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Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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221 views

Is religion different from science ? Especially when it comes to falsifiability of claims?

Scientists claim that the underlying notion of a science is falsifiability i.e. the ability to disprove a statement via performing an experiment. Rishis claim that the underlying notion of religion ...
5
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0answers
111 views

Have Hindu philosophies dealt with subjective vs. objective pramana (evidence)?

For example, most people who have eaten a mango will say it tastes sweet. Suppose a foreign person visiting India has never tasted a mango. He has also been advised by his countrymen that bright-...
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0answers
37 views

Why was Varna formalised?

My understanding is that caste is not a legitimate Hindu concept and that it is varna instead. From what I’ve read, varna is like the division of labour within society, but my question is, why was ...
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0answers
42 views

Self Knowledge, Is this site not promoting Ego by adding followers and who is popular? [migrated]

I just want to learn about Hinduism and ask question not for being Popular or winning followers. I am merely an ignorant person with many questions. If I let my Ego become inflated with popularity of ...
4
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0answers
70 views

According to advaitins, which brahma sutra says that the world is mithya?

Advaitins believe that the world is mithya. There are advaita commentaries on the brahmasutras, most notably by Shankara himself. So according to advaitins, which brahmasutra or sutras say that the ...
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0answers
91 views

On the existence of the gods and the relevance of prayer [duplicate]

I am a European philosophically convinced by Hindu metaphysics (more particularly by advaita vedanta in the tradition of Adi Shankara that I discovered via René Guénon). I say this to explain that I ...
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0answers
76 views

Why (and more importantly how) does Brihaspati always win? [closed]

Why and How does Brihaspati (Jupiter) always win even though Shukracharya (Venus) is much smarter and skillful? Is there any philosophy here that can be transferred to astrology when it comes ...
3
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0answers
40 views

Where can we get the Nyaya Sutras along with their commentaries in English translation?

Everyone knows how important the Nyaya Sutras are for Indian philosophy. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine a work of greater influence than this in the history of Indian thought. It is virtually the ...
4
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0answers
52 views

Where can I get the works of Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha in English translation?

Jayatirtha and Vyasatirtha, two extremely brilliant philosophers of Vedanta, have been characterized by countless scholars both from the East and West as presenting "the highest dialectical skill in ...
2
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0answers
51 views

What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans?

What are ashtapathi, panchapathi and tarangi in bhajans? Whose compositions are comprised in them and how many bhajan songs are compiled in them ?
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2answers
84 views

How does Shri Adi Shankaracharya or any Advaiti establish anumana as pramana, as the whole world is Mithyatmaka and is Maya?

I know that Charuvakas only accept Pratyaksha. Dvaithis and Vishishtadvaithis accept Pratyaksha, Anumana and Agama(Shabdha). But I was kind of surprised to know that Advaithis accept all the six ...
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1answer
109 views

Have Hindu Philosophers attempted to solve problem of improbability of a creator him/her/it being more complex?

I know that many hindu philosphers believe God can be known only through scriptures. Brahma sutras also try to explain logically about nature of brahman etc.. Any place where the problem of ...
7
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0answers
79 views

Which Sri Vaishnava works discuss Parashara’s Sharanagati for all Jivas?

The Sri Vaishnava sect has two sub-sects, Thenkalai and Vadakalai. Vadakalais follow the teachings of Vedanta Desikan, whereas Thenkalais follow the teachings of Pillai Lokacharya. My question is ...
3
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1answer
82 views

How are the object and the subject one and the same?

I basically wanted the proof of all is ONE and Prakrithi and Purusha are the same.
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0answers
38 views

Is everything fixed and I (as a limited individual) am not the doer in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty? [duplicate]

Is everything fixed in spite of Heisenberg's uncertainty and the so called 'doer-ship of limited individuals'? Is there free-will or is life just a movie that we are forced to watch?
2
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0answers
64 views

What are the philosophical differences between Vishishtadvaita Vedanta and Shivadvaita Vedanta?

Vishishtadvaita, as we know, is a Vedantic philosophy propogated by the renowned Sripad Ramanujacharya. The philosophy is subscribed mainly by Sri Vaishnavas, Ramanandi Vaishnavas and Swaminarayan ...
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0answers
67 views

How does Vedanta Desikan interpret Ramanujacharya’s statement about Brihaspati’s brother Samvarta?

