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Questions tagged [mythology]

For questions about stories that are part of Hindu religious beliefs. Hindu mythology can be found throughout Hindu scriptures like the Vedas, Puranas, Ramayana, and Mahabharata.

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10
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3answers
824 views

Any references where varna/caste is determined independent of birth/parentage?

Is there any incidence or statement in the scriptures which shows that varna/caste was not deduced from birth/parentage, and was deduced only from "qualities independent of parentage"(without ...
18
votes
8answers
31k views

Why did Lord Hanuman decide to spend his life as a bachelor?

According to Ramayana, Lord Hanuman was a Brahmachari (celibate/bachelor). Why did he decide to spend his life as a celibate? What is the reason behind it?
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Marriage between Rakhsasas/Asuras and Devas

What are well known instances from Hindu Mythology of marriages between groups of mythical times described as Rakhsasas/Asuras (common guru Shukracharya) versus Devas ? Have natural change of ...
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0answers
17 views

Sacred thread / Janeu

What are the rules that one must observe to wear the Yagnopaveetham ? Would prefer if appropriate text is also quoted.
3
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0answers
46 views

Which is the sacred number in Hinduism?

Because of my curiosity I want to know if there are any most sacred number in Hinduism ? Does Hinduism have more than one sacred number ? What is logic behind those sacred number, does any old ...
7
votes
2answers
179 views

Did Pandavas really complete their ajnatavasa?

Did the Pandavas really complete the terms of their ajnatavasa (living in concealment)? Or were their hidden identities revealed before its completion and hence it was adharma to fight against the ...
11
votes
2answers
303 views

What scriptures describe Parashurama as an Avesha Avatara of Vishnu?

Most people only about how Vishnu's Avataras or incarnations are classified into two categories: Purna Avataras who have all six Kalyana Gunas of Vishnu, and Amsha Avataras who only have some of his ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Did Brahma give Dasharatha his name?

In a Hindu mythology trivia quiz written by Devdutt Pattanaik on the app QuizUp, the following question was asked: What name did Brahma give to King Nemi for his capability of driving his chariot ...
9
votes
1answer
860 views

Did Ravana ever attack the Ikshvaku king Dasharatha?

During the final stages of the great war, between Lord Sri Rama(and army consisting of brother Lakshmana and vanaras) and Ravana( and his demon soldiers), Ravana could foresee his final defeat at the ...
9
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2answers
3k views

How did Indra use deception to defeat Prahlada's son Virochana?

In the Shalya Parva of the Mahabharata, right before Bhima's famous mace battle with Duryodhana, Krishna tells Arjuna that Bhima should fight unfairly, as that's the only way to defeat Duryodhana. He ...
6
votes
1answer
191 views

How do gods/devatas procreate?

I have found people claiming that gods do not procreate like humans but procreate without any bodily union on Quora, does this idea have scriptural backing?
7
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1answer
717 views

What is the story of Vasishta and Agastya's brother Matsya?

Most people only know about the fact the famous sage Vasishta, guru of Rama, was one of the mind-born sons of Brahma. But as I discuss in this question, Vasishta is no longer the son of Brahma. ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How did Sudama die?

The story of Sri Krishna and Sudama (Kuchela) is well known by everyone. But not much detail is known about Sudama after Sri Krishna alleviated his poverty. So, what happened after he was blessed ...
11
votes
2answers
872 views

How did Dronacharya get his name “Drona”?

Drona is the guru of the Pandavas and the Kauravas. How did he get his name 'Drona'? What is the incident or reason which gave this specific name to him?
13
votes
1answer
686 views

Does Sadashiva ride a tortoise?

In this excerpt from the Manava Shrauta Sutras, a text associated with the Yajur Veda, a certain ritual for worshiping Shiva is described. As part of this ritual, the five-headed form of Shiva is ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

When did Vibhishana stop being king of Lanka?

In this chapter of the Yuddha Kanda of the Ramayana, after Ravana's death his brother Vibhishana is coronated as the king of Lanka: Hearing the words of the great soled Rama, Lakshmana replied, 'so ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

Who is Madhavi, performer of Sharanagati?

The Sri Vachana Bhushanam is a work by the 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Pillai Lokacharya on the subject of Sharanagati, complete surrender to Sriman Narayana as a means to attain Moksha and ...
14
votes
2answers
9k views

Who are Yakshas?

