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Questions about Hindu Philosophy, which is divided into six main schools: Sankhya (also called Samkhya), Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika(Vaiśeṣika), Mimamsa and Vedanta.

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4answers
205 views

Are there any hidden Vedantic or any other philosophical teachings in the stories of Mahabharata?

Is Mahabharata a mere Ithihasa or are there any stories with hidden philosophical meanings behind?
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3answers
130 views

In Pratibimba Vada, which is the jivatman? The original or the reflected?

Here's an youtube video on the analogy of Two Birds, by Swami Sarvapriyananda (an advaitin monk). Two birds by Swami Sarvapriyananda Here, he compares the tree with our physical body, and the two ...
4
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1answer
103 views

Phrases like “Reflection of the real self” and “Space inside the pot”, are they simply theories?

Are they simply theories or are they actually mentioned in the upanishads? ... When it comes to the example of the two birds sitting on a tree, is it mentioned anywhere in the mundaka & ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Does any scripture say or imply observer is observed?

One of the basic tenet of Jiddu Krishnamurthy teachings was observer is observed. It means the observer is not different than the psychological states it observes. Below is one of the explanation - ...
7
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1answer
141 views

Why is Yoga called union when it is the mind that actually dissolves?

It is said that Mind is simply a bundle of thoughts and the patanajali yoga sutras says "yogachittavritiinirodha". Since the thought process is restrained through meditation and ego is dissolved,veil ...
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1answer
53 views

How samskaras are manifested as per Vedanta philosophy?

How exactly the latent impressions that are submerged in our subconscious, arise at the surface of our conscious mind. I know they arise as vrittis or thought waves, but what triggers them to rise in ...
1
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1answer
109 views

The name of the Golden egg that is filled with Ananda

When the consciousness has so to speak - gone beyond, all together beyond the temporal realm of the phenomenal and gone beyond altogether beyond the realm of Nirguna Brahman and enters the realm of ...
2
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0answers
33 views

How can the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on manifestations that must have originated from Brahman in the past?

If everything originated from Brahman, then how could the cycle of creation and destruction be eternal if it relies on Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma, because all three are physical manifestations that ...
2
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1answer
48 views

What do the Vedas say is the relation or difference between Ishwar and Brahman? [duplicate]

The Vedas appear to speak of one Ishwar that manifests as other beings, but it also speaks of Brahman being one. I'm confused as to what Ishwar is, and why Ishwar differs from Brahman. Is Brahman the ...
3
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0answers
108 views

How does the quality of “Tamas” viz. “ignorance”, affect Moksha/Liberation?

There are 3 qualities for any being or existence, named as : Sattva (illumination), Rajas (passion), Tamas (ignorance). Gita discusses them in great detail. According to it, the quality of Rajas is ...
5
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1answer
89 views

What is the meaning of “renunciation of fruit/result of actions”?

BG in 12.12 says śreyo hi jñānam abhyāsāj jñānād dhyānaḿ viśiṣyate dhyānāt karma-phala-tyāgas tyāgāc chāntir anantaram “...better than meditation is renunciation of the fruits of action.....
7
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1answer
102 views

Why does Prakirti / MahaKundalini Shakti descend from her blissful state into worldly phenomena?

The descent of prakriti essence via her beautiful creative power known as Maha Kundalini Sakti is there for all those who have eyes to see. The world of phenomena has been created and her work is done ...
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0answers
95 views

What was samkhya's criticism on vedanta?

From a site I read the following passage of strong criticism on Sankara's Vedanta. Later philosophers also declared Mayavada to be crypto-Buddhism. The Sankhya philosopher Vijnana-bhiksu (1550–1600 ...
9
votes
3answers
134 views

Is it possible for us to see the subtle body?

Majority of you might know the three bodies doctrine in Indian philosophies, i.e., Gross body, subtle body and casual body. We can see gross body with our two eyes. But is it possible to see subtle ...
8
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1answer
139 views

How is the all pervading God said to reside in the Daharakasha?

It is understood that the space within the heart, which is the corresponding microscopic form of the macroscopic form of Space, is known in metaphysical terms as Daharakasha(tiniest cosmos). The all ...
6
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1answer
173 views

Is “Vishishtadvaita” a scriptural term? Is there any instance where it is used in scriptures?

There is a philosophy having the name Advaita and there is also a philosophy called Dvaita. Both these terms- Advaita, Dvaita- are found in scriptures, including the Upanishads. Now, there is yet ...
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0answers
43 views

Shadripus in Hinduism [duplicate]

I have read about this term "Shadripus" mentioned in a few answers on this site. And do understand that- these bind the soul to the process of birth and death and keep it confined in this material ...
5
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0answers
86 views

What are the differences in teachings between Yoga Vasista, Ashtavakra Gita, and Vivekachudamani?

