Questions tagged [nyaya]

Questions about Nyaya (न्याय), one of the six philosophy based on Nyaya-Sutra by Akṣapada Gautama. Epistemology on various Pramanas.

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Where can we get the Nyaya Sutras along with their commentaries in English translation?

Everyone knows how important the Nyaya Sutras are for Indian philosophy. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine a work of greater influence than this in the history of Indian thought. It is virtually the ...
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0answers
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Does nyaya or vaisheshikha school accept pratibhashik and paramarthik realities?

In one of the discourse I heard that Nyaya and Vaisheshikha accept 2 levels of reality. However Shankaracharya was the 1st one to refute this claim of 2 level realities and established the 3rd ...
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3answers
308 views

How many commentaries have there been of the Nyaya Sutras?

The Nyaya Sutras, composed by the Gautama, is one of the most important Indian philosophical texts and forms the basis of Nyaya school of thought. Now, how many commentaries are there of these Sutras?...
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1answer
328 views

How are logical fallacies identified in Hindu philosophical debates? Do they have specific names?

This article lists the 12 common fallacies committed by people in everyday discussions and also by philosophers in debates from time to time. Are similar logical fallacies found in Hindu debates? How ...
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107 views

Did the Purva Mimamsa school think the Devas have no intelligence?

Udayana's Nyaya Kusumanjali is a Nyaya-Vaisheshika work which seeks to logically prove the existence of God. In this excerpt from the Nyaya Kusumanjali, Udayana describes how the Prana Pratishtha ...
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1answer
462 views

What scriptures say that Prana Pratishtha is removed by a Chandala's touch?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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1answer
638 views

What is the difference between Nyaya and Vaisheshika?

Nyaya and Vaisheshika are one of the six astika schools of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Yoga, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Samkhya). Both schools, according to me, seem to be having ...
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1answer
311 views

What do the Nyaya Sutras say about the existence of God?

What do the Nyaya Sutras say about the existence of God? Does it believe in the existence of God or deny it?
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1answer
191 views

What are the Nyaya-Vaisheshika arguments against sound as a vibration of air?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
4
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0answers
199 views

What is the relation between Niti , Nyaya and Dharma?

Ruling Lands of great Kings are said to be complete in Niti , Nyaya and Dharma without any decline. While solving problems, these three must be there in judgement and one must only live considering ...
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What is Nyaya Philosophy? [duplicate]

What is Nyaya philosophy in Hinduism? Is there any scripture for this Philosophy? Is it required to learn the basics of Hinduism?
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English translations of Kavyalankara Sangraha by Udbhata Bhatta

I'm looking for a english translation of Kavyalankara Sangraha by Udbhata Bhatta. From what I've heard it is a stellar book on Indian system of Logic. If no translations are available a detail summary ...
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1answer
486 views

What are the rules of philosophical debates in ancient India?

Indian logicians and philosophers have been involved in philosophical debates from ancient times. They have laid down rules not only the method of conducting and regulating a debate but also the ...
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What is the relationship between cause and effect according to Nyaya Sutras?

Nyaya Sutra, written by Maharishi Gautama, is the foundational text of the Nyaya school of thought, one of the Shad-Darshanas in Hinduism. Amongst other things, this text talks about the theory of ...
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2answers
415 views

What is the Advaita argument for why causes can't have real existence?

The Khandana Khanda Khadya is a work by the 12th century Advaitin philosopher Shri Harsha which seeks to demonstrate that all supposed means of knowledge are invalid. As I discuss in this question, ...
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Has anyone responded to Ramanujacharya's refutation of the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God?

In Western philosophy, one of the most common arguments for the existence of God is the cosmological argument, which states roughly that everything has a cause, and so the Universe must have a cause, ...
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2answers
222 views

Book recommendation for a thorough treatise on Rishi Gautama's Nyaya Shastra?

An English translation with original Sanskrit verses would be ideal. It should cover all aspects/teachings contained in the Nyaya philosophy.