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Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

-1
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139 views

Why Brahman does not grant moksha to all Jeevatmas, under the purview of Vedanta?

If we suppose that Paramatma, Brahman, according to Dvaita and Vishishtadvaita, who is Sarvatantra-Swatantra (totally independent and omnipotent) and also Saguna (is filled with good qualities like ...
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0answers
23 views

Does the Samkhya Darshana describe 24 tattva belonging only to human state or to all other conscious states?

What would be the Tattva for the Sun or moon or say any star? If I was tree in the previous birth then from where the liking of the certain taste, things etc emerged in my childhood? If tanmatras are ...
5
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0answers
68 views

What is the Ekayana sect criticized by Pillai Lokacharya's father?

By far the most famous commentary on Nammalwar's Thiruvaimozhi is the Eedu, aka the 36000 Padi, which was composed by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vadakku Thiruveedhi Pillai, father of Pillai Lokacharya. ...
11
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1answer
122 views

How do the stories of Prahlada and Hanuman show invisible effects of visible causes?

The Paramathabhanga is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan which refutes rival schools of Indian philosophy, both inside and outside of Hinduism. In this chapter of the Paramatha ...
4
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1answer
192 views

Why are Vedas regarded as Apaurusheya (authorless/ not created by anyone)?

Why are Vedas regarded as Apaurusheya (authorless/ not created by anyone)? Is it a sin to consider that Veda was written by someone as propagated by Western scholars?
0
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0answers
120 views

What does the term embodied mean?

I know some of you will say that embodied one is the jiva or sookshma sharira, but that's not the answer i'm looking for. I want to know the definition of the term embodied when applied to gita verse ...
4
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1answer
85 views

What does mayavad and tattvavad mean?

What are the meanings of the terms mayavad and tattvavad? What are the differences between them?
2
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0answers
166 views

Who was the guru of Chanakya? [closed]

We all know Chanakya a.k.a Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra. I would like to know that, who was his Guru and which school of thought did he follow?
3
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0answers
79 views

What is the philosophy of brahmakumaris?

I saw a certain new group active now a days in my home town. The organisation is called Brahmakumaris. Do they follow any scripture? What is their philosophy? Does it come under the Vedic umbrella?
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3answers
193 views

Does God know about all our actions and also whatever we talk? [duplicate]

Omniscience means He should know everything including all our actions and whatever we talk. Is this correct? Link to the recently deleted question.
9
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1answer
137 views

What is Anumana Pramana to be precise?

What exactly is Anumana Pramana? Guessing the past happenings with the available evidence also come under Anumana Pramana? And how does it differ from Artapatti Pramana?
2
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4answers
149 views

Is Brahman sentient in Advaita Vedanta?

If Brahman is Consciousness and Omniscient, then he should be sentient also since both are indiscernible.
5
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2answers
86 views

Does kalpa bheda explanation for reconciling different narrative in puranas have scriptural basis?

Some sects use kalpa bheda or manvantara bheda to explain contradictions in the events narrated differently in different puranas and when there exists no way to reconcile them. Does such explanation ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Was Kumārila Bhaṭṭa the first to argue that the Vedas were apauruṣeya (authorless)?

Wikipedia says: 2. Every extant school held some scripture to be correct. To show that the Veda was the only correct scripture, Bhaṭṭa ingeniously said that "the absence of an author would ...
3
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2answers
146 views

Which schools of Indian philosophy consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (authorless) and which don't?

Are Vedānta and Mīmāṃsā the only schools that believe the Vedas to be apauruṣeya? Are there any other schools? And those that didn't believe this, did they agree with each other on the human ...
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0answers
31 views

Are there any references to Niralambopanishat and SukaRahasyopanishat prior to Adi Shankaracharya?

Among Vedantins; Advait is a widely followed philosophy. The famous quote of Shree Adi Shankaracharya goes: Brahma Satya, Jagat Mithya. Now many Advaitins have mentioned that the verse was not ...
8
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2answers
153 views

Are Pramanas mentioned in the Vedas?