Yoga Vasistha (योग-वासिष्ठ), Ashtavakra Gita (अष्टावक्रगीता), and Vivekachudamani (विवेकचूडामणि) are teachings about Enlightenment and (Moh)Maya. What are the Philosophical differences between these ...
3
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0answers
59 views

Where do the Brahma Sutras say number is not a quality?

The Vedanta Karikavali is a work by the Sri Vaishnava Acharya Buchchi Venkatacharya summarizing the tenets of Visistadvaita. In particular, Visistadvaita says that there are two kinds of inanimate ...
7
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1answer
115 views

What is Prashtantrayi?

I have heard this name many times related to Adi Shankaracharya. He has given many lectures about Prasthantrayi. Is this any Upanishad, Purana or else? I just want to know some brief detail about ...
2
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1answer
91 views

Which schools prior to the Gautam Buddha gave the finite size of the atma (आत्मा )?

Gautam Buddha is said to talk about Self in his teachings later during third turning of wheel (or call it whatever). He said about the self like this which is Advaitic & in agreement with both ...
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5answers
3k views

Do some people have more Grace of God and some have less?

There are millions of people in world, some are more successful and reach their goals while some try hard to reach their goals or there favorable profession, but fail to; or some people are more ...
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0answers
42 views

Which scripture claims to be essence of all Aranyakas?

Each Veda has been subclassified into four major text parts – the Samhitas, the Aranyakas, the Brahmanas, and the Upanishads. Now, Essence of all Samhitas --> compiled as Devata Kanda Sutras ...
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1answer
87 views

Which hindu sects, if any, don't accept the following well-known upanishadic mahavakyas?

From wiki: The Mahavakyas (sing.: mahāvākyam, महावाक्यम्; plural: mahāvākyāni, महावाक्यानि) are "The Great Sayings" of the Upanishads, as characterized by the Advaita school of Vedanta. Most ...
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2answers
100 views

What is positive thinking? How is it developed?

Many philosophers, Gurus and Acharyas stress on "positive way of life" or "positive thinking". If the "negative thinking" was so bad, then it would have vanished from general populace with time, isn't ...
5
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1answer
39 views

What are the arguments of vedanta sutras against pAshupata sect?

Vedanta Sutras and its commentaries are said to be critical of pashupata sect. I think the second chapter talks about this in detail. What are the arguments raised against this school?
4
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1answer
67 views

A question about kāla [closed]

kāla is a sanskrit Homonym word with two completely different meanings, one being time (concept of time) another one being anything related to black color, black, dark, darkness. I was recently ...
5
votes
1answer
118 views

Is there any hindu sect which does not believe in rebirth?

There are so many diverse practices and sects in Hinduism. Every kind of possible beliefs are available in one sect or another. This is conceptual richness of Hinduism. Now, every Hindu sect/...
3
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1answer
93 views

Do the Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini and the Samkhya Sutras of Kapila explicity reject the existence of a creator?

As some of you must be knowing, Hindu philosophy comprises of six schools of thought: Vedanta Mimamsa Samkhya Nyaya Vaisheshika Yoga Of these, the Mimamsa and Samkhya schools are considered ...
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3answers
200 views

Why does Sankhya consider Prakriti as the root cause?

Are there any arguments provided by Sankhya school to hold Prakriti (Mula Prakriti or Pradhana), and not other things like atoms or consciousness, as the root cause of the universe? Maybe somewhere in ...
4
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1answer
239 views

What is the difference between Veerashaivism and Lingayatism?

Lingayats and Veerashaivites are often considered the same Shaivite sect. However, there are many who consider them distinct to each other. What is the difference between the two?
11
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1answer
1k views

How and why was the first ever thought generated?

We have certain posts which discuss about how the universe was created OR how Brahman imagined to become from one to many. This Qn is about the situation earlier to that. Anything which is ...
6
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1answer
71 views

Vaisheshik does not consider Shabda as pramana, then how they hold veda as valid and reliable source for knowledge

1) Vaiśeṣika epistemology considered only "pratyakṣa" (perception) and "anumāna" (inference) as reliable means of valid knowledge reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaisheshika#Epistemology ...
4
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3answers
231 views

How is Buddhism's “Shunyata” (void / Nothingness) interpreted in Hinduism to represent God?

