Questions tagged [manu-smriti]

The Law of Manu- Manusmriti also known as Manav Dharam Shastra, is the earliest metrical work on Brahminical Dharma in Hinduism.

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What does our scripture say about marriage? Why should we marry?

I heard from Parama Pujya Morari Bapu's Rama Katha that starting from our birth we have parents supporting us in every situation until they become old. And we have our friends and family members also ...
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How to reconcile prāyaścitta (expiation) involving death with suicide (itself a big sin)?

A twice-born person, having, through folly, drunk wine, shall drink wine red-hot; he becomes freed from his guilt, when his body has been completely burnt by it. — (90) (Manusmriti verse 11....
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Is the Manusmriti written to favor a particular class of the society?

Critics say the Manusmriti is pro-Brahmin, and written by casteist Brahmins by favoring particular section of society and thereby oppressing Shudras, women, and other lower castes. Is this argument ...
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Where is this verse from in the Vedas about the Manusmriti?

This verse is said to exist in the Vedas: yad vai manuravadat tad bheṣajam ‘Whatever Manu has said is medicine.’
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Can a Sudra attain higher caste according to Manusmriti?

Manusmriti Verse 9.335 says: शुचिरुत्कृष्टशुश्रूषुर्मृदुवागनहङ्कृतः । ब्राह्मणाद्याश्रयो नित्यमुत्कृष्टां जातिमश्नुते ॥ ३३५ ॥ śucirutkṛṣṭaśuśrūṣurmṛduvāganahaṅkṛtaḥ | ...
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Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti?

Is it permissible to deny the authority of Manusmriti considering that all the four major schools of Hinduism(Vaishnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism and Smarta tradition) only consider Vedas and Upanishads ...
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Which smṛtis (dharma śāstras) are to be followed in Kali-yuga?

Which smṛti or smṛtis (Manu, Parāśara, Yājñavalkya etc.) are to be followed in Kali-yuga§? The Parāśara smṛti supposedly mentions that it is meant for Kali-yuga. Do we have similar statements in ...
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Is there any rule in Shastras for women to be kanyas even after marriage

Manu Smriti Says Sixteen (days and) nights (in each month), including four days which differ from the rest and are censured by the virtuous, (are called) the natural season of women. 3.46 ...
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How do we decide what is dharma and adharma?

In real life there are circumstances where we are in dwanda (indecisive state of mind) and we cannot make a clear decision on what is dharma and what is adharma. For example: When someone with the ...
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Is there any verse or historical evidence suggesting that manusmriti is more authoritative than other smritis?

1) Among Dharmasmritis(Manusmriti, Naradasmriti , Parashara Smriti,Yajnavalkya Smrti ... etc) , is there any verse or historical evidence which suggests that manusmriti is more authoritative/followed ...
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What is the criteria for being a dvija? Is anyone who has undergone upanayana a dvija?

Nowadays only the Brahmin caste undergoes upanayana. For example, we are Kshatriya Varna (by birth) but we have not undergone upnayana. Question- Is anyone who has not undergone the upanayana ...
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What is the source of the Sanskrit śloka that lists the four corner-stones of dharma?

Vedah Smritah Sadaachaarah Svasyacha priyamaatmanah, Etad chaturvidham praahuh saakshaat Dharmasya lakshanam The four corner-stones of Dharma are Veda, Smriti, Sadaachaara and above all, ...
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Where can I find Manu Smriti with Sanskrit & Hindi translation?

I want Manu Smriti with Sanskrit slokas and their Hindi translation. Where can I find it?
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Who was the author of the Manusmriti?

Who was the author of the Manusmriti? Now many of you might say "Manu", but it's actually not quite clear from the text itself. First of all, the word "Manusmriti" means "recollection of Manu", ...
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What is Virahatya (Killing of a hero)?

Here is what the Manusmriti 11.41 says: If a Brāhmaṇa who has set up the fires neglects them wilfully, he shall perform the ‘Cāndrāyaṇa’ penance for a month; as his offence is equal to the ...
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Where is the injunction to do Sandhyavandanam found in the Vedas?

I know the injunction for Dvijas to do Sandhyavandanam is found in the Manusmriti, but where is this injunction found in the Vedas? The Gayatri mantra is found in the Vedas, but where is the ...
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Why is food smelt by a cow impure when cow's dung and urine is used for purification rites?

