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Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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33 views

Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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30 views

Krishna's Kaalinga Nardhana better than Mohini's dance for Basmasura?

I can't stop to wonder, If Krishna's Kaalinga Nardhana better than Mohini's dance for Bhasmasura? Or more generally/philosphically, Say according to Dharma Shastra or other Puranas Is taming better ...
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86 views

Do the astika philosophies directly subscribe to the vedas?

Among the six darshanas how many of them subscribe to vedas and directly mention about vedas or hold vedas as authority?
6
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1answer
66 views

How I can refute Madhyamaka- Shunyata?

Have any Hindu acharyas debunked shunyata as propounded by Madhyamika? I am a former Tibetan Buddhist, and to my knowledge emptiness depends on co-dependant arising,if we refute that then all of ...
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3answers
105 views

Difference between Deep sleep and Death!

please explain what happens to our body or what is the difference between deep sleep and death? (as mentioned in vedas or upanishads or any of our Hindu literature)
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1answer
88 views

Are we God in a state of forgetfulness? Reference needed

I have heard this idea which I think it comes from the Upanishads. Can anybody give a a reference in the Vedas, Gita or any other literature from Hinduism in which existential ignorance is explained.
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2answers
550 views

Are all men created equal according to Hinduism? Is this predominant western belief in agreement with the Vedas?

Are all men created equal according to Hinduism? Is this predominant western belief based on the Vedas? This belief is fundamental to most modern Western countries, and it is the second sentence of ...
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1answer
121 views

On Samkhya and Individuality. How many purushas are there?

Sāmkhya philosophy regards the universe as consisting of two realities, puruṣa (consciousness) and prakṛti (matter). "It 'enumerates' twenty five Tattvas or true principles; and its chief object is ...
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2answers
120 views

Advaita vedanta and stoicism ; are they compatible with each other?

I always think that Advaita vedanta and stoicism are perfectly compatible with one another. Can some expand on this?
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1answer
52 views

Who is the culprit of all this Prapancha when I was, is and shall continue to be ONE?

Who was responsible or what was responsible for making me forget who I am? How did this Universe start when there were no two? How did I separate myself from myself and create this Prapancha?
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20 views

Is getting punished or getting rewarded is decided by God when we do something? [duplicate]

My Maths teacher would always say,: "It's Karma Philosophy. If you do good, good will happen. If you do bad, bad will happen. If you pray, the God will listen to your prayer. If you ask anything from ...
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162 views

Is there a second to me? Are you (seperate from me) real?

Atma is one no doubt, but the people around me also have the same athma and the rest of individuality left in them is jada. Does the person reading this question have any separate existence from ME? ...
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81 views

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati about the Purva Mimamsa?

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, about the Purva Mimamsa?
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247 views

What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
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72 views

Books recommended for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief

Which books do you recommend for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief? I have a copy of Sarva Darsana Sangraha written by 14th century Hindu scholar Madhava ...
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67 views

Books recommended to learn about atheist and/or agnostic schools of Sanatana Dharma in details

Which books do you recommend to learn about atheist and/or agnostic schools of Sanatana Dharma? I haven't got any good references. I have heard about the book known as Sarva Darsana Sangraha written ...
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1answer
141 views

How do dvaitins interpret this verse from Bhagavad Gita?

In chapter 8.21, Krishna Paramatma says that eternal unmanifest abode as supreme abode of him and never mentions any separate place as his abode. Bhagavad Gita chapter 8, verse 21: That supreme ...
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2answers
111 views

What makes a person a Hindu? [duplicate]

In Hinduism we have monotheists as well as polytheists. We do not have same deities and same customs. Does one become Hindu by accepting supremacy of Vedas? We don't have a single book like other ...
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2answers
252 views

Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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43 views

What is ajivika?

I just heard this term from one of my friend. Tried to find more information about it, but no help. Can anyone explain it. Is it Hindu philosophy (as wiki says) or not?
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3answers
172 views

Why ignorance/believing causes suffering?

Ok, so I understand the concept of consciousness and it is awareness witnessing across 3 bodies namely physical, subtle and one corresponding to deep sleep. And since "we" are ignorant of it, we ...
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0answers
58 views

Influence of Samkhya on other darshanas

Can I say Sankhya as the oldest hindu philosophy has influenced all the other darshanas like Vedanta? That implies all astika darshanas are derivative from Sankhya, not necessarily conflicting or ...
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1answer
189 views

Hinduism v. Buddhism

What is the most important distinction between Hindu and Buddhist teachings? From comparing Hindu and Buddhist texts, I have the impression that the most important difference is Atman v. anatta. Is ...
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1answer
86 views

Are there verses from scriptures which list 24 tattvas according to Sankhya Darshana?

As we have seen previously that Hinduism believes in the field-fielder (Kshetra–Kshetragna) theory. Prakruti is the field and Purusha is its fielder. Similarly, body is a field (kshetra) and the soul ...
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297 views

How would dualistic schools of Vedanta (Vishistadvaitha and Dvaita) debate with a Buddhist?