The Satadhusani is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan consisting of 100 refutations of Adi Shankaracharya's philosophy of Advaita. One chapter of the work is devoted to refuting the ...
2
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0answers
41 views

Vaisheshika’s conception of motion

In Vaisheshika’s theory of motion, is it mentioned any where that an object will move on forever if there is nothing to offer resistance to exhaust it’s “vega”? Like an object moving through space/...
3
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1answer
76 views

How are jivas (linga/sookshma sharirs) created as per Advaita?

As per advaita, jivas are nothing but Linga sharira or sookskhma sharira. This has been explained to me by user Pradip Gangopadhyaya before. But I need to know how are jivas created. Advaita ...
2
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0answers
54 views

What are all the empirical observations made by Kaṇāda in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras?

Kaṇāda, the natural scientist and philosopher, appears to have studied nature, made some direct observations and recorded them in his Vaiśeṣika Sūtras. Wikipedia lists a few but I want to know all of ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Who was the king who argued with Adi Shankaracharya using karma siddantha (law of karma)?

What is the name of the king who debated with Adi Shankaracharya against Advaita and supporting karma siddhantha (law of karma)? Which authentic text contains the discussion between them?
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1answer
54 views

Which philosophy does devi bhagavatam teach?

There are different types of philosophies like Advaita, vishistadvaita, dvaita etc.. What kind of philosophy does devi bhagavatam teach? What is Devi's relationship with Brahman?
8
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2answers
246 views

What is the position of different Vaishnavite sects regarding the Advaitic definition of Nirguna Brahman?

As I understand it, to them the absolute is a person - Vishnu/Narayana, Rama and Krishna being the most prominent. What is their stand on the Nirguna Brahman of Advaitists? I am not interested in ...
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5answers
328 views

Who are the pseudo-advaitins referred to by Shringeri Acharya? Does Adi Shankara state characteristics of true advaitins?

Sri Sringeri Sharadha Peetham has a free ebook to download here. In that book, the following statement is made by the then Shakaracharya, H.H Abhinava Vidyatheertha Mahaswami. In the page 556 of the ...
4
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1answer
155 views

Why the three levels of reality of Advaita Vedanta are not mentioned in any scriptures?

According to Advaita Vedanta, there are three levels of reality: Pāramārthika (Absolute reality) Vyāvahārika (Relative reality) Prāthibhāsika (unreality) Now, as far as I know, this concept is not ...
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0answers
26 views

Does the Samkhya Darshana describe 24 tattva belonging only to human state or to all other conscious states?

What would be the Tattva for the Sun or moon or say any star? If I was tree in the previous birth then from where the liking of the certain taste, things etc emerged in my childhood? If tanmatras are ...
5
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0answers
91 views

What is the Ekayana sect criticized by Pillai Lokacharya's father?

By far the most famous commentary on Nammalwar's Thiruvaimozhi is the Eedu, aka the 36000 Padi, which was composed by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vadakku Thiruveedhi Pillai, father of Pillai Lokacharya. ...
11
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1answer
152 views

How do the stories of Prahlada and Hanuman show invisible effects of visible causes?

The Paramathabhanga is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Vedanta Desikan which refutes rival schools of Indian philosophy, both inside and outside of Hinduism. In this chapter of the Paramatha ...
3
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1answer
234 views

Why are Vedas regarded as Apaurusheya (authorless/ not created by anyone)?

Why are Vedas regarded as Apaurusheya (authorless/ not created by anyone)? Is it a sin to consider that Veda was written by someone as propagated by Western scholars?
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0answers
127 views

What does the term embodied mean?

I know some of you will say that embodied one is the jiva or sookshma sharira, but that's not the answer i'm looking for. I want to know the definition of the term embodied when applied to gita verse ...
3
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1answer
109 views

What does mayavad and tattvavad mean?

What are the meanings of the terms mayavad and tattvavad? What are the differences between them?
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0answers
237 views

Who was the guru of Chanakya? [closed]

We all know Chanakya a.k.a Kautilya, the author of Arthashastra. I would like to know that, who was his Guru and which school of thought did he follow?
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0answers
87 views

What is the philosophy of brahmakumaris?

I saw a certain new group active now a days in my home town. The organisation is called Brahmakumaris. Do they follow any scripture? What is their philosophy? Does it come under the Vedic umbrella?
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3answers
203 views

Does God know about all our actions and also whatever we talk? [duplicate]

Omniscience means He should know everything including all our actions and whatever we talk. Is this correct? Link to the recently deleted question.
9
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1answer
247 views

What is Anumana Pramana to be precise?