There are 10 Pramanas. Among those, majority of orthodox schools of Hinduism accept at least 3 Pramanas VIZ; Pratyaksha, Anumana and Sabda. Now, do these Pramanas mentioned in the Vedas(Both Karma and ...
4
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0answers
47 views

Does nyaya or vaisheshikha school accept pratibhashik and paramarthik realities?

In one of the discourse I heard that Nyaya and Vaisheshikha accept 2 levels of reality. However Shankaracharya was the 1st one to refute this claim of 2 level realities and established the 3rd ...
9
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2answers
213 views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world ...
3
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2answers
150 views

On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist? [duplicate]

Hindu philosophies, especially Vedanta, say there is 'the Self' which is the reason for the existence of our human body. However, science hasn't proven the existence of that. Moreover, according to ...
6
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1answer
129 views

What are different Vadas associated with different philosophies?

We know that there are six Astika schools of philosophy (Darshana, Sanskrit: दर्शन) which are Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa and Vedanta. And further there are sub-schools of Vedanta viz. ...
3
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4answers
248 views

Are there any hidden Vedantic or any other philosophical teachings in the stories of Mahabharata?

Is Mahabharata a mere Ithihasa or whether the stories of Mahabharata have any hidden esoteric or metaphorical meanings?
6
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3answers
177 views

In Pratibimba Vada, which is the jivatman? The original or the reflected?

Here's an youtube video on the analogy of Two Birds, by Swami Sarvapriyananda (an advaitin monk). Two birds by Swami Sarvapriyananda Here, he compares the tree with our physical body, and the two ...
4
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1answer
106 views

Phrases like “Reflection of the real self” and “Space inside the pot”, are they simply theories?

Are they simply theories or are they actually mentioned in the upanishads? ... When it comes to the example of the two birds sitting on a tree, is it mentioned anywhere in the mundaka & ...
6
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0answers
76 views

What were the salient features of Ekayana Vaishnavism (Kashmiri Vaishnavism)?

Kashmir was once a hub of Sanskrit and Indian philosophies or traditions like Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Buddhism etc. In ancient time, Kashmiri Vaishnavism also flourished which was based on Tantra and ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Does any scripture say or imply observer is observed?

One of the basic tenet of Jiddu Krishnamurthy teachings was observer is observed. It means the observer is not different than the psychological states it observes. Below is one of the explanation - ...
7
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1answer
160 views

Why is Yoga called union when it is the mind that actually dissolves?

It is said that Mind is simply a bundle of thoughts and the patanajali yoga sutras says "yogachittavritiinirodha". Since the thought process is restrained through meditation and ego is dissolved,veil ...
0
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1answer
59 views

How samskaras are manifested as per Vedanta philosophy?

How exactly the latent impressions that are submerged in our subconscious, arise at the surface of our conscious mind. I know they arise as vrittis or thought waves, but what triggers them to rise in ...
1
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1answer
119 views

The name of the Golden egg that is filled with Ananda

When the consciousness has so to speak - gone beyond, all together beyond the temporal realm of the phenomenal and gone beyond altogether beyond the realm of Nirguna Brahman and enters the realm of ...
2
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0answers
39 views

How can the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on manifestations that must have originated from Brahman in the past?

If everything originated from Brahman, then how could the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, because all three are physical manifestations that ...
2
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1answer
69 views

What do the Vedas say is the relation or difference between Ishwar and Brahman? [duplicate]

The Vedas appear to speak of one Ishwar that manifests as other beings, but it also speaks of Brahman being one. I'm confused as to what Ishwar is, and why Ishwar differs from Brahman. Is Brahman the ...
3
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0answers
117 views

How does the quality of “Tamas” viz. “ignorance”, affect Moksha/Liberation?

There are 3 qualities for any being or existence, named as : Sattva (illumination), Rajas (passion), Tamas (ignorance). Gita discusses them in great detail. According to it, the quality of Rajas is ...
5
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1answer
95 views

What is the meaning of “renunciation of fruit/result of actions”?

