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Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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What's the logic behind the definition of unreal in advaita vedanta?

From what I have studied, unreal in advaita vedanta is defined as something on which any of the following limitations applies: Limitation in space: It exists here but not there or vice versa. ...
tinkerer's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
258 views

Doesn't this make brahman limited?

If I am brahman, the unchanging reality, the absolute truth and I am the one without a second then why does this world appears to exist? Now one may give an analogy of snake and rope to answer this. ...
tinkerer's user avatar
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3 answers
453 views

Does Hinduism advocate middle path?

Does Hinduism advocate middle path ? Is it advisable to avoid extremes and take middle path in deciding what is dharma, what is not ?
river's user avatar
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Looking for polemical works of Non Vedantic Astika schools which argue Against Vedanta

Just as the Brahma sutras and the scholars of the vedanta schools have argued against the non vedantic schools such as Samkhya , Yoga, Nyaya etc. Have any texts or scholars of any these non vedantic ...
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What is the origin of the phrase "देशकालवस्तुपरिच्छेदशून्यम्"?

Phrase "देशकालवस्तुपरिच्छेदशून्यम्" is used in many Advaita vedanta lectures. In which scripture it has its origin?
Tattvamasmi Salty Doll's user avatar
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39 views

Was any verse in bori Mahabharata in which Shiva said that he was born from Vishnu or Vishnu said that Shiva born from Vishnu

Was there is any verse in bori Mahabharata in which Shiva said that he was born from Vishnu or Vishnu said that Shiva was born from him
Abhinav Verma's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
102 views

How did the different Non-Vedantic Astika schools such as Samkhya etc. justify the existence of multiple omnipresent souls?

As stated in this answer, Many of the Non Vedantic Astika school such as Samkhya, Nyāya etc. Held to the belief that the soul is all pervading/omnipresent. My question is do these darshanas offer any ...
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3 votes
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Is Brahman beyond Advaita, Dvaita, and Visistha-advaita? If so, why have the great acharyas restrained themselves by these concepts?

Garuda Purana preta khanda chapter 49 states. अद्वैतं केचिदिच्छन्ति द्वैतमिच्छन्ति चापरे । समं तत्त्वं न जानन्ति द्वैताद्द्वैतविवर्जितम् ॥ २,४९.९२ ॥ Some Desire Advaita, others desire Dvaita. Neither ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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As per Hinduism, What happens to those who follow Nihilist Philosophies like Buddhism?

Since Buddhism is regarded as a heretic path as per all the scriptures of hinduism, What would ultimately happen to those who follow Nihilst philosophies like Buddhism as per hinduism? Will Buddhists ...
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0 answers
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Non-Advaitan Smartas

Are their Smartas who are non-Advaitan and hold that Ishvara is represented equally in the forms of Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Shakti, Ganesha, and Skanda, but isn't Nirguna or without attributes.
Haridasa's user avatar
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Did the concept of पंच महाभूत in Indian philosophy evolved from any earlier concept?

Did the concept of पंच महाभूत in Indian philosophy evolved from any earlier concept? If, yes, please reference the earlier concept.
Kaushik's user avatar
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On the nature of the soul - ability to create, fade, disappear, or still

Nature of the soul: Perishable, Uniqueness, etc. In Indian philosophy, there are multiple schools of philosophy including - Advaita, ShuddhaAdvaita (Vedantic), Sankhya, Yoga, Madhyamaka, Jaina, etc. ...
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38 views

Are there any schools of hinduism that hold the Soul to be perishable / non-eternal?

Hinduism has a plethora of schools, All holding a wide variety of beliefs about the nature of the Atma. Are there any schools that hold the soul/atma to be perishable and subject to destruction?
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Are there Any Annihilationist schools in Hinduism?

Among, All the schools of Hinduism, The Madhva school believes in eternal hell for Tamo-yogya Jivas who are beyond saving. There are a few other schools who also believe in the concept of nitya-...
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0 votes
2 answers
296 views

Question about omnipotence of God

If God is omnipotent then why can't parambrahm kill my soul(aatma) Can parambrahm parmeshwar make a rock that can't be lifted by parambrahm? Can God kill himself? I don't want to offend anyone but I ...
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2 votes
2 answers
380 views

Are there any schools of Hinduism which hold that one can be a non-theist and still get Moksha?

Are there any schools or belief systems in Hinduism where belief in Ishvara, (or any deities for that matter) is not a necessity for attaining Liberation?
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3 votes
2 answers
335 views

Any way to face consequence of all good and bad deeds in one life?