What exactly is Anumana Pramana? Guessing the past happenings with the available evidence also come under Anumana Pramana? And how does it differ from Artapatti Pramana?
2
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4answers
199 views

Is Brahman sentient in Advaita Vedanta?

If Brahman is Consciousness and Omniscient, then he should be sentient also since both are indiscernible.
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2answers
92 views

Does kalpa bheda explanation for reconciling different narrative in puranas have scriptural basis?

Some sects use kalpa bheda or manvantara bheda to explain contradictions in the events narrated differently in different puranas and when there exists no way to reconcile them. Does such explanation ...
2
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0answers
41 views

Was Kumārila Bhaṭṭa the first to argue that the Vedas were apauruṣeya (authorless)?

Wikipedia says: 2. Every extant school held some scripture to be correct. To show that the Veda was the only correct scripture, Bhaṭṭa ingeniously said that "the absence of an author would ...
3
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1answer
160 views

Which schools of Indian philosophy consider the Vedas to be apauruṣeya (authorless) and which don't?

Are Vedānta and Mīmāṃsā the only schools that believe the Vedas to be apauruṣeya? Are there any other schools? And those that didn't believe this, did they agree with each other on the human ...
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0answers
34 views

Are there any references to Niralambopanishat and SukaRahasyopanishat prior to Adi Shankaracharya?

Among Vedantins; Advait is a widely followed philosophy. The famous quote of Shree Adi Shankaracharya goes: Brahma Satya, Jagat Mithya. Now many Advaitins have mentioned that the verse was not ...
8
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2answers
176 views

Are Pramanas mentioned in the Vedas?

There are 10 Pramanas. Among those, majority of orthodox schools of Hinduism accept at least 3 Pramanas VIZ; Pratyaksha, Anumana and Sabda. Now, do these Pramanas mentioned in the Vedas(Both Karma and ...
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0answers
50 views

Does nyaya or vaisheshikha school accept pratibhashik and paramarthik realities?

In one of the discourse I heard that Nyaya and Vaisheshikha accept 2 levels of reality. However Shankaracharya was the 1st one to refute this claim of 2 level realities and established the 3rd ...
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2answers
272 views

What is the Vishishtadvaitin equivalent to “Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya Jeevo Brahmaiva Naparah”?

The philosophy of Advaita Vedanta was summed up by Adi-Shankara in a single verse: Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya, Jivo Brahmaiva Naparah English Translation: Brahman is the only Truth, the world ...
3
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2answers
174 views

On what basis do Hindu philosophies say Atman exist? [duplicate]

Hindu philosophies, especially Vedanta, say there is 'the Self' which is the reason for the existence of our human body. However, science hasn't proven the existence of that. Moreover, according to ...
6
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1answer
171 views

What are different Vadas associated with different philosophies?

We know that there are six Astika schools of philosophy (Darshana, Sanskrit: दर्शन) which are Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimansa and Vedanta. And further there are sub-schools of Vedanta viz. ...
4
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4answers
255 views

Are there any hidden Vedantic or any other philosophical teachings in the stories of Mahabharata?

Is Mahabharata a mere Ithihasa or whether the stories of Mahabharata have any hidden esoteric or metaphorical meanings?
6
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3answers
199 views

In Pratibimba Vada, which is the jivatman? The original or the reflected?

Here's an youtube video on the analogy of Two Birds, by Swami Sarvapriyananda (an advaitin monk). Two birds by Swami Sarvapriyananda Here, he compares the tree with our physical body, and the two ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Phrases like “Reflection of the real self” and “Space inside the pot”, are they simply theories?

Are they simply theories or are they actually mentioned in the upanishads? ... When it comes to the example of the two birds sitting on a tree, is it mentioned anywhere in the mundaka & ...
7
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0answers
100 views

What were the salient features of Ekayana Vaishnavism (Kashmiri Vaishnavism)?

Kashmir was once a hub of Sanskrit and Indian philosophies or traditions like Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Buddhism etc. In ancient time, Kashmiri Vaishnavism also flourished which was based on Tantra and ...
3
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1answer
134 views

Does any scripture say or imply observer is observed?

One of the basic tenet of Jiddu Krishnamurthy teachings was observer is observed. It means the observer is not different than the psychological states it observes. Below is one of the explanation - ...