BG in 12.12 says śreyo hi jñānam abhyāsāj jñānād dhyānaḿ viśiṣyate dhyānāt karma-phala-tyāgas tyāgāc chāntir anantaram “...better than meditation is renunciation of the fruits of action.....
7
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1answer
110 views

Why does Prakirti / MahaKundalini Shakti descend from her blissful state into worldly phenomena?

The descent of prakriti essence via her beautiful creative power known as Maha Kundalini Sakti is there for all those who have eyes to see. The world of phenomena has been created and her work is done ...
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0answers
150 views

What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
9
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3answers
151 views

Is it possible for us to see the subtle body?

Majority of you might know the three bodies doctrine in Indian philosophies, i.e., Gross body, subtle body and casual body. We can see gross body with our two eyes. But is it possible to see subtle ...
9
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1answer
173 views

How is the all pervading God said to reside in the Daharakasha?

It is understood that the space within the heart, which is the corresponding microscopic form of the macroscopic form of Space, is known in metaphysical terms as Daharakasha(tiniest cosmos). The all ...
6
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1answer
188 views

Is “Vishishtadvaita” a scriptural term? Is there any instance where it is used in scriptures?

There is a philosophy having the name Advaita and there is also a philosophy called Dvaita. Both these terms- Advaita, Dvaita- are found in scriptures, including the Upanishads. Now, there is yet ...
1
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1answer
118 views

Will my present identity as Dheeraj survive after Moksha?

Everyone takes birth and dies and then takes rebirth or attains moksha. My question is: Will I as Dheeraj survive after attaining moksha? Will I be able to remember myself as Dheeraj in the past? ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Shadripus in Hinduism [duplicate]

I have read about this term "Shadripus" mentioned in a few answers on this site. And do understand that- these bind the soul to the process of birth and death and keep it confined in this material ...
5
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0answers
104 views

What are the differences in teachings between Yoga Vasista, Ashtavakra Gita, and Vivekachudamani?

Yoga Vasistha (योग-वासिष्ठ), Ashtavakra Gita (अष्टावक्रगीता), and Vivekachudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) are teachings about Enlightenment and (Moh)Maya. What are the Philosophical differences between these ...
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0answers
101 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
7
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1answer
151 views

What is Prashtantrayi?

I have heard this name many times related to Adi Shankaracharya. He has given many lectures about Prasthantrayi. Is this any Upanishad, Purana or else? I just want to know some brief detail about ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Which schools prior to the Gautam Buddha gave the finite size of the atma (आत्मा )?

Gautam Buddha is said to talk about Self in his teachings later during third turning of wheel (or call it whatever). He said about the self like this which is Advaitic & in agreement with both ...
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5answers
3k views

Do some people have more Grace of God and some have less?

There are millions of people in world, some are more successful and reach their goals while some try hard to reach their goals or there favorable profession, but fail to; or some people are more ...
6
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0answers
45 views

Which scripture claims to be essence of all Aranyakas?

Each Veda has been subclassified into four major text parts – the Samhitas, the Aranyakas, the Brahmanas, and the Upanishads. Now, Essence of all Samhitas --> compiled as Devata Kanda Sutras ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Which hindu sects, if any, don't accept the following well-known upanishadic mahavakyas?

From wiki: The Mahavakyas (sing.: mahāvākyam, महावाक्यम्; plural: mahāvākyāni, महावाक्यानि) are "The Great Sayings" of the Upanishads, as characterized by the Advaita school of Vedanta. Most ...
7
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2answers
108 views

What is positive thinking? How is it developed?

Many philosophers, Gurus and Acharyas stress on "positive way of life" or "positive thinking". If the "negative thinking" was so bad, then it would have vanished from general populace with time, isn't ...
5
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1answer
44 views

What are the arguments of vedanta sutras against pAshupata sect?

Vedanta Sutras and its commentaries are said to be critical of pashupata sect. I think the second chapter talks about this in detail. What are the arguments raised against this school?
4
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1answer
77 views

A question about kāla [closed]

kāla is a sanskrit Homonym word with two completely different meanings, one being time (concept of time) another one being anything related to black color, black, dark, darkness. I was recently ...