Questions tagged [philosophy]

Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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How is consciousness insentient without recognitive apprehension or vimarsha?

Utpaladeva argues that if consciousness did not have vimarsha,then it would be inert and dead.How is this the case? and during pralaya is vimarsha active?
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What are scriptural reference of not getting angry at those who disrespect our religion?

So basically there are lots of power currently and also they might be present in past too, which actually tries to insult our practice and scriptures, or else they will oppose our bhakti by many ways! ...
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Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself?

Is Non Dual Vedanta's Brahman aware of itself, if so isn't it he same as Trika Shavism, and can there really be any difference in Non Dual philosophies e.g. Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta, Kashmir Shaivism?...
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Why do some claim that madhyamika is compatible with vedanta,when consciousness is not a cause in madhyamika?

https://archive.org/details/IndianPhilosophyACriticalSurvey claims sunyavaada is compatible with Upanishadic ideas. but in madhyamika,the 5 elements(earth,water,fire,air and Consciousness) are ...
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What are some books written on Indian philosophy of spirituality by western philosophers?

It is true that spiritualism is best depicted in Hindu scriptures, and we do have some records of western saints going to Indian land for the development of their spiritual lives. We have some western ...
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What is Shandilya Mimansa?

I have recently saw a telecast of "Shandilya Mimansa" Katha By Kirit Bhai on Sanskar TV Channel. I am bit surprised because I never heard name of any scripture called Shandilya Mimansa. I ...
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Madhyamika and Ajativada and anuttara of advaita vedanta and kashmir shaivism

Is the madhyamika deconstruction of reality that nothing arises and nothing ceases the same as ajativada of gaudapada and anuttara of abhinavagupta? in madhyamika production is never established and ...
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What does Tarka shastra say about consistency in accepting statements in Pramana?

Tarka shastra is ancient-day 'Logic'. Lack of contradiction is one of the key pillars to establish any point of view. Below is an example. A book written by author X, 5000 years ago, states "A+B =...
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142 views

clearing past life karmas with people [duplicate]

What are the ways to clear past life karmas with parents & other people? How to forgive people & accept them regardless of your suffering? I'm wanting to know the tangible ways of working ...
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Where can I find the book Ujjvala nilamani of Srila Rupa Gosvami?

I am looking for the book Ujjvala nīlamaṇi. It is by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī and has commentaries as well. Where can I find?
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How can we explain love and hatred in spiritual parlance, particularly with reference to Advait Darshan?

For a seeker to appreciate and comprehend certain character traits are of utmost importance. Shall feel blessed if some blessed one could explain the philosophy of love and hatred in spiritual ...
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What are the main philosophical differences between Yoga and Samkhya Darshanas?

Samkhya and Yoga are one of the six Astika Darshanas of thoughts in Sanatana Dharma (the other four being Nyaya, Vedanta, Mimamsa and Vaisheshika). Both Darshanas are said to very closely related. ...
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Analysis of the Brahmasutra which chooses best (according to author) interpretation of a verse from among interpretations of three major schools?

I want to know are there books that try to analyze Brahmasutra from an independent ,non-sectarian perspective or from Western perspective while also specifying views of major Vedantic schools. I know ...
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What Ayurvedic texts describe shadows as sweet or cold?

As I discuss in this question, by far the most popular school of Hindu philosophy is the Vedanta school. But there are five other Astika or orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy: Purva Mimamsa, Samkhya,...
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(Kashmiri Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta) one self in comparison to many permanent selves?

How do we enjoin one permanent self over many permanent selves like in the jonang/yogacara school of Buddhism? one way I think is the fact that people can perceive the same things simultaneously, ...
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Is yoga an independent philosophy as classified in shad-darshan? or was it later incorporated in Tantra? or is it a part of tantra itself?

There is a separate school in Āstika tradition of Sanatana dharma as "Yoga". Also, the tantrik texts consists a section as Yoga itself. So how does the yoga as mentioned in Shad-Darshana differs from ...
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Does the brahman have the prakrutik body just like human beings have?

Does the brahman has ears, eyes, legs and hands? If so, what are the sources which specify about the body structure for brahman? What do Dvaita, Advaita and Vishishadvaita say about it?
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Where are imperishable personalities from Mahabharata?

The characters listed below are Chiranjeevi's or imperishable personalities from Dwaaparayuga that means they are immortal. So where do they exist in Kaliyug? Is there any evidence or documents ...
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What Is Neti-neti? Is it a practice or an expression of ineffability?

Is Neti-neti a practice of negation, or an expression of inneffability? I'm curious because I've heard it described in both ways.
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Lord Krishna on Free Will?

Verse number 27 of Chapter 3 of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita states प्रकृते: क्रियमाणानि गुणै: कर्माणि सर्वश: अहङ्कारविमूढात्मा कर्ताहमिति मन्यते This translates to All activities are carried out by the ...
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(Brahma Sutras)why is a ruling Lord necessary for aggregation of the material world?

So I've been reading the commentaries by Ramanuja and Shankara on the Brahma Sutras and they say that a ruling lord is necessary for the aggregation of atoms, especially into material skandhas. how ...
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Alternative of Stoicism in Hinduism?

Any alternative to Stoicism in Hinduism, Which book or philosophy in Hinduism is close to Stoicism.. What do you think of Stoicism.. Do you find anything wrong with Stoicism, when you look at it ...
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What is Hinduism's View on extraterrestrials? [duplicate]

Different Religions have surprisingly diverse approaches to the issue of possible extraterrestrial life. What is Hindu scripture's view on existence of extraterrestrial life? https://www....
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181 views

What's the difference between Dvaita and the Abrahamic faiths? [closed]

In Dvaita there is Atman and Brahman, while in the Abrahamic faiths there is soul and God. These systems sound similar, but I assume they are in fact different? According to Hindu philosophers, what ...
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What is “performing penance”?