Manu-smṛti 5.123: पक्षिजग्धं गवा घ्रातमवधूतमवक्षुतम् । दूषितं केशकीटैश्च मृत्प्रक्षेपेण शुध्यति ॥ १२३ ॥ pakṣijagdhaṃ gavā ghrātamavadhūtamavakṣutam | dūṣitaṃ keśakīṭaiśca ...
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What is Hinduism's view on gender-equality and feminism?

Hinduism has been generally regarded by many western scholars to be supporting male dominance because of texts such as Manusmriti. However, such texts have been found in various versions with some ...
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Manu 2.14 - Any examples of conflicts in Vedic texts? Is Manusmṛti itself a Vedic text?

Manusmṛti 2.14 says: श्रुतिद्वैधं तु यत्र स्यात् तत्र धर्मावुभौ स्मृतौ । उभावपि हि तौ धर्मौ सम्यगुक्तौ मनीषिभिः ॥ १४ ॥ śrutidvaidhaṃ tu yatra syāt tatra dharmāvubhau smṛtau | ubhāvapi hi ...
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If my father doesn't study the Veda, does this make me ineligible to learn Vedas?

Manusmriti 2.168 योऽनधीत्य द्विजो वेदमन्यत्र कुरुते श्रमम् । स जीवन्नेव शूद्रत्वमाशु गच्छति सान्वयः ॥ The twice-born man, who, not having learnt the Veda, labors over other things, soon ...
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Rigveda verse after nocturnal emission in manusmriti

It is mentioned in Manusmriti in the 181th line that "A twice-born student, who has involuntarily wasted his manly strength during sleep, must bathe, worship the sun, and afterwards thrice mutter the ...
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Why do some scriptures say men should not marry a girl who has no brother?

In various scriptures it is mentioned that we should not marry a woman who has no brother. Manusmriti 3:11. yasyāstu na bhaved bhrātā na vijñāyeta vā pitā | naupayaccheta tāṃ prājñaḥ putrikā'...
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Which verses in the Vedas describe humans as the same as Pashus?

I remember seeing some Vedic verses related to this (either in Rig or Atharva Veda) and they were either talking about all animals and in that humans were too there or like that only but thinking (...
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Where can I read Manusmriti along with all its commentaries in English?

Manusmriti has more than six commentaries so far (Bhāruci, Medhātithi, Govindarāja, Kullūka, Nārāyana, Sarvajnanarayana, Nandana, Raghavananda, Ramacandra). Only Medhatithi's commentary which has been ...
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Manu Smriti as a source of controversy

Many contemporary groups (fundamentalist Christians and Muslims; secular liberals; Marxists) have denounced the "Manu Smriti" text as a source of discrimination against the "lesser castes" as well as ...
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What is the real meaning of “Kanyadhana”

I have read at a Hinduism website (Website Link) that the word "Kanyadhaana" is misinterpreted into meaning "Donating the bride" According to the web article: It's not "Kanya-Dhaana" but "Kanya-...
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Is Hinduism a bit partial to Kshatriyas?

As we go through various sections of the Mahabharata, we can see that: Although it's not encouraged, a Kshatriya can force sex upon a woman and marry her as explained in this answer (Does Hinduism ...
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Why does Manusmriti prohibit going near trees at night?

Manusmriti 4:73:- Let him not enter a walled village or house except by the gate, and by night let him keep away from trees. I don't understand why Manusmriti talks about this unnecessary law. What'...
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Are some verses of Manu Smriti added later?

A former IPS officer Dr. Dalbir Bharti writes in his book the constitution and criminal justice administration in the page 16 that ...in a research it has found that out of 2685 verses in the ...
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What is the view of different dharma shastras on domestic violence against women?

What do different dharma shastras say about domestic violence against women, is domestic violence treated as sin in majority of them? I would like to know from different dharma shastras especially the ...
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What are the canonical texts in Hinduism for morality and ethics?

There are several texts in Hinduism which flirts with the idea of morality and ethics. Itihiasa texts like Mahabharata and Ramayana gives a subjective aura around the subject of morality, notably the ...
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Alternative translations to Manusmriti 4.53

English translation of Manusmriti 4.53 by Ganganath Jha says: नाग्निं मुखेनोपधमेन्नग्नां नैक्षेत च स्त्रियम् । नामेध्यं प्रक्षिपेदग्नौ न च पादौ प्रतापयेत् ॥ ५३ ॥ nāgniṃ mukhenopadhamennagnāṃ ...
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Why do Brahmacharis who break the vow of celibacy need to sacrifice a donkey as atonement?

From Apastamba Dharma Sutras 1.9.26.8: A [student] who has broken the vow of chastity, shall offer to Nirṛiti an ass, according to the manner of the Pāka-yajña-rites. This same Prayaschitta is ...
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How can agama be treated as shruti?