I have committed many paap/sins (broke promise, insult and abuse, dishonesty) and good deeds like helping people, charity. But good and bad deeds make one to continue material existence. What I want ...
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2 votes
2 answers
190 views

Need explanation on few statement of yaksha prashn

Who causes the sun to set? Dharma 1.See I am not taking it literally but light/sunlight is symbol of pure knowledge in most scriptures which kills ignorance, so how does dharma end(sets) this ...
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4 votes
2 answers
683 views

Is there any prayachitta for pornography(please tell from scripture verses if any)

Lord Shiva says in the Mahabharata: Those men who, impelled by desire in their hearts, cast their eyes on naked women, those men of wicked deeds take birth in this world to pass their whole lives in ...
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2 votes
1 answer
130 views

The concept of Shunya (Void) by Dattatreya

I came across a question quoting a verse from Avadhoota Gita: Some seek nonduality, others duality. They do not know the Truth, which is the same at all times and everywhere, which is devoid of both ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Living creatures and sins

I, myself have killed so many mosquitoes, pests in my life. Now, I have come to a thought that they too are beautiful expressions created by god. Every single being created by the supreme serves a ...
Abhi's user avatar
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Help with philosophical redefining of elements

So I am trying to re-explain the elements in the Brihat Samhita by looking at what each element brings to the table versus what it does on its own using atma. Here is the link to this verse: https://...
Haridasa's user avatar
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Can anyone explain this?

क्रूराः कृतोऽञ्जलिरयं बलिरेष दत्तः कायो मया प्रहरतात्र यथाभिलाषम् अभ्यर्थये वितथवाङ्गयपांशुवर्षेर्मा माऽऽविलीकुरुतकीर्ति नदीः परेषाम् ।। 7 O HEARTLESS BARBARIANS! I HAVE ALMOST KILLED MYSELF WHILE ...
Singh S1's user avatar
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Good introductory references on Shatdarshanas that covers debates, arguments and principles

As far as I know, only Advaita Vedanta has been well commented for principal Upanishad. It belongs to the Vedanta school. Is ther any single text like AdvaitaSiddhi that covers the arguments, ...
user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
421 views

The gods don't protect like a shepherd with a stick, why should we worship them?

This with reference to a verse from Mahabharata: न देवा दण्डमादाय रक्षन्ति पशुपालवत् । यं तु रक्षितुमिच्छन्ति बुद्ध्या संविभजन्ति तम् ॥ विदुरनीति ३-४० Translation: The gods don't protect like a ...
Maheshan M's user avatar
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What is the Hindu understanding of "the image of God" or "imago dei" as discussed in the western christian doctrines?

I didn't many posts around this topic. So, if anyone know or can come up with good thoughts, please do so. One concept was Bimba-Pratibimba. Somtimes namaskaar or pranaam is talked about bowing down ...
indianpilgrim's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
162 views

Arguments: Re-birth

Is there any argumentative way to establish that rebirth exists? In shatdarshanas, it seems like a lot of them - samkhya, yoga, etc don't believe in rebirth. Although Yoga Sutras of Patanjali talk ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
91 views

How Vaiṣṇavas resolve the paradox regarding belief in the transcendental world where a devotee comes after his death?

If Vaikuntha or Goloka is transcendental to material time, space, the entire material world, then how can we apply the law of causality to these spiritual world? Because if we say that our behavior in ...
Jeeva's user avatar
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0 answers
29 views

How do different Astika schools prove re-incarnation according to this verse of Bhagavad Gita?

Different schools - Shatdarshanas in Indian philosophy tackle the phenomenon of reincarnation differently. While there are sufficient yogic practices to experience past lives when on the path of self-...
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0 votes
0 answers
23 views

Incessant mind chatter and narcissistic parents

This really is a personal question but It needs a spiritual angle so that I could be set free from this endless cycle. My parents are not proud enough of me no matter what I accomplish and what I ...
Abhi's user avatar
  • 59
1 vote
1 answer
93 views

Did any Hindu philosophers/mystics ever explain if there were any benefits to going to a temple in order to worship and connect to Brahman?

According to this website, it is stated: Visiting a Temple plays a crucial role in the Hindu belief system. It is a way of improving our concentration and connection with the Divine figure However, ...
setszu's user avatar
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1 answer
106 views

Is post-Vedic Hinduism copied from Buddhism?

Is Hinduism copied from Buddhism? https://buddhism.stackexchange.com/a/2043 For example, as this answer says, and a lot of others in the same thread, "Hinduism" didn't exist in its present-...
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1 vote
0 answers
16 views

Shatdarshanas: Who is understood to be the one that grants liberation and enlightment?

