Questions tagged [name]

For use in questions involving reason behind names of people, Devas, places and just about anything related to Hindu mythology, scripture, culture, etc.

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What is the origin of the word "Hindu"?

It is a fact that the term "Hindu" derives from the river "Sindh". But most of Hinduism's tenets and teachings derive from the Vedas. Why wasn't it named after the Vedas, but it's rather given a name ...
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20 votes
5 answers
13k views

Why is Lord Surya also called Suryanarayana?

Narayana (Nara+Aayna) is the one who rests on water. But why is this Narayana, epithet of Lord Vishnu, used as suffix for Lord Surya, the Sun God? Is there any story behind this name?
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19 votes
6 answers
2k views

Why is God's name used for people?

Names of many Indians are derived from names of various Hindu Gods. Even here on Hinduism.SE, we have many users with such names, for example, Keshav Srinivasan, Krishna, Ram, Hari, Damodaran, Shiva, ...
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16 votes
6 answers
30k views

What is the meaning of the word "Shiva"?

Is "Shiva" just a name of a God or does the word actually denote something? In other words, what is the real meaning of the word "Shiva" (also spelled as Śiva or शिव)?
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15 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why is Lord Hanuman also referred as "Bajaranga Bali"?

The name "Bajaranga Bali" is quite famous especially in the northern parts of India. There are popular movies made with this name, such as Bajrangbali and Bajrangi Bhaijaan. However these names are ...
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15 votes
2 answers
10k views

Why "Rama" Nama is called Taraka mantra?

At Manikarnika Ghat of Varanasi (Kashi), Lord Shiva liberates the dead by saying "Taraka mantra" in ears of the dead. Many Puranas assert this fact. Chapter 30, Purvavadha , Kasi Khanda of Skanda ...
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14 votes
4 answers
3k views

Who is Rudra deva?

I know Rudra is Lord Shiva. But why is Lord Shiva called as Rudra deva?
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14 votes
3 answers
438 views

On what basis are puranas named?

There are puranas like Brahma purana, Skanda purana, Shiva Purana, Garuda purana. On what basis are these names given to the puranas? Is it that the puranas talk about some god or is that some god ...
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14 votes
2 answers
809 views

What is the meaning of Uma?

Consort of Lord Shiva is mostly known by her name 'Parvati'. But in Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas we find the name of 'Uma' being used. Right from the 5th Anuvaka of Sri Rudram which starts with 'नमः ...
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13 votes
4 answers
8k views

What is the meaning of Narayana?

So far I have been breaking the word into nara (नर) + Ayana (आयन) = home of nara (jiva). But lately I have realized I couldn't break it this way because to make it nArAyaNa (नारायण), nAra (नार) is ...
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13 votes
4 answers
930 views

What is the meaning of Saraswati?

Devi Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge, learning and creativity. But what is the etymological meaning of the name Saraswati? How does Nirukta explain the name Saraswati? I guess it's related to '...
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13 votes
2 answers
301 views

Who are the Aśvinī-kumāra brothers?

I want to know who are Aśvinī-kumāra brothers? What are their names and what is the role of Aśvins or Ashwini Kumaras in our mythology? Are they demigods?
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13 votes
4 answers
3k views

Why are the names of Lord Krishna and Lord Rama superior to the name of Lord Vishnu?

Though Krishna and Rama are said to be incarnations of Vishnu, many scriptures tell us that names of Krishna and Rama are superior to the name of Lord Vishnu. In the Padma Purana Lord Shiva tells Mata ...
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12 votes
3 answers
3k views

Why we put 'a' after each Hindu name?

For example: Yog becomes Yog'a' or Krishn -> Krishna; same way Ram -> Rama
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12 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why is Surya referred to as Martanda?

Rig Veda Book 10 Verse 72 mentions a curious story about Surya's birth: 7 When, O ye Gods, like Yatis, ye caused all existing things to grow, Then ye brought Sūrya forward who was lying hidden in ...
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12 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is Shiva called "Bholenath", Bhootnath, Amarnath, Kedarnath, Omakara etc.?

Why is Shiva called Bholenath? What does it mean by Bholenath? Please explain story too if exists. Why is Shiva also called Bhootnath, Amarnath, Kedarnath, Omakara etc.? What does it mean by kedar?
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12 votes
2 answers
705 views

When was the expression "Sanatana Dharma" first used and what does it mean?