Agamas as shruti : Hindpedia says Sruti, the eternal word, is said to be of two forms – Nigama (Veda) and Agama Also, Sri Vaishnava Acharya Yamunacharya (who was Ramanujacharya's guru's guru) ...
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What is the punishment for simply being an atheist and not committing blasphemy?

I want to know what punishment is given simply for being an atheist. I don't want to know how atheism is accepted, but rather what the scriptures hold against you, if you practice atheism and do not ...
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Why are Daityas Sattvic according to the Manusmriti?

NOTE: This question is NOT a duplicate of this question. The Manusmriti has this verse about the types of bodies one can enter due to different Gunas. Here are the bodies can can be born in due to ...
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Do different castes have different Karmic outcomes for the same action?

The differential treatments of different castes that Manu et al prescribe are for earthly punishments/rewards for earthly actions. Does any scripture says that for the exactly same Papa or Punya, a ...
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Can the lower borns enter varna system?

Ambaṣṭha, Niṣāda, Pārośora, Ugra, Sūta, Māgadha, Vaideha, Āyogava, Kṣattṛ, Caṇḍāla, Āvṛta, Ābhīra, Dhigvaṇa, Pukkasa, Kukkaṭaka, Śvapāka, Veṇa Manusmriti (10.5) onwards gives names of mixed varna ...
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if there is difference of opinion between purana and gita and dharmashashtras(like: manusmriti etc), which will take more precedence?

if there is difference of opinion between purana and bhagvad gita and dharmashashtras(like: manusmriti etc), and they are interpreting vedas in their own manner to support their views. Now, then ...
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Why Shudras are not allowed to have wealth?

Manu Smriti 10.129 "No collection of wealth must be made by a Sudra, even though he be able (to do it); for a Sudra who has acquired wealth, gives pain to Brahmanas."
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Manusmriti says Sama Veda is impure, whereas Krishna says he is Sama Veda of all the Vedas

The Manusmriti says: The Ṛgveda is sacred to the gods and the Yajurveda is human; the Sāmaveda has been declared to be related to the Pitṛs; hence its sound is impure.—(124) This is odd ...
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What are the origins/geneology of various mleccha tribes?

“Those various men of Kṣatriya birth — Dramiḻas, Kaliṅgas, Pulindas, Uśīnaras, Kaulas, Sarpas, and Māhiṣakas — have reached the level of Śūdras because no Brahmins are seen among them.” ...
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Were the harsher punishments laid out in smṛtis actually carried out or they merely served as a deterrent?

Were some of the harsher punishments laid out in smṛtis like the Manu actually carried out (any real examples?) or they merely served as a deterrent? From Manusmṛti: On abusing a Brāhmaṇa the ...
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Is it wrong according to Hinduism to marry a girl name Swati?

Manu Smriti 3.9 says this: "A man should not marry a woman named after a constellation". Now, Swati is a constellation. So, is it wrong to marry a girl named Swati?
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Which Manusmṛti verses were written exclusively for vaiśyas and śūdras?

In his column What exactly is the Manusmriti?, Devdutt Pattanaik makes the following claim. Of the nearly 2,500 verses, more than a thousand are for brahmins, more than a thousand for kings, ...
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On verses, from major Hindu texts, similar in purport to those found in the Bhagawat Gita

The Mahabharatha, which is one of the two "Itihasa" texts among Hindu Scriptures,is a work by Sri Vyasa. It also contains the "Bhagawat Gita"(BG), the discourse given by Lord Krishna to Arjuna during ...
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Why did Ramakrishna marry Sarada Devi when he had no intention of leading a married life?

The Wikipedia article on Ramakrishna Paramahansa says: By the time his bride joined him, Ramakrishna had already embraced the monastic life of a sannyasi; as a result, the marriage was never ...
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Does Manusmriti go against Vedas?

Doesn't barring Sudras(who form feet of Purusha) from studying Vedas and making them non-Vedic handicap the Purusha?
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Mentions of intercaste marriage in ManuSmriti or Manu Dharma

Trying to study ManuSmriti. 1) What does Manusmriti say about inter-caste marriages? 2) Are there any punishments given for inter-caste marriages? 3) Are there any mentions of inter-caste marriages ...
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Who is Svayambhuva Manu's mother?

Refer this Prajapatis – the 10 sons of Lord Brahma It is said that Prajapatis are believed to be the fathers of the human race. Since all these sons were born out of his mind rather than body, they ...