where can I find Manu Smriti with Sanskrit & Hindi translation?

I want Manu Smriti with Sanskrit slokas and their Hindi translation. Where can I find it?