We have heard and read lot of stories involving Yakshas like Kuber was a Yaksha, there was an encounter of Yudhisthir with Yaksha who asked seven questions to him(ofcourse that was revealed to be ...
10
votes
1answer
328 views

Who is Saraswati's guru “Ambhini”?

As I discuss in this answer, each of the four Vedas consists of four portions: Samhitas, the core part of the Vedas consisting of verses heard from the gods; Brahmanas, which provide instructions on ...
11
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3answers
833 views

Do the eight immortals (Including Lord Hanuman) still exist in Kaliyuga?

Hindu scriptures contain a mantra about the Eight immortals: अश्वत्थामा बलिव्र्यासो हनूमांश्च विभीषण:। कृप: परशुरामश्च सप्तएतै चिरजीविन:॥ सप्तैतान् संस्मरेन्नित्यं मार्कण्डेयमथाष्टमम्। जीवेद्वर्षशतं ...
7
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3answers
4k views

What is the source of creation according to Upanishads?

There are many Upanishads. I just want to know: What is the source of creation according to Upanishads? What is exactly written on the scriptures?
9
votes
1answer
177 views

Did women menstruate before they partook Indra's sin?

The Vedas say that women menstruate as they took a portion of Indra's sin for killing a brahmin. Didn't women menstruate before this happened? How did they give birth before this happened?
16
votes
1answer
834 views

What form did Vishnu take in the Battle of Ten Kings?

According to the Rig Veda Anukramani, the seer of Mandala 7 of the Rig Veda is the sage Vashishta, and in the following verse from Mandala 7, Vasishta addresses Vishnu: What was there to be blamed ...
5
votes
1answer
416 views

Why did Karna fight under Drona when he too had labelled him as “half a Ratha”?

In consequence of the curse of Rama (his preceptor in arms) as also of the words of a Brahmana (who cursed him on another occasion), owing also to his deprivation of the accoutrements of battle, he, ...
6
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2answers
1k views

The story behind Names of Hindu calender Months?

In Hindu traditional calender Their are 12 months (मास) Chaitra (चैत्र), Vaisakha (वैशाख), Jyaistha (जेष्ठ), Asadha (आषाढ), Sravana (श्रावण), Bhadrapada (भाद्रपद), Asvina (अश्विन), Kartika (कार्तिक),...
4
votes
2answers
817 views

What is the significance of Lord Hanuman on flags?

It is often seen that triangular saffron flags have the silhouette of Lord Hanuman on them, what is the significance of this? What does this represent, or what is the myth(story) behind this? Edit: If ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the story of the serpent Karkotaka deceiving sage Narada?

In the Nala-Damayanti story narrated by sage Vrihadaswa to Yudhishthira, there's mention of the Naga, Karkotaka, who bites and disfigures Nala for his own good. But what's the story of Karkotaka ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Why does the Yajur Veda call Vishnu overlord of the mountains?

The main Yagna (fire-ritual) described in the Vedas is the Soma Yagna, where a drink taken from a plant (whose identity was lost) is offered. But the Vedas also describe some less important Yagnas, ...
7
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0answers
47 views

What scriptures describe Lakshmi’s serpent Kalyana?

The Sharanagati Gadyam is a prose hymn by the famous Sri Vaishnava Acharya Ramanujacharya on the subject of Sharanagati, complete surrender to the lotus feet of Sriman Narayana as a means to attain ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Where is the city that the demon Bakasura lived?

Does anyone know where is the city that Bakasura (from Mahabharata) lived? I've looked everywhere and can't find any answers.
7
votes
1answer
476 views

Why is Vishnu described as holding a vessel and a mirror?

When a mantra is given in the Puranas, it's usually preceded by a Dhyanam, which describes the appearance of the god whom you're supposed to meditate upon before reciting the mantra. For instance, in ...
0
votes
1answer
986 views

Benefits of Varanamayiram

Varanamayiram composed by Kodai Nachiyar is a classic one. What are the benefits a devotee can obtain by reciting this? Can selected slokas be recited every day?Answers not from wikipedia or ...
3
votes
0answers
169 views

Did Karna think that it was adharma to not appoint Duryodhana as king of Hastinapura?

In Star Plus Mahabharata (e.g., S11 E7), it is shown again and again that Karna believed that it was adharma to not appoint Duryodhana as King/Yuvaraja (crown prince) of Hastinapura. Did Karna really ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What scriptures describe the story of Vishnu's general Vishvaksena?