Does it mean it has existed forever and would exist forever? Does it mean it is changeless? The evidence shows that India is now only 80 percent Hindu and there are all kinds of forces trying to ...
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12 votes
4 answers
5k views

Origins of God names - Lord Siva and Lord Vishnu

Who gave the names to the God like Lord Siva, Lord Vishnu, etc.? Are they the writers of the Vedas? Did they ask the god to name them like this so that people can worship them by that name or the god ...
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  • 4,187
12 votes
2 answers
2k views

Is Panduranga the name of Lord Shiva?

As most people may know, Panduranga-पांडुरंग is another name of Vithoba, who is a Hindu god predominantly worshipped in the Indian states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and ...
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11 votes
2 answers
540 views

Is Hanuman really 'Hanumat' in Sanskrit Ramayana?

Bibek Debroy says in his Ramayana translation, 'Hanumat is a case in point, where Hanuman seemed to be too contrary to grammatical principles'. What grammatical principle is that? Is it really ...
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10 votes
2 answers
10k views

What is the difference between Shrimad Bhagavatam and Bhagavad Gita?

Is Bhagavad Gita tells about one avatar and Shrimad Bhagavatam tells about all the Avatars? Are they equivalent to each other or both are different? Which is first written? And when and why the ...
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9 votes
3 answers
10k views

How the original name of "Jai Samhita" changed to "Mahabharat"?

I heard that the original name of Mahabharat was "Jai Samhita". Who had originally named as "Jai Samhita" and why? Who had changed the name to "Mahabharat" and why?
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9 votes
1 answer
516 views

Which Rakhasa has taken away Sita mata before surpanakha meet them?

Is there any story that a Rakhasa has taken away Sita mata before surpanakha meet them, and later lord Rama and Shri Laxman fight with him and recover Sita mata?
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9 votes
1 answer
755 views

How many types of marriages are there according to Hindusim?

Are there any scriptures that talk about different types of Hindu marriages? How many such types are there and what are their names and what are their descriptions?
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9 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why Yudhishtira is called Ajāta śatru (अजात शत्रु)?

One of the exclusive names of Yudhishtira is Ajāta śatru (अजात शत्रु). Ajāta śatru = Who has no enemies. Why is he called as Ajāta śatru. Kauravas are his enemies. Aren't they? Why is the name ...
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9 votes
1 answer
602 views

Is Kanha/Kanhaiya name of Krishna?

As per the original Vishnu Sahasranamam as detailed in Anushasana Parva of Mahabharata, names like Gopal, Rama and Govinda are mentioned for Lord Krishna/Vishnu, but not Kanha/Kanhaiya. So, from which ...
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9 votes
2 answers
769 views

Why do some Hindu sannyāsi names end in 'ānanda' e.g., Vivekānanda, Śivānanda etc?

Why do some Hindu sannyāsi names end in 'ānanda' e.g., Vivekānanda, Śivānanda, Chinmayānanda etc.? Is it a mere coincidence or is there a rule or custom?
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8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why is Sanātana Dharma also sometimes called Ārṣa Dharma?

Most Hindus are familiar with the term "Sanātana Dharma" which is used in several scriptures. E.g., Manusmṛti 4.138 uses the term as follows: satyaṃ brūyāt priyaṃ brūyānna brūyāt ...
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8 votes
2 answers
7k views

What is the meaning of 'Hara'?

I heard "Har Har Mahadev", that is call for "Mahadev" But I want to know the meaning of "Har" in "Har Har Mahadev"?
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Which Hindu scriptures use the word Ārya and in what sense?

What does the word "Ārya" really mean in the context of Hinduism? And which Hindu scriptures use this word and in what sense? If you think the question is too broad, limit your answer to The Vedas, ...
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8 votes
2 answers
10k views

Why is Sita mata also known as Vaidehi?

In Ramayana, when and who named Sita mata as Vaidehi? What is the meaning of the name? Update: I found that Sita mata was called by the name "Vaidehi" only during the exile period. Is that right?
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

We say Siya Ram and Radheshyam why we say Shiv Parvati why don't we say Parvati Shiv?

There is always name of female before male like Siya Ram, Radheshyam then we say Shiv Parvati not Parvati Shiv.
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8 votes
1 answer
154 views

What is the meaning of the word 'Hayagarddabhi',used as a name of lord Shiva?

Anusasana parva of Mahabharata contains the very famous Shiva Sahasranama Stotram discovered by sage Tandi.In 36th sloka I found a name "Hayagardabhi"[49 th name,I think] which literally means ' one ...
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8 votes
2 answers
1k views

What are graha and Nakshatras?