As far as I know, Vishishtadvaitha and Dvaita base their arguments on Vedas. As Buddhists reject the Vedas, how would the dualistic schools of Vedanta debate with Buddhists and establish Veda ...
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1answer
84 views

Is there anything in our scriptures where it says something similar to “As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he”

I've read the major parts of the Bhagavad Gita where my interpretation is that 'Anyone who is attached to the FRUITS of the reward, he will dwell in misery always'. Now I'm reading many books like '...
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1answer
87 views

Is this statement supported or contradicted by the scriptures?

I read an opinion in a book that states All the doctrines (or 'Vada-s like Advaitavada, Vishistadvaitavada, Dvaitavada, Achintyabhedabhedavada etc) are partial truths because these are expressed by ...
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1answer
120 views

How is the term so'ham interpreted by different schools?

The term so'ham occurs in many upanishads like Isha upanishad etc. How do major schools like Advaita, Dvaita, Vishistadvaita and Achintya Bhedabheda interpret that?
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75 views

Six Hindu philosophical systems and Puranas

There are six philosophical systems in Hinduism: Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa and Vedanta. What is each school's opinion on Puranas? Do they accept the puranas as authentic or they ...
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285 views

Is religion different from science ? Especially when it comes to falsifiability of claims?

Scientists claim that the underlying notion of a science is falsifiability i.e. the ability to disprove a statement via performing an experiment. Rishis claim that the underlying notion of religion ...
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0answers
128 views

Have Hindu philosophies dealt with subjective vs. objective pramana (evidence)?

For example, most people who have eaten a mango will say it tastes sweet. Suppose a foreign person visiting India has never tasted a mango. He has also been advised by his countrymen that bright-...
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45 views

Why was Varna formalised?

My understanding is that caste is not a legitimate Hindu concept and that it is varna instead. From what I’ve read, varna is like the division of labour within society, but my question is, why was ...
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80 views

According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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93 views

On the existence of the gods and the relevance of prayer [duplicate]

I am a European philosophically convinced by Hindu metaphysics (more particularly by advaita vedanta in the tradition of Adi Shankara that I discovered via René Guénon). I say this to explain that I ...
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0answers
52 views

Where can we get the Nyaya Sutras along with their commentaries in English translation?

Everyone knows how important the Nyaya Sutras are for Indian philosophy. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine a work of greater influence than this in the history of Indian thought. It is virtually the ...
4
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0answers
68 views

Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
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0answers
57 views

What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans?

What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans? Whose compositions are comprised in them and how many bhajan songs are compiled in them ?
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2answers
112 views

How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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1answer
110 views

Have Hindu Philosophers attempted to solve problem of improbability of a creator him/her/it being more complex?

I know that many hindu philosphers believe God can be known only through scriptures. Brahma sutras also try to explain logically about nature of brahman etc.. Any place where the problem of ...
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0answers
89 views

Which Sri Vaishnava works discuss Parashara’s Sharanagati for all Jivas?

The Sri Vaishnava sect has two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Vadakalais follow the teachings of Vedanta Desikan, whereas Thenkalais follow the teachings of Pillai Lokacharya. My question is ...
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1answer
87 views

How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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41 views

Is everything fixed and I (as a limited individual) am not the doer in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty? [duplicate]

Is everything fixed in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty and the so called 'doer-ship of limited individuals'? Is there free-will or is life just a movie that we are forced to watch?
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0answers
86 views

What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...
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0answers
86 views

How does Vedanta Desikan interpret Ramanujacharya’s statement about Brihaspati’s brother Samvarta?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
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0answers
42 views

Vaisheshika’s conception of motion

In Vaisheshika’s theory of motion, is it mentioned any where that an object will move on forever if there is nothing to offer resistance to exhaust it’s “vega”? Like an object moving through space/...
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2answers
124 views

How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
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0answers
56 views

What are all the empirical observations made by Kaṇāda in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras?

Kaṇāda, the natural scientist and philosopher, appears to have studied nature, made some direct observations and recorded them in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras. Wikipedia lists a few but I want to know all of ...
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0answers
57 views

Who was the king who argued with Adi Shankaracharya using karma siddantha (law of karma)?

What is the name of the king who debated with Adi Shankaracharya against Advaita and supporting karma siddhantha (law of karma)? Which authentic text contains the discussion between them?
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1answer
61 views

Which philosophy does devi bhagavatam teach?

There are different types of philosophies like Advaita, vishistadvaita, dvaita etc.. What kind of philosophy does devi bhagavatam teach? What is Devi's relationship with Brahman?
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2answers
261 views

What is the position of different Vaishnavite sects regarding the Advaitic definition of Nirguna Brahman?

As I understand it, to them the absolute is a person - Vishnu/Narayana, Rama and Krishna being the most prominent. What is their stand on the Nirguna Brahman of Advaitists? I am not interested in ...