Some time back I got a perception that "Shunyata" (absolute nothingness) of Buddhism and "Me" (ParamAtma / True self) referred by Krishna are same. Because both refer to the ultimate reality in an ...
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0answers
40 views

Notions of Duality in Vedas/Puranas

This is my first post on the Hinduism community and I do not have prior knowledge of the rules of the community, so I hope my question is in the right place. I have found that the stories of lore ...
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2answers
83 views

Is every atom of this universe a representation of Maha Vishnu? [duplicate]

According to Gaudiya Vaishnavism, The material world is made from the expansion of Maha-Vishnu, means whatever material was made from his body. Does each and every atom of this universe is a ...
2
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0answers
137 views

According to advaita vedanta how can a formless entity/god do Lila?

lokavat tu lila kaivalyam [Brahma Sutras - 2.1.33] The creation is merely a sport of Brahman. How can a formless entity enjoy Lila? Doesn't it sound too nihilistic? (Note: Lila can also be ...
6
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0answers
67 views

What's that which make something insentient and other sentient? [duplicate]

Consciosness is ever present everywhere. There is no place where it is not! So on what basis something becomes insentient & other sentient according to Kashmiri Shaivism or Tantra?
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0answers
58 views

Does God really exist or Its just psychological concept [duplicate]

Does God really exists physically, virtually or in any form? or Is God just a term intelligently used for psychological satisfaction and for making our life easy?
4
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2answers
233 views

Is Advaita's Nirguna Brahman same as Madhyamaka's “emptiness of emptiness”?

In Adi Shankaracharya's Advaita Vedanta, Nirguna Brahman (Brahman without form or qualities) is the Para Brahman (Supreme Brahman) according to this Wikipedia article. This is the Ultimate Reality of ...
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0answers
158 views

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna? [duplicate]

Did Adi Shankaracharya steal ideas from Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna, to derive his philosophical treatise? What is the view of the mainstream Hindu scholars and historians concerning this? This ...
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0answers
86 views

Why do Advaitins strive to realize Brahman if only Brahman exists?

If, as Advaitins say, only Brahman ultimately exists, then why do saints, Shankaracharyas, and others strive to realise Brahman, and for that live an austere life? After all, in Advaita Brahman itself ...
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1answer
42 views

How does Vijnanabhiksu accept Samkhya despite being a theist?

It is said the Samkhya school outrightly rejects the existence of God and considered by many, an atheistic school. However, the sixteenth century Vaishnavite scholar Vijnanabhiksu accepted Samkhya to ...
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3answers
144 views

How many commentaries have there been of the Nyaya Sutras?

The Nyaya Sutras, composed by the Gautama, is one of the most important Indian philosophical texts and forms the basis of Nyaya school of thought. Now, how many commentaries are there of these Sutras?...
6
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1answer
259 views

What does other sects & acharyas believe in Bhagavad Gita 7.19 Sloka except Vasinava Acharayas or Sects?

Most of every acharyas accepted Bhagavad Gita is best medium to attain Moksha and gave their commentary on it. And Bhagavad Gita is also accepted as authenticate holy book in Most of every Vedanta ...
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0answers
70 views

Is the feeling of “Deja Vu”, a glimpse of self realization?

As per below post, a philosophy called "Eternal Return" states that all events are repeating infinitely & hence predetermined. Does "Free Will" really exist, even if universe repeats ...
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0answers
141 views

Shunya (nothingness) vs Purna (fullness) — How to reconcile the seemingly contradictive statements in Uttara Gita?

In the Uttara Gita Chapter 1, Sloka 35 describes the Atma as ऊर्ध्वशून्यमधःशून्यं मध्यशून्यं यदात्मकम् । सर्वशून्यं स आत्मेति समाधिस्थस्य लक्षणम् ॥ When (one perceives) the Atma is ...
11
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4answers
189 views

Vedas and their philosophy

As per my reading from Wikipedia, the mukhya Upanishads discuss the philosophy of vedas. The seeds of advaita and vishishtadvaita philosophies are found in these upanishads as per my limited readings. ...
8
votes
3answers
407 views

What is Fullness and Emptyness (void) according to the Vedas?

I was reading a post containing the following lines taken from Veda, where I could not understand. That is Fullness, this is Fullness; from Fullness comes Fullness. When Fullness is taken from ...
3
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3answers
155 views

Why should god bless us & fulfil our wishes?

Whenever we wish for something to God, why should god provide us with what we ask? What does god get by giving, whatever we wish for? Does god fulfilling our wishes is also part of the plan of God?