What are graha and Nakshatras? Is there any story how they are created? What are their effects to human? How many graha and Nakshatras are there? Is there a specific God for each of them? What are ...
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8 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is Swaminarayan called Nilkanth?

Swaminarayan's birth name was Ghanshyam. So why he is called Nilkanth?
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7 votes
2 answers
12k views

Meaning of साम्ब ("Samba") with Sadashiva

In some prays to God Shiva, Like "Shiva Aksharmala", there is prefix "Samba" (in Sanskrit सांब) is mentioned. It seems the meaning of word "Samba" (सांब) is "attended by ambA" Source: This Link Now,...
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7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why was Lord Krishna named 'Krishna'?

Before the birth of Lord Krishna, was anyone else named Krishna? How did the name Krishna come into usage and why was the Lord named Krishna? EDIT: Why Arjuna was also addressed sometimes as ...
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7 votes
2 answers
545 views

What are all the titles conferred to Ramanujacharya?

Ramanujacharya is a Sri Vaishnava acharya, philosopher who propounded Vishishtadvaita in his work Sri Bhashyam. He is famous for bhakti movement. He removed the caste barrier of achieving moksha ...
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7 votes
2 answers
2k views

how many different names of Karna are mentioned in Mahabharata?

I listen total 10 or 13 names are there but not knowing the names. I listen one or two like Radheya,Vashusena. So I want to know how many different names of Karna are mentioned in Mahabharata? Is ...
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7 votes
1 answer
3k views

Correct way to chant Lord Shiva's name

When people recite Lord Shiva's name, they often do it in couplets, such as 'Shiva Shiva', 'Shiva Shiva', etc. My question is: What is the correct pronunciation: "Shiva" - or - "Siva"? I know ...
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  • 569
7 votes
1 answer
107 views

What is the meaning of Lakshmi?

Each word in Sanskrit can be interpreted in myriad ways, and thus a single word can have several different and unrelated meanings. A famous example of such "multiplicity" would be the word, &...
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7 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why do Brahmins have such surnames?

In Uttar Pradesh Brahmins have common surnames as Chaturvedi alias Chaubey, Dwivedi alias Dubey and Trivedi. Are these surnames which have "Vedi" included in them have something to do with the Vedas. ...
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7 votes
2 answers
3k views

Was Laxman Kumara named after Lakshmana?

Laxman Kumara was the only son1 of Duryodhana and Bhanumati. He battled in the Mahabharata war and did perform many acts of bravery, like saving King Bahlika, killing Shikandi's son, etc. He was later ...
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  • 2,261
6 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why are they called Pandavas and Kauravas?

In Mahabharata, why are Arjuna and his brothers called Pandavas and Duryodhana and his brothers called Kauravas? Is there any reason to call them like that?
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  • 163
6 votes
2 answers
299 views

Are there temples where the deity is simply called "Vishnu"?

All Vaishnavite temples I have been to - the deity is called something other than "Vishnu", like "ranganatha" or "Venkatachalapati".
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  • 19.3k
6 votes
3 answers
518 views

Which scriptures describe Vritra as an Asura?

As per my understanding, Vritra was a great ascetic and knew all the Shastras. He was the excellent son of Tvashtar, the divine artisan of Gods born of the divine fire of Vishwakarma's Yagya. So why ...
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6 votes
4 answers
273 views

Shaivism or Shivaism?

What is the correct term to use, Shaivism or Shivaism? I could not find a good source about how the word Shaiva (Saiva, Caiva) appeared and when.
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6 votes
1 answer
7k views

Why Lord Krishna is referred as Vasudev?

I have seen many people calling Lord Krishna as 'Vasudev'. We know that Vasudev was the father of the Lord, but why is Krishna addressed using the same name?
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6 votes
4 answers
550 views

Is the etymology of the name Yudhishthira correct?

As we know, the eldest of the Pandavas is Yudhishthira (IAST : Yudhiṣṭhira and Devanagari: युधिष्ठिर). It is said that he got his name due to his steadiness in war. This is also a famous one. From ...
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6 votes
1 answer
218 views

Why is god Śiva called Mīḍhúṣṭama (मीढुष्टम)? Is there any specific story?

It is well known that god Śiva is called Āśutoṣa (आशुतोष) - the one who is easily pleased or appeased. Recently, I came across another epithet for Śiva - Mīḍhúṣṭama (मीढुष्टम) while going through ...
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