What is "performing penance" in Chapter 3 of the Taittiriya Upanishad, and what methods are involved? Performing penance is said to be the means of knowing Brahman, via the 5 koshas (sheaths).
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Who owns a soul?

I understand the cycles of Janam, Aatma, soul visits the Material Loka to finish the cycles of Karma. I was explaining one person that we do not own soul, soul keeps changing the body. He asked me ...
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How does Pratibhasik satya play out when it comes to perception of others?

So I assume my perception of others will not be vyavahirka Satya as it is not empirical and requires use of Mann, buddhi and anubhav. In other words more than what is possible by Gyan and karm indriya....
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According to Hindu philosophy, what are the flaws in Buddha's teachings?

What are the flaws in Buddhism according to Hindu philosophers? Did Buddha really reject the Vedas and Hinduism?
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Two birds in a tree

At the beginning of chapter 3 of the Mundaka Upanishad, "Two birds of the same kind and inseparable as friends, cling to the same tree." What exactly do these two birds represent?
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Meaning of Ghataka Shruti

Advaita follows Abheda Shruti, Dvaita Bheda Shruti. Vishishtadvaita follows Ghataka Shruti. Abheda Shruti means passages from Shruti literature which talk about non-difference. Bheda Shruti means ...
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Krishna's Kaalinga Nardhana better than Mohini's dance for Basmasura?

I can't stop to wonder, If Krishna's Kaalinga Nardhana better than Mohini's dance for Bhasmasura? Or more generally/philosphically, Say according to Dharma Shastra or other Puranas Is taming better ...
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Do the astika philosophies directly subscribe to the vedas?

Among the six darshanas how many of them subscribe to vedas and directly mention about vedas or hold vedas as authority?
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How I can refute Madhyamaka- Shunyata?

Have any Hindu acharyas debunked shunyata as propounded by Madhyamika? I am a former Tibetan Buddhist, and to my knowledge emptiness depends on co-dependant arising,if we refute that then all of ...
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136 views

Difference between Deep sleep and Death!

please explain what happens to our body or what is the difference between deep sleep and death? (as mentioned in vedas or upanishads or any of our Hindu literature)
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108 views

Are we God in a state of forgetfulness? Reference needed

I have heard this idea which I think it comes from the Upanishads. Can anybody give a a reference in the Vedas, Gita or any other literature from Hinduism in which existential ignorance is explained.
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Are all men created equal according to Hinduism? Is this predominant western belief in agreement with the Vedas?

Are all men created equal according to Hinduism? Is this predominant western belief based on the Vedas? This belief is fundamental to most modern Western countries, and it is the second sentence of ...
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On Samkhya and Individuality. How many purushas are there?

Sāmkhya philosophy regards the universe as consisting of two realities, puruṣa (consciousness) and prakṛti (matter). "It 'enumerates' twenty five Tattvas or true principles; and its chief object is ...
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Advaita vedanta and stoicism ; are they compatible with each other?

I always think that Advaita vedanta and stoicism are perfectly compatible with one another. Can some expand on this?
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Who is the culprit of all this Prapancha when I was, is and shall continue to be ONE?

Who was responsible or what was responsible for making me forget who I am? How did this Universe start when there were no two? How did I separate myself from myself and create this Prapancha?
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Is getting punished or getting rewarded is decided by God when we do something? [duplicate]

My Maths teacher would always say,: "It's Karma Philosophy. If you do good, good will happen. If you do bad, bad will happen. If you pray, the God will listen to your prayer. If you ask anything from ...
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Is there a second to me? Are you (seperate from me) real?

Atma is one no doubt, but the people around me also have the same athma and the rest of individuality left in them is jada. My question is Does the person reading this question have any separate ...
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What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati about the Purva Mimamsa?

What was the opinion of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj, about the Purva Mimamsa?
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What is Advaita?

(Using the "body" and "hand" instead of "Brahman" and "Atman") Ramanuja says, "the hand is the same as the body but the hand is not the body itself". Madhu says, "the hand is not the body and the ...
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Books recommended for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief

Which books do you recommend for learning about all of the different branches of Sanatana philosophy in brief? I have a copy of Sarva Darsana Sangraha written by 14th century Hindu scholar Madhava ...
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Books recommended to learn about atheist and/or agnostic schools of Sanatana Dharma in details

Which books do you recommend to learn about atheist and/or agnostic schools of Sanatana Dharma? I haven't got any good references. I have heard about the book known as Sarva Darsana Sangraha written ...
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150 views

How do dvaitins interpret this verse from Bhagavad Gita?

In chapter 8.21, Krishna Paramatma says that eternal unmanifest abode as supreme abode of him and never mentions any separate place as his abode. Bhagavad Gita chapter 8, verse 21: That supreme ...
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124 views

What makes a person a Hindu? [duplicate]

In Hinduism we have monotheists as well as polytheists. We do not have same deities and same customs. Does one become Hindu by accepting supremacy of Vedas? We don't have a single book like other ...
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Why aren't all works whose authors are not known regarded as authorless (apauruṣeyā)?

Are there any refutations to this argument put forth by the Buddhist philosophers? Particularly, the one against the authorlessness of Vedas because no one remembers who their authors are? ...
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What is ajivika?

I just heard this term from one of my friend. Tried to find more information about it, but no help. Can anyone explain it. Is it Hindu philosophy (as wiki says) or not?
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Why ignorance/believing causes suffering?

Ok, so I understand the concept of consciousness and it is awareness witnessing across 3 bodies namely physical, subtle and one corresponding to deep sleep. And since "we" are ignorant of it, we ...

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