Consider this question as the sequel to: Foundational texts of Shatdarshanas Out of shatdarshanas: The Vedanta school has primarily three sub-schools: Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Davita. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
37 views

Foundational texts of Shatdarshanas

The six orthodox schools are called as shatdarshanas and include Nyaya, Sankhya, Yoga, Vaisheshika, Purva Mimamsa, and Uttara Mimamsa (Vedanta Philosophy). Most of these schools of thought believe in ...
user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
332 views

Is this a hoax or genuine? This claims to be a prediction of Muhammad from hindu scripture but I can't find it [closed]

I haven't been able to find the source, so would appreciate it if someone could reference this in hindu literature or prove that it's a hoax. Thanks.
Sam's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
140 views

Reference Request [Upanishads]: Chitta and Vrittis

Are there any good references that discuss the concepts of Chitta and Vrittis used primarily in Samkhya Philosophy in Upanishads? To the best of my knowledge, Upanishads are advaitic majorly. How Yoga ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
255 views

Why Does the Avadhuta Gita 1.36 say that The Absolute truth is devoid of Both Duality and Nonduality?

While Going through the Avadhuta Gita recently, I came across the following verse. Avadhuta Gita 1.36:- Some seek nonduality, and others duality. They do not know the truth, which is the same at all ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
115 views

What does knowing one’s soul mean?

When describing virtuous people one of the phrase that’s repeatedly used by Valmiki is विदितात्मनः valmikiramayana.net translates this to the knower of self. Bibek Debroy (Chapter 5(2), Para 3) ...
vishwamitras100aunts's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
441 views

Is Rama giving contradictory justifications for killing Vali?

I have been stuck at the Vali sarga for over a week now because there was something here that was bugging me the cause of whom I now seem to have recognised. Rama justifies the reason of killing Vali ...
vishwamitras100aunts's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Does Hinduism have different types of rebirths?

Does Hinduism have a Wheel of Samsara like Buddhism and Jainism, which categorize 6 different options of possible rebirths based on past karma? Or in Hinduism the only possible rebirths are human or ...
Orionixe's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Sampradayas and Injunctions

We know there are different Sampradayas(Sects) and sub sects and each have their own injunctions about the social life/interaction as well as devotional/spiritual/ritual interaction. Which among ...
pi-π's user avatar
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0 answers
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What are some of the scriptures which talk about Human Psychology at length?

So we have a group of scriptures called Darshana, which I think is possibly close to philosophy text from a Western perspective, We have scriptures for Tantra and Vigyaan, similarly what are some of ...
Talk is Cheap Show me Code's user avatar
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0 answers
58 views

Are there any philosophies other than Dvaita that have the concept of Nitya Samsari?

I have heard that the Dvaita school of Madhvacharya has the concept of 'Nitya - Samsarins'; which means that as per them a particular class of souls would perpetually be bound in the cycle of rebirth. ...
anu kumar's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
59 views

Are there any rules for a Snataka?

Every ashram has its own rules and duties what are the duties of a Snataka?Just finding a job?
Shiv's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
48 views

Why are 'HUMAN BEINGS' different, according to Hindu Philosophy?

All of us inherently recognise the concept of fundamental human dignity - that human beings are BORN FREE and EQUAL. But why are they, what is its philosophical basis in HINDUISM? What is the basis of ...
Siddharth Bhardwaj's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
141 views

A philosophical question about karma

A philosophical question about karma My question is based on two common assumptions: Karma is the cause of one’s suffering Any bad karma can be reduced to basically causing harm (In any possible way) ...
Aether's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Is there a book of logic by god , god giving reasons?

God talking about why did he create universe particularly why? Did god ever give his discourse on reason, why did he not create everything peaceful? God talking by logic, just pure reasoning?
Shiv's user avatar
  • 791
2 votes
0 answers
101 views

Character who repeatedly fails even after trying?

Is there any character in epics/scriptures (Mahabharata, Ramayana, etc.) who does not gain a skill they have worked on for long? What is their thought process after this; what do they do? For example,...
muser's user avatar
  • 139
0 votes
0 answers
81 views

Surrender vs medication?

I wanted to find out what Hinduism says about this matter: Its a bit hard to put into exact words, but basically, if a person has a medical condition and is given prescription medication by a doctor, ...
happybuddha's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
58 views

Why they keep on changing god?

when i was a child they used to say me parents are god after that they used to say me teachers are god then they say me god is in everyone and now they are saying god is formless, why are you changing ...
Shiv's user avatar
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