It is well-known that Shiva's son Ganesha is the general of Shiva's army of Ganas. What's not as well-known, however, is that Vishnu also has an army, led by the god Vishvaksena. Vishvaksena plays ...
10
votes
3answers
489 views

In trying to win Karna over to the Pandava side, did Krishna suggest that Draupadi would accept him as her sixth husband?

After Krishna's efforts to avert the Kurukshetra war fail, as one final attempt, he tries to win Karna over to the Pandava side, but in doing so, does Krishna suggest that Draupadi would accept Karna ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

What scriptures describe juice coming from Ganesha's cheeks covering Kailash?

The Sankalpa Suryodaya is a play by the 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan. At one point in the play, a king goes around the world in a Vimana looking for a good place to meditate. He ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Do Rama's sacrifical posts still exist in Ayodhya?

The Sankalpa Suryodaya is an play by the 13th century Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan. At one point in the play, a king goes around the world in a Vimana looking for a good place to meditate. He ...
1
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0answers
46 views

What do Sri Vaishnava commentaries say about Dasharatha's use of “śrīmān”?

In the Ayodhya Kanda of the Ramayana, when Dasharatha decides to make Rama the Yuvaraja or crown prince, he makes the following announcement to the people of Ayodhya: caitraḥ śrīmān ayaṃ māsaḥ ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

How Grahas were made and assigned their task

I see Chandra(lord moon) is the son of Atri and Anusuya, how he was made as graha and to rotate around earth Lord surya is the sun of kashyapa, how was this earth before surya was born
6
votes
3answers
523 views

Why is Nahusha's last name Manava?

Most people have only heard of the lunar dynasty king Yayati, who was cursed with old age by Sukracharya (guru of the Asuras) and temporarily regained his youth by giving his old age to his youngest ...
8
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1answer
915 views

Who was Kakabhusundi?

I have heard about Kakabhusundi, who described the cycle of creation and recreation of the universe. Who was he? and how had he attain such knowledge?
3
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0answers
73 views

Apparently good yagnya by Daksha

The author of popular Lingashtakam stotram extolled Shiva as destroyer of Yagnya conducted by Daksha (father in-law) describing it as suyagna that is contradiction in its very terms. Can we explain ...
3
votes
2answers
306 views

What is the story of Kali the demon?

There is a demon names Kali on whose name Kaliyuga is there. In which of the puranas his story is given? What is the story of the demon Kali?
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Why did Hiranyakashyap make Prahlad sit on Holika's lap and burn

Why did Hiranyakashyap make Prahlad sit on Holika's lap and burn, I know after that Prahlad survives the fire since he chants Lord Vishnu. Thus Holi is celebrated as Good over Evil.
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Did Nakula and Sahadeva really treat Karna after donating his armour?

Star Plus Mahabharat (S20 E7) shows that when Karna is in a lot of pain after cutting off his armour and ear-rings and donating them to Indra, Nakula and Sahadeva cure him of his wounds. Karna then ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

What scriptures describe the story of Krishna killing Ekalavya?

Most people only know about how Ekalavya, the Nishada prince, was rejected by the Pandavas' teacher Dronacharya and then willingly cut off his own thumb at Dronacharya's request. What's not as well-...
5
votes
3answers
320 views

Mythology vs itihasa?

What is the more appropriate English word to be used when we talk about Ramayana, Mahabharata, or puranas and other scriptures? The use of the word "mythology" is quite common but I hear that "...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

What scriptures describe Vaishampayana making Janamejaya interested with a single verse?

The second poem of Nammalwar’s Thiruvaimozhi describes Vishnu without actually naming him until the last verse, where it calls him Narayana. Page 13 of this book, summarizing one of the Sri Vaishnava ...
5
votes
1answer
242 views

What are the details of the story of Indra giving the Crest-jewel(chudamani) to king Janka?

The son of the wind-god,Hanuman, apprised Sri Rama(avatar of god Vishnu) about the discovery of Sita(avatar of goddess Lakshmi),on returning to Kishkindha (from Lanka).Then Hanuman delivered to Sri ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Did Dhritarashtra really give death punishment to Arjuna?

StarPlus Mahabharat (S11 E6) has a scene that shows that after their first exile when the Pandavas return to Hastinapura with Draupadi, Duryodhana insults Draupadi saying how can a woman that can have ...